List of Asian Americans and Pacific Islands Americans in the United States Congress

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Map of congressional districts represented by Asian Americans or Pacific Islands Americans in the 117th Congress. Asian Americans in US House.svg
Map of congressional districts represented by Asian Americans or Pacific Islands Americans in the 117th Congress.
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State currently has an Asian Senator
State has in the past had an Asian Senator Asian Americans in the United States Senate.svg
  State currently has an Asian Senator
  State has in the past had an Asian Senator

This is a list of Asian Americans and Pacific Islands Americans in the U.S. Congress.

Contents

Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent. The term refers to a panethnic group that includes diverse populations, which have ancestral origins in East Asia, South Asia, or Southeast Asia, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. [1]

Pacific Islands Americans, also known as Oceanian Americans, Pacific Islander Americans or Native Hawaiian and/or other Pacific Islander Americans, are Americans who have ethnic ancestry among the indigenous peoples of Oceania (viz. Polynesians, Melanesians and Micronesians). For its purposes, the U.S. Census also counts Indigenous Australians as part of this group. [2] [3]

As of 2021, there are 15 representatives and 3 senators of Asian-American descent who are currently serving in Congress. In addition, there are one representative and three non-voting delegates of Pacific Islander descent who currently are also serving. Since 1900, 20 Pacific Islanders have been elected to the House of Representatives (17 of them as non-voting Resident Commissioners, Delegates or Resident Representatives) and one has been elected to the U.S. Senate. Hawaii was the first territory to send a Pacific Islander to the House of Representatives (in 1900) and was also the first state to send a Pacific Islander to the U.S. Senate (in 1990). Since 1957, 38 Asian Americans have been elected to the House of Representatives and 9 to the U.S. Senate. Hawaii was the first of four states to send an Asian American to the Senate (1959) and Illinois is the most recent state to elect a senator of similar descent for the first time (2016). With respect to the House of Representatives, California was the first of 13 states to elect an Asian American to the House (1956), and New Jersey is the most recent to do so for the first time (2018). Three Asian-American women have been elected to the Senate (all three of whom currently are incumbents and represent California, Hawaii and Illinois, respectively), and 13 have been elected to the House (eight of whom currently are incumbents) from six separate states.

Senate

(Note: Senators are organized first in chronological order according to their first term in office, then second in alphabetical order according to their surname.)

Senator Asian and/or
Pacific Islander ethnicity
PartyStateTenureNotes
Term startTerm endLength of service
Hiram Fong.jpg Hiram Fong
(1906–2004)
[4]
Chinese Republican Hawaii August 21, 1959January 3, 197717 years, 135 daysRetired
Daniel Inouye, official Senate photo portrait, 2008.jpg Daniel Inouye
(1924–2012)
[5]
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1963December 17, 201249 years, 349 daysDied in office
SIHayakawa.jpg S. I. Hayakawa
(1906–1992)
Japanese Republican California January 2, 1977January 3, 19836 years, 1 dayRetired
Spark Matsunaga.jpg Spark Matsunaga
(1916–1990)
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1977April 15, 199013 years, 102 daysDied in office
Daniel Akaka official photo.jpg Daniel Akaka
(1924–2018)
[6]
Hawaiian,
Chinese
Democratic Hawaii May 16, 1990January 3, 201322 years, 232 daysRetired
Sen John Ensign official(2).jpg John Ensign
(born 1958)
Filipino Republican Nevada January 3, 2001May 3, 201110 years, 120 daysResigned
Mazie Hirono, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Mazie Hirono
(born 1947)
[7]
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 2013Incumbent8 years, 6 days
Tammy Duckworth 115th official portrait (cropped).jpg Tammy Duckworth
(born 1968)
[8]
Thai,
Chinese
Democratic Illinois January 3, 2017Incumbent4 years, 6 days
Kamala Harris official photo (cropped).jpg Kamala Harris
(born 1964)
[9]
Indian Democratic California January 3, 2017Incumbent4 years, 6 days

House of Representatives

(Note: Representatives are organized first in chronological order according to their first term in office, then second in alphabetical order according to their surname.)

