Flux (political party)

Last updated

Flux
LeaderNathan Spataro [1] [ citation needed ]
Deputy leaderMax Kaye [1] [ citation needed ]
Preceded byNeutral Voting Bloc
Headquarters5/155 Clarence Street, Sydney, New South Wales
Membership (2019)Increase2.svg 8,000 [2]
Ideology Issue-based direct democracy
SloganUpgrade Democracy!
Website
voteflux.org

Flux (also known as Liberals for Climate in Western Australia), is a political movement which aims to replace the world's elected legislatures with a new system known as issue-based direct democracy (IBDD). Flux originated in and is most active in Australia, but it is also active internationally, with groups existing in the United States [3] and Brazil. [4]

Contents

IBDD is similar to liquid democracy, though there are differences. In IBDD, voters would still have the right to vote directly on every issue or delegate their vote to someone else, but unlike in liquid democracy, voters can choose to forgo votes on one issue to use on another issue. This creates opportunity cost between issues and allows voters to specialise their votes on the issues that are more important to them. [5] This specialisation of votes allows citizens to participate effectively in issue-based direct democracy without having to focus on every issue as they would in regular direct democracy.

Software to implement IBDD is being developed by SecureVote, a startup company set up by Nathan Spataro and Max Kaye to bring Blockchain-based voting to Governments, Businesses and Token Ecosystems. [6]

Australia

In Australia, there are Flux parties on the federal level and in the Australian Capital Territory, [7] Western Australia, [8] Queensland [9] and New South Wales. [10]

Elections

In the 2016 Australian federal election Flux stood two senate candidates in every state, and one in the Australian Capital Territory under the name "VOTEFLUX.ORG". [11] The group drew first preference votes of between 0.08% and 0.28% in each state, for a national average of 0.15%. [12]

The Flux Party – WA under the banner of "Flux the System!" nominated 24 candidates for the 2017 Western Australian election. 12 in the Legislative Council and another 12 in the Legislative Assembly. [13] They received first preference votes of between 0.31% and 0.88% in each legislative council region, for a state average of 0.44%, [14]

The party controversially ran 26 so-called "fake independents" in the 2017 Western Australian election – candidates affiliated with the party who appeared as independents on the ballot papers. [15]

Writing in 2020, ABC election analyst Antony Green noted that Flux "has attracted negligible support" at elections. [16] Despite having no climate policies of any kind, the party changed its name to "Liberals for Climate" for the 2021 Western Australian state election. [17]

See also

Related Research Articles

Australian House of Representatives Lower house of Australia

The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the upper house being the Senate. Its composition and powers are established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia.

Electoral system of Australia

The Australian electoral system comprises the laws and processes used for the election of members of the Australian Parliament. The system presently has a number of distinctive features including compulsory enrolment, compulsory voting, majority-preferential instant-runoff voting in single-member seats to elect the lower house, the House of Representatives, and the use of the single transferable vote proportional representation system to elect the upper house, the Senate.

Electoral systems of the Australian states and territories

Electoral systems for the legislatures of the individual Australian states and territories are broadly similar to the electoral system used in federal elections in Australia.

Antony John Green is an Australian psephologist and commentator. He is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's election analyst.

Family First Party

The Family First Party was a conservative political party in Australia from 2002 to 2017. It was founded in South Australia and enjoyed its greatest electoral support in that state.

A group voting ticket (GVT) is a simplified preferential voting system currently in use for elections to the Victorian Legislative Council and Western Australian Legislative Council, the upper houses of two Australian state legislatures. It was also previously used in federal and several Australian state elections that used the single transferable vote system. Under the system, for multi-member electoral divisions, a group or party registers a GVT before an election with the electoral commission. When a voter selects a group or party “above the line” on a ballot paper, their vote is distributed according to the registered GVT for that group. It has been abolished by New South Wales and South Australia. It was used in the Australian Senate from the 1984 federal election until the 2013 federal election. A form of GVT is used for some elections in Fiji.

Two-party-preferred vote

In Australian politics, the two-party-preferred vote is the result of an election or opinion poll after preferences have been distributed to the highest two candidates, who in some cases can be independents. For the purposes of TPP, the Liberal/National Coalition is usually considered a single party, with Labor being the other major party. Typically the TPP is expressed as the percentages of votes attracted by each of the two major parties, e.g. "Coalition 50%, Labor 50%", where the values include both primary votes and preferences. The TPP is an indicator of how much swing has been attained/is required to change the result, taking into consideration preferences, which may have a significant effect on the result.

4Change, formerly known as the Climate Change Coalition (CCC), was an Australian political party, which was formed in 2007 with a view to accelerate action by politicians from all parties on global warming and climate change. Its position on working towards addressing climate change, stresses cooperation with big business in order to achieve significant progress on the issue. The party therefore advocates a close working relationship between environmentalists and the business community. The CCC was registered as a political party with the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) on 4 September 2007 and deregistered on 25 March 2010.

Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting)

The Non-Custodial Parents Party was a minor political party in Australia from 2001 to 2020. It supported less government control of many aspects of daily family life, focusing on reform of family law and child support.

Online Direct Democracy

Online Direct Democracy – was a registered Australian political party. It was briefly named Climate Action! Immigration Action! Accountable Politicians! from January 2019 to September 2019, and had previously been known as Senator Online. The party was de-registered in December 2020.

2008 Western Australian state election

The 2008 Western Australian state election was held on Saturday 6 September 2008 to elect 59 members to the Legislative Assembly and 36 members to the Legislative Council. The incumbent centre-left Labor Party government, in power since the 2001 election and led since 25 January 2006 by Premier Alan Carpenter, was defeated by the centre-right Liberal Party opposition, led by Opposition Leader Colin Barnett since 6 August 2008.

2017 Western Australian state election

The 2017 Western Australian state election was held on Saturday 11 March 2017 to elect members to the Parliament of Western Australia, including all 59 seats in the Legislative Assembly and all 36 seats in the Legislative Council. The eight-and-a-half-year two-term incumbent Liberal–WA National government, led by Premier Colin Barnett, was defeated in a landslide by the Labor opposition, led by Opposition Leader Mark McGowan.

On 5 April 2014, an Australian Senate special election in Western Australia has held. The special election was held six months after the 2013 Australian federal election. The results of that 2013 election for the Australian Senate in Western Australia was voided on 20 February 2014 by the High Court of Australia, sitting as the Court of Disputed Returns, because 1,375 ballot papers were lost during an official recount in November 2013. The High Court ruled that because the number of lost ballots exceeded the margin for the two remaining Senate seats, the only acceptable remedy was to void the results and hold a special election.

The Minor Party Alliance (MPA) is a collaborative undertaking of small Australian political parties, created by Glenn Druery's "Independent Liaison" business, which assists in organising preference meetings and negotiating preference flows between minor parties in Australia. The aim of the Alliance is the election of Alliance candidates to Australian upper houses based upon the accumulation of their primary votes and the registered "above-the-line" party preferences to reach an electoral quota. For the Australian Senate, the quota for a half-Senate election in each State is normally 14.3%. The MPA effectively aims to "game" the electoral system, an act it believes to be justified, based upon their perception that the Australian electoral system is unfair and heavily biased against minor parties.

Western Australia Party

The Western Australia Party is a regional political party active in Western Australia.

Fluoride Free WA Party was a political party registered for elections in Western Australia. Its main policy is to end mandatory water fluoridation in Western Australia. The party is a distinct legal entity from an advocacy organisation named Fluoride Free WA Inc, however the party was formed by the advocacy group to increase media interest. The party merged into the Health Australia Party in 2019.

WAxit Party

The WAxit Party is a political party registered in the Australian state of Western Australia.

2021 Western Australian state election State general election for Western Australia, held on 13 March 2021

The 2021 Western Australian state election was conducted on Saturday 13 March 2021 to elect members to the Parliament of Western Australia, where all 59 seats in the Legislative Assembly and all 36 seats in the Legislative Council were up for election.

Hare–Clark electoral system

Hare-Clark is a type of single transferable vote electoral system of proportional representation used for elections in Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory. The method for the distribution of preferences is similar to other voting systems in Australia, such as for the Australian Senate.

The Australian Federation Party (AFP), formerly known as the Country Alliance and the Australian Country Party, is an Australian political party. Founded in 2004 by four rural Victorians, the party lodged its initial registration with the Victorian Electoral Commission on 15 August 2005.

References

  1. 1 2 "Flux Constitution" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Voteflux.org | Upgrade Democracy. 26 January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  2. "Live Flux Stats". voteflux.org. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  3. https://www.fec.gov/data/committee/C00630376/?tab=filings
  4. "Flux Brasil – HOME". www.voteflux.com.br (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  5. Max Kaye & Nathan Spataro (1 January 2017). "Redefining Democracy" (PDF).
  6. "XO.1 adapts Blockchain for secure super-fast vote counts". The Australian. 10 March 2017.
  7. "Register of political parties".
  8. "Registered Political Parties in WA". Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  9. "Political Party Register". Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  10. "List of Registered Parties".
  11. "Candidates for the 2016 federal election". Australian Electoral Commission. 12 June 2016. Archived from the original on 13 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  12. "First preferences by Senate group". Tally Room, 2016 Federal Election. Australian Electoral Commission. 9 August 2016. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  13. Green, Antony (11 February 2017). "Summary of Candidates and Parties Contesting the 2017 WA Election". Antony Green's Election Blog. ABC. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  14. "Legislative Council – Results by Party".
  15. "Micro-party puts up 26 fake independents at WA election". ABC News. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  16. Green, Antony (6 December 2020). "What's in a Party Name?". Antony Green's Election Blog. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  17. "Introducing Liberals For Climate".