1936 Western Australian state election

Last updated
1936 Western Australian state election
Flag of Western Australia.svg
  1933 15 February 1936 1939  

All 50 seats in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly
 First partySecond party
  Philip Collier.jpg Charles Latham.jpg
Leader Philip Collier Charles Latham
Party Labor Country/National coalition
Leader since16 April 191724 April 1933
Leader's seat Boulder York
Last election30 seats20 seats
Seats won26 seats21 seats
Seat changeDecrease2.svg4Increase2.svg1
Percentage42.33%46.96%
SwingDecrease2.svg3.15Increase2.svg2.15

Premier before election

Philip Collier
Labor

Elected Premier

Philip Collier
Labor

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 15 February 1936 to elect all 50 members to the Legislative Assembly. The Labor Party, led by Premier Philip Collier, won a second term in office against the Country and Nationalist parties, led by Opposition Leader Charles Latham and Norbert Keenan respectively.

States and territories of Australia first-level subdivision of Australia

The states and territories are the first-level administrative divisions of the Commonwealth of Australia. They are the second level of government in Australia, located between the federal and local government tiers.

Western Australia State in Australia

Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, and the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, and the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated.

Western Australian Legislative Assembly legislature of the State of Western Australia

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth.

Contents

The only member to retire at the election was Labor member for Kalgoorlie James Cunningham, who transferred to the Australian Senate the following year.

Electoral district of Kalgoorlie state electoral district of Western Australia

Kalgoorlie is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.

James Cunningham (Australian politician) Australian politician

James Cunningham was a Western Australian state and Australian federal politician, becoming President of the Senate.

Australian Senate upper house of the Australian Parliament

The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the Australian House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia. There are a total of 76 Senators: 12 are elected from each of the six Australian states regardless of population and 2 from each of the two autonomous internal Australian territories. Senators are popularly elected under the single transferable vote system of proportional representation.

Results

At the election, 5 sitting members (four Labor and one Nationalist) were defeated—three of them by independents. In Maylands, one-term MLA Robert Clothier (Labor) was defeated by independent Nationalist Harry Shearn, who won with preferences from two endorsed nationalists. In East Perth, Minister for Employment and Labour James Kenneally was defeated by former Labor member Thomas Hughes, and the Nationalist member for Nelson, John Henry Smith, was defeated by independent Clarence Doust. The remaining seats, Subiaco and Albany, were lost by Labor to the Nationalist and Country parties respectively.

Electoral district of Maylands state electoral district of Western Australia

Maylands is a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. Maylands is named for the inner northeastern Perth suburb of Maylands which falls within its borders.

Robert Clothier (politician) Australian politician

Robert Ernest Clothier was an Australian politician. Born in Queensland, he received a primary education before becoming a bookmaker. Moving to Perth, Western Australia, he became a foreman at a boot factory and secretary of the Bootmakers' Union. In 1933 he was elected to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly as the Labor member for Maylands, holding the seat until 1936. In 1937, he was elected to the Australian Senate as a Labor Senator for Western Australia. He was defeated in 1949 after he was demoted on the ticket to make way for union secretary Don Willesee. Clothier died in 1964.

Harry Vivian Shearn was an Australian politician who was an independent member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1936 until his death, representing the seat of Maylands.

Western Australian state election, 15 February 1936
Legislative Assembly
<< 19331939 >>

Enrolled voters194,354 [1]
Votes cast136,309 Turnout 70.13%–20.47%
Informal votes1,518Informal1.11%–1.12%
Summary of votes by party
PartyPrimary votes%SwingSeatsChange
  Labor 57,05542.33%–3.15%26– 4
  Nationalist 43,61932.36%+1.83%8± 0
  Country 19,68514.60%+0.32%13+ 1
 Ind. Nat.3,4182.54%+1.33%1+ 1
  Social Credit 1,3851.03%+1.03%0± 0
  Communist 1180.09%–0.16%0± 0
  Independent 9,4317.00%–1.21%2+ 2
Total134,791  50 
1 247,465 electors were enrolled to vote at the election, but 15 of the 50 seats were uncontested—10 Labor seats representing 33,038 enrolled voters, 1 Nationalist seat representing 3,933 voters and 4 Country seats representing 16,284 voters.

See also

This is a list of members of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly between the 1933 election and the 1936 election, together known as the 15th Parliament.

This is a list of members of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly between the 1936 election and the 1939 election, together known as the 16th Parliament.

Second Collier Ministry

The Second Collier Ministry was the 18th Ministry of the Government of Western Australia and was led by Labor Premier Philip Collier. It succeeded the Second Mitchell Ministry on 24 April 1933, following the defeat of the Nationalist government at the 1933 election on 8 April.

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References