List of members of the United States Congress by longevity of service

Last updated

This list of members of the United States Congress by longevity of service includes Representatives and Senators who have served for at least 36 years, in the House, the Senate, or both combined. In cases where there is a tie in time, the following criteria will sort people higher:

Contents

  1. Achieved time uninterrupted (for total tenure ranks)
  2. Achieved time first
  3. Senators over Representatives (for House and Senate lists)
  4. Senate and House seniority

Key

GreenCurrently serving
HServed in the House (for combined categories)
SServed in the Senate (for combined categories)
IInterruptions in service (for total tenure categories)

Combined U.S. House and Senate time

Total tenureUninterruptedNameParty affiliationStateReason for leavingLifespan
159 years, 21 days159 years, 21 days John Dingell (H)Democratic Michigan Retired1926–2019
257 years, 176 days257 years, 176 days Robert Byrd (H, S)Democratic West Virginia Died1917–2010
356 years, 319 days356 years, 319 days Carl Hayden (H, S)Democratic Arizona Retired1877–1972
453 years, 118 days453 years, 118 days Daniel Inouye (H, S)Democratic Hawaii Died1924–2012
553 years, 60 days553 years, 60 days Jamie Whitten (H)Democratic Mississippi Retired1910–1995
652 years, 336 days652 years, 336 days John Conyers (H)DemocraticMichiganResigned1929–2019
750 years, 61 days750 years, 61 days Carl Vinson (H)Democratic Georgia Retired1883–1981
849 years, 305 days849 years, 305 days Emanuel Celler (H)Democratic New York Lost renomination1888–1981
948 years, 257 days948 years, 257 days Sam Rayburn (H)Democratic Texas Died1882–1961
1048 years, 0 daysN/A Sidney R. Yates (H, I)Democratic Illinois Retired1909–2000
1147 years, 325 days1047 years, 325 days Don Young (H)Republican Alaska 1933–
1247 years, 159 days1346 years, 57 days Strom Thurmond (S, I)Democratic,
Republican
South Carolina Resigned, retired1902–2003
1347 years, 3 days1147 years, 3 days Wright Patman (H)DemocraticTexasDied1893–1976
1446 years, 292 days1246 years, 292 days Ted Kennedy (S)Democratic Massachusetts Died1932–2009
1546 years, 22 days1446 years, 22 days Patrick Leahy (S)Democratic Vermont 1940–
1646 years, 22 days1546 years, 22 days Chuck Grassley (H, S)Republican Iowa 1933–
1746 years, 0 days1646 years, 0 days Charles Rangel (H)DemocraticNew YorkRetired1930–
1846 years, 0 daysN/A Joseph Gurney Cannon (H, I)RepublicanIllinoisDefeated, defeated, retired1836–1926
1945 years, 247 days1745 years, 247 days Adolph J. Sabath (H)DemocraticIllinoisDied1866–1952
2045 years, 142 days1845 years, 142 days J. Lister Hill (H, S)Democratic Alabama Retired1894–1984
2145 years, 87 days1945 years, 87 days Thad Cochran (H, S)RepublicanMississippiResigned1937–2019
2244 years, 84 days2044 years, 84 days Ed Markey (H, S)DemocraticMassachusetts1946–
2344 years, 0 days2144 years, 0 days George H. Mahon (H)DemocraticTexasRetired1900–1985
2444 years, 0 days2244 years, 0 days Warren Magnuson (H, S)Democratic Washington Defeated1905–1989
2544 years, 0 days2344 years, 0 days Charles Edward Bennett (H)Democratic Florida Retired1910–2003
2643 years, 299 days2443 years, 299 days Justin Smith Morrill (H, S)Whig,
Republican
VermontDied1810–1898
2743 years, 152 daysN/A William B. Allison (H, S, I)RepublicanIowaRetired, died1829–1908
2843 years, 110 days2543 years, 110 days Charles Melvin Price (H)DemocraticIllinoisDied1905–1988
2942 years, 288 days2642 years, 288 days Bill Young (H)RepublicanFloridaDied1930–2013
3042 years, 241 days2742 years, 241 days Henry M. Jackson (H, S)DemocraticWashingtonDied1912–1983
3142 years, 157 daysN/A Carter Glass (H, S, I)Democratic Virginia Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, died1858–1946
3242 years, 58 days2842 years, 58 days John W. McCormack (H)DemocraticMassachusettsRetired1891–1980
