Kyrsten Sinema

Last updated

Kyrsten Sinema
Kyrsten Sinema (cropped).jpg
United States Senator
from Arizona
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Servingwith Martha McSally
Preceded by Jeff Flake
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Arizona's 9th district
In office
January 3, 2013 January 3, 2019
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded by Greg Stanton
Member of the Arizona Senate
from the 15th district
In office
January 10, 2011 January 3, 2012
Preceded by Ken Cheuvront
Succeeded by David Lujan
Member of the ArizonaHouseofRepresentatives
from the 15th district
In office
January 10, 2005 January 10, 2011
Servingwith David Lujan
Preceded by Wally Straughn
Ken Clark
Succeeded by Lela Alston
Katie Hobbs
Personal details
Born
Kyrsten Lea Sinema

(1976-07-12) July 12, 1976 (age 43)
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
Political party Democratic (2004–present)
Other political
affiliations
Green (before 2004)
Spouse(s)Blake Dain (divorced)
Education Brigham Young University (BA)
Arizona State University (MSW, JD, PhD, MBA)
Signature Kyrsten Sinema Signature.svg
Website Senate website

Kyrsten Lea Sinema ( /ˈkɪərstənˈsɪnəmə/ ; born July 12, 1976) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator for Arizona since January 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, she served three terms as the Representative from the 15th District of the Arizona House of Representatives from 2005 to 2011, one term as the Senator from the 15th District of the Arizona Senate from 2011 to 2012, and three terms as the United States Representative from Arizona's 9th congressional district from 2013 to 2019.

Contents

Sinema began her political career in the Arizona Green Party before joining the Arizona Democratic Party in 2004. She rose to prominence for her advocacy of LGBT rights in Arizona and same-sex marriage in Arizona. She won the 2012 United States House of Representatives election in Arizona's 9th congressional district. After her election to the United States Congress, she joined the centrist Blue Dog Coalition and the bipartisan Problem Solvers Caucus and amassed a moderate centrist voting record. She won the 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona to replace retiring United States Senator Jeff Flake, defeating Republican nominee Martha McSally.

As an openly bisexual woman, Sinema has made history several times through her electoral success. In 2012, she became the first openly bisexual person and second openly LGBT woman (after Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin) elected to the United States Congress. In 2018, she became the first openly bisexual person and second openly LGBT person (after Baldwin) elected to the United States Senate as well as the first woman elected to the United States Senate from Arizona.

Early life, education and private career

Kyrsten Lea Sinema was born in Tucson, Arizona on July 12, 1976, [1] to Marilyn and Dan Sinema. [2] She is of Frisian descent [3] and her patrilineal line can be traced back 19 generations to Sywvol Zennema, who was born in the village of Heeg, Netherlands in 1425. [4] Her great-great-grandfather Lieuwe Jacobs Sinnema (1863–1941) [5] emigrated at a young age with his father Jacob Jans Sinnema (1830–1903) [6] to the United States in 1867 [7] from the village of Bitgum, in the Dutch province of Friesland. [8] They initially moved to Sioux City, Iowa, and later her great-great-grandfather settled in Twin Falls, Idaho, where her great-grandfather Jacob Sinema (1892–1963) and grandfather Gerald Sinema (1929–) were brought up. [9] Her grandfather relocated to Phoenix, Arizona, where her father, Dan Sinema, was born in 1949. [10]

