Banyuwangi Regency

Last updated
Banyuwangi Regency
Kabupaten Banyuwangi
Blambangan
Other transcription(s)
   Osing ꦑꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦨꦪꦸꦮꦔꦶ
   Pegon باڽوواڠي
Kawah Ijen (27432832286).jpg
Eruption of Raung Volcano (2015) from Bali strait at dawn.jpg
The view of Pulo Merah Islet in Banyuwangi, Indonesia.jpg
G-land.JPG
Ketapang activity.jpg
Clockwise, from top left : Ijen volcano complex, Eruption view of Raung from Bali Strait, G-Land, Ketapang Harbour, Pulo Merah Islet
Banyuwangi Regency coat of arms.svg
Motto(s): 
ꦯꦠꦾꦨꦏ꧀ꦠꦶꦦꦿꦗꦩꦸꦏ꧀ꦠꦶ (official)
Satya Bhakti Praja Mukti
(devoted to the truth for the welfare of the people)

The Sunrise of Java (informal)
Locator kabupaten banyuwangi.png
Location within East Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Banyuwangi Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Banyuwangi Regency
Banyuwangi Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 8°13′07″S114°22′01″E / 8.21861°S 114.36694°E / -8.21861; 114.36694
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Flag of East Java.svg  East Java
Capital Banyuwangi
Government
  Regent Ipuk Fiestiandani
  Vice RegentH. Sugirah
Area
  Total5,782.40 km2 (2,232.60 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total1,708,114
  Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (IWST)
Area code (+62) 333
Website banyuwangikab.go.id

Banyuwangi Regency is a regency (Indonesian : kabupaten) of East Java province in Indonesia. This regency also known as the sun rise of Java because it is located at the easternmost end of Java Island. It serves as a port between Java and Bali. It is surrounded by mountains and forests to the west; by sea to the east and south. Banyuwangi is separated by the Strait of Bali from Bali. With an area of 5,782.4 km2, this regency is the largest in Java. The regency is a tourist destination, and subject to ongoing development as an international tourist destination with relevant infrastructure. [2] Banyuwangi regency has been declared a taman bumi (earth park), or national geological park (Geopark) in 2018. [3]

Contents

It had a population of 1,488,791 according to the 2000 Census; by the 2010 Census it had risen to 1,556,078; and at the 2020 Census to 1,708,114. [4] The town of Banyuwangi is the administrative capital. The name Banyuwangi is Javanese for "fragrant water", connected to the Javanese folklore of Sri Tanjung.

Society and history

View of Banyuwangi during colonial period COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Gezicht op Banjoewangi Oost-Java TMnr 60020438.jpg
View of Banyuwangi during colonial period

One Banyuwangi native group is the Osing community which has a Hindu culture although they can be considered as a Javanese sub-ethnic group. They live mainly in the central part of Banyuwangi and they sometimes consider themselves as Majapahit descendants. [ citation needed ] Other groups are Javanese (living mostly in the south and west), Madurese (mainly in the north and coastal area) and Balinese (scattered but more concentrated in the east). Other smaller groups include Chinese, Buginese, and Arabs.

Once known as Blambangan (or its variation: Balambangan and Balumbungan), it was a vassal of the Majapahit Kingdom and a regional trade centre. After the Majapahit Kingdom ceased to exist, it became an independent kingdom and, as such, the last Hindu kingdom of Java. In order to defend itself from the troops of the Sultanate of Demak, which tried to occupy it, Blambangan asked for help from Balinese kings, which caused it to lose its independence to Balinese kingdoms. During this time Blambangan was deeply influenced by Balinese culture. After around 150 years of Balinese occupation, the Sultanate of Mataram gained control of the territory and renamed it Banyuwangi. Later, it was part of the Mataram territory controlled by the VOC (1770). During the expansion of plantations in the 19th century, many parts of Banyuwangi were planted with coffee and sugar cane, which feature its landscape even now. The Chinese and Arabs came mostly during this period.

Banyuwangi people are known for their combination of Islamic and pre-Islamic tradition.