Representative Asian and/or
Pacific Islander ethnicity
PartyStateTenureNotes
Term startTerm endLength of service
DS Saund.jpg Dalip Singh Saund
(1899–1973)
[10]
Indian Democratic California January 3, 1957January 3, 19636 years, 0 daysLost reelection
Daniel Inouye - 1963.jpg Daniel Inouye
(1924–2012)
[5]
Japanese Democratic Hawaii August 21, 1959January 3, 19633 years, 135 daysRetired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Hawaii
Rep Spark Matsunaga.jpg Spark Matsunaga
(1916–1990)
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1963January 3, 197714 years, 0 daysRetired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Hawaii
Patsy Mink 1970s.jpg Patsy Mink
(1927–2002)
[11]
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1965January 3, 197112 years, 0 daysRetired to run unsuccessfully in the Democratic Party primary for U.S. Senator from Hawaii
September 22, 1990September 28, 200212 years, 6 days Died in office
Norman Mineta, official portrait, DOT.jpg Norman Mineta
(born 1931) [12]
Japanese Democratic California January 3, 1975October 10, 199520 years, 280 daysResigned
Daniel Akaka as Representative.jpg Daniel Akaka
(1924–2018)
[6]
Hawaiian,
Chinese
Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1977May 16, 199013 years, 133 daysResigned to accept appointment to the U.S. Senate.
Robert matsui.jpg Bob Matsui
(1941–2005)
Japanese Democratic California January 3, 1979January 3, 200526 years, 0 days Died in office
Mervyn M. Dymally Assembly.jpg Mervyn Dymally
(1926–2012)
[13]
Indian Democratic California January 3, 1981January 3, 199312 years, 0 daysRetired
Pat Saiki.jpg Pat Saiki
(born 1930) [14]
Japanese Republican Hawaii January 3, 1987January 3, 19914 years, 0 daysRetired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate.
Jay Kim.jpg Jay Kim
(born 1939)
[15]
Korean Republican California January 3, 1993January 3, 19996 years, 0 days Lost renomination
BobbyScott.jpg Bobby Scott
(born 1947)
[16]
Filipino Democratic Virginia January 3, 1993Incumbent28 years, 6 days
John Ensign official portrait.jpg John Ensign
(born 1958) [17]
Filipino Republican Nevada January 3, 1995January 3, 19994 years, 0 daysRetired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate.
David Wu, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg David Wu
(born 1955)
[18]
Taiwanese Democratic Oregon January 3, 1999August 3, 201112 years, 212 daysResigned
Mike honda.jpg Mike Honda
(born 1941)
Japanese Democratic California January 3, 2001January 3, 201716 years, 0 days Lost reeelction
Bobby Jindal, official 109th Congressional photo.jpg Bobby Jindal
(born 1971)
Indian Republican Louisiana January 3, 2005January 14, 20083 years, 11 daysResigned to run successfully for Governor of Louisiana.
Doris Matsui Official Photo.JPG Doris Matsui
(born 1944)
Japanese Democratic California March 8, 2005Incumbent15 years, 307 days
Mazie Hirono, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Mazie Hirono
(born 1947)
[19]
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 2007January 3, 20136 years, 0 daysRetired to run successfully for U.S. Senate.
Rep. Steve Austria.jpg Steve Austria
(born 1958)
Filipino Republican Ohio January 3, 2009January 3, 20134 years, 0 daysRetired
JosephCaoOfficialPhoto2009.jpg Joseph Cao
(born 1967)
[20]
Vietnamese Republican Louisiana January 3, 2009January 3, 20112 years, 0 days Lost reelection
