List of members of the United States House of Representatives who served a single term

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There are members of the United States House of Representatives who spent only a single two-year term (or less) in office usually either due to death, resignation, or defeat. In some rare cases freshmen members have decided to run for another office or not run for reelection. Many members who serve in the House for only one term are viewed by historians and political experts as accidental members due to having been elected by either riding in on the coattails of a popular presidential or statewide candidate or by winning against a scandalized incumbent.

Contents

Not included in this list are non-voting delegates. Members who served as a Congressperson in the United States Congress, but also served in the Congress of the Confederate States or as a delegate, are included. For members-elect who never took office, see List of members-elect of the United States House of Representatives who never took their seats.

1st Congress (1789–1791)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Theodorick Bland Anti-Administration Virginia 9 March 4, 1789
June 1, 1790
Died.
Timothy Bloodworth Anti-Administration North Carolina 3 April 6, 1790
March 3, 1791
Retired.
Aedanus Burke Anti-Administration South Carolina 2 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
Daniel Carroll Pro-Administration Maryland 6 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
George Clymer Pro-Administration Pennsylvania at-large March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
Benjamin Contee Anti-Administration Maryland 3 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
William Floyd Pro-Administration New York 1 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Lost for re-election.
George Gale Pro-Administration Maryland 5 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Lost for re-election.
Jonathan Grout Anti-Administration Massachusetts 8 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
Benjamin Huntington Pro-Administration Connecticut at-large March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
James Jackson Anti-Administration Georgia 1 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Lost re-election.
George Mathews Anti-Administration Georgia 3 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
George Partridge Pro-Administration Massachusetts 5 March 4, 1789
August 16, 1790
Resigned.
Roger Sherman Pro-Administration Connecticut at-large March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Re-elected, but declined seat to become U.S. senator.
William Smith Anti-Administration Maryland 4 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
Michael Jenifer Stone Anti-Administration Maryland 1 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
Jeremiah Van Rensselaer Anti-Administration New York 6 March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.
Henry Wynkoop Anti-Administration Pennsylvania at-large March 4, 1789
March 3, 1791
Retired.

2nd Congress (1791–1793)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Robert Barnwell Pro-Administration South Carolina 2 March 4, 1791
March 3, 1793
Retired
Israel Jacobs Pro-Administration Pennsylvania 3 March 4, 1791
March 3, 1793
Lost re-election.
Philip Key Pro-Administration Maryland 1 March 4, 1791
March 3, 1793
Lost re-election.
Cornelius C. Schoonmaker Anti-Administration New York 4 March 4, 1791
March 3, 1793
Lost re-election.
Upton Sheredine Anti-Administration Maryland 6 March 4, 1791
March 3, 1793
Retired.
Samuel Sterett Anti-Administration Maryland 4 March 4, 1791
March 3, 1793
Retired.
Anthony Wayne Anti-Administration Georgia 1 March 4, 1791
March 21, 1792
Seat declared vacant due to dispute over his residency.
Francis Willis Anti-Administration Georgia 3 March 4, 1791
March 3, 1793
Retired.

