Women in the United States House of Representatives

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Women have served in the United States House of Representatives since the 1917 entrance of Jeannette Rankin from Montana, a member of the Republican Party. 345 women have served as U.S. Representatives and seven more women have sat as non-voting delegates. As of January 3, 2021, there are 122 women in the U.S. House of Representatives (counting four female non-voting delegates), making women 27.2% of the total of U.S. Representatives. [1] Of the 352 women who have served in the House, 231 have been Democrats (including four from U.S. territories or the District of Columbia) and 121 have been Republicans (including three from U.S. territories, including pre-statehood Hawaii). One woman has served in the highest office of the House, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi from California, a member of the Democratic Party.

Contents

Women have been elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from 46 of the 50 states. The states that have not elected a woman to the U.S. House of Representatives are Alaska, Mississippi, North Dakota, and Vermont—though Alaska, Mississippi, and North Dakota have elected women to the United States Senate. Women have also been sent to Congress from 5 of the 6 territories of the United States; the only territory that has not sent a woman to the U.S. House of Representatives is the Northern Mariana Islands. California has elected more women to Congress than any other state, with 44 U.S. Representatives elected since 1923. To date, no woman who has served in the House has ever previously been a senator, been elected to represent more than one state in non-consecutive elections, switched parties, or served as a third party member in her career, though one was reelected as an Independent.

Firsts

Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in Congress. Jeannetterankin.jpg
Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (2007-2011, 2019-), the only woman to hold the position. Nancy Pelosi.jpeg
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (2007–2011, 2019–), the only woman to hold the position.

Jeannette Rankin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in either chamber of Congress. [2]

Florence Prag Kahn entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1925 as the first Jewish and thus non-Christian woman in either chamber of Congress. [3]

U.S. Representative Vera Buchanan died in 1955, making her the first woman in either chamber to die in office. [4]

Patsy Mink, an Asian American, entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1965 as the first woman of color in either chamber of Congress. [5] [6]

In 1969, U.S. Representative Charlotte Reid became the first woman to wear pants in the U.S. House of Representatives or U.S. Senate. [7]

Shirley Chisholm entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1969 as the first African-American woman in either chamber of Congress. [8]

In 1973, U.S. Representative Yvonne Brathwaite Burke became the first member of the U.S. House of Representatives or U.S. Senate to give birth while in office, and she was the first person to be granted maternity leave by the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, with the birth of her daughter Autumn. [9] [10]

The gym of the U.S. House of Representatives (with the exception of its swimming pool) first opened to women in 1985, the gym having previously been male-only. The swimming pool opened to women in 2009, the pool having previously been male-only. [11]

Barbara Vucanovich entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1983 as the first Hispanic woman or Latina in either chamber of Congress.

In late 1990, Hawaii became the first state with a House delegation of all women of color, Patsy Mink and Pat Saiki.

Jo Ann Emerson re-entered the House of Representatives in 1997 as the first and, so far, only woman (re)elected as neither a Democrat nor a Republican from any state to either chamber of Congress. [12] Initially, she was specially elected as a Republican late in the 104th Congress before leaving the party for a while to run as a politically unaffiliated candidate for reelection to a full term in the 1996 election and rejoined the Republicans early in the 105th Congress.

Tammy Baldwin entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 1999 as the first openly gay woman in either chamber of Congress. [13] [14] [15]

Nancy Pelosi became the first female House Minority Whip in 2002. [16] She went on to become the first and only to date female Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in 2007. [17]

Also in 2007, Mazie Hirono entered the U.S. House of Representatives as the first female Buddhist in either chamber of Congress.

In 2011, the U.S. House of Representatives got its first women's bathroom near the chamber (Room H-211 of the U.S. Capitol). [18]

Tulsi Gabbard entered the U.S. House of Representatives in 2013 as the first Hindu person in either chamber of Congress. [19] [20]

Also in 2013, Kyrsten Sinema entered the U.S. House of Representatives as the first openly bisexual woman in either chamber of Congress.

In the 2018 general elections, there was a wave of firsts elected to the United States House of Representatives for the 116th Congress. A record-breaking 103 women were elected or re-elected into the United States House of Representatives, causing many to call it the "Year of the Woman". [21] Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib became the first Muslim women ever elected to either house of Congress, with Tlaib the first Palestinian-American woman elected to Congress and Omar the first Somali American of either sex to be elected. Angie Craig became the first lesbian mother to be elected to Congress. Sharice Davids and Deb Haaland became the first Native American women elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

In 2020, Republican Stephanie Bice was elected to become the first Iranian American and first woman of Iranian parentage in Congress, [22] and her fellow Republican, Yvette Herrell, was also elected as the first Cherokee woman in Congress. Additional Republicans Michelle Steel and Young Kim, and Democrat Marilyn Strickland were elected as the first Korean American women in Congress.

List of states represented by women

StateCurrent Reps.Previous Reps.TotalU.S. House seats
Alabama 1237
Alaska 0001
Arizona 2579
Arkansas 0444
California 19254453
Colorado 2357
Connecticut 2685
Delaware 1011
Florida 7132027
Georgia 45914
Hawaii 0662
Idaho 0222
Illinois 5131818
Indiana 2689
Iowa 3144
Kansas 1564
Kentucky 0226
Louisiana 0226
Maine 1232
Maryland 0888
Massachusetts 3479
Michigan 671314
Minnesota 4268
Mississippi 0004
Missouri 2578
Montana 0111
Nebraska 0113
Nevada 2354
New Hampshire 1122
New Jersey 25712
New Mexico 2463
New York 8212927
North Carolina 44813
North Dakota 0001
Ohio 281016
Oklahoma 1345
Oregon 1345
Pennsylvania 461018
Rhode Island 0112
South Carolina 1567
South Dakota 0221
Tennessee 1679
Texas 731036
Utah 0444
Vermont 0001
Virginia 34711
Washington 651110
West Virginia 1233
Wisconsin 1128
Wyoming 1231

Widow's succession

Mae Ella Nolan was the first woman elected to her husband's seat in Congress, which is sometimes known as the widow's succession. In the early years of women in Congress, the seat was held only until the next election, and the women retired after that single Congress. She thereby became a placeholder, merely finishing out her late husband's elected term. As the years progressed, however, more and more of these widow successors sought re-election. These women began to win their own elections.