Judy Chu, official photo.jpg Judy Chu
(born 1953)
[21]
Chinese Democratic California July 14, 2009Incumbent11 years, 179 days
Charles Djou.jpg Charles Djou
(born 1970)
[22]
Thai,
Chinese
Republican Hawaii May 22, 2010January 3, 2011226 days Lost reelection
Hansen Clarke, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Hansen Clarke
(born 1957)
[23]
Bangladeshi Democratic Michigan January 3, 2011January 3, 20132 years, 0 days Lost renomination
Colleen Hanabusa official photo.jpg Colleen Hanabusa
(born 1951)
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 2011January 3, 20154 years, 0 daysRetired to run successfully for U.S. Senate.
November 14, 2016January 3, 20192 years, 50 daysRetired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of Hawaii.
Ami Bera official portrait (cropped).jpg Ami Bera
(born 1965)
Indian Democratic California January 3, 2013Incumbent8 years, 6 days
Tammy Duckworth, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tammy Duckworth
(born 1968)
[8]
Thai,
Chinese
Democratic Illinois January 3, 2013January 3, 20174 years, 0 daysRetired to run successfully for U.S. Senate.
Tulsi Gabbard, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tulsi Gabbard
(born 1981)
[24]
Samoan Democratic Hawaii January 3, 2013January 3, 20218 years, 0 daysRetired after having run unsuccessfully for President
Grace Meng Official Congressional Photo.jpg Grace Meng
(born 1975)
[25]
Taiwanese Democratic New York January 3, 2013Incumbent8 years, 6 days
Mark Takano 113th Congress - full.jpg Mark Takano
(born 1960)
[26]
Japanese Democratic California January 3, 2013Incumbent8 years, 6 days
Congressman Ted W. Lieu Official Photo.jpg Ted Lieu
(born 1969)
Taiwanese Democratic California January 3, 2015Incumbent6 years, 6 days
Mark Takai, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg Mark Takai
(1967–2016)
Japanese Democratic Hawaii January 3, 2015July 20, 20161 year, 199 days Died in office
Pramila Jayapal 115th Congress photo.jpg Pramila Jayapal
(born 1965)
[27]
Indian Democratic Washington January 3, 2017Incumbent4 years, 6 days
Ro Khanna, official portrait, 115th Congress.jpg Ro Khanna
(born 1976)
Indian Democratic California January 3, 2017Incumbent4 years, 6 days
Raja Krishnamoorthi official photo.jpg Raja Krishnamoorthi
(born 1973)
Indian Democratic Illinois January 3, 2017Incumbent4 years, 6 days
Stephanie Murphy official photo.jpg Stephanie Murphy
(born 1978)
[28]
Vietnamese Democratic Florida January 3, 2017Incumbent4 years, 6 days
TJ Cox, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg TJ Cox
(born 1963)
Filipino,
Chinese
Democratic California January 3, 2019January 3, 20212 years, 0 days Lost reelection
Andy Kim, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Andy Kim
(born 1982)
Korean Democratic New Jersey January 3, 2019Incumbent2 years, 6 days
Kai Kahele 117th U.S Congress.jpg Kai Kahele
(born 1974)
Hawaiian Democratic Hawaii January 3, 2021Incumbent6 days
Young Kim 117th U.S Congress.jpg Young Kim
(born 1962) [29]
Korean Republican California January 3, 2021Incumbent6 days
MichelleSteel.jpg Michelle Steel
(born 1955) [29]
Korean Republican California January 3, 2021Incumbent6 days
Marilyn Strickland 117th U.S Congress.jpg Marilyn Strickland
(born 1962) [30]
Korean Democratic Washington January 3, 2021Incumbent6 days

