Mayor of Los Angeles

Last updated
Mayor of The City of Los Angeles
Seal of Los Angeles.svg
Flag of Los Angeles, California.svg
Eric Garcetti in Suit and Tie.jpg
Incumbent
Eric Garcetti

since July 1, 2013
Residence Getty House
Term length Four years (renewable once)
Inaugural holder Alpheus P. Hodges
Formation1850
Salary$269,365
Website www.lamayor.org

The mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of Los Angeles. The officeholder is elected for a four-year term and is limited to serving no more than two terms. (Under the Constitution of California, all judicial, school, county and city offices are nonpartisan.)

Contents

Forty-two men have been mayor since 1850, when California became a state following the American Conquest of California. Between 1781 and the conquest, Californios, or native-born residents of the Mexican territory, served as alcalde, equivalent to mayor. Eric Garcetti has been in the office since 2013. [1] Karen Bass is the Mayor-Elect and will succeed Garcetti as mayor on December 12, 2022.

Duties and powers

Los Angeles has a council form of government, giving the mayor the position of chief executive of the city. The mayor appoints general managers and commissioners, removes officials from city posts, and proposes a yearly budget. Most of the mayor's appointments and proposals are subject to approval by the City Council. The mayor has the power to veto or to approve certain City Council actions. [2]

The organization of the mayor's office changes with administration, but is almost always governed by a chief of staff, deputy chief of staff, director of communications, and several deputy mayors. Each mayor organizes their office into different offices, usually containing the Los Angeles Housing Team, Los Angeles Business Team, International Trade Office, Mayor's Volunteer Corps, and Office of Immigrant Affairs, among other divisions. [3]

The mayor has an office in the Los Angeles City Hall [4] and resides at the mayor's mansion, Getty House, located in Windsor Square. [5] As of 2017, the mayor received a salary of $248,141. [6]

Election

The mayor is elected in citywide election. Elections follow a two-round system. The first round of the election is called the primary election. The candidate receiving a majority of the vote in the primary is elected outright. If no candidate receives a majority, the top two candidates advance to a runoff election, called the general election. The city charter allows for write-in candidates for the primary election, but not for the runoff in the general election. The mayor is elected to a four-year term, with a limit of two consecutive terms. [7] The office of mayor is officially nonpartisan by state law, although most mayoral candidates identify a party preference. [8]

Elections for mayor were held in odd-numbered years from 1909 until 2013. In October 2014, the Los Angeles City Council recommended consolidating city elections with gubernatorial and presidential elections in even-numbered years in an effort to increase turnout. [9] [10] On March 3, 2015, voters passed a charter amendment to extend the term of the mayor elected in 2017 to five and a half years. From 2022 and onward, mayoral elections will be consolidated with the statewide gubernatorial elections held every four years. [11]

The most recent election was held in November 2022. Politician Karen Bass defeated businessman Rick Caruso.

Succession

In the case of an office vacancy, the city council has a choice to appoint a new mayor or to hold a special election. The replacement, if appointed, will serve until the next regularly scheduled primary for a city general election. If any portion remains on the term, a special election will be held to elect a candidate to serve the remainder of the term. [7]

The mayor is subject to recall by registered voters if at least 15 percent of eligible voters sign a recall petition within 120 days of the first day of circulation. If the petition is successful, a special election is held asking whether the incumbent should be removed and who among a list of candidates should replace the incumbent. If the recall is successful, the replacement candidate with the majority of votes succeeds the ousted incumbent. If no replacement candidate receives a majority of the votes, a special runoff election is held between the top two candidates. [7]

List of mayors of Los Angeles

As of December 2022, 42 men have been mayor or alcalde since the Spanish days. Six served non-consecutive terms, the first of which began in 1854 and the last of which ended in 1921. Those who served non-consecutive terms are counted just once. Stephen Clark Foster was appointed mayor in 1848 before California statehood and the city's incorporation.[ citation needed ]

The longest length of service was that of Tom Bradley (twenty years). Not counting city council presidents who served briefly as acting mayors, the shortest term was that of William Stephens, for less than two weeks after Arthur Cyprian Harper resigned. Two mayors died in office: Henry Mellus and Frederick A. MacDougall.

As for ethnic or national background, four Latinos have been mayor since incorporation: Antonio F. Coronel, Cristóbal Aguilar, Antonio Villaraigosa, and Eric Garcetti. Manuel Requena was acting mayor post-statehood in his role as city council president. Tom Bradley, the city's longest-serving mayor, was the only African American. Two French Canadians were in the office — Damien Marchesseault and Prudent Beaudry.

This list includes three presidents of the City Council who served as acting mayor because of a vacancy in the office but who were not officially appointed as mayor. Council presidents are not included in the count of mayors.

