Electoral district of Geraldton

Last updated
Geraldton
Western AustraliaLegislative Assembly
WA Election 2021 - Geraldton.png
Location of Geraldton (dark green) in Western Australia
State Western Australia
Dates current1890–present
MP Lara Dalton
Party Labor
Namesake Geraldton
Electors 26,767 (2021)
Area4,229 km2 (1,632.8 sq mi)
Demographic Agricultural
Coordinates 28°46′S114°40′E / 28.76°S 114.66°E / -28.76; 114.66 Coordinates: 28°46′S114°40′E / 28.76°S 114.66°E / -28.76; 114.66

Geraldton is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.

Contents

Geraldton was one of the original 30 seats contested at the 1890 colonial election. The district is based on the eponymous regional city.

Labor held throughout most of the twentieth century, Geraldton has since become a seat that has changed hands regularly in the last two decades.

Geography

The district has always been based on the regional coastal city of Geraldton. Electoral reform ahead of the 2008 state election necessitated an increase in the district's enrolment and thus an expansion of its boundaries, as it did for all non-metropolitan districts. This means the district now includes all outlying suburbs of the city, as well as adjacent rural areas. The district's current boundaries are identical with the former City of Geraldton-Greenough, itself a newly formed local government area.

History

Geraldton changed hands frequently between different members and parties during the early history of the seat in the late 19th and early 20th century. After 1914 however, the seat was held by the Labor Party for all but three of the next 77 years. The seat's longest serving and most famous member was John Willcock, member from 1917 to 1947 and Premier of Western Australia from 1936 to 1945.

A fairly safe to safe Labor seat for much of the 20th century, it became somewhat less safe for Labor in the 1980s. The resignation of Labor member Jeff Carr following his sacking as minister in 1991 triggered a by-election that was won by the Liberal Party's Bob Bloffwitch, the seat's first non-Labor member in more than four decades. Bloffwitch held the seat at the subsequent 1993 state election, when the Liberal Party won government. The seat changed hands with the next change of government at the 2001 state election when Labor candidate Shane Hill was elected. Hill held the seat for two terms before Liberal Ian Blayney won it with a change of government at the 2008 state election. In fact the redistribution prior to that election had turned the seat into a notionally Liberal seat.

In 2013, Blayney seemingly consolidated his hold on the seat with Labor falling to third place behind the National Party. Blayney's margin was enough for him to narrowly overcome one of the biggest swings amid Labor's decisive victory at the subsequent election in 2017, with Labor's Lara Dalton paring back his margin from a seemingly insurmountable 22.8 percent to an extremely marginal 1.3 percent. Blayney's victory marked only the second time since World War I (Bloffwitch's 1991 by-election win being the first) that Labor had been in government without holding Geraldton. Blayney defected to the Nationals in 2019, but was heavily defeated by Dalton in 2021. Dalton actually won enough votes on the first count to take the seat outright.

Members for Geraldton

MemberPartyTerm
  Edward Vivien Harvey Keane Non-aligned1890–1891
  George Simpson Opposition1891–1899
  Richard Robson Independent 1899–1900
  Robert Hutchinson Opposition1900–1904
  Henry Carson Ministerial1904–1906
  Thomas Brown Labor 1906–1908
 Henry CarsonMinisterial1908–1911
  Bronte Dooley Labor1911–1913
  Samuel Elliott Liberal 1913–1914
  Edward Heitmann Labor1914–1917
  National Labor 1917
 Samuel ElliottLiberal1917
  John Willcock Labor1917–1947
  Edmund Hall Country 1947–1950
  Bill Sewell Labor1950–1974
  Jeff Carr Labor1974–1991
  Bob Bloffwitch Liberal 1991–2001
  Shane Hill Labor2001–2008
  Ian Blayney Liberal2008–2019
 Independent2019
  National [1] 2019–2021
  Lara Dalton Labor2021–present

Election results

2021 Western Australian state election: Geraldton [2]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labor Lara Dalton 11,67654.7+21.0
National Ian Blayney 5,22224.5+7.0
Liberal Rob Dines2,75012.9−14.8
Greens Matt Roberts5362.5−1.5
Shooters, Fishers, Farmers Chris Mellon3801.8−2.0
One Nation Bruce Davies3361.6−7.9
No Mandatory Vaccination Mark Long2481.2+1.2
WAxit Bey Bey Kung1270.6+0.6
Liberal Democrats Andrew Genovese770.4+0.4
Total formal votes21,35296.6+0.9
Informal votes7463.4−0.9
Turnout 22,09882.6−2.1
Two-candidate-preferred result
Labor Lara Dalton 13,17061.7+13.0
National Ian Blayney 8,17338.3−13.0
Labor gain from National Swing +13.0