3rd Congress (1793–1795)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
James Armstrong Pro-Administration Pennsylvania at-large March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
John Beatty Pro-Administration New Jersey at-large March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
Thomas P. Carnes Anti-Administration Georgia at-large March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
David Cobb Pro-Administration Massachusetts at-large March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Redistricted to the 7th district .
Lost re-election in new district.
Peleg Coffin, Jr. Pro-Administration Massachusetts 3 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
Benjamin Edwards Pro-Administration Maryland 3 January 2, 1795
March 3, 1795
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.
William Johnston Dawson Anti-Administration North Carolina 8 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Lost re-election.
Samuel Dexter Pro-Administration Massachusetts 1 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Redistricted to the 9th district .
Lost re-election in new district.
Uriah Forrest Pro-Administration Maryland 3 March 4, 1793
November 8, 1794
Resigned.
Alexander Gillon Anti-Administration South Carolina 5 March 4, 1793
October 6, 1794
Died.
Samuel Holten Anti-Administration Massachusetts 1 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Redistricted to the 10th district.
Lost re-election in new district.
John Hunter Anti-Administration South Carolina 2 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Redistricted to the 5th district
Lost re-election in new district.
William Irvine Anti-Administration Pennsylvania at-large March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Lost re-election.
Henry Latimer Pro-Administration Delaware at-large February 14, 1794
February 7, 1795
Won special election.
Lost election to full term.
Resigned early.
Joseph "Pleasant Gardens" McDowell Anti-Administration North Carolina 1 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Lost re-election.
Joseph Neville Anti-Administration North Carolina 8 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Lost re-election.
Andrew Pickens Anti-Administration South Carolina 6 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
Silas Talbot Pro-Administration New York 10 March 4, 1793
c. June 5, 1794
Resigned to assume role as Captain in the United States Navy.
Peter Van Gaasbeck Pro-Administration New York 4 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
Francis Walker Anti-Administration Virginia 14 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Lost re-election.
John Watts Pro-Administration New York 4 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
Benjamin Williams Anti-Administration Virginia 3 March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.
Paine Wingate Pro-Administration New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1793
March 3, 1795
Retired.

4th Congress (1795–1797)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Daniel Buck Federalist Vermont 2 March 4, 1795
March 3, 1797
Re-elected, but declined seat.
Jeremiah Crabb Federalist Maryland 3 March 4, 1795
June 1, 1796
Resigned.
Samuel Earle Democratic-Republican South Carolina 6 March 4, 1795
March 3, 1797
Retired.
Jesse Franklin Democratic-Republican North Carolina 3 March 4, 1795
March 3, 1797
Lost re-election.
Thomas Henderson Federalist New Jersey at-large March 4, 1795
March 3, 1797
Lost re-election.
Samuel Maclay Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 6 March 4, 1795
March 3, 1797
Retired.
John Richards Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 4 March 4, 1795
March 3, 1797
Lost re-election.
Absalom Tatom Democratic-Republican North Carolina 4 March 4, 1795
June 1, 1796
Resigned.
Isaac Smith Federalist New Jersey at-large March 4, 1795
March 3, 1797
Retired.
William Francis Strudwick Federalist North Carolina 4 November 28, 1796
March 3, 1797
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.

5th Congress (1797–1799)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
John Allen Federalist Connecticut at-large March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
David Brooks Federalist New York 5 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Lost re-election.
Stephen Bullock Federalist Massachusetts 7 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Lost re-election.
James Cochran Federalist New York 10 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
Hezekiah L. Hosmer Federalist New York 6 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
James Machir Federalist Virginia 3 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
William Matthews Federalist Maryland 6 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
Blair McClenachan Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 5 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
Joseph McDowell, Jr. Democratic-Republican North Carolina 1 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Lost re-election.
Daniel Morgan Federalist Virginia 1 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
Isaac Parker Federalist Massachusetts 12 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.
William Smith Democratic-Republican South Carolina 6 March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Lost re-election.
Peleg Sprague Federalist New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1797
March 3, 1799
Retired.

6th Congress (1799–1801)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
John Brown Federalist Rhode Island at-large March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Lost re-election.
Franklin Davenport Federalist New Jersey 5 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Lost re-election.
Joseph Dickson Federalist North Carolina 1 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Lost re-election.
Samuel Goode Democratic-Republican Virginia 8 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Lost re-election.
Elizur Goodrich Federalist Connecticut at-large March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Re-elected, but declined seat.
James Jones Federalist Georgia at-large March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Lost re-election.
Henry Lee III Federalist Virginia 19 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.
Levi Lincoln, Sr. Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 4 December 15, 1800
March 5, 1801
Won special election.
Elected to full term, but resigned one day into term to become United States Attorney General.
James Linn Democratic-Republican New Jersey at-large March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.
John Marshall Federalist Virginia 13 March 4, 1799
June 7, 1800
Resigned to become United States Secretary of State.
Abraham Nott Federalist South Carolina 6 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.
Robert Page Federalist Virginia 1 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.
Jonas Platt Federalist New York 9 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.
Leven Powell Federalist Virginia 17 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.
James Sheafe Federalist New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.
David Stone Democratic-Republican North Carolina 8 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Re-elected, but declined seat to take seat in United States Senate.
Littleton Waller Tazewell Democratic-Republican Virginia 13 November 26, 1800
March 3, 1801
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.
John Chew Thomas Federalist Maryland 2 March 4, 1799
March 3, 1801
Retired.