Stephen Clark Foster, fifth officeholder, was appointed mayor in 1848 before the city's incorporation. Stephen Clark Foster.jpg
Stephen Clark Foster, fifth officeholder, was appointed mayor in 1848 before the city's incorporation.
Prudent Beaudry, 13th officeholder, was the second French-Canadian in the office, the first being Damien Marchesseault. Portret Prudenta Beaudry'ego.jpg
Prudent Beaudry, 13th officeholder, was the second French-Canadian in the office, the first being Damien Marchesseault.
Meredith Snyder, 23rd officeholder, served three separate terms. Portret Mereditha P. Snydera.jpg
Meredith Snyder, 23rd officeholder, served three separate terms.
Fred Eaton, 24th officeholder, was instrumental in developing the Los Angeles Aqueduct. Fred-Eaton-inoffice.jpg
Fred Eaton, 24th officeholder, was instrumental in developing the Los Angeles Aqueduct.
Thomas Bradley, 38th officeholder, was the city's longest-serving mayor and Los Angeles' only African American mayor to date. Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley meets with Rodolfo Escalera (Crop).jpg
Thomas Bradley, 38th officeholder, was the city's longest-serving mayor and Los Angeles' only African American mayor to date.
#PortraitMayorTerm startTerm endTerms Party
1 Alpheus P. Hodges July 1, 1850May 7, 18511
2 Benjamin Davis Wilson.jpg Benjamin Davis Wilson May 7, 1851May 4, 18521
3 Portret Johna G. Nicholsa.jpg John G. Nichols May 4, 1852May 3, 18531 Democratic
4 Portret Antonio Coronela.jpg Antonio F. Coronel May 3, 1853May 4, 18541 Democratic
5 Stephen Clark Foster.jpg Stephen C. Foster (2nd) [a] May 4, 1854January 13, 185512 [b] Democratic
Vacant (January 13, 1855–January 25, 1855)
(5) Stephen Clark Foster.jpg Stephen C. Foster (3rd) [c] January 25, 1855May 9, 185512 [b] Democratic
6 Dr. Thomas Foster May 9, 1855May 7, 18561 Democratic
(5) Stephen Clark Foster.jpg Stephen C. Foster (4th) [c] May 7, 1856September 22, 185612 [d] Democratic
Portrait of Judge Manuel Requena, ca.1830-1880 (CHS-870).jpg Manuel Requena† (3rd) [e] September 22, 1856October 4, 1856Partial [d] Republican
(3) Portret Johna G. Nicholsa.jpg John G. Nichols (2nd) [c] October 4, 1856May 9, 18592+12 Democratic
7 Damien Marchesseault.jpg Damien Marchesseault May 9, 1859May 9, 18601 Democratic
8 Major Henry Mellus, 1860.jpg Henry Mellus May 9, 1860December 26, 186012 [f] Democratic
Wallace Woodworth, 1860.jpg Wallace WoodworthDecember 26, 1860January 7, 1861Partial [f] Democratic
(7) Damien Marchesseault.jpg Damien Marchesseault (2nd) [c] January 7, 1861May 6, 18654+12 Democratic
9 Jose Mascarel, circa 1920.jpg Jose Mascarel May 5, 1865May 10, 18661 Republican
10 Jose Cristobal Aguilar (cropped).jpg Cristóbal Aguilar May 10, 1866May 8, 18671 Democratic
(7) Damien Marchesseault.jpg Damien Marchesseault (3rd) [c] May 8, 1867August 8, 1867Partial [g] Democratic
(10) Jose Cristobal Aguilar (cropped).jpg Cristóbal Aguilar (2nd) [c] August 8, 1867December 7, 18681 [g] Democratic
11 Joel Turner December 9, 1868December 9, 18702 Democratic
(10) Jose Cristobal Aguilar (cropped).jpg Cristóbal Aguilar (3rd) [c] December 9, 1870December 5, 18722 Democratic
12 Portret James R. Tobermana.jpg James R. Toberman December 5, 1872December 18, 18742 Democratic
13 Portret Prudenta Beaudry'ego.jpg Prudent Beaudry December 18, 1874December 8, 18762
14 Frederick Alexander MacDougall, 1863.jpg Frederick A. MacDougall December 8, 1876November 16, 18782 [h] Democratic
Vacant (November 16, 1878–November 21, 1878)
15 Bernard Cohn November 21, 1878December 5, 1878Partial [h] Democratic
(12) Portret James R. Tobermana.jpg James R. Toberman (2nd) [c] December 5, 1878December 9, 18824 Democratic
16 Portret Camerona Erskina Thoma.jpg Cameron E. Thom December 9, 1882December 9, 18842 Democratic
17 Portet Edwarda Spence'a.jpg Edward F. Spence December 9, 1884December 14, 18862 Republican
18 William-Henry-Workman.jpg William H. Workman December 14, 1886December 10, 18882 Democratic
19 Portret Johna Brysona.jpg John Bryson December 10, 1888February 25, 18891 [i] Democratic
20 Portret Henry'ego Hazarda.jpg Henry T. Hazard February 25, 1889December 5, 18922 Republican
William Hartshorn Bonsall, 1905.jpg William H. BonsallDecember 5, 1892December 12, 1892Partial [j] Republican
21 Thomas E. Rowan (00034071).jpg Thomas E. Rowan December 12, 1892December 12, 18941 Democratic
22 Portret Franka Radera.jpg Frank Rader December 12, 1894December 16, 18961 Republican
23 Portret Mereditha P. Snydera.jpg Meredith P. Snyder December 16, 1896December 15, 18981 Democratic
24 Fred-Eaton-inoffice.jpg Fred Eaton December 15, 1898December 12, 19001 Republican
(23) Portret Mereditha P. Snydera.jpg Meredith P. Snyder (2nd) [c] December 12, 1900December 8, 19042 Democratic
25 Owen McAleer.jpg Owen McAleer December 8, 1904December 13, 19061 Republican
26 ArthurCyprianHarper.jpg Arthur C. Harper December 13, 1906March 11, 190912 [k] Democratic
27 William D. Stephens LCCN2014715011 (cropped).jpg William D. Stephens March 15, 1909March 26, 1909Partial [k] Republican
28 LAmayor-GeorgeAlexander.jpg George Alexander March 26, 1909July 1, 19132+12 Democratic
29 Portret Henry'ego H. Rose'a.jpg Henry R. Rose July 1, 1913July 1, 19151 Republican
30 Portet Charlesa Sebastiana.jpg Charles E. Sebastian July 1, 1915September 2, 191612 [l] Democratic
31 Portret Fredericka Woodmana.jpg Frederick T. Woodman September 5, 1916July 1, 19191+12 [l] Republican
(23) Portret Mereditha P. Snydera.jpg Meredith P. Snyder (3rd) [c] July 1, 1919July 1, 19211 Democratic
32 George Cryer (1).jpg George E. Cryer July 1, 1921July 1, 19293 Republican
33 John Clinton Porter (1).png John C. Porter July 1, 1929July 1, 19331 Democratic
34 Frank L. Shaw, 1935.jpg Frank L. Shaw July 1, 1933September 26, 19381+12 [m] Republican [12]
35 FletcherBowron (1).jpg Fletcher Bowron September 26, 1938July 1, 19533+12 [m] Republican
36 Norris Poulson.jpg C. Norris Poulson July 1, 1953July 1, 19612 Republican
37 Sam Yorty, 1968.jpg Samuel W. Yorty July 1, 1961July 1, 19733 Democratic
38 Tom Bradley (1).jpg Thomas Bradley July 1, 1973July 1, 19935 Democratic
39 Richard Riordan (cropped).jpg Richard J. Riordan July 1, 1993July 1, 20012 Republican
40 James Hahn at the Long Beach Port (1).jpg James K. Hahn July 1, 2001July 1, 20051 Democratic
41 AntonioVillaraigosaHWOFMay2013.jpg Antonio Villaraigosa July 1, 2005July 1, 20132 Democratic
42 Eric Garcetti in Suit and Tie (1).jpg Eric Garcetti July 1, 2013December 12, 20222 Democratic
43 Karen Bass for Mayor (cropped).jpg Karen Bass December 12, 2022