Sinema has two siblings, an older brother and younger sister. [11] [12] Her father was an attorney. Her parents divorced when she was a child and her mother, who had custody of the children, remarried. With her siblings, mother, and stepfather, Sinema moved to DeFuniak Springs, Florida, a small town in the Panhandle. [12] When her stepfather lost his job and the bank foreclosed on their home, the family lived for three years in a remodeled gas station. [13] Sinema has said that for two years they had no toilet or electricity while living there. [14] She later recalled, "My stepdad built a bunk bed for me and my sister. We separated our bunk bed from the kitchen with one of those big chalkboards on rollers. I knew that was weird. A chalkboard shouldn't be a wall. A kitchen should have running water." [14] Sinema was raised as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. [15] According to journalist Jonathan Martin in The New York Times , Sinema has given "contradictory answers about her early life", and Sinema's mother and stepfather had filed court documents saying they had made monthly payments for gas, electricity, and phone bills, even though Sinema had said they had been "without running water or electricity". [16] Asked whether she had embellished details from her childhood, Sinema said, "I've shared what I remember from my childhood. I know what I lived through." [16]

Sinema graduated as valedictorian from Walton High School at age 16 and went on to earn her B.A. from Brigham Young University in 1995 at age 18. [17] [13] She left The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints after graduating from BYU. [15] Sinema returned to Arizona in 1995. [18]

Sinema worked as a social worker from 1995 to 2002 in the Phoenix metropolitan area's Washington Elementary School District [19] and received a Master of Social Work degree from Arizona State University in 1999. In 2004 she earned a J.D. degree from Arizona State University College of Law and became a criminal defense lawyer. [13] [19] In 2003 Sinema also became an adjunct professor teaching master's-level policy and grant-writing classes at Arizona State University School of Social Work and an adjunct Business Law Professor at Arizona Summit Law School, formerly known as Phoenix School of Law. [20] In 2012 she earned a Ph.D. in justice studies, also from Arizona State. [13] [21]

Early political involvement

Sinema began her political career in the Arizona Green Party before joining the Arizona Democratic Party in 2004. [22]

In 2000, Sinema worked on Ralph Nader's presidential campaign. [23] In 2001 and 2002, she ran for local elected offices as an independent and lost. [18] In 2002, The Arizona Republic published a letter from Sinema criticizing capitalism. "Until the average American realizes that capitalism damages her livelihood while augmenting the livelihoods of the wealthy, the Almighty Dollar will continue to rule", she wrote. [24]

Sinema had organized 15 antiwar rallies by the time the Iraq War began. [18] She also opposed the war in Afghanistan. [18] During a February 15, 2003 protest in Patriot's Square Park in Phoenix, a group led by Sinema distributed flyers portraying a U.S. servicemember as a skeleton "inflicting 'U.S. terror' in Iraq and the Middle East". [18] (A representative of Sinema has said that Sinema did not "'approve or design'" the flyers. [25] ) In a 2003 opinion piece, Sinema declared that Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush were "'the real Saddam and Osama lovers'". [25] When asked on a local radio show whether she would oppose someone joining the Taliban and fighting on its behalf, Sinema responded, "'Fine… I don't care if you want to do that, go ahead.'" [18] During 2005 and 2006, Sinema co-hosted a radio show with 9/11 truther Jeff Farias. [18]

Arizona State Legislature

Sinema in 2009 Kyrsten Sinema - Arizona State Rep.jpg
Sinema in 2009
Sinema in 2010 Kyrstensinema.jpg
Sinema in 2010

Elections

Sinema first ran for the Arizona House of Representatives in 2002, as an independent affiliated with the Arizona Green Party. [26] She finished in last place in a five-candidate field, receiving 8% of the vote. [27]

Sinema joined the Democratic Party in 2004. [22] That year, Sinema and David Lujan won the Democratic primaries for Arizona's 15th district, with 37% of the vote for Sinema and 34% for Lujan over incumbent representative Wally Straughn. [28] Sinema was subsequently reelected three times with over 30% of the vote. [29] [30] [31] In 2009 and 2010 Sinema was an assistant Minority Leader for the Democratic Caucus of the Arizona House of Representatives. [32]

In 2010, Sinema was elected to the Arizona Senate, defeating Republican Bob Thomas, 63% to 37%. [33]

