1925 Western Australian prohibition referendum

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A referendum was held on 4 April 1925 in the Australian state of Western Australia on the topic of prohibition.

Western Australia State in Australia

Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, and the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, and the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated.

Prohibition The outlawing of the consumption, sale, production etc. of alcohol

Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcoholic beverages. The word is also used to refer to a period of time during which such bans are enforced.

Contents

History

The Licensing Act Amendment Act 1922 (No.39 of 1922) was assented to by the Governor of Western Australia on 22 December 1922. Section 60 of the Act (which became Section 87(e) of the Licensing Act 1911) stipulated that "in 1925, and in every fifth year thereafter... there shall be taken a poll of the electors in every electoral district on the proposal that prohibition shall come into force in Western Australia". It also provided that if prohibition was passed, "the proposal shall be that licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquor shall be restored". The franchise was to be the same as that for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly, and a proposal could only be carried if 60% of all votes were in favour. [1]

Governor of Western Australia vice-regal representative of the Australian monarch in Western Australia

The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of the Queen of Australia, Elizabeth II. As with the other governors of the Australian states, the Governor of Western Australia performs constitutional, ceremonial and community functions, including:

Western Australian Legislative Assembly legislature of the State of Western Australia

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth.

Prior to the enactment of this provision, two referendums, one in 1911 and another in 1921, had rejected prohibition.

Referendum results

Question:Do you favour Prohibition coming into force in Western Australia?

ProvinceElectoral RollBallots IssuedForAgainstInformalResult
Vote%Vote%

Aftermath

Despite the legislation calling for five-yearly referendums, only one more was held in 1950. [2] Section 87 of the Licensing Act was repealed in 1959. [3]

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References

  1. State Law Publisher (3 February 1959). "Western Australian Legislation - Licensing Act Amendment Act 1959" . Retrieved 10 October 2009. The relevant section starts on page 27 of the PDF.
  2. Black, David (1991). "Factionalism and Stability, 1911-1947". In Black, David (ed.). The house on the hill: A history of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832-1990. West Perth: Parliament of Western Australia. p. 117. ISBN   0-7309-3983-9.
  3. State Law Publisher (3 February 1959). "Western Australian Legislation - Licensing Act Amendment Act 1959" . Retrieved 10 October 2009. Section 21 repealed section 81-98 in the Licensing Act.