(expected)

(elect) Democratic

† Council presidents who temporarily served as acting mayor in case of a vacancy but were not officially appointed to the position are not included in the count of mayors.

Living former mayors

As of December 2022, three former mayors of Los Angeles were alive, the oldest being Richard J. Riordan (1993–2001, born 1930). The most recent to die was Thomas Bradley (1973–1993), on September 29, 1998.

NameMayoral termDate of birth
Richard J. Riordan 1993–2001May 1, 1930 (age 92)
James K. Hahn 2001–2005July 3, 1950 (age 72)
Antonio Villaraigosa 2005–2013January 23, 1953 (age 69)

See also

Notes

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References

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  3. "Mayor - Directory" (PDF). CityFone Department Information. City of Los Angeles. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  4. "Contact Us". Mayor of Los Angeles. City of Los Angeles. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  5. "Getty House". Getty House. Getty House Foundation. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  6. "GCC : Positions - Mayors (2017)". publicpay.ca.gov. California State Controller. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  7. 1 2 3 "Los Angeles City Charter, Vol I, Article IV". Americal Legal Publishing Corporation. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  8. California Constitution, Article II, Section 6 Archived 2010-10-08 at the Wayback Machine
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  11. "Hoping to Boost Dismal Turnouts, L.A. Votes to Change Election Dates". KCET. City News Service. March 4, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
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