All 59 seats in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly
and all 36 members in the Western Australian Legislative Council
30 Assembly seats are needed for a majority
Left: first preference vote by electorate. Right: two-party-preferred vote by electorate.
The 2021 Western Australian state election was conducted on Saturday 13 March 2021 to elect members to the Parliament of Western Australia, where all 59 seats in the Legislative Assembly and all 36 seats in the Legislative Council were up for election.
The incumbent Labor Government, led by Premier Mark McGowan, won a second consecutive four-year term in office in an historic landslide victory. Their primary challengers were the opposition Liberal Party, led by Opposition Leader Zak Kirkup, and the National Party, led by Mia Davies. Several minor parties also contested the election in the Assembly and Council.
ABC News psephologist Antony Green called the election for the Labor Party 42 minutes after the polls closed, with 0.7% of the vote counted.Labor won 53 out of 59 of the seats in the Assembly, outdoing its previous record of 41 seats in 2017, whilst the Liberals had a wipeout loss and won only two seats, suffering a 14% two-party preferred swing. The Nationals claimed the four remaining seats and became the largest opposition party in the Assembly. The election is, to date, the most decisive election result at any level since Federation in terms of percentage of lower house seats controlled by the governing party (89.8%), and two-party preferred margin (69.7%–30.3%). Labor's unprecedented victory extended to the Legislative Council, and the party claimed a majority of the seats in the upper house.
Candidates were elected to single-member seats in the Legislative Assembly via full-preferential instant-runoff voting. In the Legislative Council, six candidates were elected in each of the six electoral regions through the single transferable vote system with group voting tickets. The election was conducted by the Western Australian Electoral Commission.
|No Mandatory Vaccination||23,178||1.64||+1.64||0|
|Shooters, Fishers, Farmers||9,669||0.69||−0.62||0|
|Liberals for Climate||552||0.04||−0.13||0|
|Bateman||Liberal||Dean Nalder||7.8||14.5||6.7||Kim Giddens||Labor|
|Carine||Liberal||Tony Krsticevic||10.2||12.6||2.4||Paul Lilburne||Labor|
|Churchlands||Liberal||Sean L'Estrange||11.7||12.5||0.8||Christine Tonkin||Labor|
|Darling Range||Liberal||Alyssa Hayden||3.5*||16.5||12.9||Hugh Jones||Labor|
|Dawesville||Liberal||Zak Kirkup||0.8||14.7||13.9||Lisa Munday||Labor|
|Geraldton||National**||Ian Blayney||1.3||12.9||11.6||Lara Dalton||Labor|
|Hillarys||Liberal||Peter Katsambanis||0.4||19.3||19.0||Caitlin Collins||Labor|
|Kalgoorlie||Liberal||Kyran O'Donnell||6.2||18.2||12.0||Ali Kent||Labor|
|Nedlands||Liberal||Bill Marmion||8.0||10.8||2.8||Katrina Stratton||Labor|
|Riverton||Liberal||Mike Nahan||4.2||13.2||9.0||Jags Krishnan||Labor|
|Scarborough||Liberal||Liza Harvey||5.7||16.1||10.4||Stuart Aubrey||Labor|
|South Perth||Liberal||John McGrath||7.2||17.3||10.1||Geoff Baker||Labor|
|Warren-Blackwood||National||Terry Redman||12.8||14.1||1.3||Jane Kelsbie||Labor|
|Members in italics did not contest this election|
* Darling Range was won by Labor at the 2017 state election, but was regained by the Liberals at a 2018 by-election. The margin here is based on the by-election result.
** Ian Blayney defected from the Liberal Party to the Nationals in 2019. The margin shown here is the two-party margin Blayney achieved as a Liberal at the 2017 state election.
Labor's victory was built on a near-sweep of Perth. Labor had gone into the election holding 33 of Perth's 43 seats (having lost one at a by-election). It won an additional nine in 2021, some on swings of over 10 percent, leaving Cottesloe as the only non-Labor seat in the capital. Many of Labor's gains came in seats long considered Liberal heartland. For example, Nedlands, the seat of former Liberal premiers Charles and Richard Court, fell to Labor for the first time since its creation in 1930, while South Perth was taken by Labor for the first time since its creation in 1950.