Tenure

According to Elle , "her first public comment as an elected official came in 2005, after a Republican colleague's speech insulted LGBT people. 'We're simply people like everyone else who want and deserve respect', she passionately declared. Later, when reporters asked about her use of the first person, Sinema replied, 'Duh, I'm bisexual.'" [12]

In 2006, Sinema told a radio host that she was "the most liberal member of the Arizona State Legislature". [34] Also in 2006 she sponsored a bill urging the adoption of the DREAM Act [35] and co-chaired Arizona Together, the statewide campaign that defeated Proposition 107, which would have banned the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona. (In 2008 a similar referendum, Proposition 102, passed. [36] ) In 2006 Sinema was asked about "new feminism", and responded, "'These women who act like staying at home, leeching off their husbands or boyfriends, and just cashing the checks is some sort of feminism because they're choosing to live that life. That's bullshit. I mean, what the fuck are we really talking about here?'" [37] [38] [39] After facing criticism, Sinema apologized and said the interview format was intended to be a "light-hearted spoof". "I was raised by a stay-at-home mom," she said. "So, she did a pretty good job with me." [40]

Sinema campaigned against Proposition 107, a referendum to ban the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona. [41] In 2008, she led the campaign against Proposition 102, another referendum that would have banned the recognition of same-sex marriage in Arizona. Proposition 102 was approved with 56% of the vote in the general election on November 4, 2008. Sinema chaired a coalition called Protect Arizona's Freedom, which defeated Ward Connerly's goal to place an initiative on the state ballot that would eliminate equal-opportunity programs. [42] [ better source needed ]

In June 2009, Sinema was one of 32 state legislators appointed by President Barack Obama to the White House Health Reform Task Force, which helped shape the Affordable Care Act. [43] "Thanks in part to her hard work in improving the bill", she was invited to attend the Obamacare bill signing at the White House in March 2010. [44]

In 2010, Sinema sponsored a bill to give in-state tuition to veterans; it was held in committee and did not receive a vote. [45] Also in 2010, Sinema was named one of Time magazine's "40 Under 40". [46] The Center for Inquiry gave Sinema its Award for the Advancement of Science and Reason in Public Policy in 2011. [47]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2012

In June 2011 Sinema said she was considering running for the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. She lived in the same Phoenix neighborhood as incumbent Democratic congressman Ed Pastor, but was adamant that she would not challenge another Democrat in a primary. [48] On January 3, 2012, Sinema announced her bid for Congress, in the 9th congressional district. [49] The district had previously been the 5th, represented by freshman Republican David Schweikert; it contained 60% of the old 5th's territory. [50] Schweikert had been drawn into the 6th District—the old 3rd District—and sought reelection there.

Although Sinema was not required to resign her State Senate seat under Arizona's resign-to-run laws (since she was in the final year of her term), she did so on the same day that she announced her candidacy. On August 28, 2012, Sinema won the three-way Democratic primary with nearly 42% of the vote. Her opponents, state Senator David Schapira and former Arizona Democratic Party chairman Andrei Cherny, a former speechwriter in the Clinton administration, each finished with less than 30% of the vote. [13] [51] [52]

In the general election, Sinema ran against Republican nominee Vernon Parker, the former mayor of Paradise Valley. [13] She was endorsed by The Arizona Republic . [13] The campaign was described as a "nasty", [53] "bitterly fought race that featured millions of dollars in attack ads". [54] Parker ran campaign ads that accused Sinema of being an "anti-American hippie" who practiced "Pagan rituals". [55] The Republican-aligned outside group American Future Fund spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on attack ads against Sinema. [38] [56] When her religious views were raised as an issue, her campaign said that she simply believes in a secular approach to government. [57]

The November 6 election was initially too close to call, because Arizona election authorities failed to count more than 25% of the votes on election day. [58] Sinema held a narrow lead over Parker, while provisional and absentee ballots were still being counted. [59] [60] On November 12, when it was apparent that Sinema's lead was too large for Parker to overcome, the Associated Press called the race for Sinema. [61] Once all ballots were counted, Sinema won by 4.1 percentage points, over 10,000 votes. Libertarian Powell Gammill finished third with 6.64% of the votes. [62] When she took office on January 3, 2013, she became only the second Anglo Democrat to represent the Valley of the Sun in over three decades. The first was Harry Mitchell, who represented the then-6th District from 2007 to 2011.[ citation needed ]

