Jacob A. Garber

Last updated
Jacob Aaron Garber
Jacob A Garber.jpg
Member of the Virginia Senate from Page, Rappahannock, Rockingham, Warren Counties and the City of Harrisonburg
In office
Preceded byAubrey Weaver
Succeeded by Raymond R. Guest
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Virginia's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1929 March 3, 1931
Preceded by Thomas W. Harrison
Succeeded by John W. Fishburne
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Rockingham County and the City of Harrisonburg
In office
January 14, 1920 = January 10, 1922
ServingwithWilliam Ruebush
Preceded by Charles H. Rolston
Succeeded by George B. Keezell
Personal details
Born(1879-01-25)January 25, 1879
Harrisonburg, Virginia
DiedDecember 2, 1953(1953-12-02) (aged 74)
Harrisonburg, Virginia
Political party Republican
Alma mater Emerson College

Jacob Aaron Garber (January 25, 1879 December 2, 1953) was a teacher and businessman who served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly as well as in the United States House of Representatives as a Republican. [1]

Virginia General Assembly legislative body of Virginia, United States

The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World, established on July 30, 1619. The General Assembly is a bicameral body consisting of a lower house, the Virginia House of Delegates, with 100 members, and an upper house, the Senate of Virginia, with 40 members. Combined together, the General Assembly consists of 140 elected representatives from an equal number of constituent districts across the commonwealth. The House of Delegates is presided over by the Speaker of the House, while the Senate is presided over by the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. The House and Senate each elect a clerk and sergeant-at-arms. The Senate of Virginia's clerk is known as the "Clerk of the Senate".

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.


Early and family life

Jacob A. Garber was born near Harrisonburg, Virginia. He attended the public schools of Rockingham County, and Bridgewater College. He then moved to Prince William County, Virginia and became Principal of Brentsville Academy in 1904 and 1905. He then moved to Boston, Massachusetts and graduated from Emerson College in, in 1907

Harrisonburg, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Harrisonburg is an independent city in the Shenandoah Valley region of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. It is also the county seat of the surrounding Rockingham County, although the two are separate jurisdictions. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,914, with a census-estimated 2016 population of 53,078. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Harrisonburg with Rockingham County for statistical purposes into the Harrisonburg, Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a 2011 estimated population of 126,562.

Bridgewater College

Bridgewater College is a private liberal-arts college in Bridgewater, Virginia. Established in 1880, Bridgewater College admitted both men and women from the time of its founding and was the first private, co-educational, liberal arts college in Virginia to do so. Approximately 1,800 students are enrolled.

Prince William County, Virginia County in the United States

Prince William County is a county on the Potomac River in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 402,002, on July 1, 2015, the population was estimated to be 451,721, making it Virginia's second-most populous county. Its county seat is the independent city of Manassas.


Garber taught in Well's Memorial Institute in Boston in 1906 and 1907, then became the Secretary of Emerson College in 1907 and 1908. He returned to Timberville, Virginia, in 1908 and was employed as a bank cashier until 1924.

Emerson College private coeducational university located in Boston, Massachusetts

Emerson College is a private college in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. Founded in 1880 by Charles Wesley Emerson as a "school of oratory," the college offers more than three dozen degree programs in the area of Arts and Communication and is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges. Located in Boston's Washington Street Theatre District on the edge of the Boston Common, the school also maintains buildings in Los Angeles and the town of Well, The Netherlands.

Timberville, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Timberville is a town in Rockingham County, Virginia, United States. The population was 2,522 at the 2010 census, which was a significant increase from the 1,739 reported in the 2000 census. It is part of the Harrisonburg Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Rockingham County voters elected Garber and William Ruebush as their (part-time) representatives in the Virginia House of Delegates in 1920, the pair defeating two other men that year, but losing their re-election bid to others in 1922. [2] In 1924, Garber was elected treasurer of Rockingham County, and served from 1924 to 1929. He was member of and was interested in various orchard and canning organizations.

Virginia House of Delegates lower house of U.S. state legislature

The Virginia House of Delegates is one of two parts in the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years. The House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is usually a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House. The House shares legislative power with the Senate of Virginia, the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the Virginia House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619. The House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.

In 1928, voters elected Garber as a Republican to the Seventy-first Congress. He defeated veteran Democrat Thomas W. Harrison, but lost his re-election bid in 1930 to John W. Fishburne.

71st United States Congress 1929–1931 U.S. Congress

The Seventy-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1929, to March 4, 1931, during the first two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. This congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.

Thomas W. Harrison American politician

Thomas Walter Harrison was a Virginia lawyer and politician. He served in the Senate of Virginia and in the United States House of Representatives.

John Wood Fishburne was a Virginia Congressman and cousin to Congressmen Fontaine Maury Maverick and James Luther Slayden of Texas. The three men are related to the oceanographer, Matthew Fontaine Maury of Virginia.

After Congress, Garber served as chief of the field and processing-tax divisions at the Internal Revenue Office in Richmond, Virginia from 1931 to 1935. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1932, but lost another attempt to return to Congress in 1940.

Richmond, Virginia Capital of Virginia

Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. It is the center of the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Greater Richmond Region. Richmond was incorporated in 1742 and has been an independent city since 1871.

The Republican National Convention (RNC) is a series of presidential nominating conventions of the United States Republican Party since 1856. Administered by the Republican National Committee, the stated purpose of the convocation is to nominate an official candidate in an upcoming U.S. presidential election, and to adopt the party platform and rules for the election cycle.

When Aubrey G. Weaver died, Garber won a special election and served in the Virginia State Senate from 1945 to 1947. [3] He later resumed operation of commercial orchards, and died in Harrisonburg, Virginia on December 2, 1953. He was interred in Church of the Brethren Cemetery in Timberville, Virginia.



    • United States Congress. "Jacob A. Garber (id: G000045)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress .
  1. Cynthia Miller Leonard (ed), The General Assembly of Virginia 1619-1978: A Bicentennial Register of Members (Richmond, 1978) pp. 619 (typo as "Barber")
  2. Leonard pp. 682, 689
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Thomas W. Harrison
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
John W. Fishburne

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov .

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