3342 years, 22 days2942 years, 22 days Richard Shelby (H, S)Democratic,
Republican
Alabama1934–
3442 years, 0 days3042 years, 0 days John Sparkman (H, S)DemocraticAlabamaRetired1899–1985
3542 years, 0 days3142 years, 0 days Jack Brooks (H)DemocraticTexasDefeated1922–2012
3642 years, 0 days3242 years, 0 days Orrin Hatch (S)Republican Utah Retired1934–
3742 years, 0 days3342 years, 0 days Jim Sensenbrenner (H)Republican Wisconsin Retired1943–
3841 years, 362 days3441 years, 362 days William R. Poage (H)DemocraticTexasRetired1899–1987
3941 years, 305 days3541 years, 305 days Robert L. Doughton (H)Democratic North Carolina Retired1863–1954
4041 years, 305 days3641 years, 305 days Joseph W. Martin Jr. (H)RepublicanMassachusettsLost renomination1884–1968
4141 years, 276 days3741 years, 276 days Dave Obey (H)DemocraticWisconsinRetired1938–
4241 years, 69 days3841 years, 69 days Clarence Cannon (H)Democratic Missouri Died1879–1964
4341 years, 59 days3941 years, 59 days John C. Stennis (S)DemocraticMississippiRetired1901–1995
4441 years, 30 days4041 years, 30 days Kenneth McKellar (H, S)Democratic Tennessee Lost renomination1869–1957
4540 years, 240 days4140 years, 240 days William Natcher (H)Democratic Kentucky Died1909–1994
4640 years, 207 daysN/A Claude Pepper (H, S, I)DemocraticFloridaLost renomination, died1900–1989
4740 years, 157 days4240 years, 157 days William P. Frye (H, S)Republican Maine Died1830–1911
4840 years, 22 days4340 years, 22 days Ron Wyden (H, S)Democratic Oregon 1949–
4940 years, 22 days4440 years, 22 days Chuck Schumer (H, S)DemocraticNew York1950–
5040 years, 22 days4540 years, 22 days Hal Rogers (H)RepublicanKentucky1937–
5140 years, 22 days4640 years, 22 days Chris Smith (H)Republican New Jersey 1953–
5240 years, 10 days4740 years, 10 days Ted Stevens (S)RepublicanAlaskaDefeated1923–2010
5340 years, 0 days4840 years, 0 days Carl Curtis (H, S)Republican Nebraska Retired1905–2000
5440 years, 0 days4940 years, 0 days Peter W. Rodino (H)DemocraticNew JerseyRetired1909–2005
5540 years, 0 days5040 years, 0 days Pete Stark (H)Democratic California Defeated1931–2020
5640 years, 0 days5140 years, 0 days Tom Harkin (H, S)DemocraticIowaRetired1939–
5740 years, 0 days5240 years, 0 days George Miller (H)DemocraticCaliforniaRetired1945–
5840 years, 0 days5340 years, 0 days Henry Waxman (H)DemocraticCaliforniaRetired1939–
5940 years, 0 days5440 years, 0 days Barbara Mikulski (H, S)Democratic Maryland Retired1936–
6040 years, 0 days5540 years, 0 days Pat Roberts (H, S)Republican Kansas Retired1936–
6140 years, 0 daysN/A Eugene Hale (H, S, I)RepublicanMaineDefeated, retired1836–1918
6239 years, 364 daysN/A Jennings Randolph (H, S, I)DemocraticWest VirginiaDefeated, retired1902–1998
6339 years, 362 days5639 years, 362 days Leslie C. Arends (H)RepublicanIllinoisRetired1895–1985
6439 years, 352 days5739 years, 352 days Daniel A. Reed (H)RepublicanNew YorkDied1875–1959
6539 years, 305 days5839 years, 305 days George W. Norris (H, S)Republican,
Independent
NebraskaDefeated1861–1944
6639 years, 305 days5939 years, 305 days John Taber (H)RepublicanNew YorkRetired1880–1965
6739 years, 305 days6039 years, 305 days William M. Colmer (H)DemocraticMississippiRetired1890–1980
6839 years, 251 days6139 years, 251 days Steny Hoyer (H)DemocraticMaryland1939–
6939 years, 34 days6239 years, 34 days Max Baucus (H, S)Democratic Montana Appointed Ambassador to China1941–
7039 years, 9 daysN/A Samuel Smith (H, S, I)Democratic-Republican,
Democratic
MarylandRetired1752–1839
7138 years, 329 daysN/A John L. McClellan (H, S, I)Democratic Arkansas Retired, died1896–1977
7238 years, 145 days6338 years, 145 days Morris Sheppard (H, S)DemocraticTexasDied1875–1941
7338 years, 55 days6438 years, 55 days Fritz Hollings (S)DemocraticSouth CarolinaRetired1922–2019
7438 years, 22 days6538 years, 22 days Dick Durbin (H, S)DemocraticIllinois1944–