Sinema is the first openly bisexual person and second openly LGBT woman (after Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin) elected to the United States Congress. [63]

2014

Sinema ran for reelection in 2014, and was unopposed in the Democratic primary, which took place on August 26, 2014. She faced Republican Wendy Rogers in the general election. [64] [65]

According to Roll Call , Sinema billed herself as bipartisan. This move was seen as a response to her district's voting pattern. It was drawn as a "fair-fight" district, and President Barack Obama won the district by four points in 2012. [23] In September 2014 she was endorsed for reelection by the United States Chamber of Commerce, becoming one of five Democrats to be endorsed by the Chamber in the 2014 congressional election cycle. [66] She was reelected with approximately 55% of the vote, beating GOP nominee Wendy Rogers by 13 points. [67]

2016

Unopposed in her primary, Sinema won the general election with 61.1% of the vote. Her opponent, Republican nominee Dave Giles, received 38.9%. [68]

Tenure

Following her election to Congress, Sinema shifted toward the political center, joining the conservative Democratic Blue Dog Coalition and the bipartisan Problem Solvers Caucus and amassing a "reliably moderate-Democratic" voting record. [69] Sinema worked for the adoption of the DREAM Act.[ citation needed ]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

U.S. Senate

Elections

Sinema at a U.S. Senate campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona, in October 2018 Kyrsten Sinema by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Sinema at a U.S. Senate campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona, in October 2018

On September 28, 2017, Sinema officially announced her candidacy for the Class I United States Senate seat held by Republican incumbent Jeff Flake, who declined to seek reelection the next month.

In March 2018 Sinema donated to charity $33,800 in campaign contributions she had received from Ed Buck, a prominent Democratic donor who came under scrutiny after a homeless escort died of a drug overdose at his California home in 2017. [75] She had previously donated to charity $53,400 in campaign contributions from people with ties to Backpage, a website that was seized by the United States Department of Justice after it was accused of knowingly accepting ads for sex with underage girls. [76] [77]

Federal Election Commission filings released in April 2018 showed Sinema had raised over $8.2 million, more than the three leading Republican primary contenders combined. [78]

During the 2018 campaign Sinema refused to debate her competitor in the Democratic primary, Deedra Abboud, an attorney and community activist. [79] Sinema won the August Democratic primary for the Senate seat. Her Republican opponent in the general election was fellow Arizona U.S. Representative and eventual Senate colleague Martha McSally. [80] [81] Sinema received the endorsement of the Human Rights Campaign. [82]

While Abboud said she would vote against the nomination of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court, Sinema "said she wanted to delve deeper into Kavanaugh's writings and interview him personally before deciding". She said she was "running on the issues people care about most, including offering quality, affordable health care and promoting economic opportunity". [83] In summer 2018 Sinema said she would vote against Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) for Minority Leader if elected to the U.S. Senate. "The Democratic leadership has failed Democrats across the country," she said. "I am unafraid to say what I believe about what I think our party needs to do and I think our party needs to grow and change." [84]

Journalist Jonathan Martin wrote in The New York Times in September 2018 that Sinema was running "one of the most moderate-sounding and cautious Senate campaigns this year, keeping the media at arms-length and avoiding controversial issues", and said her campaign was generally reluctant to bring up President Donald Trump. [16] According to Martin, both Republicans and Democrats said that Sinema had "few major legislative accomplishments to her record" and was running "on a political image that she has shaped and reshaped over the years. And nothing is more central to it now than her childhood homelessness." [16]

