Electoral district of Kimberley

Last updated

Kimberley
Western AustraliaLegislative Assembly
WA Election 2021 - Kimberley.png
Location of Kimberley (dark green) in Western Australia
State Western Australia
Dates current1904–present
MP Divina D'Anna
Party Labor
Namesake Kimberley region
Electors 15,735 (2021)
Area536,571 km2 (207,171.2 sq mi)
Demographic Mining and Pastoral

Kimberley is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia, located in the state's far north and named after the Kimberley region. The electorate has one of the highest Aboriginal enrolments of any seat in the Parliament.

Contents

The seat has been held by the Labor Party since 1980—inclusive of one term under a Labor Independent (1996–2001), but has become increasingly marginal in recent years. It saw an extremely close and almost unprecedented four-way race at the 2013 state election, with relatively small primary vote margins separating the Labor, Liberal, National and Green candidates in a result that was not known for several days. However, Labor candidate Josie Farrer was able to hold the seat for Labor, winning the seat on Green preferences. In the 2021 state election Divina D'Anna retained the seat for Labor.

History

First created for the 1904 state election, the district was a combination of two former seats: East Kimberley and West Kimberley. Its first member, Francis Connor, was one of four independents who opted to support the Labor Party's minority government under Premier Henry Daglish. The government fell a year later, and a conservative member won the seat. It was then held for 19 years by non-Labor parties until a split in the Country Party saw Labor gain the seat at the 1924 state election. Labor held the seat continuously for 44 years until losing it to the Liberal Party at the 1968 state election.

The seat became the focus of controversy at the 1977 state election. A significant turnover in voters had occurred, with 1,750 voters including many Aboriginals being entitled to vote for the first time. The Labor Party endorsed Ernie Bridge, an Aboriginal businessman and president of the Shire of Halls Creek, against the sitting member, Liberal Minister for Lands Alan Ridge. Ridge won the vote but it was successfully challenged in the Court of Disputed Returns on 7 November due to claims of irregular treatment of Aboriginal voters at polling stations and various other concerns, and a by-election was called for 17 December 1977. However, Ridge won the vote on a decreased voter turnout and an increased majority.

At the 1980 state election, Ernie Bridge won the seat. In 1986, Bridge became a minister in the Labor government—the first Aboriginal cabinet minister in any Australian government. In 1996, Bridge resigned from the Labor Party and was re-elected at the 1996 state election as an independent before retiring at the 2001 state election. His successor was Carol Martin, the first Aboriginal woman elected to an Australian parliament.

Three out of five of the Indigenous Australians that have entered the Western Australian parliament have originated from this seat.

Geography

Named for the Kimberley region, the electorate is the state's northernmost. The district has a long coastline, being bounded by the Indian Ocean to its north and west. To the east, it is bounded by the Northern Territory border, whilst its southern boundaries are those of local government areas. The district includes four local government areas: Shire of Wyndham-East Kimberley, Shire of Broome, Shire of Derby-West Kimberley, Shire of Halls Creek, all of them in their entirety. Its major population centres include Broome, Derby, Fitzroy Crossing, Halls Creek, Kununurra and Wyndham.

Members for Kimberley

MemberPartyTerm
  Francis Connor Independent 1904–1905
  Arthur Male Ministerial 1905–1911
  Liberal 1911–1917
  Michael Durack Nationalist 1917–1920
  Country 1920–1923
 Country (MCP)1923–1924
  Aubrey Coverley Labor 1924–1953
  John Rhatigan Labor 1953–1968
  Alan Ridge Liberal 1968–1980
  Ernie Bridge Labor 1980–1996
 Independent 1996–2001
  Carol Martin Labor 2001–2013
  Josie Farrer Labor 2013–2021
  Divina D'Anna Labor 2021–present

Election results

2021 Western Australian state election: Kimberley [1]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labor Divina D'Anna 4,06851.0+6.1
Liberal Geoff Haerewa1,73321.7+4.4
Greens Naomi Pigram1,31016.4+7.2
National Millie Hills5036.3−10.0
One Nation Roger Modolo1802.3−5.8
Independent Kai Jones720.9−1.0
No Mandatory Vaccination A. Herman590.7+0.7
Western Australia Karl Fehlauer440.6+0.6
Total formal votes7,96996.6+0.7
Informal votes2823.4−0.7
Turnout 8,25152.4−27.1
Results are not final. Last updated on 17 March 2021 at 8:41 pm AWST

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