38 widows have won their husbands' seats in the House, and eight have won their husbands' seats in the Senate. The only current example is Representative Doris Matsui of California. The most successful example is Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, who served a total of 32 years in both houses and became the first woman elected to both the House and the Senate. She began the end of McCarthyism with a famous speech, "The Declaration of Conscience", became the first major-party female presidential candidate and the first woman to receive votes at a national nominating convention, and was the first (and highest ranking to date) woman to enter the Republican Party Senate leadership (in the third-highest post of Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference). The third woman elected to Congress, Winnifred Huck, was similarly elected to her father's seat.

Number of women

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives and Senate by Congress

Women U.S. Representatives of the 113th Congress House Democratic Women of the 113th Congress (8342801079).jpg
Women U.S. Representatives of the 113th Congress
A gradient map showing the current numbers of each gender in the US House of Representatives by state. (Last updated: January 10, 2021)
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
Only male representatives
Even male/female split
Only female representatives Women in the US House of Representatives.png
A gradient map showing the current numbers of each gender in the US House of Representatives by state. (Last updated: January 10, 2021)
  Only male representatives
  Even male/female split
  Only female representatives
The number of women who sought and won election to Congress in each election cycle from 1974 to 2018. 1974-2018. Women running for US House and Senate. And results.gif
The number of women who sought and won election to Congress in each election cycle from 1974 to 2018.

Number of women in the United States Congress (1917–2023): [25] [26]

CongressYearsin Congress%
65th1917–191910.2%
66th1919–192100%
67th1921–192340.7%
68th1923–192510.2%
69th1925–192730.6%
70th1927–192950.9%
71st1929–193191.7%
72nd1931–193381.5%
73rd1933–193581.5%
74th1935–193781.5%
75th1937–193991.7%
76th1939–194191.7%
77th1941–1943101.9%
78th1943–194591.7%
79th1945–1947112.1%
80th1947–194981.5%
81st1949–1951101.9%
82nd1951–1953112.1%
83rd1953–1955152.8%
84th1955–1957183.4%
85th1957–1959163.0%
86th1959–1961193.5%
87th1961–1963203.7%
88th1963–1965142.6%
89th1965–1967132.4%
90th1967–1969122.2%
91st1969–1971112.1%
92nd1971–1973152.8%
93rd1973–1975163.0%
94th1975–1977193.6%
95th1977–1979203.7%
96th1979–1981173.2%
97th1981–1983234.3%
98th1983–1985244.5%
99th1985–1987254.7%
100th1987–1989264.9%
101st1989–1991315.8%
102nd1991–1993336.2%
103rd1993–19955510.3%
104th1995–19975911.0%
105th1997–19996612.3%
106th1999–20016712.5%
107th2001–20037514.0%
108th2003–20057714.4%
109th2005–20078515.9%
110th2007–20099417.6%
111th2009–20119617.9%
112th2011–20139617.9%
113th2013–2015101 [27] 19.1%
114th2015–201710419.4%
115th2017–201910419.4%
116th2019–202112723.7%
117th2021–202314426.9%

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by party

Notes: "% of party" is taken from voting members at the beginning of the Congress, while numbers and "% of women" include all female House members of the given Congress

CongressYearsWomen totalRepublican% of women% of partyDemocratic% of women% of party
65th1917–191911100%0.5%00.0%0.0%
66th1919–1921000.0%0.0%00.0%0.0%
67th1921–192333100%0.3%00.0%0.0%
68th1923–192511100%0.4%00.0%0.0%
69th1925–19273266.7%0.4%133.3%0.5%
70th1927–19295360.0%1.3%240.0%0.5%
71st1929–19319555.6%1.9%444.4%1.8%
72nd1931–19337342.9%1.4%457.1%1.4%
73rd1933–19357342.9%1.7%457.1%1.0%
74th1935–19376233.3%1.9%466.7%1.2%
75th1937–19396116.7%1.1%583.3%1.2%
76th1939–19418450.0%1.2%450.0%0.8%
77th1941–19439555.6%3.1%444.4%0.7%
78th1943–19458675.0%2.9%225.0%0.5%
79th1945–194711545.5%2.6%654.5%1.7%
80th1947–19497571.4%2.0%228.6%1.1%
81st1949–19519444.4%2.3%555.6%1.5%
82nd1951–195310660.0%3.0%440.0%0.9%
83rd1953–195512758.3%2.7%541.7%2.3%
84th1955–195717741.2%3.0%1058.8%3.4%
85th1957–195915640.0%3.0%960.0%3.8%
86th1959–196117847.1%5.2%952.9%2.8%
87th1961–196318738.9%3.5%1161.1%3.4%
88th1963–196512650.0%2.8%650.0%2.3%
89th1965–196711436.4%2.9%763.6%2.0%
90th1967–196911545.5%2.7%654.5%2.4%
91st1969–197110440.0%2.1%660.0%2.5%
92nd1971–197313323.1%1.1%1076.9%3.5%
93rd1973–197516212.5%1.0%1487.5%5.0%
94th1975–197719526.3%2.8%1473.7%4.8%
95th1977–197918527.8%3.5%1372.2%4.5%
96th1979–198116531.3%3.2%1168.8%4.0%
97th1981–1983211047.6%4.7%1152.4%3.7%
98th1983–198522940.9%5.5%1359.1%4.4%
99th1985–1987231147.8%6.0%1252.2%4.3%
100th1987–1989231147.8%6.0%1252.2%4.3%
101st1989–1991291344.8%6.0%1655.2%5.6%
102nd1991–199330930.0%5.5%2170.0%7.0%
103rd1993–1995481225.0%6.8%3675.0%13.6%
104th1995–1997501836.0%7.4%3264.0%14.7%
105th1997–1999561730.4%7.5%3969.6%18.8%
106th1999–2001581729.3%7.6%4170.7%18.5%
107th2001–2003621829.0%8.1%4471.0%19.0%
108th2003–2005632133.3%9.2%4266.7%18.5%
109th2005–2007712535.2%9.9%4664.8%20.9%
110th2007–2009782126.9%9.9%5773.1%20.2%
111th2009–2011791721.5%9.6%6278.5%21.5%
112th2011–2013792430.4%9.9%5569.6%23.8%
113th2013–2015822024.4%8.2%6275.6%29.0%
114th2015–2017882326.2%8.9%6573.8%33.0%
115th2017–2019892525.3%8.7%6474.7%32.0%
116th2019–20211021312.7%6.5%8987.3%37.9%
117th2021–20231223024.6%13.3%9275.4%40.5%

Percentage of women by party and year


Showing the data tabulated below as a graph Women Serving in the U.S. House of Representatives by Party through 2019.png
Showing the data tabulated below as a graph

List of female members

This is a complete list of women who have served as U.S. Representatives or delegates of the United States House of Representatives. Members are grouped by the apportionment period during which such member commenced serving. This list includes women who served in the past and who continue to serve in the present.

Female members whose service began between 1917 and 1932

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Jeannette Rankin cph.3b13863.jpg Jeannette Rankin
(1880–1973)
[lower-alpha 1]
Republican Montana at-large March 4, 1917March 4, 1919Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1918 United States Senate election in Montana
Montana's 1st January 3, 1941January 3, 1943Retired
A.M. Robertson.jpg Alice Robertson
(1854–1931)
[lower-alpha 2]
Republican Oklahoma's 2nd March 4, 1921March 4, 1923Lost reelection
Mrs-winifred-huck.jpg Winnifred Huck
(1882–1936)
[lower-alpha 3]
Republican Illinois at-large November 7, 1922March 4, 1923Lost renomination
Mae Nolan.jpg Mae Nolan
(1886–1973)
[lower-alpha 4]
Republican California's 5th January 23, 1923March 4, 1925Retired
Florence Prag Kahn.jpg Florence Kahn
(1866–1948)
[lower-alpha 5]
Republican California's 4th March 4, 1925January 3, 1937Lost reelection
Mary Teresa Norton cph.3b14795.jpg Mary Norton
(1875–1959)
[lower-alpha 6]
Democratic New Jersey's 12th & 13th March 4, 1925January 3, 1951Retired
Edith nourse rogers.jpg Edith Rogers
(1881–1960)
[lower-alpha 7]
Republican Massachusetts's 5th June 30, 1925September 10, 1960Died in office
Katherine G. Langley.jpg Katherine G. Langley
(1888–1948)
[lower-alpha 8]
Republican Kentucky's 7th March 4, 1927March 4, 1931Retired
Pearl Oldfield.jpg Pearl Oldfield
(1876–1962)
[lower-alpha 9]
Democratic Arkansas's 2nd January 9, 1929March 4, 1931Retired
Ruth Hanna McCormick.jpg Ruth McCormick
(1880–1944)
[lower-alpha 10]
Republican Illinois at-large March 4, 1929March 4, 1931Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1930 United States Senate election in Illinois
Ruth Bryan Owen (D-FL).jpg Ruth Owen
(1885–1954)
[lower-alpha 11]
Democratic Florida's 4th March 4, 1929March 4, 1933Lost renomination [lower-alpha 12]
Ruth Baker Pratt.jpg Ruth Pratt
(1877–1965)
Republican New York's 17th March 4, 1929March 4, 1933Lost reelection
Effiegene Locke Wingo.jpg Effiegene Wingo
(1883–1962)
[lower-alpha 13]
Democratic Arkansas's 4th November 4, 1930March 4, 1933Retired
Willa McCord Blake Eslick.jpg Willa Eslick
(1878–1961)
[lower-alpha 14]
Democratic Tennessee's 7th August 14, 1932March 4, 1933Not eligible for reelection having not qualified for nomination

Female members whose service began between 1933 and 1942

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Virginia Ellis Jenckes.jpg Virginia E. Jenckes
(1877–1975)
Democratic Indiana's 6th March 4, 1933January 3, 1939Lost reelection
Kathryn O'Loughlin McCarthy.jpg Kathryn O'Loughlin-McCarthy
(1894–1952)
Democratic Kansas's 6th March 4, 1933January 3, 1935Lost reelection
Isabella Selmes Ferguson Greenway.jpg Isabella Greenway
(1886–1953)
Democratic Arizona at-large October 2, 1933January 3, 1937Retired
Marian Clarke.jpg Marian W. Clarke
(1880–1953)
[lower-alpha 15]
Republican New York's 34th December 28, 1933January 3, 1935Retired
Caroline Love Goodwin O'Day.jpg Caroline O'Day
(1869–1943)
Democratic New York at-large January 3, 1935January 3, 1943Retired
NanWoodHoneyman.jpg Nan Honeyman
(1881–1970)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1937January 3, 1939Lost reelection
Elizabeth Hawley Gasque.jpg Elizabeth Gasque
(1886–1989)
[lower-alpha 16]
Democratic South Carolina's 6th September 13, 1938January 3, 1939Retired
Jessie Sumner.jpg Jessie Sumner
(1898–1994)
Republican Illinois's 18th January 3, 1939January 3, 1947Retired
Clara McMillan.jpg Clara G. McMillan
(1894–1976)
[lower-alpha 17]
Democratic South Carolina's 1st November 7, 1939January 3, 1941Retired
Frances P. Bolton 1940-3 seated.jpg Frances P. Bolton
(1885–1977)
[lower-alpha 18]
Republican Ohio's 22nd February 27, 1940January 3, 1969Lost reelection
Margaret Chase Smith 1943.jpg Margaret Chase Smith
(1897–1995)
[lower-alpha 19]
Republican Maine's 2nd June 3, 1940January 3, 1949Retired to run successfully for the 1948 United States Senate election in Maine, thus becoming the first woman elected to the United States Senate in a general election without previously being appointed, elected in a special election, or succeeding her husband
Florence Gibbs.jpg Florence Gibbs
(1890–1964)
[lower-alpha 20]
Democratic Georgia's 8th October 1, 1940January 3, 1941Retired
Katharine Byron.jpg Katharine Byron
(1903–1976)
[lower-alpha 21]
Democratic Maryland's 6th May 27, 1941January 3, 1943Retired
Veronica Grace Boland.jpg Veronica Boland
(1899–1982)
[lower-alpha 22]
Democratic Pennsylvania's 11th November 3, 1942January 3, 1943Retired

Female members whose service began between 1943 and 1952

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Clare boothe.jpg Clare Boothe Luce
(1903–1987)
Republican Connecticut's 4th January 3, 1943January 3, 1947Retired [lower-alpha 23]
Winifred Claire Stanley.jpg Winifred C. Stanley
(1909–1996)
Republican New York at-large January 3, 1943January 3, 1945Retired
WillaLFulmer.jpg Willa L. Fulmer
(1884–1968)
[lower-alpha 24]
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd November 7, 1944January 3, 1945Retired
Emily Taft Douglas.jpg Emily Douglas
(1899–1994)
Democratic Illinois at-large January 3, 1945January 3, 1947Lost reelection
Helen Gahagan Douglas.jpg Helen Gahagan-Douglas
(1900–1980)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1945January 3, 1951Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1950 United States Senate election in California
Chase Woodhouse.jpg Chase G. Woodhouse
(1890–1984)
Democratic Connecticut's 2nd January 3, 1945January 3, 1947Lost reelection
January 3, 1949January 3, 1951Lost reelection
HelenDouglasMankin.jpg Helen Mankin
(1896–1956)
Democratic Georgia's 5th February 12, 1946January 3, 1947Lost renomination
Eliza Pratt.jpg Eliza Pratt
(1902–1981)
Democratic North Carolina's 8th May 25, 1946January 3, 1947Retired
Georgia Lee Lusk.jpg Georgia Lusk
(1893–1971)
Democratic New Mexico at-large January 3, 1947January 3, 1949Lost renomination
Katharine Price Collier St. George.jpg Katharine St. George
(1894–1983)
Republican New York's 29th, 28th & 27th January 3, 1947January 3, 1965Lost reelection
Reva Bosone.jpg Reva Bosone
(1895–1983)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1949January 3, 1953Lost reelection
Cecil Harden.jpg Cecil M. Harden
(1894–1984)
Republican Indiana's 6th January 3, 1949January 3, 1959Lost reelection
Edna Flannery Kelly.jpg Edna F. Kelly
(1906–1997)
Democratic New York's 10th & 12th November 8, 1949January 3, 1969Lost renomination
Marguerite Stitt Church.jpg Marguerite S. Church
(1892–1990)
[lower-alpha 25]
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1951January 3, 1963Retired
Ruth Thompson.jpg Ruth Thompson
(1887–1970)
Republican Michigan's 9th January 3, 1951January 3, 1957Lost renomination
Maude Elizabeth Kee.jpg Elizabeth Kee
(1895–1975)
[lower-alpha 26]
Democratic West Virginia's 5th July 17, 1951January 3, 1965Retired
Vera Buchanan.jpg Vera Buchanan
(1902–1955)
[lower-alpha 27]
Democratic Pennsylvania's 33rd & 30th July 24, 1951October 26, 1955Died in office

Female members whose service began between 1953 and 1962

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Graciepfost.jpg Gracie Pfost
(1906–1965)
Democratic Idaho's 1st January 3, 1953January 3, 1963Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1962 United States Senate election in Idaho
LeonorSullivan.jpg Leonor Sullivan
(1902–1988)
Democratic Missouri's 3rd January 3, 1953January 3, 1977Retired
Elizabethfarrington.jpg Elizabeth P. Farrington
(1898–1984)
[lower-alpha 28]
Republican Hawaii's at-large July 31, 1954January 3, 1957Lost reelection
Iris Faircloth Blitch.jpg Iris Blitch
(1912–1993)
[lower-alpha 29]
Democratic Georgia's 8th January 3, 1955January 3, 1963Retired
EdithGreen.jpg Edith Green
(1910–1987)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1955December 31, 1974Retired
Martha Wright Griffiths.jpg Martha Griffiths
(1912–2003)
Democratic Michigan's 17th January 3, 1955December 31, 1974Retired [lower-alpha 30]
Coya Knutson.jpg Coya Knutson
(1912–1996)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 9th January 3, 1955January 3, 1959Lost reelection
Kathryn Granahan.jpg Kathryn E. Granahan
(1894–1979)
[lower-alpha 31]
Democratic Pennsylvania's 2nd November 6, 1956January 3, 1963Retired [lower-alpha 32]
Florence Dwyer.jpg Florence P. Dwyer
(1902–1976)
Republican New Jersey's 6th & 12th January 3, 1957January 3, 1973Retired
Catherine dean may.jpg Catherine May
(1914–2004)
Republican Washington's 4th January 3, 1959January 3, 1971Lost reelection
Edna Simpson.jpg Edna O. Simpson
(1891–1984)
[lower-alpha 33]
Republican Illinois's 20th January 3, 1959January 3, 1961Retired
Jessica Weis.jpg Jessica M. Weis
(1901–1963)
Republican New York's 38th January 3, 1959January 3, 1963Retired
Julia Hansen.jpg Julia Hansen
(1907–1988)
Democratic Washington's 3rd November 8, 1960December 31, 1974Retired
Catherine Dorris Norrell.jpg Catherine Norrell
(1901–1981)
[lower-alpha 34]
Democratic Arkansas's 6th April 19, 1961January 3, 1963Retired
Louise G. Reece.jpg Louise Reece
(1898–1970)
[lower-alpha 35]
Republican Tennessee's 1st May 16, 1961January 3, 1963Retired
Corinne Boyd Riley.jpg Corinne Riley
(1893–1979)
[lower-alpha 36]
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd April 10, 1962January 3, 1963Retired

Female members whose service began between 1963 and 1972

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Reid,charlottet.jpg Charlotte Reid
(1913–2007)
[lower-alpha 37]
Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 1963October 7, 1971Resigned to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission
IreneBaker.jpg Irene Baker
(1901–1994)
[lower-alpha 38]
Republican Tennessee's 2nd January 7, 1964January 3, 1965Retired
Patsymink.jpg Patsy Mink
(1927–2002)
[lower-alpha 39]
Democratic Hawaii's at-large January 3, 1965January 3, 1977Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1976 United States Senate election in Hawaii [lower-alpha 40]
Hawaii's 2nd September 22, 1990September 28, 2002Died in office
Lera Millard Thomas.jpg Lera Thomas
(1900–1993)
[lower-alpha 41]
Democratic Texas's 8th March 26, 1966January 3, 1967Retired
Mmheckler.JPG Margaret Heckler
(1931–2018)
Republican Massachusetts's 10th January 3, 1967January 3, 1983Lost reelection [lower-alpha 42]
Shirley Chisholm.jpg Shirley Chisholm
(1924–2005)
[lower-alpha 43]
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1969January 3, 1983Retired
Bella Savitsky Abzug.jpg Bella Abzug
(1920–1998)
Democratic New York's 19th & 20th January 3, 1971January 3, 1977Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1976 United States Senate election in New York
Ella Grasso.jpg Ella T. Grasso
(1919–1981)
[lower-alpha 44]
Democratic Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1971January 3, 1975Retired to run successfully for Governor of Connecticut
Louise Day Hicks.jpg Louise Day Hicks
(1916–2003)
Democratic Massachusetts's 9th January 3, 1971January 3, 1973Lost reelection
Elizabeth Bullock Andrews.jpg Elizabeth B. Andrews
(1911–2002)
Democratic Alabama's 3rd April 4, 1972January 3, 1973Retired [lower-alpha 45]

Female members whose service began between 1973 and 1982

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Yvonne burke.jpg Yvonne Burke
(born 1932)
Democratic California's 37th & 28th January 3, 1973January 3, 1979Retired to run unsuccessfully for Attorney General of California
MarjorieHolt.jpg Marjorie Holt
(1920–2018)
Republican Maryland's 4th January 3, 1973January 3, 1987Retired
Elizabeth Holtzman.jpg Elizabeth Holtzman
(born 1941)
Democratic New York's 16th January 3, 1973January 3, 1981Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1980 United States Senate election in New York
Rep. Barbara Jordan - Restoration.jpg Barbara Jordan
(1936–1996)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1973January 3, 1979Retired
Patschroeder.jpg Pat Schroeder
(born 1940)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1973January 3, 1997Retired
BOGGS LINDY 1984.jpg Lindy Boggs
(1916–2013)
[lower-alpha 46]
Democratic Louisiana's 2nd March 20, 1973January 3, 1991Retired [lower-alpha 47]
Cardiss Collins - Restoration.jpg Cardiss Collins
(1931–2013)
[lower-alpha 48]
Democratic Illinois's 7th June 5, 1973January 3, 1997Retired
Millicent Fenwick.jpg Millicent Fenwick
(1910–1992)
[lower-alpha 49]
Republican New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1975January 3, 1983Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1982 United States Senate election in New Jersey [lower-alpha 50]
Martha Keys.jpg Martha Keys
(born 1930)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 1975January 3, 1979Lost reelection
Marilyn Lloyd.jpg Marilyn Lloyd
(1929–2018)
[lower-alpha 51]
Democratic Tennessee's 3rd January 3, 1975January 3, 1995Retired
Virginia Smith.jpg Virginia D. Smith
(1911–2006)
Republican Nebraska's 3rd January 3, 1975January 3, 1991Retired
Gladys noon spellman.jpg Gladys Spellman
(1918–1988)
Democratic Maryland's 5th January 3, 1975February 24, 1981After suffering a debilitating heart attack and slipping into a comatose state, her seat was declared vacant by the House
Helen Meyner.jpg Helen Stevenson-Meyner
(1929–1997)
Democratic New Jersey's 13th January 3, 1975January 3, 1979Lost reelection
Shirley Neil Pettis.jpg Shirley Pettis
(1924–2016)
[lower-alpha 52]
Republican California's 37th April 29, 1975January 3, 1979Retired
Barbara Mikulski official portrait c. 2011.jpg Barbara Mikulski
(born 1936)
Democratic Maryland's 3rd January 3, 1977January 3, 1987Retired to run successfully for the 1986 United States Senate election in Maryland
MROakar.jpg Mary Oakar
(born 1940)
[lower-alpha 53]
Democratic Ohio's 20th January 3, 1977January 3, 1993Lost reelection
Beverly Byron.jpg Beverly Byron
(born 1932)
[lower-alpha 54]
Democratic Maryland's 6th January 3, 1979January 3, 1993Lost renomination
GeraldineFerraro.jpg Geraldine Ferraro
(1935–2011)
Democratic New York's 9th January 3, 1979January 3, 1985Retired to run unsuccessfully as the Democrat nominee for Vice President of the United States during the 1984 United States presidential election [lower-alpha 55]
Olympia Snowe official photo 2010 edit.jpg Olympia Snowe
(born 1947)
Republican Maine's 2nd January 3, 1979January 3, 1995Retired to run successfully for the 1994 United States Senate election in Maine
Bobbi Fiedler (R-CA).jpg Bobbi Fiedler
(1937–2019)
Republican California's 21st January 3, 1981January 3, 1987Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1986 United States Senate election in California
Lynn Morley Martin.jpg Lynn Morley-Martin
(born 1939)
Republican Illinois's 16th January 3, 1981January 3, 1991Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate election in Illinois [lower-alpha 56]
Marge Roukema.jpg Marge Roukema
(1929–2014)
Republican New Jersey's 7th & 5th January 3, 1981January 3, 2003Retired
Schneiderclaudine.jpg Claudine Schneider
(born 1947)
Republican Rhode Island's 2nd January 3, 1981January 3, 1991Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate election in Rhode Island
Barbarakennelly.jpg Barbara B. Kennelly
(born 1936)
[lower-alpha 57]
Democratic Connecticut's 1st January 12, 1982January 3, 1999Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1998 Connecticut gubernatorial election
JeanSpencerAshbrook.jpg Jean Spencer-Ashbrook
(born 1934)
[lower-alpha 58]
Republican Ohio's 17th June 29, 1982January 3, 1983Retired
Katie Beatrice Hall.jpg Katie Hall
(1938–2012)
Democratic Indiana's 1st November 2, 1982January 3, 1985Lost renomination

Female members whose service began between 1983 and 1992

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Barbara Boxer, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Barbara Boxer
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1983January 3, 1993Retired to run successfully for the 1992 United States Senate election in California
Nancy Johnson2.jpg Nancy Johnson
(born 1935)
Republican Connecticut's 6th & 5th January 3, 1983January 3, 2007Lost reelection
Marcy Kaptur Wikipedia.jpg Marcy Kaptur
(born 1946)
Democratic Ohio's 9th January 3, 1983Present
Barbara vucanovich.jpg Barbara Vucanovich
(1921–2013)
[lower-alpha 59]
Republican Nevada's 2nd January 3, 1983January 3, 1997Retired
SalaBurton.jpg Sala Burton
(1925–1987)
[lower-alpha 60]
Democratic California's 5th June 21, 1983February 1, 1987Died in office
HDBentley.jpg Helen Delich-Bentley
(1923–2016)
Republican Maryland's 2nd January 3, 1985January 3, 1995Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 1994 Maryland gubernatorial election
Jan Meyers (R-KS).jpg Jan Meyers
(1928–2019)
Republican Kansas's 3rd January 3, 1985January 3, 1997Retired
Catherine Small Long.jpg Catherine Small-Long
(1924–2019)
[lower-alpha 61]
Democratic Louisiana's 8th March 30, 1985January 3, 1987Retired
Constance A. Morella, US Dept of State photo portrait.jpg Connie Morella
(born 1931)
Republican Maryland's 8th January 3, 1987January 3, 2003Lost reelection [lower-alpha 62]
Lizzypatterson.jpg Liz J. Patterson
(1939–2018)
[lower-alpha 63]
Democratic South Carolina's 4th January 3, 1987January 3, 1993Lost reelection
Pat Saiki.jpg Pat Saiki
(born 1930)
Republican Hawaii's 1st January 3, 1987January 3, 1991Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1990 United States Senate special election in Hawaii [lower-alpha 64]
Louise Slaughter official photo (cropped).jpg Louise Slaughter
(1929–2018)
Democratic New York's 30th, 28th & 25th January 3, 1987March 16, 2018Died in office
Nancy Pelosi 2013.jpg Nancy Pelosi
(born 1940)
[lower-alpha 65]
Democratic California's 5th, 8th & 12th June 2, 1987Present
Rep Nita Lowey.jpg Nita Lowey
(born 1937)
Democratic New York's 20th, 18th & 17th January 3, 1989January 3, 2021Retired
Jolene Unsoeld.jpg Jolene Unsoeld
(born 1931)
Democratic Washington's 3rd January 3, 1989January 3, 1995Lost reelection
Jill Long Thompson (D-IN).jpg Jill Long-Thompson
(born 1952)
Democratic Indiana's 4th March 20, 1989January 3, 1995Lost reelection
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.jpg Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Republican Florida's 18th & 27th August 29, 1989January 3, 2019Retired
Susan Molinari 1998.jpg Susan Molinari
(born 1958)
[lower-alpha 66]
Republican New York's 14th March 20, 1990August 2, 1997Resigned to become co-host of CBS This Morning
Barbara Rose Collins.jpg Barbara-Rose Collins
(born 1939)
Democratic Michigan's 13th & 15th January 3, 1991January 3, 1997Lost renomination
Rosa DeLauro Portrait.jpg Rosa DeLauro
(born 1943)
Democratic Connecticut's 3rd January 3, 1991Present
Eleanorholmesnorton.jpg Eleanor Holmes-Norton
(born 1937)
Democratic DC at-large January 3, 1991Present
Joan Kelly Horn.jpg Joan Horn
(born 1936)
Democratic Missouri's 2nd January 3, 1991January 3, 1993Lost reelection
Congresswoman Waters official photo.jpg Maxine Waters
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 29th, 35th & 43rd January 3, 1991Present
Clayton-nc1.jpg Eva M. Clayton
(born 1934)
Democratic North Carolina's 1st November 3, 1992January 3, 2001Retired