Among the more prominent casualties was Opposition Leader Zak Kirkup, who was heavily defeated in his own seat of Dawesville on a swing of over 14 percent.
On paper, Labor was left as the only party with official status in the legislature, as no other party won at least five seats. However, McGowan promised that the Nationals would be properly resourced as an opposition, envisaging that they would divide opposition funding with the Liberals.
|Shooters, Fishers, Farmers||21,210||1.47||−0.89||0||1|
|No Mandatory Vaccination||16,094||1.12||+1.12||0|
|Western Australia Party||10,496||0.73||+0.34||0|
|Liberals for Climate||7,515||0.52||+0.08||0|
The 2017 state election saw Labor win one of the most comprehensive victories on record at the state or territory level in Australia. Labor won 41 of the 59 seats in the Legislative Assembly—a 23-seat majority—both WA Labor's strongest result ever, and the largest government seat tally and largest government majority in Western Australian parliamentary history. Additionally, Labor exceeded all published opinion polling, winning 55.5 percent of the two-party-preferred vote from a state record landslide 12.8 percent two-party swing.The Liberals were hit by a 15.8% swing against them on the primary vote and lost 18 seats to Labor, finishing with just 13 seats, the lowest share of seats the party has won in any election. The Nationals won the remaining five seats. Labor also became the largest party in the Legislative Council with 14 of the 36 seats, ensuring it required at least five additional votes from non-government members to pass legislation.
Two by-elections were held during the term of parliament, both in 2018. The Liberal Party held the seat of Cottesloe and picked up the seat Darling Range, increasing the Liberal/National bloc in the Assembly to 19 and decreasing the Labor Party to 40. In July/August 2019, Liberal MP Ian Blayney resigned from the party and joined the Nationals, thus returning the Liberal vote bloc to 13 and increasing the National vote bloc to 6.
In the lead up to the election, Premier Mark McGowan had high approval ratings over his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. Opinion polls pegged the McGowan Government as unbackable favourites for a second term, and suggested that Labor would be re-elected by a record majority. Labor enjoyed support approaching 70% in the two-party preferred polls, and McGowan maintained a personal approval rating of 88%.On 25 February 2021, 16 days before Election Day, Leader of the Opposition Zak Kirkup conceded that the Liberals could not win the election, citing polling indicating immense popularity for McGowan and the Labor Government. Kirkup said that his main priority was ensuring the Liberals would be able to form a credible opposition, arguing that a Liberal party room reduced to the single digits would be in no position to stop Labor if it went "too far."
Candidates are elected to single-member seats in the Legislative Assembly via full-preferential instant-runoff voting. In the Legislative Council, six candidates are elected in each of the six electoral regions through the single transferable vote system with group voting tickets.
The following parties are contesting the election:
Election dates are set in statute with four-year fixed terms, to be held on the second Saturday of March every four years.
Key dates for the election are:
|29 January 2021||Dissolution of the Legislative Assembly|
|3 February 2021||Writs issued|
|11 February 2021||Close of party nominations (12 pm) and close of electoral rolls (6 pm)|
|12 February 2021||Close of nominations (12 pm) and draw of ballot paper positions|
|15 February 2021||Deadline for group voting ticket lodgement|
|22 February 2021||Early voting begins|
|13 March 2021||Polling day, between the hours of 8 am and 6 pm|
|18 March 2021||Last day for receipt of postal votes by 9 am|
In January 2021, Liberal Party candidate for Victoria Park Amanda-Sue Markham defended her husband's controversial views on homosexuality and conversion therapy. Despite calls for her to do so, she did not withdraw from the election.
Additionally, the Liberal Party candidate for Baldivis, Andrea Tokaji, was forced to resign from the Liberal Party after making discredited claimsabout a link between 5G towers and COVID-19. She continued as an Independent candidate for Baldivis, with the Liberal Party selecting Luke Derrick as her replacement.