During the Fall of Suharto, a witchhunt in Banyuwangi against alleged sorcerers spiraled into widespread riots and violence. In addition to alleged sorcerers, Islamic clerics were also targeted and killed, Nahdlatul Ulama members were murdered by rioters. [5] [6]

Culture

The Blambangan Peninsula is one of the remaining places in Java where Hindu culture is still retained, having a Balinese influence.

Gandrung Dance

This is a Banyuwangi-typical dance which performed by a woman and along with simple music like violin, triangle (called kluncing), gong (or kempul), kendhang and sometimes with keyboard as result of modern influence. It is performed during night until dawn particularly in parties.

Janger or Damarwulan

Damarwulan is a legendary hero who features in traditional theatre art which has been developed since the 19th century in Banyuwangi. It is a combination of Balinese, Javanese and local cultures. Balinese influences can be seen in its performers' costumes and instruments. Meanwhile, Javanese influences is in its "lakon" or stories as well as language in dialogues. It is distinct from the Balinese Janger.

Administrative districts

Administration of Banyuwangi Regency Indonesia Banyuwangi Regency location map.svg
Administration of Banyuwangi Regency

At the time of the 2010 Census, Banyuwangi Regency was divided into twenty-four districts [7] (Indonesian : kecamatan), but an additional district - Blimbingsari - was subsequently created. The twenty-five districts are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2020 Census [8] and the 2020 Census. [9]

Note: (a) The 2010 population of the new Blimbingsari District is included in the figures for the districts from which it was cut out.

Transportation

Banyuwangi International Airport at Blimbingsari serves the regency, Banyuwangi city and surrounding area of East Java. Banyuwangi can be reached by road and rail from Surabaya or by ferry from Bali.

Tourism

Reede on Bali Street, Banjuwangi, East Java COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Reede en Straat Bali Banjuwangi Oost-Java TMnr 10022091.jpg
Reede on Bali Street, Banjuwangi, East Java

Many European tourists visiting Bali come to Banyuwangi to surf in Plengkung and dive in Tabuhan Island. Ferries from Bali arrive at the port of Ketapang, some 8 km to the north of Banyuwangi city. Plekung Beach is also known as G-Land or green land have 3 types of waves up to 6 to 8 meters tall. [10]

Banyuwangi International Surfing Competition 2014

This was the second time competition after the 2012 competition. 23–25 May 2014 competition is followed by at least 15 countries in Pantai Pulau Merah (Red Island Beach) which has 4 meters height and 400 meters long of waves. [11]

Diamond Triangle

Diamond Triangle consists of: [12]

Waterfalls

Visitors may be interested to find several waterfalls in one locality. Opened formally in 2014, there are a number of waterfalls in Kampung Anyar (New Village), near Kalibendo Plantation, around 15 kilometers from Banyuwangi on the way to Mount Ijen. There are 3 waterfalls near to each other known as the "Triple Waterfall" to be found 10 minutes walk down the stairs from a parking area. Or about 300 meters along the river, walking uphill, Kethagen Waterfall can be found. The cliff besides the river can reflect sunlight, glittering like diamonds. [13]

Climate

Banyuwangi has a temperate tropical and wet dry climate, similar to Banyuwangi's dry season start from May until October, and the rest is wet season. in 2013, Banyuwangi's highest average temperature is on October with 28.2 °C and lowest average temperature is on April with 24.8 °C

Climate Data For Banyuwangi
Year2013
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOctNovDec
Av. High (Celsius)31.732.33231.731.530.329.629.430.132.531.931.7
Daily (Celsius)26.727.727.424.827.52726.12626.328.227.427.2
Av. Low (Celsius)24.124.724.324.824.724.424.623.323.624.724.624.4
AV. Rainfall (mm)527.5100.2193.1228.897.3122.815637.36.90.8237.6160.3
Av. Rainy Days251419161618198442121
Source: [14] [15]
Wind Speed and Humidity
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (Knot)3.13.23.23.13.22.6332.83.12.32.1
Humidity (%)868182838486827877758283
Source: [16]
Air Pressure and Sunlight Exposure
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Air Pressure (mb)1008.71008.31010.21004.21010.21009.21011.51012.81012.81012.41009.51008.8
Sunlight Exposure457172677058608796996761
Source: [17]