House delegates (non-voting members)

Resident Commissioners were representatives from the Philippines, then an American territory. [31] [32] [33] Two were elected at-large from 1907 to 1937, and a single Resident Commissioner from 1937 to 1946.

From 1978 to 2009, the Northern Mariana Islands elected a Resident Representative who had no actual privileges in the House.

(Note: Delegates are organized first in chronological order according to their first term in office, then second in alphabetical order according to their surname.)

Delegate Asian and/or
Pacific Islander ethnicity
PartyTerritoryTenureNotes
Term startTerm endLength of service
Robert William Wilcox 1900.jpg Robert Wilcox
(1855–1903)
Hawaiian Home Rule Hawaii November 6, 1900March 4, 19032 years, 118 days Lost reelection
Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole, LC-DIG-npcc-20812 (small crop).jpg Jonah Kalanianaʻole
(1871–1922)
Hawaiian Republican Hawaii March 4, 1903January 7, 192218 years, 309 days Died in office.
Benito Legarda cph.3b13853.jpg Benito Legarda
(1853–1915)
Filipino Federalist Philippine Islands November 22, 1907March 4, 19124 years, 103 daysRetired
Pablo Ocampo.jpg Pablo Ocampo
(1853–1925)
Filipino Democrat Philippine Islands November 22, 1907November 22, 19092 years, 0 daysRetired
Manuel L. Quezon (November 1942).jpg Manuel L. Quezón
(1878–1944)
Filipino Nacionalista Philippine Islands November 23, 1909October 15, 19166 years, 327 daysRetired
ManuelEarnshaw.jpg Manuel Earnshaw
(1862–1936)
Filipino Independent Philippine Islands March 4, 1913March 4, 19174 years, 0 daysRetired
DeVEYRA, JAIME HONORABLE LCCN2016859760.jpg Jaime C. de Veyra
(1873–1963)
Filipino Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1917March 4, 19236 years, 0 daysRetired
TeodoroRYangco.jpg Teodoro R. Yangco
(1861–1939)
Filipino,
Chinese
Independent Philippine Islands March 4, 1917March 4, 19203 years, 0 daysRetired
IsauroGabaldon.jpg Isauro Gabaldon
(1875–1942)
Filipino Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1920July 16, 19288 years, 124 daysResigned
Pedro Guevara 1923.jpg Pedro Guevara
(1879–1938)
Filipino Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1923February 14, 193612 years, 347 daysRetired
William Paul Jarrett.jpg William Jarrett
(1877–1929)
Hawaiian Democrat Hawaii March 4, 1923March 4, 19274 years, 0 days Lost reelection.
Victor Houston.jpg Victor Houston
(1876–1959)
Hawaiian Republican Hawaii March 4, 1927March 4, 19336 years, 0 days Lost reelection.
Camilo Osias studio photo.jpg Camilo Osías
(1889–1976)
Filipino Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1929January 3, 19355 years, 305 daysRetired
Francisco Afan Delgado.jpg Francisco Afan Delgado
(1886–1964)
Filipino Nacionalista Philippine Islands January 3, 1935February 14, 19361 year, 42 daysRetired
Samuel Wilder King (PP-74-9-002).jpg Samuel King
(1886–1959)
Hawaiian Republican Hawaii January 3, 1935January 3, 19438 years, 0 daysResigned
Quintin Paredes photo.jpg Quintín Paredes
(1884–1973)
Filipino Nacionalista Philippines February 14, 1936September 29, 19382 years, 228 daysResigned
Joaquin Miguel Elizalde.png Joaquín Miguel Elizalde
(1896-1965)
Filipino Independent Philippines September 29, 1938August 9, 19445 years, 315 daysResigned.
Carlos Romulo.jpg Carlos P. Romulo
(1899–1985) [34]
Filipino Liberal Philippines August 10, 1944July 4, 19461 year, 328 daysResigned
Antonio Won Pat.png Antonio Won Pat
(1908–1987) [35]
Chamorro,
Chinese
Democratic Guam January 3, 1973January 3, 198512 years, 0 days Lost reelection.
No image.svg Eddie Pangelinan
(born 1945)
Chamorro Democratic (1978–1983) Northern Mariana Islands January 9, 1978January 9, 19845 years, 130 days Lost reelection.
Republican (1983–1984)
Fofo Iosefa Fiti Sunia 99th Congress 1985.jpg Fofó Sunia
(born 1937) [36]
Samoan Democratic American Samoa January 3, 1981September 6, 19887 years, 247 daysResigned
No image.svg Froilan Tenorio
(1939–2020) [37]
Chamorro Democratic Northern Mariana Islands January 9, 1984January 8, 19905 years, 364 daysRetired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
Ben Blaz.jpg Ben Blaz
(1928–2014)
Chamorro Republican Guam January 3, 1985January 3, 19938 years, 0 days Lost reelection.
Faleomavaega Portrait.jpg Eni Faleomavaega
(1943–2017)
Samoan Democratic American Samoa January 3, 1989January 3, 201526 years, 0 days Lost reelection
FEMA - 7324 - Photograph by Andrea Booher taken on 12-20-2002 in Northern Mariana Islands (cropped).jpg Juan Babauta
(born 1953) [38]
Chamorro,
Carolinian
Republican Northern Mariana Islands January 8, 1990January 14, 200212 years, 6 daysRetired to run successfully for Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
Underwood-GUal.jpg Robert Underwood
(born 1948)
Chamorro Democratic Guam January 3, 1993January 3, 200310 years, 0 daysRetired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of Guam
Pedro Tenorio.jpg Pete Tenorio
(born 1941)
Chamorro Republican Northern Mariana Islands January 14, 2002January 3, 20096 years, 355 daysOffice replaced by Delegate.
Lost election to new office.
Gregorio Kilili Camacho Sablan.jpg Gregorio Sablan
(born 1955)
Chamorro Independent
(2009)
Northern Mariana Islands January 3, 2009Incumbent12 years, 6 days
Democratic
(2009–2014)
Independent
(2014–present)
Aumua Amata Radewagen congressional photo.jpg Amata Radewagen
(born 1947)
Samoan Republican American Samoa January 3, 2015Incumbent6 years, 6 days
Michael San Nicolas official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Mike San Nicolas
(born 1981)
Chamorro Democratic Guam January 3, 2019Incumbent2 years, 6 days

