List of United States senators born outside the United States

Last updated

This is a list of United States senators born outside the United States. It includes senators born in foreign countries (whether to American or foreign parents). The list also includes senators born in territories outside the United States that were later incorporated into the United States (except for those born in the British colonies and territories in North America (or in the temporarily independent former British colonies and territories in North America) that would go on to form the United States of America).

Contents

NameBirthplace
(current country)
State or ProvinceThen the territory ofState(s) representedPartyYears
David H. Armstrong Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Missouri Democratic 1877–1879
David Baird Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [lower-alpha 2] Flag of Ulster.svg  Ulster
Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Jersey Republican 1918–1919
Edward Baker Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Oregon Republican 1860–1861
James B. Beck Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Kentucky Democratic 1877–1890
Judah P. Benjamin Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands [lower-alpha 3] District of Saint Croix Flag of Denmark.svg Danish Virgin Islands Louisiana Whig 1853–1859
Democratic 1859–1861
Michael Bennet Flag of India.svg  India Delhi Flag of India.svg  India Colorado Democratic 2009–present
Hiram Bingham Flag of the United States.svg  United States [lower-alpha 4] Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii Flag of Hawaii (1896).svg  Kingdom of Hawaii Connecticut Republican 1924–1933
Rudy Boschwitz Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Berlin.svg  Berlin Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Weimar Germany Minnesota Republican 1978–1991
Charles Bouligny Flag of the United States.svg  United States [lower-alpha 5] Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana Bandera de Espana 1760-1785.svg  Spanish Empire Louisiana Democratic-Republican 1824–1828
National Republican 1828–1829
Pierce Butler Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Leinster.svg  Leinster Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg  Kingdom of Ireland South Carolina Pro-Administration 1789–1791
Anti-Administration 1791–1795
Democratic-Republican 1795–1796,
1802–1804
George W. Campbell Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Tennessee Democratic-Republican 1811–1814,
1815–1818
Eugene Casserly Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Leinster.svg  Leinster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland California Democratic 1869–1873
Charles W. Cathcart Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal [lower-alpha 6] Flag of Madeira.svg  Madeira Flag Portugal (1830).svg  Kingdom of Portugal Indiana Democratic 1852–1853
John Conness Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Connacht.svg  Connacht Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland California Democratic 1863–1869
James Couzens Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Michigan Republican 1922–1936
Ted Cruz Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Flag of Alberta.svg  Alberta Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Texas Republican 2013–present
James J. Davis Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Pennsylvania Republican 1930–1945
Jean Destréhan Flag of the United States.svg  United States [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana Royal Standard of King Louis XIV.svg  New France Louisiana Democratic-Republican 1812
Tammy Duckworth Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of Bangkok.svg  Bangkok Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Illinois Democratic 2017–present
Charles E. Dudley Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain New York Jacksonian Democrat 1829–1833
James Graham Fair Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Ulster.svg  Ulster
Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland [lower-alpha 8]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Nevada Democratic 1881–1887
Eligius Fromentin Flag of France.svg  France Royal Standard of the King of France.svg  Kingdom of France Louisiana Democratic-Republican 1813–1819
Albert Gallatin Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland [lower-alpha 9] Canton of Geneva Republic of Geneva Pennsylvania Democratic-Republican 1793–1794 [lower-alpha 10]
Jacob Gallinger Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [lower-alpha 11] Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Hampshire Republican 1891–1918
Frank Gooding Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Idaho Republican 1921–1928
William Harper Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda [lower-alpha 12] Antigua Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland South Carolina Jacksonian Democrat 1826
S. I. Hayakawa Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Flag of British Columbia.svg  British Columbia Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland California Republican 1977–1983
Felix Hebert Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Flag of Quebec.svg  Quebec Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Rhode Island Republican 1929–1935
Mazie Hirono Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of Fukushima.svg  Fukushima Prefecture Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Hawaii Democratic 2013–present
William Hughes Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Leinster.svg  Leinster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Jersey Democratic 1913–1918
James Jackson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Georgia Anti-Administration 1793–1795
Democratic-Republican 1801–1806
Magnus Johnson Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Province of Värmland Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg  United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway Minnesota Farmer-Labor 1923–1925
Samuel Johnston Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain North Carolina Pro-Administration 1789–1793
Charles Jones Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Leinster.svg  Leinster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Florida Democratic 1875–1887
John Jones Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Nevada Republican 1873–1895
Silver 1895–1901
Republican 1901–1903
Thomas Kearns Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Utah Republican 1901–1905
Octaviano Larrazolo Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Flag of Chihuahua.svg  Chihuahua Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Second Federal Republic of Mexico New Mexico Republican 1928–1929
John Laurance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain New York Federalist 1796–1800
William Lorimer Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Illinois Republican 1909–1912
Walter Lowrie Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Pennsylvania Democratic-Republican 1819–1825
Stephen Mallory Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago [lower-alpha 13] Trinidad Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Florida Democratic 1851–1861
Lee Mantle Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Montana Republican 1895–1896
Silver Republican 1896–1899
Mel Martínez Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Province of Santa Clara Flag of Cuba.svg Republic of Cuba Florida Republican 2005–2009
John McCain Flag of Panama.svg  Panama [lower-alpha 14] Province of Colón Flag of Panama Canal Zone.svg  Panama Canal Zone Arizona Republican 1987–2018
James McMillan Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [lower-alpha 11] Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Michigan Republican 1889–1902
Joseph Millard Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [lower-alpha 11] Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Nebraska Republican 1901–1907
Robert Morris Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Pennsylvania Pro-Administration 1789–1795
John Moses Flag of Norway.svg  Norway County of Rogaland Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg  United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway North Dakota Democratic 1945
James E. Murray Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Montana Democratic 1934–1961
Knute Nelson Flag of Norway.svg  Norway County of Hordaland Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905).svg  United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway Minnesota Republican 1895–1923
James Nesmith Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [lower-alpha 15] Flag of New Brunswick.svg  New Brunswick Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Oregon Democratic 1861–1867
Samuel Nicholson Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [lower-alpha 16] Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg  Prince Edward Island Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Colorado Republican 1921–1923
George T. Oliver Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Ulster.svg  Ulster
Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland [lower-alpha 17]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Pennsylvania Republican 1909–1917
Samuel Pasco Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Florida Democratic 1887–1899
William Paterson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Ulster.svg  Ulster
Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland [lower-alpha 18]
Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg  Kingdom of Ireland New Jersey Pro-Administration 1789–1790
Thomas Patterson Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Leinster.svg  Leinster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Colorado Democratic 1901–1907
Alexander Porter Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Ulster.svg  Ulster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Louisiana Whig 1833–1837
Edward Robertson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Wyoming Republican 1943–1949
Carl Schurz Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [lower-alpha 19] Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svg  North Rhine-Westphalia Flag of the German Confederation (war).svg  German Confederation Missouri Republican 1869–1875
William Joyce Sewell Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Connacht.svg  Connacht Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Jersey Republican 1881–1887,
1895–1901
James Shields Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Ulster.svg  Ulster
Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland [lower-alpha 20]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Illinois Democratic 1849–1855
Minnesota 1858–1859
Missouri 1879
Joseph Simon Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [lower-alpha 21] Flag of Hesse.svg  Hesse Flagge Grossherzogtum Hessen ohne Wappen.svg  Grand Duchy of Hesse Oregon Republican 1898–1903
Pierre Soulé Flag of France.svg  France Department of Ariège Flag of France (1794-1815).svg  First French Republic Louisiana Democratic 1847,
1849–1853
Isaac Stephenson Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [lower-alpha 22] Flag of New Brunswick.svg  New Brunswick Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Wisconsin Republican 1907–1915
Patrick Joseph Sullivan Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Munster.svg  Munster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Wyoming Republican 1929–1930
George Sutherland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Utah Republican 1905–1917
Thomas Taggart Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Ulster.svg  Ulster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Indiana Democratic 1916
Edward Tiffin Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Ohio Democratic-Republican 1807–1809
Chris Van Hollen Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Sindh Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Maryland Democratic 2017–present
Robert Wagner Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Hesse.svg  Hesse Flag of the Kingdom of Prussia (1803-1892).svg  Prussia New York Democratic 1927–1949
Patrick Walsh Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Flag of Munster.svg  Munster Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Georgia Democratic 1894–1895
Lowell Weicker Flag of France.svg  France Paris Department Flag of France (1794-1958).svg  French Third Republic Connecticut Republican 1971–1989
George Wetmore Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of England.svg  England Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Rhode Island Republican 1895–1907,
1908–1913
David Levy Yulee Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands [lower-alpha 23] District of Saint Thomas Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Florida Democratic 1845–1851,
1855–1861