Related Research Articles

Division of Hindmarsh Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Hindmarsh is an Australian Electoral Division in South Australia covering the western suburbs of Adelaide. The division was one of the seven established when the former Division of South Australia was split on 2 October 1903, and was first contested at the 1903 election, though on vastly different boundaries. The Division is named after Sir John Hindmarsh, who was Governor of South Australia from 1836 to 1838. The 78 km² seat extends from the coast in the west to South Road in the east, covering the suburbs of Ascot Park, Brooklyn Park, Edwardstown, Fulham, Glenelg, Grange, Henley Beach, Kidman Park, Kurralta Park, Morphettville, Plympton, Richmond, Semaphore Park, Torrensville, West Beach and West Lakes. The international Adelaide Airport is centrally located in the electorate making noise pollution a prominent local issue, besides the aged care needs of the relatively elderly population − the seat has one of the highest proportions of citizens over the age of 65 in Australia. Progressive boundary redistributions over many decades transformed Hindmarsh from a safe Labor seat in to a marginal seat often won by the government of the day.

Avon was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1911 to 2008. The name of the district was changed to Avon Valley in 1950, but reverted to its original name in 1962.

Greenough was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1890 to 2008.

Merredin was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1950 to 2008.

Electoral district of Roe

Roe is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia. It takes in rural areas in the south of the state. Roe was re-created for the 2017 state election, having previously been in existence from 1950 to 1983 and from 1989 to 2008. It had a notional 16.7-point majority for the National Party against the Liberal Party, based on the results of the 2013 state election.

Ballajura was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1996 to 2005.

Kenwick was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1989 to 1996 and again from 2005 to 2008.

Electoral district of Swan Hills State electoral district in Perth, Western Australia

Swan Hills is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.

Peel was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1989 to 2008.

Electoral district of Unley

Unley is a single-member electoral district for the South Australian House of Assembly. Named after the suburb of the same name, it is the state's smallest electorate by area at just 14.1 km2 (5.4 sq mi). It is a suburban electorate in Adelaide's inner south, taking in the suburbs of Eastwood, Frewville, Fullarton, Glenside, Glenunga, Goodwood, Highgate, Hyde Park, Kings Park, Malvern, Myrtle Bank, Parkside, Unley, Unley Park and Wayville, as well as parts of Glen Osmond and Millswood.

Shane Robin Hill is an Australian politician. He represented the electorate of Geraldton in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly from the 2001 election for the Labor Party until losing the seat in the 2008 election.

Eyre was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia. It was in existence for three separate periods, on each occasion covering large portions of south-eastern Western Australia. Eyre was a safe seat for the Labor Party in its first two incarnations, but during its third incarnation was a marginal seat between the Liberal Party and the National Party.

Electoral district of Cannington State electoral district in Perth, Western Australia

Cannington is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.

Electoral district of West Swan State electoral district in Perth, Western Australia

West Swan is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia. It is located in the north-eastern suburbs of Perth.

Electoral district of Morley State electoral district in Perth, Western Australia

Morley is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.

Ian Charles Blayney is an Australian politician.

2014 South Australian state election

The 2014 South Australian state election elected members to the 53rd Parliament of South Australia on 15 March 2014, to fill all 47 seats in the House of Assembly and 11 of 22 seats in the Legislative Council. The 12-year-incumbent Australian Labor Party (SA) government, led by Premier Jay Weatherill, won its fourth consecutive four-year term in government, a record 16 years of Labor government, defeating the opposition Liberal Party of Australia (SA), led by Opposition Leader Steven Marshall.

Jeffrey Phillip Carr is a former Australian politician who was a Labor Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1974 to 1991, representing the seat of Geraldton. He served as a minister in the governments of Brian Burke, Peter Dowding, and Carmen Lawrence.

The 1991 Geraldton state by-election was a by-election for the seat of Geraldton in the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia held on 20 July 1991. It was triggered by the resignation of Jeff Carr on 28 February 1991, due to his expulsion from cabinet. The election was won by the Liberal candidate, Bob Bloffwitch, who won 51.4 percent of the two-candidate-preferred (2CP) vote. The National Party also made the final 2CP count, despite having not stood a candidate in Geraldton since the 1974 state election, whereas Labor slumped to just 16.6 percent on first preferences, a swing of 31 points from the 1989 state election.

Lara Dalton is an Australian politician. She has been a Labor member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly since the 2021 state election, representing Geraldton.

References