1933 Western Australian state election

Last updated
1933 Western Australian state election
Flag of Western Australia.svg
  1930 8 April 1933 1936  

All 50 seats in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly
 First partySecond party
  Philip Collier.jpg Sir James Mitchell.jpg
Leader Philip Collier James Mitchell
Party Labor Nationalist/Country coalition
Leader since16 April 191717 May 1919
Leader's seat Boulder Northam (lost seat)
Last election23 seats27 seats
Seats won30 seats19 seats
Seat changeIncrease2.svg7Decrease2.svg8
Percentage45.48%44.82%
SwingIncrease2.svg7.08Decrease2.svg10.13

Premier before election

James Mitchell
Nationalist/Country coalition

Elected Premier

Philip Collier
Labor

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 8 April 1933 to elect all 50 members to the Legislative Assembly. The one-term Nationalist-Country coalition government, led by Premier Sir James Mitchell, was defeated by the Labor Party, led by Opposition Leader Philip Collier.

States and territories of Australia first-level subdivision of Australia

The states and territories are the first-level administrative divisions of the Commonwealth of Australia. They are the second level of government in Australia, located between the federal and local government tiers.

Western Australia State in Australia

Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, and the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, and the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated.

Western Australian Legislative Assembly legislature of the State of Western Australia

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth.

Contents

The election occurred at the height of the Great Depression, and was notable for four reasons. Firstly, it is, to date, the only Western Australian election at which a sitting Premier has been defeated in his own seat, with Sir James Mitchell losing his Northam seat to Albert Hawke. It has also been the only election (apart from the ministerial by-elections in December 1901) where over half a Ministry have been defeated at an election—apart from Mitchell, Hubert Parker, John Scaddan and John Lindsay all lost their parliamentary seats. Secondly, three future Premiers, Frank Wise (1943–1945), Albert Hawke (1953–1959) and John Tonkin (1971–1974), were elected to Parliament on the same day. Thirdly, it was held on the same day as the secession referendum, which was passed by 68% of voters despite their choice of a party to lead the State who had persistently opposed secession. Finally, the Nationalists fell to third place at the election in terms of seats, meaning that the Country Party, who had more seats in parliament, were able to name the Opposition Leader until Labor's eventual defeat in the 1947 election. This result was in part possible due to the malapportionment in the Western Australian parliament which created more seats in mining areas, where the Labor Party was dominant, and in agricultural areas, where the Country Party was dominant.

Great Depression 20th-century worldwide economic depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.

James Mitchell (Australian politician) Australian politician; 13th Premier of Western Australia

Sir James Mitchell was the 13th Premier of Western Australia, serving on two occasions, the Lieutenant-Governor of Western Australia for 15 years and the 22nd Governor of Western Australia.

Northam was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1890 to 1974.

Two changes of affiliation had occurred in the previous term, which resulted in the Country Party increasing their parliamentary strength in the Assembly to 12 members. Arnold Piesse, who as an independent had defeated former Country Party leader Alec Thomson in his Katanning seat at the 1930 election, joined the Country Party, as did Richard Sampson, the long-serving member for Swan who had been elected a Nationalist.

Arnold Piesse politician

Arnold Edmund Piesse was an Australian politician who served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1909 to 1914 and again from 1930 until his death, on both occasions representing the seat of Katanning.

Alexander Thomson, known as Alec Thomson, was an Australian politician, and a member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly from 1914 until 1930 representing the seat of Katanning, and a member of the Western Australian Legislative Council representing the South Province from 1931 until 1950.

Katanning was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1904 to 1989.

Retiring members

Edwin Corboy Australian politician

Edwin Wilkie "Ted" Corboy was an Australian politician. From 1918 to 2010, he held the record as the youngest ever Australian Member of Parliament.

Yilgarn-Coolgardie was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1930 to 1950. Located in the Goldfields region, the district was an amalgamation of the former districts of Yilgarn and Coolgardie. Created for the 1930 state election, its first member was Edwin Corboy of the Labor Party, previously the member for Yilgarn. He was succeeded at the 1933 state election by George Lambert, also of the Labor Party, who had been the last member for Coolgardie. Yilgarn-Coolgardie was abolished at the 1950 state election. Incumbent member Lionel Kelly then transferred to the new seat of Merredin-Yilgarn.

Alfred Lamond was an Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1924 to 1933, representing the seat of Pilbara.

At the time of the election, the seat of West Perth was vacant. Its previous member, former Attorney-General and Nationalist MLA Thomas Davy, died suddenly on 18 February 1933, aged 42, while playing bridge with his wife and two friends at the Savoy Hotel. He was succeeded at the election by Robert Ross McDonald, who went on to lead the Nationalist Party from 1938 and was instrumental in forming the Western Australian branch of the Liberal Party in 1945.

The Electoral district of West Perth was a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. The district was named for its location immediately to the west of the central business district of Perth.

The Attorney-General of Western Australia is the member of the Government of Western Australia responsible for maintenance and improvement of Western Australia's system of law and justice. Before the advent of representative government in 1870, the title was Advocate-General of Western Australia. The Attorney-General must be a qualified legal practitioner. When there are none in the cabinet, a lay person is sometimes appointed to the office of Minister for Justice.

Thomas Arthur Lewis "Tad" Davy was a lawyer and Western Australian politician.

Results

At the election, 10 sitting members were defeated—nine Nationalists and one Country member. 8 of these seats were won by Labor, while Sussex was won by fellow Nationalist Edmund Brockman, and in Mount Marshall, Independent candidate Frederick Warner defeated Country member and Minister John Lindsay. (Warner went on to join the Country Party.) The only loss to Labor was the seat of Pilbara, which had been vacated by retiring member Alfred Lamond, and was won by the Nationalists' Frank Welsh.

Sussex was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1890 to 1950.

Edmund Vernon Brockman was an Australian politician who was a Nationalist Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1933 until his death, representing the seat of Sussex.

Mount Marshall was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1930 to 1989.

Western Australian state election, 8 April 1933
Legislative Assembly
<< 19301936 >>

Enrolled voters205,312 [1]
Votes cast186,012 Turnout 90.60%+16.15%
Informal votes4,156Informal2.23%+1.10%
Summary of votes by party
PartyPrimary votes%SwingSeatsChange
  Labor 82,70245.48%+7.04%30+ 7
  Nationalist 55,52230.53%–5.65%8– 7
  Country 25,98014.29%–4.48%11– 1
 Ind. Nat.2,1991.21%+1.21%0± 0
  Communist 4420.25%+0.25%0± 0
  Independent 14,9188.20%–2.70%1+ 1
Total186,012  50 
1 237,197 electors were enrolled to vote at the election, but 9 of the 50 seats were uncontested—6 Labor seats representing 20,069 enrolled voters, 1 Nationalist seat representing 4,139 voters and 2 Country seats representing 7,677 voters.

See also

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References