On November 12, many news sources called the U.S. Senate race for Sinema, and the Republican nominee, Martha McSally, conceded. [85] [86] [87] [88] Sinema was sworn in with the 116th United States Congress on January 3, 2019. [89] [90]

Sinema is the first woman to be elected to the United States Senate from Arizona. [63] She is also the first Democrat elected to represent Arizona in the United States Senate since Dennis DeConcini, who served in the Senate from 1977 to 1995. [91] [92]

Tenure

Sinema was sworn in as a member of the U.S. Senate on January 3, 2019. [93] During the oath of office ceremony, led by vice president Mike Pence, she decided to be sworn in not on the traditional Bible, but on copies of the United States Constitution and the Constitution of Arizona. [94] She is the senior U.S. senator from Arizona; the junior U.S. senator for Arizona is Sinema's 2018 general election opponent, Martha McSally, who was appointed to fill the Senate seat vacated upon the resignation of Senator Jon Kyl. [93]

On February 5, 2019, Sinema voted for a bill that would make improvements to certain defense and security assistance provisions, authorize the appropriation of funds to Israel, and reauthorize the United States-Jordan Defense Cooperation Act of 2015. [95] On February 12, 2019, she voted along with the whole Senate for Natural Resources Management Act which provides for the management of the natural resources of the United States. [96] On February 14, 2019, she voted to confirm William Barr as Attorney General. [97]

On March 13, 2019, Sinema voted to remove the United States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress. [98] On March 14 she voted against President Trump's National Emergency declaration on border security. [99] On March 26, along with two Democrats and an independent from Maine, she voted against the Green New Deal. [100] On April 11, she voted to confirm David Bernhardt as Secretary of the Interior. [101]

In February 2020, Sinema voted with all other Democratic Senators to convict President Trump in his impeachment trial. [102]

Committee assignments [103]

Political positions

Sinema has been described as a centrist or moderate Democrat. [104] According to National Journal 's 2013 Vote Ratings, her votes place her near the center of their liberal-conservative scale. [105] The National Journal gave her a composite ideology score of 57% liberal and 43% conservative. [106] According to the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy, Sinema was the sixth most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives during the first session of the 115th United States Congress. [107] She has cited U.S. Senator Joe Manchin, a Democrat from West Virginia, as a role model. [16] She was one of the most conservative Democrats in the House of Representatives during her tenure. [108]

In 2015 and 2016, Sinema did not vote for Nancy Pelosi for Speaker of the House. [109] In 2015, she voted with the majority of her party 73% of the time. [110] The conservative group Americans for Prosperity gives Sinema a lifetime 27% rating and the conservative Goldwater Institute gave her a 35% in 2010 when she was a state legislator; the progressive Americans for Democratic Action gave her a 60% liberal quotient. [106] In 2017 she voted in line with President Donald Trump's position approximately half the time. [111] According to FiveThirtyEight , as of April 2020, Sinema voted in line with Trump's position on legislation about 53% of the time. [112]

In the House of Representatives, Sinema was a member of the Blue Dog Coalition and the Problem Solvers Caucus. [74]

Abortion

Sinema supports abortion rights. Asked about Roe v. Wade , Sinema indicated that the ruling should not be overturned and that she supports a woman's right to choose. [113] She has been endorsed by EMILY's List. [114] She has a lifetime 100% rating from Planned Parenthood, which is pro-choice, and a 20% rating from the pro-life organization Campaign for Working Families as of 2018. [106]

Economics

Sinema has voted for federal stimulus spending. [114] She has said: "Raising taxes is more economically sound than cutting vital social services." [115]

In 2015 Sinema was one of just seven House Democrats to vote in favor of a Republican-backed bill to repeal the estate tax, which affects about 0.2% of deaths in the U.S. each year (estates of $5.43 million or more for individuals, or $10.86 million or more for couples). [116] That same year she voted to change the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's leadership from a single director to a bipartisan commission. [117] [118]