7538 years, 22 days6638 years, 22 days Marcy Kaptur (H)DemocraticOhio1946–
7638 years, 9 days6738 years, 9 days Richard Russell Jr. (S)DemocraticGeorgiaDied1897–1971
7738 years, 4 daysN/A John Sherman (H, S, I)Oppositionist,
Republican
Ohio Appointed U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, appointed U.S. Secretary of State1823–1900
7838 years, 3 days6838 years, 3 days Russell B. Long (S)Democratic Louisiana Retired1918–2003
7938 years, 0 days6938 years, 0 days Frederick H. Gillett (H, S)RepublicanMassachusettsRetired1851–1935
8038 years, 0 days7038 years, 0 days Wilbur Mills (H)DemocraticArkansasRetired1909–1992
8138 years, 0 days7138 years, 0 days Dante Fascell (H)DemocraticFloridaRetired1917–1998
8238 years, 0 days7238 years, 0 days Robert H. Michel (H)RepublicanIllinoisRetired1923–2017
8338 years, 0 days7338 years, 0 days Nick Rahall (H)DemocraticWest VirginiaDefeated1949–
8437 years, 305 daysN/A Robert Crosser (H, I)DemocraticOhioLost renomination1874–1957
8537 years, 290 daysN/A Bob Sikes (H, I)DemocraticFloridaResigned, retired1906–1994
8637 years, 255 days7437 years, 255 days Nathaniel Macon (H, S)Anti-Administration,
Democratic-Republican
North CarolinaResigned1757–1837
8737 years, 250 days7537 years, 250 days Henry Cabot Lodge (H, S)RepublicanMassachusettsDied1850–1924
8837 years, 74 daysN/A Alben W. Barkley (H, S, I)DemocraticKentuckyElected Vice President of the United States, died1877–1956
8937 years, 60 days7637 years, 60 days Henry B. González (H)DemocraticTexasRetired1916–2000
9037 years, 6 daysN/A Francis E. Warren (S, I)Republican Wyoming Defeated, died1844–1929
9136 years, 83 daysN/A James Eastland (S, I)DemocraticMississippiResigned1904–1986
9236 years, 22 days7736 years, 22 days Mitch McConnell (S)RepublicanKentucky1942–
9336 years, 12 days7836 years, 12 days Joe Biden (S)Democratic Delaware Elected Vice President of the United States1942–
9436 years, 3 days7936 years, 3 days John Murtha (H)Democratic Pennsylvania Died1932–2010
9536 years, 0 days8036 years, 0 days Henry L. Dawes (H, S)RepublicanMassachusettsRetired1816–1903
9636 years, 0 days8136 years, 0 days F. Edward Hébert (H)DemocraticLouisianaRetired1901–1979
9736 years, 0 days8236 years, 0 days Edward Boland (H)DemocraticMassachusettsRetired1911–2001
9836 years, 0 days8336 years, 0 days William Broomfield (H)RepublicanMichiganRetired1922–2019
9936 years, 0 days8436 years, 0 days Dan Rostenkowski (H)DemocraticIllinoisDefeated1928–2010
10036 years, 0 days8536 years, 0 days Neal Edward Smith (H)DemocraticIowaDefeated1920–
10136 years, 0 days8636 years, 0 days Claiborne Pell (S)Democratic Rhode Island Retired1918–2009
10236 years, 0 days8736 years, 0 days Joseph M. McDade (H)RepublicanPennsylvaniaRetired1931–2017
10336 years, 0 days8836 years, 0 days Paul Sarbanes (H, S)DemocraticMarylandRetired1933–2020
10436 years, 0 days8936 years, 0 days Pete Domenici (S)Republican New Mexico Retired1932–2017
10536 years, 0 days9036 years, 0 days Ralph Regula (H)RepublicanOhioRetired1924–2017
10636 years, 0 days9136 years, 0 days Chris Dodd (H, S)Democratic Connecticut Retired1944–
10736 years, 0 days9236 years, 0 days Jim Oberstar (H)Democratic Minnesota Defeated1934–2014
10836 years, 0 days9336 years, 0 days Richard Lugar (S)Republican Indiana Lost renomination1932–2019
10936 years, 0 days9436 years, 0 days Daniel Akaka (H, S)DemocraticHawaiiRetired1924–2018
11036 years, 0 days9536 years, 0 days Norm Dicks (H)DemocraticWashingtonRetired1940–
11136 years, 0 days9636 years, 0 days Dale Kildee (H)DemocraticMichiganRetired1929–
11236 years, 0 days9736 years, 0 days Carl Levin (S)DemocraticMichiganRetired1934–
11336 years, 0 days9836 years, 0 days Sander Levin (H)DemocraticMichiganRetired1931–
11436 years, 0 days9936 years, 0 days Pete Visclosky (H)DemocraticIndianaRetired1949–
11536 years, 0 daysN/A Shelby Moore Cullom (H, S, I)RepublicanIllinoisRetired1829–1914

