Geoff Gallop

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Geoff Gallop

AC
Geoffrey Gallop Midland (cropped).jpg
Gallop at the Midland Railway Workshops in 2002
27th Premier of Western Australia
Elections: 2001, 2005
In office
10 February 2001 16 January 2006
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor John Sanderson
Deputy Eric Ripper
Preceded by Richard Court
Succeeded by Alan Carpenter
Leader of the Opposition
in Western Australia
In office
8 October 1996 10 February 2001
Premier Richard Court
Deputy Jim McGinty
Eric Ripper
Preceded by Jim McGinty
Succeeded by Richard Court
Leader of the Western Australian
Labor Party
In office
8 October 1996 25 January 2006
Deputy Jim McGinty
Eric Ripper
Preceded by Jim McGinty
Succeeded by Alan Carpenter
Member of the Western Australian Parliament
for Victoria Park
In office
7 June 1986 25 January 2006
Preceded by Ron Davies
Succeeded by Ben Wyatt
Personal details
Born
Geoffrey Ian Gallop

(1951-09-27) 27 September 1951 (age 69)
Geraldton, Western Australia
NationalityAustralian
Political party Labor Party
Spouse(s)Beverly Diane Jones (m.1975–2009; her death)
Ingrid van Beek (m.2010–present)
Children2
Alma mater St John's College, Oxford
Nuffield College, Oxford
University of Western Australia
ProfessionAcademic

Geoffrey Ian Gallop AC (born 27 September 1951) is an Australian academic and former politician who served as the 27th Premier of Western Australia from 2001 to 2006. He is currently a Professor and Director of the Graduate School of Government at the University of Sydney and former chairman of the Australian Republican Movement.

Contents

Born in Geraldton, Western Australia, Gallop studied at the University of Western Australia, and later progressed to St John's College at the University of Oxford after winning a Rhodes Scholarship. Having joined the Labor Party in 1971, he served as a councillor for the City of Fremantle between 1983 and 1986, and was elected to the seat of Victoria Park in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly at the 1986 state election. Having held several portfolios in the preceding Lawrence Ministry (including Minister for Education), Gallop replaced Jim McGinty as Leader of the Opposition in 1996 following McGinty's resignation.

At the 1996 election, Labor was defeated by the incumbent Liberal Party led by Richard Court despite a rise in Labor's share of the vote, but he remained as the party's leader, and at the 2001 election Labor was elected to government, with Gallop becoming premier. Having successfully contested the 2005 election, Gallop resigned as Premier, Labor leader and from parliament in early 2006 to aid his recovery from depression, and was replaced by Alan Carpenter.

Early life, education and pioneer family

Gallop was born in Geraldton and joined the Labor Party in 1971. After studying economics at The University of Western Australia (UWA), [1] he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship in 1972, [2] and as an undergraduate studying Philosophy, Politics, and Economics [3] at St John's College, Oxford met and became close friends with Tony Blair. [4] Blair is also the godfather of Gallop's son Tom, [1] and Gallop was a groomsman at Blair's 1980 wedding. [5] He is also a long-time friend of former federal Labor Leader Kim Beazley. [6] Gallop subsequently received a doctorate of philosophy (DPhil) from Oxford in 1983. [7] [8]

Before entering state politics, Gallop worked as a tutor and lecturer at both Murdoch University and The University of Western Australia, and was a City Councillor at Fremantle from 1983 to 1986. [9]

Gallop's family was among the first pioneer settlers to the new Swan River Colony now known as Perth in Western Australia. His great-great-grandfather,[ disputed ] James Gallop arrived in the Swan River Colony in 1829 the year of the colony's founding. At the age of 18 James, along with two brothers – 20-year-old Richard and 15-year-old Edward – left a Thakeham, West Sussex workhouse. The Gallop brothers left the small village of Thakeham in West Sussex along with several other families from Thakeham and the nearby villages of Sullington and Storrington. Several of these migrants later inter-married: James' son also named James married Emma Woods daughter of George Woods who also came out from Thakeham with his brother John and nephew Jesse Woods. Edward Gallop later drowned but James and Richard became pioneering market gardeners and vignerons. Two homes, Gallop House and Dalkeith House, are heritage-listed legacies of the family's prominence. [10] [ full citation needed ] The brothers were part of a clearing-out of the parishes in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. As Greenfield wrote "The 1820s were very difficult years for agricultural workers and great poverty prevailed, owing partly to the demobilization of soldiers following the end of the Napoleonic Wars, and partly to the high cost of bread due to the Corn Laws. Sullington seems to have been particularly hard hit. ... Emigration was encouraged throughout West Sussex to relieve the parishes of the burden of excessive poor relief. “ [11] :57 The Gallop brothers were among those who chose Australia instead of America: "West Australia was still very much in the pioneering stage. Letters from emigrants to their friends and relations in this neighbourhood give the impression that those who sailed to America, provided they were not afraid to work, had an easier life than those who took the greater risk and went to Australia". [11] :58