A redistribution of electoral boundaries for the lower house was announced on 27 November 2019. The changes did not result in a district changing party status notionally based on the new boundaries. However, the districts of Hillarys and Joondalup became far more marginal, with margins of 0.4 and 0.03 respectively. There was one seat renamed in due to the boundary changes, with Girrawheen becoming the new district of Landsdale. Ten districts were not affected by boundary changes.
This is a pre-election pendulum, taking into account the 2019 boundary redistribution. Estimated margins are calculated by Antony Green for the Western Australian Parliamentary Library.Retiring members are shown in italics.
|Pilbara||Kevin Michel||ALP v NAT||2.2|
|Mount Lawley||Simon Millman||ALP||4.0|
|Burns Beach||Mark Folkard||ALP||5.4|
|Albany||Peter Watson||ALP v NAT||5.9|
|Southern River||Terry Healy||ALP||7.9|
|Swan Hills||Jessica Shaw||ALP||12.1|
|Victoria Park||Ben Wyatt||ALP||16.8|
|West Swan||Rita Saffioti||ALP||18.4|
|Darling Range||Alyssa Hayden||LIB (b/e)||3.5|
|South Perth||John McGrath||LIB||7.2|
|CROSS BENCH SEATS|
|Geraldton||Ian Blayney (NAT)||LIB v ALP||1.3|
|North West Central||Vince Catania||NAT v ALP||10.1|
|Warren-Blackwood||Terry Redman||NAT v ALP||12.8|
|Moore||Shane Love||NAT v LIB||19.5|
|Central Wheatbelt||Mia Davies||NAT v ALP||22.2|
|Roe||Peter Rundle||NAT v LIB||25.9|
|Churchlands||Christine Tonkin||ALP v LIB||0.8|
|Warren-Blackwood||Jane Kelsbie||ALP v NAT||1.3|
|Carine||Paul Lilburne||ALP v LIB||2.5|
|Nedlands||Katrina Stratton||ALP v LIB||2.8|
|Bateman||Kim Giddens||ALP v LIB||6.7|
|Riverton||Jags Krishnan||ALP v LIB||9.0|
|South Perth||Geoff Baker||ALP v LIB||10.1|
|Scarborough||Stuart Aubrey||ALP v LIB||10.4|
|Geraldton||Lara Dalton||ALP v NAT||11.7|
|Kalamunda||Matthew Hughes||ALP v LIB||11.8|
|Kalgoorlie||Ali Kent||ALP v LIB||12.0|
|Darling Range||Hugh Jones||ALP v LIB||13.5|
|Albany||Rebecca Stephens||ALP v LIB||13.7|
|Dawesville||Lisa Munday||ALP v LIB||13.9|
|Bicton||Lisa O'Malley||ALP v LIB||15.6|
|Fremantle||Simone McGurk||ALP v GRN||15.8|
|Kingsley||Jessica Stojkovski||ALP v LIB||16.9|
|Murray-Wellington||Robyn Clarke||ALP v LIB||17.2|
|Hillarys||Caitlin Collins||ALP v LIB||19.0|
|Pilbara||Kevin Michel||ALP v NAT||20.4|
|Jandakot||Yaz Mubarakai||ALP v LIB||21.0|
|Kimberley||Divina D'Anna||ALP v LIB||21.4|
|Mount Lawley||Simon Millman||ALP v LIB||21.6|
|Bunbury||Don Punch||ALP v LIB||22.5|
|Collie-Preston||Jodie Hanns||ALP v LIB||23.4|
|Joondalup||Emily Hamilton||ALP v LIB||24.7|
|Mandurah||David Templeman||ALP v LIB||25.2|
|Landsdale||Margaret Quirk||ALP v LIB||25.4|
|Forrestfield||Stephen Price||ALP v LIB||25.5|
|Midland||Michelle Roberts||ALP v LIB||25.5|
|Balcatta||David Michael||ALP v LIB||25.8|
|Cockburn||David Scaife||ALP v LIB||26.7|
|Burns Beach||Mark Folkard||ALP v LIB||26.9|
|Swan Hills||Jessica Shaw||ALP v LIB||27.1|
|Willagee||Peter Tinley||ALP v LIB||27.1|
|Victoria Park||Hannah Beazley||ALP v LIB||27.8|
|Wanneroo||Sabine Winton||ALP v LIB||28.4|
|Morley||Amber-Jade Sanderson||ALP v LIB||28.6|
|Belmont||Cassie Rowe||ALP v LIB||29.2|
|Maylands||Lisa Baker||ALP v LIB||29.3|
|Perth||John Carey||ALP v LIB||29.3|
