Assistant Secretary of State
for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Reports to||Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment|
|Nominator||President of the United States|
|Inaugural holder||Dixy Lee Ray|
The Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs is the head of the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs in the United States Department of State. The Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs reports to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment.
The Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES) is a bureau within the United States Department of State. It coordinates a portfolio of issues related to the world's oceans, environment, science and technology, and health.
The United States Department of State (DOS), commonly referred to as the State Department, is the federal executive department that advises the President and conducts international relations. Equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries, it was established in 1789 as the nation's first executive department.
The Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment is an undersecretary position within the United States Department of State. The Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment serves as senior economic advisor at the State Department and advises the Secretary of State on international economic policy. The Under Secretary also leads the work of the Department on trade, agriculture, aviation, and bilateral trade relations with America's economic partners.
|Name||Assumed Office||Left Office||President appointed by|
|Dixy Lee Ray||January 19, 1975||June 20, 1975||Gerald Ford|
|Frederick Irving||April 28, 1976||March 26, 1977||Gerald Ford|
|Patsy T. Mink||March 28, 1977||May 1, 1978||Jimmy Carter|
|Thomas R. Pickering||October 10, 1978||February 24, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|James L. Malone||June 1, 1981||July 22, 1985||Ronald Reagan|
|John Negroponte||July 19, 1985||November 23, 1987||Ronald Reagan|
|Frederick M. Bernthal||May 24, 1988||March 16, 1990||Ronald Reagan|
|E. U. Curtis Bohlen||June 27, 1990||October 31, 1992||George H. W. Bush|
|Elinor G. Constable||June 2, 1993||September 15, 1995||Bill Clinton|
|Eileen B. Claussen||January 19, 1996||July 18, 1997||Bill Clinton|
|David B. Sandalow||October 28, 1999||January 19, 2001||Bill Clinton|
|John F. Turner||November 13, 2001||July 11, 2005||George W. Bush|
|Claudia A. McMurray||February 21, 2006||January 20, 2009||George W. Bush|
|Kerri-Ann Jones||August 20, 2009||April 25, 2014||Barack Obama|
The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is the United States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible for the management and conservation of most federal lands and natural resources, and the administration of programs relating to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas of the United States. About 75% of federal public land is managed by the department, with most of the remainder managed by the United States Department of Agriculture's United States Forest Service.
Assistant Secretary of State (A/S) is a title used for many executive positions in the United States Department of State, ranking below the Under Secretaries. A set of six Assistant Secretaries reporting to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs manage diplomatic missions within their designated geographic regions, plus one Assistant Secretary dealing with international organizations. Assistant Secretaries usually manage individual bureaus of the Department of State. When the manager of a bureau or another agency holds a title other than Assistant Secretary, such as "Director," it can be said to be of "Assistant Secretary equivalent rank." Assistant Secretaries typically have a set of deputies, referred to as Deputy Assistant Secretaries (DAS).
Reno Leon Harnish III was the Director of the Center for Environment and National Security (CENS) at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography UC San Diego from 2009 to 2017. He was a career member of the U.S. Foreign Service and formerly served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans, Environment and Science
Executive Schedule is the system of salaries given to the incumbents of the highest-ranked appointed positions in the executive branch of the U.S. government. The President of the United States appoints incumbents to these positions, most with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. They include members of the President's Cabinet as well as other subcabinet policy makers. There are five pay rates within the Executive Schedule, usually denoted with a Roman numeral with I being the highest level and V the lowest. Federal law lists the positions eligible for the Executive Schedule and the corresponding level. The law also gives the president the ability to grant Executive Schedule IV and V status to no more than 34 employees not listed.
The Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, or USC(OA), is a high-ranking official in the United States Department of Commerce and the principal advisor to the United States Secretary of Commerce on the environmental and scientific activities of the Department. The Under Secretary is dual hatted as the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration within the Commerce Department.
David B. Sandalow is the Inaugural Fellow at Columbia University's Center on Global Energy Policy. He has served in senior positions at the White House, State Department and U.S. Department of Energy. At Columbia, Sandalow also serves as Co-Director of the Energy and Environment Concentration at the School of International and Public Affairs.
Elinor Greer Constable is a diplomat and former United States Ambassador to Kenya (1986–89). She was nominated for the position by Ronald Reagan.
Eileen B. Claussen is an American climate and energy policy administrator, diplomat, and lobbyist. She held senior posts at the U.S. Department of State, National Security Council, and Environmental Protection Agency before founding the Pew Center on Global Climate Change in 1998. She then launched the center's successor organization, the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES), in 2011, and retired as president of C2ES in 2014.
Frederick Irving was an American diplomat and civil servant. He was United States Ambassador to Iceland from 1972 to 1976, Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs from 1976 to 1977, and United States Ambassador to Jamaica from 1977 to 1978.
Frederick M. Bernthal was United States Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs from 1988 to 1990.
James L. Malone is a United States lawyer who served as Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs from 1981 to 1985.
E. U. Curtis "Buff" Bohlen was the president of the World Wildlife Fund from 1981 to 1990, and United States Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs from 1990 to 1992.
Claudia A. McMurray was United States Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs from 2006 to 2009.
Kerri-Ann Jones is a vice president of research and science at The Pew Charitable Trusts. She is the former United States Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs at the U.S. State Department. Nominated by President Barack Obama in June 2009, she was sworn in on August 20 of that year.
Gillian A. Milovanovic is an American diplomat who was the United States Ambassador to Macedonia from 2005-2007 succeeding Lawrence Butler, and ambassador to Mali from 2007-2011. In 2012 Milovanovic was appointed the chair of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme on behalf of the United States, the first woman to hold that position.
Jane Abell Coon is an American diplomat and former ambassador to Bangladesh.
Anne Hall is an American diplomat and Ambassador of the United States of America to Lithuania.