Politics

Gallop was elected to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly for the seat of Victoria Park in 1986. [12] From 1990 to 1993, during the Lawrence Labor Government, Gallop held portfolios including Education, Parliamentary and Electoral Reform, Fuel and Energy, Micro-Economic Reform, and Minister assisting the Treasurer. [9] The Lawrence government was defeated at the 1993 state elections, and Gallop was elected Deputy Leader of the State Parliamentary Labor Party.

Opposition Leader

In Opposition, his Shadow Ministerial responsibilities included Treasury, Resources and Energy, Parliamentary and Electoral Reform, Public Sector Management, Accountability, Sport and Recreation, Aboriginal Affairs, Health, Federal Affairs, Treasury and the South West. [9]

In October 1996, Jim McGinty resigned as Leader of the Opposition and named Gallop his successor, a role he assumed without a caucus vote. [1] Soon afterwards, he led Labor into an election held in December. He was heavily defeated by the Liberal Party government of Richard Court, taking only 35.8 percent of the primary vote—its lowest total since 1901. [13]

In government

At the February 2001 state election, Gallop led the Labor Party to victory, [14] taking 13 seats from the Liberals on a seven-percent swing—the largest swing against a sitting government in the state since 1911. [15]

Gallop became Premier and Minister for Public Sector Management, Federal Affairs, Science, Citizenship and Multicultural Interests. [16] Gallop went on to win a second term at the 26 February 2005 state election. [17] As premier, Dr Gallop oversaw a range of political and social reforms (electoral reform, gay and lesbian equality and a state Administrative Tribunal), changed the State's industrial and labour laws, brought a spirit of reconciliation to the resolution of native Title and developed partnership models for the State's indigenous communities, changed the law to require all 16- and 17-year-olds to be in education or training, was the first Premier to commit his government to a major desalination plant, stopped the logging of all of the State's Old Growth Forests, creating a record number of new national parks, restructured the State's electricity and racing industries, and started construction of the Perth to Mandurah Railway and the associated City Rail Tunnel.

As Minister for Science he established the Science Council, committed significant funding to Research and Development in the State, and established the Premier's Research Fellowship Program to attract leading researchers from overseas and interstate.

Resignation

On 16 January 2006 Gallop announced he was resigning as premier and retiring from politics to aid his recovery from depression. [18] He addressed a news conference stating that "in the interests of my health and my family I have decided to rethink my career". [18] Deputy Premier and Treasurer Eric Ripper took over from Gallop as Acting Premier, pending a leadership vote at the State Labor Caucus. [18] Alan Carpenter was elected unopposed [19] and was sworn in on 25 January 2006.

Post-government activities

He became a professor and director of Sydney University's Graduate School of Government in 2006. [2]

From 2007 to 2009 he was a community member of the NSW Health Department's great Metropolitan Clinical Task force. [20]

From 2007 to 2011 Professor Gallop was Deputy Chair of the Council of Australian Government (COAG) Reform Council and in 2008 he was appointed to the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission which reported to the Commonwealth Government in June 2009.

In 2010, he joined the Advisory Board of the Hawke Research Institute at the University of South Australia and from 2011 has been the Chair of the New Democracy Foundation's Research Committee. He also sits on the Dean's Advisory Group at the University of Sydney Medical School.

In 2011 he was appointed by Australia's Foreign Minister to chair the Australia Awards Board and in the same year was appointed a member of the Commonwealth's International Education Advisory Council.

Since 2010 he has been writing a weekly column for Fairfax Media's online paper WA Today and from 2006 to 2007 was a columnist for the Australian newspaper's Higher Education Supplement.