See also

Notes and references

  1. Karen R. Humes; Nicholas A. Jones; Roberto R. Ramirez (March 2011). "Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  2. University of Virginia. Geospatial and Statistical Data Center. "1990 PUMS Ancestry Codes." 2003. August 30, 2007. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. University of Michigan. Census 1990: Ancestry Codes. August 27, 2007
  4. First Asian Pacific American elected to the Senate and first American of Chinese ancestry elected to Congress
  5. 1 2 First Japanese American elected to Congress.
  6. 1 2 First Native Hawaiian to serve as a voting member of Congress.
  7. First Asian-American woman and first Buddhist elected to the Senate.
  8. 1 2 First disabled woman and first Thai-American woman elected to Congress.
  9. Together with Pramila Jayapal, first Indian American woman elected to Congress. Also is a member of the Congressional Black Caucus.
  10. First person of Indian ancestry elected to Congress.
  11. First Asian-American woman elected to Congress. Later served as Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
  12. Later served as United States Secretary of Transportation
  13. First Dougla elected to Congress. Also was a member of the Congressional Black Caucus.
  14. Later served as Administrator of the Small Business Administration
  15. First person of Korean ancestry elected to Congress.
  16. First American-born Filipino elected to Congress. Also is a member of the Congressional Black Caucus.
  17. Later elected as a U.S. Senator from Nevada
  18. First Taiwanese American elected to Congress.
  19. One of the first two Buddhists elected to Congress. Previosuly served as Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii.
  20. First person of Vietnamese ancestry elected to Congress.
  21. First Chinese American woman elected to Congress.
  22. First Thai American elected to Congress.
  23. First person of Bangladeshi ancestry elected to Congress. Also was a member of the Congressional Black Caucus.
  24. First Hindu and first woman of Pacific Islander ancestry elected to Congress.
  25. First Taiwanese American woman elected to Congress.
  26. First openly gay person of color elected to Congress.
  27. Together with Kamala Harris, first Indian American woman elected to Congress.
  28. First Vietnamese American woman elected to Congress.
  29. 1 2 One of first Korean-American women elected to Congress.
  30. One of first Korean-American women elected to Congress. Also is a member of Congressional Black Caucus.
  31. "Map Layer Info". National Atlas of the United States. United States Department of the Interior. July 23, 2012. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2012. The Philippines became a territory of the United States after the Spanish–American War.
  32. Berhow, Mark (2012). American Defenses of Corregidor and Manila Bay 1898-1945. Osprey Publishing. p. 6. ISBN   9781782004356 . Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  33. Pyong Gap, Min, ed. (2005). Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues. Pine Forge Press. p. 183. ISBN   9781412905565 . Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  34. Final Philippine representative
  35. First Chamorro delegate elected to U.S. Congress
  36. First Samoan delegate elected to U.S. Congress.
  37. Later served as Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
  38. First Carolinian delegate elected to U.S. Congress

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