7th Congress (1801–1803)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
John Bacon Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 1 March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.
Thomas Boude Federalist Pennsylvania 28 March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Lost re-election.
Charles Johnson Democratic-Republican North Carolina 8 March 4, 1801
July 23, 1802
Died.
William Jones Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 1 March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.
George Upham Federalist New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.
Thomas Morris Federalist New York 10 March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.
Joseph Peirce Federalist New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1801
March 3, 1802
Resigned.
Josiah Smith Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 6 March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.
John Stratton Federalist Virginia 12 March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.
Thomas Tillotson Federalist New York 5 March 4, 1801
August 10, 1801
Resigned to become Secretary of State of New York.
George Upham Federalist New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.
John Peter Van Ness Democratic-Republican New York 7 October 6, 1801
January 13, 1803
Won special election.
Seat declared vacant after losing re-election.
Benjamin Walker Federalist New York 9 March 4, 1801
March 3, 1803
Retired.

8th Congress (1803–1805)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Simeon Baldwin Democratic-Republican Connecticut at-large March 4, 1803
March 5, 1804
Retired.
Isaac Bloom Federalist New York 6 March 4, 1803
April 26, 1803
Died.
Thomas Dwight Federalist Massachusetts 5 March 4, 1803
March 4, 1805
Retired.
Thomas Lewis Jr. Federalist Virginia 5 March 4, 1803
March 5, 1804
Seat declared vacant.

9th Congress (1805–1807)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Leonard Covington Democratic-Republican Maryland 2 March 4, 1805
March 3, 1807
Lost re-election.
Theodore Dwight Federalist Connecticut at-large December 1, 1806
March 3, 1807
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.
Christian Lower Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 3 March 4, 1805
December 19, 1806
Retired.
Died before term expired.
Patrick Magruder Democratic-Republican Maryland 3 March 4, 1805
March 3, 1807
Lost re-election.
Cowles Mead Democratic-Republican Georgia at-large March 4, 1805
December 24, 1805
Lost election contest.
Martin G. Schuneman Democratic-Republican New York 7 March 4, 1805
March 3, 1807
Retired.
Thomas Spalding Democratic-Republican Georgia at-large December 24, 1805
November 24, 1806
Won election contest.
Lost re-election.
Resigned early.
Nathan Williams Democratic-Republican New York 15 March 4, 1805
March 3, 1807
Retired.

10th Congress (1807–1809)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Daniel Ilsley Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 15 March 4, 1807
March 3, 1809
Lost re-election.
Joseph Story Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 2 May 23, 1808
March 3, 1809
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.
Peter Swart Democratic-Republican New York 13 March 4, 1807
March 3, 1809
Retired.
Nathan Wilson Democratic-Republican New York 12 November 7, 1808
March 3, 1809
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.

11th Congress (1809–1811)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Joseph Allen Federalist Massachusetts 10 October 8, 1810
March 3, 1811
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.
Nathaniel Appleton Haven Federalist New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1809
March 3, 1811
Retired.
Herman Knickerbocker Federalist New York 6 March 4, 1809
March 3, 1811
Retired.
Vincent Mathews Federalist New York 14 March 4, 1809
March 3, 1811
Retired.
Jacob Swoope Federalist Virginia 4 March 4, 1809
March 3, 1811
Retired.