Senate time

The 90th Congress was notable because for a period of 10 days (December 24, 1968 – January 3, 1969), it contained within the Senate, all 10 of the longest-serving senators in history until January 7, 2013, when Patrick Leahy surpassed Russell B. Long as the 10th longest-serving senator in history. This period stretched from the appointment of Ted Stevens of Alaska to fill a vacancy to the retirement of Carl Hayden of Arizona early the next year.

The 99th Congress was the period in which most people from this list were serving together (all but Hayden, Russell Jr., Warren, Eastland, and Magnuson).

Total tenureUninterruptedNameParty affiliationStateDates of serviceLifespan
151 years, 176 days151 years, 176 days Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginia January 3, 1959 – June 28, 20101917–2010
249 years, 349 days249 years, 349 days Daniel Inouye Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1963 – December 17, 20121924–2012
347 years, 159 days446 years, 57 days Strom Thurmond (I)Democratic, Republican South Carolina December 24, 1954 – April 7, 1956
November 7, 1956 – January 3, 2003
1902–2003
446 years, 292 days346 years, 292 days Ted Kennedy Democratic Massachusetts November 7, 1962 – August 25, 20091932–2009
546 years, 22 days546 years, 22 days Patrick Leahy Democratic Vermont Since January 3, 19751940–
642 years, 0 days642 years, 0 days Orrin Hatch Republican Utah January 3, 1977 – January 3, 20191934–
741 years, 305 days741 years, 305 days Carl Hayden Democratic Arizona March 4, 1927 – January 3, 19691877–1972
841 years, 59 days841 years, 59 days John C. Stennis Democratic Mississippi November 7, 1947 – January 3, 19891901–1995
940 years, 22 days940 years, 22 days Chuck Grassley Republican Iowa Since January 3, 19811933–
1040 years, 10 days1040 years, 10 days Ted Stevens Republican Alaska December 24, 1968 – January 3, 20091923–2010
1139 years, 94 days1139 years, 94 days Thad Cochran RepublicanMississippiDecember 27, 1978 – April 1, 20181937–2019
1238 years, 55 days1238 years, 55 days Fritz Hollings DemocraticSouth CarolinaNovember 8, 1966 – January 3, 20051922–2019
1338 years, 9 days1338 years, 9 days Richard Russell Jr. Democratic Georgia January 12, 1933 – January 21, 19711897–1971
1438 years, 3 days1438 years, 3 days Russell B. Long Democratic Louisiana December 31, 1948 – January 3, 19871918–2003
1537 years, 6 daysN/A Francis E. Warren (I)Republican Wyoming November 18, 1890 – March 4, 1893
March 4, 1895 – November 24, 1929
1844–1929
1636 years, 83 daysN/A James Eastland (I)DemocraticMississippiJune 30 – September 28, 1941
January 3, 1943 – December 27, 1978
1904–1986
1736 years, 22 days1536 years, 22 days Mitch McConnell Republican Kentucky Since January 3, 19851942–
1836 years, 20 days1636 years, 20 days Warren Magnuson Democratic Washington December 14, 1944 – January 3, 19811905–1989
1936 years, 12 days1736 years, 12 days Joe Biden Democratic Delaware January 3, 1973 – January 15, 20091942–
2036 years, 0 days1836 years, 0 days Claiborne Pell Democratic Rhode Island January 3, 1961 – January 3, 19971918–2009
2136 years, 0 days1936 years, 0 days Pete Domenici Republican New Mexico January 3, 1973 – January 3, 20091932–2017
2236 years, 0 days2036 years, 0 days Richard Lugar Republican Indiana January 3, 1977 – January 3, 20131932–2019
2336 years, 0 days2136 years, 0 days Carl Levin Democratic Michigan January 3, 1979 – January 3, 20151934–