Environment

The forest and river in Banyuwangi is well-preserved, says the Indonesia Dragonfly Society because they found 3 dragonfly species which only can live in good environment. [18]

Nevertheless, there are local controversies in the Regency over the impact of gold mining activities in the locality of Tumpang Pitu village. In 2006, the Banywangi regency administration granted a mining licence to one company, PT Indo Multi Niaga, which later transferred the licence to another company. However, the local community had expressed concern about gold mining activities as early as 1997. The issues partly related to the protection of the area around a local Hindu temple, partly relate to environmental matters, and partly related to local community views about the economic and social impact of the mining. [19] In addition, in Banyuwangi city, Kertosari has a Multimedia training center for Vocational High Schools (Vocational High Schools) in Industrial Work Practices in the field of Television, through a place where millennials are creative who are members of Misntv (Media Inspirasi Sahabat Nusantara Televisi). This media is a Media Streaming Network, under the auspices of Mav Entertainment Corporation and Lembaga Sahadat-Qu, which aims to create a new workforce in the field of Television and Journalism that is reliable. The location of the Misntv office is on Jl. Ikan Banyar No. 91 RT. 03 RW. 03 Krajan Kertosari. Hopefully with this training center it can improve the economy at the UMKM level and the younger generation is able to compete in the digital era. Online Access via Youtube Misntv and Mav Entertainment Corporation

Related Research Articles

East Java Province of Indonesia

East Java is a province of Indonesia. It has a land border only with the province of Central Java to the west; the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean border its northern and southern coasts, respectively, while the narrow Bali Strait to the east separates Java from Bali. Located in eastern Java, it also includes the island of Madura, as well as the Kangean islands and other smaller island groups located further east and Masalembu archipelagos in the north. Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia, a major industrial center and also a major business center. Banyuwangi is the largest regency in East Java and the largest on the island of Java.

Osing people Sub-ethnic of Javanese

The Osing people are a community living in the eastern salient of Java, Indonesia, in the easternmost part of East Java. They are the descendants of the people of the ancient Kingdom of Blambangan. Their population of approximately 400,000 is centered in the province of East Java in the Banyuwangi Regency. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics in 2010, the Osing people are a sub-ethnic of the Javanese people. However, their Osing people do not want to be part of the Javanese ethnic group, they perceive to be different from the Javanese or Balinese.

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References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. "Indonesia announces 10 new destination brands". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  3. "Banyuwangi regency declared national geopark area". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  4. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. "The Banyuwangi murders". Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 2020-06-03.
  6. Time. October 19, 1998 http://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2053925,00.html.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. "Banyuwangi Resmi Punya 25 Kecamatan" (in Indonesian). Regency government of Banyuwangi. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  8. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.https://banyuwangikab.bps.go.id/pressrelease/2021/01/22/93/hasil-sensus-penduduk-kabupaten-banyuwangi-2020.html
  9. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  10. "Pantai Plekung, Destinasi untuk Berselancar". October 17, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-10-18.
  11. "Puluhan Peselancar Mancanegara Ikuti Kompetisi Surfing di Banyuwangi". May 17, 2014.
  12. "Triangle Diamond Banyuwangi". Archived from the original on December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  13. Agoes Santoso. "Segarnya Air Terjun Kembar Kampung Anyar" . Retrieved January 31, 2015.
  14. "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
  15. "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
  16. "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
  17. "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
  18. Ika Ningtyas (January 30, 2014). "Rare Dragonfly Species Found in Banyuwangi".
  19. Indra Harsaputra, 'Banyuwangi mining site risks triggering social conflight: Experts', The Jakarta Post, 30 January 2016

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Banyuwangi travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 8°13′07″S114°22′01″E / 8.21861°S 114.36694°E / -8.21861; 114.36694