See also

Notes

  1. Born in the British colony of Nova Scotia, in present-day Canada.
  2. Born in County Londonderry, Ireland, at the time part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  3. Born in Saint Croix, at the time part of the [ under British occupation, in what is now the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  4. Born in what was then the independent Kingdom of Hawaii.
  5. Born in the Spanish colony of Louisiana.
  6. Born in Funchal, on Madeira Island, to American parents.
  7. Born in the French colony of Louisiana.
  8. Born in County Tyrone, Ireland, at the time part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  9. Born in Geneva, at the time part of the Republic of Geneva and now part of Switzerland.
  10. Gallatin won election to the Senate in 1793, and took the oath of office, but on the same day a petition was filed by nineteen Pennsylvania Federalists protesting that Gallatin did not have the minimum nine years of citizenship required to be a senator. After two months of deliberation, the matter went before a Senate vote where Gallatin was removed from the Senate with a party-line vote of 14–12.
  11. 1 2 3 Born in the British colony of Upper Canada, in present-day Canada.
  12. Born in the British colony of Antigua, in what is now the independent country of Antigua and Barbuda.
  13. Born in the British colony of Trinidad, in present-day Trinidad and Tobago.
  14. Born in the Panama Canal Zone, a U.S. territory in present-day Panama.
  15. Born in the British colony of New Brunswick, in present-day Canada, to American parents.
  16. Born in the British colony of Prince Edward Island, in present-day Canada.
  17. Born in County Tyrone, Ireland, to American parents.
  18. Born in County Antrim, Ireland.
  19. Born in the Kingdom of Prussia, in present-day Germany.
  20. Born in County Tyrone, Ireland, at the time part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  21. Born in the Grand Duchy of Hesse, in present-day Germany.
  22. Born in the British colony of New Brunswick, in present-day Canada.
  23. Born in Saint Thomas, at the time part of the Danish West Indies under British occupation, in what is now the U.S. Virgin Islands.

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References