House time

Total tenureUninterruptedNameParty affiliationStateDates of serviceLifespan
159 years, 21 days159 years, 21 days John Dingell Democratic Michigan December 13, 1955 – January 3, 20151926–2019
253 years, 60 days253 years, 60 days Jamie Whitten Democratic Mississippi November 4, 1941 – January 3, 19951910–1995
352 years, 336 days352 years, 336 days John Conyers DemocraticMichiganJanuary 3, 1965 – December 5, 20171929–2019
450 years, 61 days450 years, 61 days Carl Vinson Democratic Georgia November 3, 1914 – January 3, 19651883–1981
549 years, 305 days549 years, 305 days Emanuel Celler Democratic New York March 4, 1923 – January 3, 19731888–1981
648 years, 257 days648 years, 257 days Sam Rayburn Democratic Texas March 4, 1913 – November 16, 19611882–1961
748 years, 0 daysN/A Sidney R. Yates (I)Democratic Illinois January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1963
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1999
1909–2000
847 years, 325 days747 years, 325 days Don Young Republican Alaska Since March 6, 19731933–
947 years, 3 days847 years, 3 days Wright Patman DemocraticTexasMarch 4, 1929 – March 7, 19761893–1976
1046 years, 0 days946 years, 0 days Charles Rangel DemocraticNew YorkJanuary 3, 1971 – January 3, 20171930–
1146 years, 0 daysN/A Joseph Gurney Cannon (I)RepublicanIllinoisMarch 4, 1873 – March 3, 1891
March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1913
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923
1836–1926
1245 years, 247 days1045 years, 247 days Adolph J. Sabath DemocraticIllinoisMarch 4, 1907 – November 6, 19521866–1952
1344 years, 0 days1144 years, 0 days George H. Mahon DemocraticTexasJanuary 3, 1935 – January 3, 19791900–1985
1444 years, 0 days1244 years, 0 days Charles Edward Bennett Democratic Florida January 3, 1949 – January 3, 19931910–2003
1543 years, 110 days1343 years, 110 days Charles Melvin Price DemocraticIllinoisJanuary 3, 1945 – April 22, 19881905–1988
1642 years, 288 days1442 years, 288 days Bill Young RepublicanFloridaJanuary 3, 1971 – October 18, 20131930–2013
1742 years, 58 days1542 years, 58 days John W. McCormack Democratic Massachusetts November 6, 1928 – January 3, 19711891–1980
1842 years, 0 days1642 years, 0 days Jack Brooks DemocraticTexasJanuary 3, 1953 – January 3, 19951922–2012
1942 years, 0 days1742 years, 0 days Jim Sensenbrenner Republican Wisconsin January 3, 1979 – January 3, 20211943–
2041 years, 362 days1841 years, 362 days William R. Poage DemocraticTexasJanuary 3, 1937 – December 31, 19781899–1987
2141 years, 305 days1941 years, 305 days Robert L. Doughton Democratic North Carolina March 4, 1911 – January 3, 19531863–1954
2241 years, 305 days2041 years, 305 days Joseph W. Martin Jr. RepublicanMassachusettsMarch 4, 1925 – January 3, 19671884–1968
2341 years, 276 days2141 years, 276 days Dave Obey DemocraticWisconsinApril 1, 1969 – January 3, 20111938–
2441 years, 69 days2241 years, 69 days Clarence Cannon Democratic Missouri March 4, 1923 – May 12, 19641879–1964
2540 years, 240 days2340 years, 240 days William Natcher Democratic Kentucky August 1, 1953 – March 29, 19941909–1994
2640 years, 22 days2440 years, 22 days Hal Rogers RepublicanKentuckySince January 3, 19811937–
2740 years, 22 days2540 years, 22 days Chris Smith Republican New Jersey Since January 3, 19811953–
2840 years, 0 days2640 years, 0 days Peter W. Rodino DemocraticNew JerseyJanuary 3, 1949 – January 3, 19891909–2005