In 2010, Gallop accepted the role as Chairman of the research committee of The newDemocracy Foundation, a research group, focused on better models of government. [21] Gallop is a patron of the Jhana Grove Meditation Centre and the Buddhist Society of Western Australia, where he received help for depression. [22]

Gallop was elected chairman of the Australian Republic Movement in November 2012, replacing Maj.-Gen. Michael Keating. [23]

Political views

Gallop is a strong supporter of the movement for an Australian republic, and took a leading role in the push for a directly elected president during the 1998 Constitutional Convention in Canberra. [9] He is pro-choice on the issue of abortion. [24] Professor Gallop has published three books – one on the English radical Thomas Spence "Pig's Meat – Selected Writings of Thomas Spence", edited with an introductory essay (Spokesman Books Nottingham, 1982), one on Western Australian politics and society "A State of Reform: Essays for a Better Future" (Helm Wood Publishers, Wembley, 1998) and "Politics, Society, Self: Occasional Writing" (UWA Press, Crawley, 2012)

Awards

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Aisbett, Norman (13 January 2001). "Dr Who?". The West Australian . West Australian Newspapers Limited. p. 1.
  2. 1 2 Lane, Bernard (12 July 2006). "Gallop strikes a new balance". The Australian . News Limited. p. 32.
  3. McIlveen, Luke (17 January 2006). "Gallop's act of public service – Praise from former premier". The Daily Telegraph . News Limited. p. 2. Awarded Rhodes Scholarship in 1972 and graduated in philosophy, politics and economics at Oxford in 1974
  4. Staff writer (8 January 2007). "Is Tony Blair hoping to clear out one of the dustier corners of Whitehall before he gallops into the sunset?". The Evening Standard . Associated Newspapers. ...Geoff Gallop, former Premier of Western Australia and one of Blair's oldest friends from St John's College, Oxford...
  5. Clarke, Tim (16 January 2006). "WA: From marxist to premier, smiling Gallop reveals a dark side". General News. Australian Associated Press. Dr Gallop was even a groomsman at the Blairs' wedding in 1980, and Mr Blair is godfather to Dr Gallop's son Tom.
  6. Staff writer (16 April 1999). "Everyone Is Connected in Western Australia". Canberra Times . p. 11. State Opposition leader Geoff Gallop, one-time Murdoch University and Oxford University mate and best buddy of Beazley, Jr...
  7. Premiers of Western Australia: Dr Geoff Gallop (Labor) – The Constitutional Centre of Western Australia. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  8. Geoff Gallop: A Brief Biography – John Curtin College of the Arts. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Laurie, Victoria (17 January 2006). "Broken by the burden". The Australian . News Limited. p. 11.
  10. Sydney Morning Herald. 8 July 2006.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. 1 2 Greenfield, Florence M. (1972). Round About Old Storrington. School Lane, Storrington: Norbertine Press. OCLC   503962367.
  12. Staff writer (8 October 1996). "RTRS-Gallop becomes W.Australia opposition leader". Reuters News. Reuters.
  13. Staff writer (14 December 1996). "Western Australian government returned". Agence France-Presse. The Western Australian Liberal-National Party Government, headed by Premier Richard Court, has been returned to office with an increased majority in the State Legislative Assembly (lower house).
  14. Staff writer (11 February 2001). "Labor claims state election victory". Associated Press Newswires. Associated Press.
  15. Black, David (December 2001). "The Western Australian election of 10 February 2001: Coalition demolition". Australian Journal of Political Science. 36 (2): 355–362. doi:10.1080/10361140120078871. ISSN   1036-1146. S2CID   153571399.
  16. Pryer, Wendy (16 February 2001). "The new cabinet". The West Australian . West Australian Newspapers Limited. p. 4.
  17. Staff writer (27 February 2005). "Gallop wins second term in close-fought contest". The Sunday Times . Perth: News Limited. p. 1.
  18. 1 2 3 Staff writer (16 January 2006). "Ripper steps in as acting WA Premier". AAP Bulletins. Australian Associated Press Pty Ltd.
  19. Staff writer (22 January 2006). "WA Premier is chosen". The Sunday Mail (Brisbane) . News Limited. p. 19.
  20. "Dr Geoffrey (Geoff) Ian Gallop". Parliament of WA. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  21. "The Hon Geoff Gallop AC – Chair, Research Committee". The newDemocracy Foundation. 2013. Archived from the original on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2021.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  22. "About Jhana Grove – Our Patron". Buddhist Society of Western Australia. 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  23. Gallop to lead republicans Archived 5 January 2013 at archive.today The West Australian . Published 26 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  24. Burns, Anne (18 March 1998). "Historic Abortion Debate Heats Up". The West Australian . West Australian Newspapers Limited. p. 1.
Parliament of Western Australia
Preceded by
Ron Davies
Member for Victoria Park
1986–2006
Succeeded by
Ben Wyatt
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim McGinty
Opposition Leader of Western Australia
1996–2001
Succeeded by
Colin Barnett
Preceded by
Richard Court
Premier of Western Australia
2001–2006
Succeeded by
Alan Carpenter
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim McGinty
Leader of the Labor Party in Western Australia
1996–2006
Succeeded by
Alan Carpenter
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
Maj.-Gen. Michael Keating
Chairman of the Australian Republican Movement
2012–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent