This is a list of United States senators born outside the United States. It includes senators born in foreign countries (whether to American or foreign parents). The list also includes senators born in territories outside the United States that were later incorporated into the United States (except for those born in the British colonies and territories in North America (or in the temporarily independent former British colonies and territories in North America) that would go on to form the United States of America).
|State or Province||Then the territory of||State(s) represented||Party||Years|
|David H. Armstrong||Canada||Nova Scotia||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Missouri||Democratic||1877–1879|
|David Baird||United Kingdom|| Ulster |
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||New Jersey||Republican||1918–1919|
|Edward Baker||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Oregon||Republican||1860–1861|
|James B. Beck||United Kingdom||Scotland||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Kentucky||Democratic||1877–1890|
|Judah P. Benjamin||U.S. Virgin Islands||District of Saint Croix||Danish Virgin Islands||Louisiana||Whig||1853–1859|
|Hiram Bingham||United States||Hawaii||Kingdom of Hawaii||Connecticut||Republican||1924–1933|
|Rudy Boschwitz||Germany||Berlin||Weimar Germany||Minnesota||Republican||1978–1991|
|Charles Bouligny||United States||Louisiana||Spanish Empire||Louisiana||Democratic-Republican||1824–1828|
|Pierce Butler||Ireland||Leinster||Kingdom of Ireland||South Carolina||Pro-Administration||1789–1791|
|George W. Campbell||United Kingdom||Scotland||Great Britain||Tennessee||Democratic-Republican||1811–1814, |
|Eugene Casserly||Ireland||Leinster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||California||Democratic||1869–1873|
|Charles W. Cathcart||Portugal||Madeira||Kingdom of Portugal||Indiana||Democratic||1852–1853|
|John Conness||Ireland||Connacht||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||California||Democratic||1863–1869|
|James Couzens||Canada||Ontario||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Michigan||Republican||1922–1936|
|James J. Davis||United Kingdom||Wales||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Pennsylvania||Republican||1930–1945|
|Jean Destréhan||United States||Louisiana||New France||Louisiana||Democratic-Republican||1812|
|Charles E. Dudley||United Kingdom||England||Great Britain||New York||Jacksonian Democrat||1829–1833|
|James Graham Fair||United Kingdom|| Ulster |
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Nevada||Democratic||1881–1887|
|Eligius Fromentin||France||Kingdom of France||Louisiana||Democratic-Republican||1813–1819|
|Albert Gallatin||Switzerland||Canton of Geneva||Republic of Geneva||Pennsylvania||Democratic-Republican||1793–1794|
|Jacob Gallinger||Canada||Ontario||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||New Hampshire||Republican||1891–1918|
|Frank Gooding||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Idaho||Republican||1921–1928|
|William Harper||Antigua and Barbuda||Antigua||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||South Carolina||Jacksonian Democrat||1826|
|S. I. Hayakawa||Canada||British Columbia||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||California||Republican||1977–1983|
|Felix Hebert||Canada||Quebec||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Rhode Island||Republican||1929–1935|
|Mazie Hirono||Japan||Fukushima Prefecture||Japan||Hawaii||Democratic||2013–present|
|William Hughes||Ireland||Leinster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||New Jersey||Democratic||1913–1918|
|James Jackson||United Kingdom||England||Great Britain||Georgia||Anti-Administration||1793–1795|
|Magnus Johnson||Sweden||Province of Värmland||United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway||Minnesota||Farmer-Labor||1923–1925|
|Samuel Johnston||United Kingdom||Scotland||Great Britain||North Carolina||Pro-Administration||1789–1793|
|Charles Jones||Ireland||Leinster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Florida||Democratic||1875–1887|
|John Jones||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Nevada||Republican||1873–1895|
|Thomas Kearns||Canada||Ontario||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Utah||Republican||1901–1905|
|Octaviano Larrazolo||Mexico||Chihuahua||Second Federal Republic of Mexico||New Mexico||Republican||1928–1929|
|John Laurance||United Kingdom||England||Great Britain||New York||Federalist||1796–1800|
|William Lorimer||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Illinois||Republican||1909–1912|
|Walter Lowrie||United Kingdom||Scotland||Great Britain||Pennsylvania||Democratic-Republican||1819–1825|
|Stephen Mallory||Trinidad and Tobago||Trinidad||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Florida||Democratic||1851–1861|
|Lee Mantle||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Montana||Republican||1895–1896|
|Mel Martínez||Cuba||Province of Santa Clara||Republic of Cuba||Florida||Republican||2005–2009|
|John McCain||Panama||Province of Colón||Panama Canal Zone||Arizona||Republican||1987–2018|
|James McMillan||Canada||Ontario||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Michigan||Republican||1889–1902|
|Joseph Millard||Canada||Ontario||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Nebraska||Republican||1901–1907|
|Robert Morris||United Kingdom||England||Great Britain||Pennsylvania||Pro-Administration||1789–1795|
|John Moses||Norway||County of Rogaland||United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway||North Dakota||Democratic||1945|
|James E. Murray||Canada||Ontario||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Montana||Democratic||1934–1961|
|Knute Nelson||Norway||County of Hordaland||United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway||Minnesota||Republican||1895–1923|
|James Nesmith||Canada||New Brunswick||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Oregon||Democratic||1861–1867|
|Samuel Nicholson||Canada||Prince Edward Island||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Colorado||Republican||1921–1923|
|George T. Oliver||United Kingdom|| Ulster |
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Pennsylvania||Republican||1909–1917|
|Samuel Pasco||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Florida||Democratic||1887–1899|
|William Paterson||United Kingdom|| Ulster |
|Kingdom of Ireland||New Jersey||Pro-Administration||1789–1790|
|Thomas Patterson||Ireland||Leinster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Colorado||Democratic||1901–1907|
|Alexander Porter||Ireland||Ulster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Louisiana||Whig||1833–1837|
|Edward Robertson||United Kingdom||Wales||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Wyoming||Republican||1943–1949|
|Carl Schurz||Germany||North Rhine-Westphalia||German Confederation||Missouri||Republican||1869–1875|
|William Joyce Sewell||Ireland||Connacht||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||New Jersey||Republican||1881–1887, |
|James Shields||United Kingdom|| Ulster |
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Illinois||Democratic||1849–1855|
|Joseph Simon||Germany||Hesse||Grand Duchy of Hesse||Oregon||Republican||1898–1903|
|Pierre Soulé||France||Department of Ariège||First French Republic||Louisiana||Democratic||1847, |
|Isaac Stephenson||Canada||New Brunswick||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Wisconsin||Republican||1907–1915|
|Patrick Joseph Sullivan||Ireland||Munster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Wyoming||Republican||1929–1930|
|George Sutherland||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Utah||Republican||1905–1917|
|Thomas Taggart||Ireland||Ulster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Indiana||Democratic||1916|
|Edward Tiffin||United Kingdom||England||Great Britain||Ohio||Democratic-Republican||1807–1809|
|Chris Van Hollen||Pakistan||Sindh||Pakistan||Maryland||Democratic||2017–present|
|Robert Wagner||Germany||Hesse||Prussia||New York||Democratic||1927–1949|
|Patrick Walsh||Ireland||Munster||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Georgia||Democratic||1894–1895|
|Lowell Weicker||France||Paris Department||French Third Republic||Connecticut||Republican||1971–1989|
|George Wetmore||United Kingdom||England||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Rhode Island||Republican||1895–1907, |
|David Levy Yulee||U.S. Virgin Islands||District of Saint Thomas||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Florida||Democratic||1845–1851, |
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI). The Maritimes had a population of 1,813,606 in 2016. Together with Canada's easternmost province, Newfoundland and Labrador, the Maritime provinces make up the region of the Atlantic provinces.
The British colonization of the Americas was the history of establishment of control, settlement, and decolonization of the continents of the Americas by England, Scotland and Great Britain. Colonization efforts began in the 16th century with failed attempts by England to establish permanent colonies in the North. The first permanent British colony was established in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Over the next several centuries more colonies were established in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. Though most British colonies in the Americas eventually gained independence, some colonies have opted to remain under Britain's jurisdiction as British Overseas Territories.
The Lesser Antilles is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. Most form a long, partly volcanic island arc between the Greater Antilles to the north-west and the continent of South America. The islands form the eastern boundary of the Caribbean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean. Together, the Lesser Antilles and the Greater Antilles compose the Antilles. When combined with the Lucayan Archipelago, all three are known as the West Indies.
The West Indies Federation, also known as the West Indies, the Federation of the West Indies or the West Indian Federation, was a short-lived political union that existed from 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962. Various islands in the Caribbean that were colonies of the United Kingdom, including Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Jamaica, and those on the Leeward and Windward Islands, came together to form the Federation, with its capital in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. The expressed intention of the Federation was to create a political unit that would become independent from Britain as a single state—possibly similar to the Canadian Confederation, Australian Commonwealth, or Central African Federation; however, before that could happen, the Federation collapsed due to internal political conflicts over how the Federation itself would be governed or how it would viably function. The formation of a West Indian Federation was encouraged by the United Kingdom, but also requested by West Indian nationalists.
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The British Overseas Territories (BOTs) maintain their own rules regarding immigration requirements different from the visa policy of the United Kingdom, but remain under its sovereignty. As a general rule, British citizen passport holders do not generally have automatic right of abode in these territories.
Federal elections were held in the West Indies Federation for the first and only time on 25 March 1958. The result was a victory for the West Indies Federal Labour Party, which won 25 of the 45 seats in the House of Representatives.