12th Congress (1811–1813)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Harmanus Bleecker Federalist New York 7 March 4, 1811
March 3, 1813
Retired.
Thomas B. Cooke Democratic-Republican New York 5 March 4, 1811
March 3, 1813
Retired.
Abner Lacock Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 11 March 4, 1811
March 3, 1813
Re-elected, but declined seat to accept appointment to U.S. Senate.
James Morgan Democratic-Republican New Jersey at-large March 4, 1811
March 3, 1813
Redistricted to the 2nd district .
Lost re-election in new district.
George Sullivan Federalist New Hampshire at-large March 4, 1811
March 3, 1813
Retired.
William Widgery Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 15 March 4, 1811
March 3, 1813
Lost re-election.

13th Congress (1813–1815)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Thomas Monteagle Bayly Federalist Virginia 13 March 4, 1813
March 3, 1815
Retired.
John Henry Bowen Democratic-Republican Tennessee 4 March 4, 1813
March 3, 1815
Retired.
John M. Bowers Democratic-Republican New York 15 June 21, 1813
December 20, 1813
Lost election contest.
Alexander Boyd Federalist New York 13 March 4, 1813
March 3, 1815
Retired.
Samuel Dana Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 4 September 22, 1814
March 3, 1815
Won special election.
Lost election to full term.
Daniel Dewey Federalist Massachusetts 12 March 4, 1813
February 24, 1814
Resigned.
Joseph H. Hawkins Democratic-Republican Kentucky 2 March 29, 1814
March 3, 1815
Won special election.
Not a candidate for full term.
Morris S. Miller Federalist New York 16 March 4, 1813
March 3, 1815
Retired.
Joel Thompson Democratic-Republican New York 15 March 4, 1813
March 3, 1815
Retired.

14th Congress (1815–1817)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Micah Brooks Democratic-Republican New York 21 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Retired.
Benjamin Brown Federalist Massachusetts 16 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Redistricted to the 18th district .
Lost election to full term in new district.
Thomas Burnside Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 9 October 10, 1815
April 15, 1816
Won special election.
Resigned.
James Carr Federalist Massachusetts 17 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Retired.
Thomas Clayton Federalist Delaware at-large March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Lost re-election.
Samuel S. Conner Democratic-Republican Massachusetts 19 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Redistricted to the 18th district .
Lost re-election in new district.
Bennett H. Henderson Democratic-Republican Tennessee 4 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Retired.
Samuel Powell Democratic-Republican Tennessee 1 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Retired.
Magnus Tate Federalist Virginia 2 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Retired.
Enos T. Throop Democratic-Republican New York 20 March 4, 1815
June 4, 1816
Lost re-election.
Resigned early.
Jonathan Williams Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 1 March 4, 1815
May 16, 1815
Died.
John B. Yates Democratic-Republican New York 13 March 4, 1815
March 3, 1817
Retired.

15th Congress (1817–1819)

16th Congress (1819–1821)

17th Congress (1821–1823)

18th Congress (1823–1825)

19th Congress (1825–1827)

20th Congress (1827–1829)

21st Congress (1829–1831)

22nd Congress (1831–1833)

23rd Congress (1833–1835)

24th Congress (1835–1837)

25th Congress (1837–1839)

26th Congress (1839–1841)

27th Congress (1841–1843)

28th Congress (1843–1845)

29th Congress (1845–1847)

30th Congress (1847–1849)

31st Congress (1849–1851)

32nd Congress (1851–1853)

33rd Congress (1853–1855)

34th Congress (1855–1857)

35th Congress (1857–1859)

36th Congress (1859–1861)

37th Congress (1861–1863)

38th Congress (1863–1865)

39th Congress (1865–1867)

40th Congress (1867–1869)

41st Congress (1869–1871)

42nd Congress (1871–1873)

43rd Congress (1873–1875)

44th Congress (1875–1877)

45th Congress (1877–1879)

46th Congress (1879–1881)

47th Congress (1881–1883)

48th Congress (1883–1885)

49th Congress (1885–1887)

50th Congress (1887–1889)

51st Congress (1889–1891)

52nd Congress (1891–1893)

53rd Congress (1893–1895)

54th Congress (1895–1897)

55th Congress (1897–1899)