2940 years, 0 days2740 years, 0 days Pete Stark Democratic California January 3, 1973 – January 3, 20131931–2020
3040 years, 0 days2840 years, 0 days George Miller DemocraticCaliforniaJanuary 3, 1975 – January 3, 20151945–
3140 years, 0 days2940 years, 0 days Henry Waxman DemocraticCaliforniaJanuary 3, 1975 – January 3, 20151939–
3239 years, 362 days3039 years, 362 days Leslie C. Arends RepublicanIllinoisJanuary 3, 1935 – December 31, 19741895–1985
3339 years, 352 days3239 years, 352 days Daniel A. Reed RepublicanNew YorkMarch 4, 1919 – February 19, 19591875–1959
3439 years, 305 days3239 years, 305 days John Taber RepublicanNew YorkMarch 4, 1923 – January 3, 19631880–1965
3539 years, 305 days3339 years, 305 days William M. Colmer DemocraticMississippiMarch 4, 1933 – January 3, 19731890–1980
3639 years, 251 days3439 years, 251 days Steny Hoyer Democratic Maryland Since May 19, 19811939–
3738 years, 22 days3538 years, 22 days Marcy Kaptur Democratic Ohio Since January 3, 19831946–
3838 years, 0 days3638 years, 0 days Wilbur Mills Democratic Arkansas January 3, 1939 – January 3, 19771909–1992
3938 years, 0 days3738 years, 0 days Dante Fascell DemocraticFloridaJanuary 3, 1955 – January 3, 19931917–1998
4038 years, 0 days3838 years, 0 days Robert H. Michel RepublicanIllinoisJanuary 3, 1957 – January 3, 19951923–2017
4138 years, 0 days3938 years, 0 days Nick Rahall Democratic West Virginia January 3, 1977 – January 3, 20151949–
4237 years, 305 daysN/A Robert Crosser (I)DemocraticOhioMarch 4, 1913 – March 3, 1919
March 4, 1923 – January 3, 1955
1874–1957
4337 years, 290 daysN/A Bob Sikes (I)DemocraticFloridaJanuary 3, 1941 – October 19, 1944
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1979
1906–1994
4437 years, 60 days4037 years, 60 days Henry B. González DemocraticTexasNovember 4, 1961 – January 3, 19991916–2000
4536 years, 256 days4136 years, 256 days Ed Markey DemocraticMassachusettsNovember 2, 1976 – July 3, 20131946–
4636 years, 3 days4236 years, 3 days John Murtha Democratic Pennsylvania February 5, 1974 – February 8, 20101932–2010
4736 years, 0 days4336 years, 0 days F. Edward Hébert Democratic Louisiana January 3, 1941 – January 3, 19771901–1979
4836 years, 0 days4436 years, 0 days Edward Boland DemocraticMassachusettsJanuary 3, 1953 – January 3, 19891911–2001
4936 years, 0 days4536 years, 0 days William Broomfield RepublicanMichiganJanuary 3, 1957 – January 3, 19931922–2019
5036 years, 0 days4636 years, 0 days Dan Rostenkowski DemocraticIllinoisJanuary 3, 1959 – January 3, 19951928–2010
5136 years, 0 days4736 years, 0 days Neal Edward Smith Democratic Iowa January 3, 1959 – January 3, 19951920–
5236 years, 0 days4836 years, 0 days Joseph M. McDade RepublicanPennsylvaniaJanuary 3, 1963 – January 3, 19991931–2017
5336 years, 0 days4936 years, 0 days Ralph Regula RepublicanOhioJanuary 3, 1973 – January 3, 20091924–2017
5436 years, 0 days5036 years, 0 days Jim Oberstar Democratic Minnesota January 3, 1975 – January 3, 20111934–2014
5536 years, 0 days5136 years, 0 days Norm Dicks Democratic Washington January 3, 1977 – January 3, 20131940–
5636 years, 0 days5236 years, 0 days Dale Kildee DemocraticMichiganJanuary 3, 1977 – January 3, 20131929–
5736 years, 0 days5336 years, 0 days Sander Levin DemocraticMichiganJanuary 3, 1983 – January 3, 20191931–
5836 years, 0 days5436 years, 0 days Pete Visclosky Democratic Indiana January 3, 1985 – January 3, 20211949–