Female members whose service began between 1993 and 2002

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Corrinebrown.jpeg Corrine Brown
(born 1946)
Democratic Florida's 3rd & 5th January 3, 1993January 3, 2017Lost renomination
Leslie Byrne.jpg Leslie L. Byrne
(born 1946)
Democratic Virginia's 11th January 3, 1993January 3, 1995Lost reelection
Maria Cantwell, official portrait, 110th Congress 2.jpg Maria Cantwell
(born 1958)
Democratic Washington's 1st January 3, 1993January 3, 1995Lost reelection [lower-alpha 67]
PatDanner.jpg Pat Danner
(born 1934)
Democratic Missouri's 6th January 3, 1993January 3, 2001Retired
Jenniferdunn.jpg Jennifer Dunn
(1941–2007)
Republican Washington's 8th January 3, 1993January 3, 2005Retired
Karanenglish.jpg Karan English
(born 1949)
Democratic Arizona's 6th January 3, 1993January 3, 1995Lost reelection
Anna Eshoo 113th Congress.jpg Anna Eshoo
(born 1942)
Democratic California's 14th & 18th January 3, 1993Present
Tillie Kidd Fowler.jpg Tillie K. Fowler
(1942–2005)
Republican Florida's 4th January 3, 1993January 3, 2001Retired
Elizabeth Furse-flag.jpg Elizabeth Furse
(born 1936)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 3, 1993January 3, 1999Retired
Jane Harman, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Jane Harman
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 36th January 3, 1993January 3, 1999Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the 1998 California gubernatorial election
January 3, 2001February 28, 2011Resigned to become the Director, President, and Chief Executive Officer of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Eddie Bernice Johnson, Official Portrait, c112th Congress.jpg Eddie Johnson
(born 1936)
Democratic Texas's 30th January 3, 1993Present
Blanche Lincoln, 2007.jpg Blanche Lincoln
(born 1960)
Democratic Arkansas's 1st January 3, 1993January 3, 1997Retired [lower-alpha 68]
Carolynmaloney.jpg Carolyn Maloney
(born 1946)
Democratic New York's 14th & 12th January 3, 1993Present
MarjorieMargolies-Mezvinsky2.jpg Marjorie Margolies
(born 1942)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 1993January 3, 1995Lost reelection
Cynthia McKinney.jpg Cynthia McKinney
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 11th January 3, 1993January 3, 1997Redistricted
Georgia's 4th January 3, 1997January 3, 2003Lost renomination [lower-alpha 69]
January 3, 2005January 3, 2007
Carrie P. Meek.jpg Carrie P. Meek
(born 1926)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 1993January 3, 2003Retired
Deborah Pryce.jpg Deborah Pryce
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 15th January 3, 1993January 3, 2009Retired
Lucille Roybal-Allard official photo.jpg Lucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
[lower-alpha 70]
Democratic California's 33rd, 34th, & 40th January 3, 1993Present
Lynn Schenk.jpg Lynn Schenk
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 1993January 3, 1995Lost reelection
Karenshepherd.jpg Karen Shepherd
(born 1940)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1993January 3, 1995Lost reelection
Karen Thurman.jpg Karen Thurman
(born 1951)
Democratic Florida's 5th January 3, 1993January 3, 2003Lost reelection
Nydia Velazquez oficial portrait (cropped).jpg Nydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York's 12th & 7th January 3, 1993Present
Lynn Woolsey Official Portrait.jpg Lynn Woolsey
(born 1937)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1993January 3, 2013Retired
Helen Chenoweth-Hage.jpg Helen Chenoweth-Hage
(1938–2006)
Republican Idaho's 1st January 3, 1995January 3, 2001Retired
BarbCubin.jpg Barbara Cubin
(born 1946)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 1995January 3, 2009Retired
Enid G. Mickelsen.jpg Enid Greene
(born 1958)
Republican Utah's 2nd January 3, 1995January 3, 1997Retired
SheilaJackson.JPG Sheila Jackson-Lee
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1995Present
Sue-Kelly.jpg Sue Kelly
(born 1936)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 1995January 3, 2007Lost reelection
Zoe Lofgren 111th pictorial.jpg Zoe Lofgren
(born 1947)
Democratic California's 16th & 19th January 3, 1995Present
KarenMcCarthy.jpg Karen McCarthy
(1947–2010)
Democratic Missouri's 5th January 3, 1995January 3, 2005Retired
Sue Myrick, Official Portrait 112th Congress.jpg Sue Myrick
(born 1941)
Republican North Carolina's 9th January 3, 1995January 3, 2013Retired
Lynn Rivers Red Jacket.jpeg Lynn N. Rivers
(born 1956)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1995January 3, 2003Lost renomination
ASeastrand.jpg Andrea Seastrand
(born 1941)
Republican California's 22nd January 3, 1995January 3, 1997Lost reelection
LindaSmithWA.jpg Linda Smith
(born 1950)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 1995January 3, 1999Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 1998 United States Senate election in Washington
Juanita Millender-McDonald 109th pictorial.jpg Juanita Millender-McDonald
(1938–2007)
Democratic California's 37th March 26, 1996April 22, 2007Died in office
Jo Ann Emerson, Official Portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Jo Ann Emerson
(born 1950)
[lower-alpha 71]
Republican Missouri's 8th November 5, 1996January 3, 1997Retook seat as an independent, having been reelected under that designation
Independent January 3, 1997January 8, 1997Changed party back to Republican
Republican January 8, 1997January 22, 2013Resigned to become the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Carson julia.jpg Julia Carson
(1938–2007)
[lower-alpha 72]
Democratic Indiana's 10th & 7th January 3, 1997December 15, 2007Died in office
Carolyn Cheeks Kirkpatrick, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Carolyn Cheeks-Kilpatrick
(born 1945)
Democratic Michigan's 15th & 13th January 3, 1997January 3, 2011Lost renomination
Donna christensen.JPG Donna Christian-Christensen
(born 1945)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 1997January 3, 2015Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2014 United States Virgin Islands gubernatorial election
Diana DeGette official photo (cropped).jpg Diana DeGette
(born 1957)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1997Present
Kay Granger.jpg Kay Granger
(born 1943)
Republican Texas's 12th January 3, 1997Present
Darlene hooley.jpg Darlene Hooley
(born 1939)
Democratic Oregon's 5th January 3, 1997January 3, 2009Retired
Carolyn McCarthy 2012 portrait.jpeg Carolyn McCarthy
(born 1944)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 1997January 3, 2015Retired
Anne Northup2.jpg Anne Northup
(born 1948)
Republican Kentucky's 3rd January 3, 1997January 3, 2007Lost reelection
Loretta Sanchez official photo.jpg Loretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
[lower-alpha 73]
Democratic California's 46th, 47th, & 46th January 3, 1997January 3, 2017Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2016 United States Senate election in California
Debbie Stabenow, official portrait 2.jpg Debbie Stabenow
(born 1950)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 1997January 3, 2001Retired to run successfully for the 2000 United States Senate election in Michigan
Ellen Tauscher US State Dept photo.jpg Ellen Tauscher
(1951–2019)
Democratic California's 10th January 3, 1997June 26, 2009Resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
Lois Capps.jpg Lois Capps
(born 1938)
[lower-alpha 74]
Democratic California's 22nd, 23rd, & 24th March 10, 1998January 3, 2017Retired
Mary Bono Mack Official crop2.jpg Mary Bono
(born 1961)
[lower-alpha 75]
Republican California's 44th & California's 45th April 7, 1998January 3, 2013Lost reelection
Barbara Lee official portrait (cropped).jpg Barbara Lee
(born 1946)
Democratic California's 9th & 13th April 7, 1998Present
Heather Wilson official portrait.jpg Heather Wilson
(born 1960)
Republican New Mexico's 1st June 25, 1998January 3, 2009Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the 2008 United States Senate election in New Mexico [lower-alpha 76]
Tammy Baldwin, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
[lower-alpha 77]
Democratic Wisconsin's 2nd January 3, 1999January 3, 2013Retired to run successfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Wisconsin
Shelley Berkley, official portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg Shelley Berkley
(born 1951)
Democratic Nevada's 1st January 3, 1999January 3, 2013Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2012 United States Senate election in Nevada
Judy Biggert Official.jpg Judy Biggert
(born 1937)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1999January 3, 2013Lost reelection
Rep-Napolitano (cropped).jpg Grace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California's 34th, 38th, & 32nd January 3, 1999Present
Jan Schakowsky official photo (cropped).jpg Jan Schakowsky
(born 1944)
Democratic Illinois's 9th January 3, 1999Present
Stephanie Tubbs Jones official headshot.jpg Stephanie Tubbs Jones
(1949–2008)
Democratic Ohio's 11th January 3, 1999August 20, 2008Died in office
Jo ann davis 2.jpg Jo Ann Davis
(1950–2007)
Republican Virginia's 1st January 3, 2001October 6, 2007Died in office
Susan Davis (cropped).jpg Susan Davis
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 49th & 53rd January 3, 2001January 3, 2021Retired
MelissaHartCongress.jpg Melissa Hart
(born 1962)
Republican Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2001January 3, 2007Lost reelection
Betty McCollum official photo.jpg Betty McCollum
(born 1954)
Democratic (DFL) Minnesota's 4th January 3, 2001Present
Shelley moore capito.jpg Shelley Moore-Capito
(born 1953)
Republican West Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2001January 3, 2015Retired to run successfully for the 2014 United States Senate election in West Virginia
Hilda Solis official DOL portrait.jpg Hilda Solis
(born 1957)
Democratic California's 31st & 32nd January 3, 2001February 24, 2009Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
Diane Watson Congressional portrait 2007.jpg Diane Watson
(born 1933)
[lower-alpha 78]
Democratic California's 32nd & 33rd June 5, 2001January 3, 2011Retired