|Cannington||Bill Johnston||ALP v LIB||30.4|
|Thornlie||Chris Tallentire||ALP v LIB||30.9|
|Bassendean||Dave Kelly||ALP v LIB||31.6|
|Butler||John Quigley||ALP v LIB||32.2|
|Southern River||Terry Healy||ALP v LIB||33.1|
|Warnbro||Paul Papalia||ALP v LIB||33.4|
|Mirrabooka||Meredith Hammat||ALP v LIB||33.7|
|West Swan||Rita Saffioti||ALP v LIB||34.2|
|Kwinana||Roger Cook||ALP v LIB||34.8|
|Armadale||Tony Buti||ALP v LIB||35.5|
|Baldivis||Reece Whitby||ALP v LIB||36.9|
|Rockingham||Mark McGowan||ALP v LIB||37.7|
|North West Central||Vince Catania||NAT v ALP||1.7|
|Moore||Shane Love||NAT v ALP||8.5|
|Central Wheatbelt||Mia Davies||NAT v ALP||10.7|
|Roe||Peter Rundle||NAT v ALP||11.1|
|CROSS BENCH SEATS|
|Vasse||Libby Mettam||LIB v ALP||4.3|
|Cottesloe||David Honey||LIB v ALP||7.4|
|Date||Firm||Primary vote||TPP vote|
|13 March 2021 election||59.9%||21.3%||4.0%||6.9%||1.3%||6.6%||69.7%||30.3%|
|5–11 March 2021||Newspoll||57%||23%||3%||9%||2%||6%||66%||34%|
|18 February 2021||Newspoll||59%||23%||2%||8%||3%||5%||68%||32%|
|16 February 2021||uComms||46.8%||27.5%||5.1%||8.3%||6.9%||5.3%||61%||39%|
|16 February 2021||Online Research Unit||49%||24%||3%||9%||3%||12%|
|12 August 2018||YouGov-Galaxy||40%||32%||6%||11%||5%||6%||54%||46%|
|11 March 2017 election||42.2%||31.2%||5.4%||8.9%||4.9%||7.4%||55.5%||44.5%|
|The West Australian||Labor|
While all electorates swung towards Labor, there was some correlation between certain characteristics (demographics as measured by the 2016 Australian Census) and the magnitude of the two-party-preferred swing to Labor in each electorate. This does not necessarily imply a causal relationship but rather some similarities between electoral districts which moved more or less towards the Labor party on the two-party-preferred.
Electoral districts which were flipped by a Labor candidate at the last election (e.g. the electoral district of Joondalup, which was a Liberal-held district prior to the 2017 Western Australian state election) saw a bigger swing to Labor than similar districts which were already Labor-held or which had not changed hands. Districts where a Labor incumbent retired (e.g. electoral district of Albany) saw a smaller swing to Labor than similar districts where there were no Labor retirements.
Electoral districts with a high proportion of persons aged 60 years or older swung less to Labor than the rest of the state (R2 = 0.2, p < 0.001), even after adjusting for the incumbency effect mentioned above.
Electoral districts with a high proportion of persons working in clerical or administrative jobs swung more to Labor than the rest of the state (R2 = 0.12, p < 0.01). This may be confounded by the fact that most such electorates are inner-city Perth electorates and therefore this may be more a factor of inner-city Perth swinging harder to Labor than the rest of the state, and not due to clerical/administrative-heavy electorates swinging to Labor per se.
Electorates with a higher proportion of persons who spoke a language other than English at home also somewhat swung more to Labor than the rest of the state (R2 = 0.08, p < 0.05).
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