See also

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This article covers the history of women in the U.S. Senate and various milestones achieved by female senators. It includes a list of all women who have served in the U.S. Senate, a list of current female senators, and a list of states represented by women in the U.S. Senate. The first female U.S. senator, Rebecca Latimer Felton, represented Georgia for a single day in 1922, and the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, Hattie Caraway, was elected from Arkansas in 1932. Fifty-eight women have served in the United States Senate since its establishment in 1789. As of January 20, 2021, there are 24 women serving in the United States Senate.

Henry L. Dawes

Henry Laurens Dawes was an attorney and politician, a Republican United States Senator and United States Representative from Massachusetts. He is notable for the Dawes Act (1887), which was intended to stimulate the assimilation of Native Americans by ending the tribal government and control of communal lands. Especially directed at the tribes in Indian Territory, it provided for the allotment of tribal lands to individual households of tribal members, and for their being granted United States citizenship. This also made them subject to state and federal taxes. In addition, extinguishing tribal land claims in this territory later enabled the admission of Oklahoma as a state in 1907.

89th United States Congress 1965–1967 U.S. Congress

The 89th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1965, to January 3, 1967, during the second and third years of Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighteenth Census of the United States in 1960. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority. It is regarded as "arguably the most productive in American history". Some of its landmark legislation includes Social Security Amendments of 1965, the Voting Rights Act, Higher Education Act, and Freedom of Information Act.

88th United States Congress 1963–1965 U.S. Congress

The 88th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1963, to January 3, 1965, during the last year of the administration of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and the first of the administration of his successor, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eighteenth Census of the United States in 1960, and the number of members was again 435. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

United States senators are conventionally ranked by the length of their tenure in the Senate. The senator in each U.S. state with the longer time in office is known as the senior senator; the other is the junior senator. This convention has no official standing, though seniority confers several benefits, including preference in the choice of committee assignments and physical offices. When senators have been in office for the same length of time, a number of tiebreakers, including previous offices held, are used to determine seniority.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—constitutes the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress

Hispanic and Latino Americans have served in the United States Congress since the early 19th century. The first group elected to serve in the Congress were incorporated as part of the United States territorial expansion into previous Spanish territories of the North American mainland as part of American campaigns of Manifest Destiny. The earliest Hispanic and Latino Representation in Congress came in the form of territorial delegates from newly acquired territories, such as Florida, New Mexico, and more, serving as representatives for territories that later on join the United States with full statehood. The history of Latino and Hispanic Americans in Congress is intertwined with the history of United States expansion on the North American mainland, with expansion into previous Spanish and Mexican lands leading to expansions in Hispanic and Latino influence in Congress.

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