56th Congress (1899–1901)

57th Congress (1901–1903)

58th Congress (1903–1905)

59th Congress (1905–1907)

60th Congress (1907–1909)

61st Congress (1909–1911)

62nd Congress (1911–1913)

63rd Congress (1913–1915)

64th Congress (1915–1917)

65th Congress (1917–1919)

66th Congress (1919–1921)

67th Congress (1921–1923)

68th Congress (1923–1925)

69th Congress (1925–1927)

70th Congress (1927–1929)

71st Congress (1929–1931)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Joseph E. Baird Republican Ohio 13 March 4, 1929
March 3, 1931
Lost re-election.
Robert E. Lee Blackburn Republican Kentucky 7 March 4, 1929
March 3, 1931
Lost re-election.
Linwood Clark Republican Maryland 2 March 4, 1929
March 3, 1931
Lost re-election.
John D. Craddock Republican Kentucky 4 March 4, 1929
March 3, 1931
Lost re-election.
John Lloyd Dorsey, Jr. Democratic Kentucky 2 March 4, 1929
March 3, 1931
Retired.
Jacob A. Garber Republican Virginia 7 March 4, 1929
March 3, 1931
Lost re-election.

72nd Congress (1931–1933)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Howard M. Baldrige Republican Nebraska 2 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost re-election.
William Edward Barton Democratic Missouri 16 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost renomination.
Joseph Franklin Biddle Republican Pennsylvania 18 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Retired.
Charles F. Curry, Jr. Republican California 3 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost re-election.
Robert Lee Davis Republican Pennsylvania 6 November 8, 1932
March 3, 1933
Won special election. Not a candidate for full term.
William H. Dieterich Democratic Illinois at-large March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Retired to successfully run for U.S. Senate.
Willa McCord Blake Eslick Democratic Tennessee 7 August 13, 1932
March 3, 1933
Won special election. Not a candidate for full term.
John W. Fishburne Democratic Virginia 7 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Retired.
Joel West Flood Democratic Virginia 10 November 8, 1932
March 3, 1933
District eliminated in redistricting.
Courtland C. Gillen Democratic Indiana 5 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost renomination.
Peter C. Granata Republican Illinois 8 March 4, 1931
April 5, 1932
Lost election contest.
Ralph Horr Republican Washington 1 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost renomination.
Robert Davis Johnson Democratic Missouri 7 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost renomination.
Charles A. Karch Democratic Illinois 22 March 4, 1931
November 6, 1932
Died.
Norton Lewis Lichtenwalner Democratic Pennsylvania 14 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost re-election.
Oscar Lovette Republican Tennessee 1 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost renomination.
Carlton Mobley Democratic Georgia 6 March 2, 1932
March 3, 1933
Won special election. Not a candidate for full term.
John H. Overton Democratic Louisiana 8 May 12, 1931
March 3, 1933
Won special election. Retired to successfully run for U.S. Senate.
Donald Partridge Republican Maine 2 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Retired.
Seymour H. Person Republican Michigan 6 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost re-election.
Percy Hamilton Stewart Democratic New Jersey 5 December 1, 1931
March 3, 1933
Won special election. Lost election to full term.
Howard William Stull Republican Pennsylvania 20 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Retired.
William L. Tierney Democratic Connecticut 4 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost re-election.
John E. Weeks Republican Vermont 1 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
District eliminated in redistricting.
Wilbur White Republican Ohio 9 March 4, 1931
March 3, 1933
Lost re-election.

73rd Congress (1933–1935)

RepresentativePartyDistrictYearsNotes
Wilbur L. Adams Democratic Delaware at-large March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Retired to unsuccessfully run for U.S. Senate.
Henry M. Arens Farmer–Labor Minnesota at-large March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Lost re-election.
Joseph Weldon Bailey Jr. Democratic Texas at-large March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Retired to unsuccessfully run for U.S. Senate.
Charles Montague Bakewell Republican Connecticut at-large March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Lost re-election.
John Y. Brown Sr.