Female members whose service began between 2003 and 2012

PortraitName
(lifespan)
PartyDistrictTerm startTerm endReason(s) for leaving
Marsha blackburn congress (cropped).jpg Marsha Blackburn
(born 1952)
Republican Tennessee's 7th January 3, 2003January 3, 2019Retired to run successfully for the 2018 United States Senate election in Tennessee
Madeleine Bordallo official portrait (cropped).jpg Madeleine Bordallo
(born 1933)
[lower-alpha 79]
Democratic Guam's at-large January 3, 2003January 3, 2019Lost renomination
Ginny Waite-Brown.jpg Ginny Brown-Waite
(born 1943)
Republican Florida's 5th January 3, 2003January 3, 2011Retired
Katherine Harris (R-FL).jpg Katherine Harris
(born 1957)
[lower-alpha 80]
Republican Florida's 13th January 3, 2003January 3, 2007Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2006 United States Senate election in Florida
Majette-denise.jpg Denise Majette
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 4th January 3, 2003January 3, 2005Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2004 United States Senate election in Georgia
Candice Miller, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Candice Miller
(born 1954)
[lower-alpha 81]
Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2003January 3, 2017Retired to run successfully for Public Works Commissioner of Macomb County
Marilynmusgrave.jpg Marilyn Musgrave
(born 1949)
Republican Colorado's 4th January 3, 2003January 3, 2009Lost reelection
Linda Sanchez, 116th Congress, official photo.jpg Linda Sánchez
(born 1969)
[lower-alpha 82]
Democratic California's 39th January 3, 2003January 3, 2013Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2013
SHS Official Headshot.jpg Stephanie Herseth-Sandlin
(born 1970)
Democratic South Dakota's at-large June 1, 2004January 3, 2011Lost reelection
Melissa Bean Official.jpg Melissa Bean
(born 1962)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2005January 3, 2011Lost reelection
Thelma Drake.jpg Thelma Drake
(born 1949)
Republican Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2005January 3, 2009Lost reelection
Virginia Foxx official photo.jpg Virginia Foxx
(born 1944)
Republican North Carolina's 5th January 3, 2005Present
Cathy McMorris Rodgers official photo (cropped).jpg Cathy McMorris-Rodgers
(born 1969)
Republican Washington's 5th January 3, 2005Presnt
Gwen Moore official photo (cropped).jpg