In 2016, with Republican congressman John Katko of New York, Sinema cosponsored the Working Parents Flexibility Act (H.R. 4699). This legislation would establish a tax-free "parental savings account" in which employers and parents could invest savings tax-free, with unused funds eligible to be "rolled into qualifying retirement, college savings or ABLE accounts for people with disabilities without tax penalties". [119] In September 2018 she voted "to make individual tax cuts passed by the GOP [in 2017] permanent". [120] She was one of three Democrats to break with her party and vote for the tax cuts being made permanent. [121]

On July 30, 2019, Sinema and Senator Bill Cassidy released a proposal under which new parents would be authorized to advance their child tax credit benefits in order to receive a $5,000 cash benefit upon either birth or adoption of a child. The parents' child tax credit would then be reduced by $500 for each year of the following decade. The senators described their proposal as the first bipartisan paid parental leave plan. [122]

Environment

In 2019 Sinema was one of three Democrats who joined all Republicans and voted against the Green New Deal, a stimulus program that aims to address climate change and, at the same time, economic inequality, while most other Democrats voted "present." [123] [124] In April 2019, Sinema was one of three Democrats who voted with Republicans to confirm David Bernhardt, a former oil executive, as Secretary of the Interior Department. [125]

Education

In February 2019, Sinema was one of 20 senators to sponsor the Employer Participation in Repayment Act, enabling employers to contribute up to $5,250 to their employees' student loans. [126]

LGBT rights

According to a profile in The Advocate , "Sinema has her sights set on advancing LGBT rights." [127] She has a history of policy advocacy regarding LGBT rights and issues. In 2006 Sinema was among the leading opponents of a proposed amendment to the Arizona state constitution which would have banned same-sex marriages and civil unions. [128] The proposal failed in Arizona, the first time that a state rejected a ban on same-sex marriage, but, a second proposed amendment banning only same-sex marriage was passed in 2008 with Sinema opposing that amendment as well. [129] She supports same-sex marriage, domestic partnership recognition, and adding gender identity to anti-discrimination laws. [130]

Foreign policy

Sinema supports the use of military force to stop genocide, such as in Sudan, Somalia and Rwanda. [131] She wrote a doctoral dissertation on the 1994 Rwandan genocide that Lexington Books published in 2015. [132] [133]

Sinema was opposed to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and helped organize anti-war protests while a law student at Arizona State University. [134] Sinema was involved in organizing a Phoenix-area group called the Arizona Alliance for Peaceful Justice (AAPJ). According to Josh Lederman of The Hill , "The group's mission statement at the time called military action 'an inappropriate response to terrorism' and advocated for using the legal system  not violence  to bring Osama bin Laden and others to justice." [135]

As an antiwar activist in the years after 9/11, Sinema "led a group that distributed flyers depicting an American soldier as a skeleton inflicting 'U.S. terror' in Iraq and the Middle East." The flyers "promoted a February 2003 rally organized by Local to Global Justice, an anti-war group Sinema co-founded". Sinema was described in news reports as an organizer and sponsor of the rally and was listed as the point of contact for the event. One flyer referred to "Bush and his fascist, imperialist war", saying, "Government is slavery", and describing laws as "cobwebs for the rich and chains of steel for the poor". CNN said that such positions were "a contrast from the more moderate profile she has developed since her 2012 election to Congress". [136]

In 2005 and 2006 she co-hosted an Air America radio show with 9/11 truther Jeff Farias. [134] In 2006, Sinema said she opposed "war in all its forms", and wrote: "As one of the core organizers against the war from day one (September 12, 2001), I have always and will always continue to oppose war in all its forms." [135] [131] [135]

After joining Congress in 2012, she said her views on military force had "evolved", and that "you should never take military intervention off the table. When you do so, you give an out to a rogue nation or rogue actors." [131] Lederman reported that "she said she favors aggressive diplomacy, crippling sanctions to combat proliferation, and swift, multilateral intervention as a last resort". [131] [135] Since joining Congress, she has voted against the Iran Nuclear Deal and supported Trump's missile attack on Syria. [134]

Guns

Sinema favors gun control measures such as requiring background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows, and requiring a license for gun possession. [137] In 2016 the National Rifle Association (NRA), which opposes gun regulations, gave Sinema a 29% rating. [106] The Gun Owners of America (GOA) have given her a "D" rating. [138] In 2018 the NRA gave Sinema a 33% score and GOA gave her a 17% rating. [139]

Health care

Sinema voted against repealing the Affordable Care Act, [140] but has called for reforms to the law. [141] In a 2012 congressional campaign debate, she said the health care law wasn't perfect, and that in Congress she would work to amend it to make it work effectively. [142] Sinema voted to delay the imposition of fines on those who did not purchase insurance in 2014. She also voted to repeal the Medical Device Tax and for the Keep Your Health Plan Act of 2013. [143] [144] [145]

Speaking about healthcare policy, Sinema said, "I used to say that I wanted universal health-care coverage in Arizona, which went over like a ton of bricks. Turns out, Arizonans hear the word 'universal' and think 'socialism'—or 'pinko commie'. But when I say that I want all Arizonans to have access to affordable, quality health care, Arizonans agree wholeheartedly. Same basic idea, different language." [146]

Immigration

Sinema, then a State Representative, attending a protest at the Arizona State Capitol on the day of the SB 1070's signing Kyrsten Sinema at SB1070 protest.jpg
Sinema, then a State Representative, attending a protest at the Arizona State Capitol on the day of the SB 1070's signing

Sinema co-sponsored the Southwest Border Security Threat Assessment Act (H.R. 4482), a bill that calls for border threat analysis of terrorism, smuggling, and human trafficking every five years. [147] [148]

Sinema was one of 24 House Democrats to vote in favor of Kate's Law, [149] a bill that would expand maximum sentences for foreigners who attempt to reenter the country, legally or illegally, after having been deported, denied entry or removed, and for foreign felons who attempt to reenter the country. [150]

Sinema voted for the SAFE Act, which expanded the refugee screening process to require signatures from the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of National Intelligence for each refugee entering the country. [151] [152]

Sinema opposed Arizona SB 1070. She has argued that mass deportation of undocumented immigrants is not an option and supported the DREAM Act. Her 2012 campaign website stated that "we need to create a tough but fair path to citizenship for undocumented workers that requires them to get right with the law by paying back taxes, paying a fine and learning English as a condition of gaining citizenship." [147] In July 2018 she broke with her party by voting with Republicans against abolishing ICE. [153]

The Federation for American Immigration Reform, a PAC that seeks to limit both legal and illegal immigration, gave Sinema a 33% rating in 2018, and UnidosUS, which supports a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, gave Sinema a score of 88% in 2014. [139]

Privacy

In June 2013 Sinema became one of 29 original cosponsors of the bipartisan LIBERT-E (Limiting Internet and Blanket Electronic Review of Telecommunications and Email) Act, along with Representative Justin Amash. The legislation would limit the National Security Agency (NSA) to only collecting electronic information from subjects of an investigation. [154]

In July 2013 Sinema joined a bipartisan majority and voted against an amendment to a defense appropriations bill (offered by Amash) to prohibit the NSA from monitoring and recording details of U.S. citizens' telecommunications without a warrant. [155]

Telecommunications

In 2016 Sinema was one of five House Democrats to vote for a Republican-backed bill barring the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from regulating broadband rates. Her vote broke from her party; other Democrats were strongly opposed to the measure, and President Obama said he would veto it if it passed. [156]

In 2019 Sinema was the sole Senate Democrat not to co-sponsor the Save the Internet Act, which would restore Obama-era regulations preventing ISPs from throttling consumers' website traffic. She worked with Senate Republican Roger Wicker to develop their own net neutrality bill. [157] Sinema has received $134,046 in donations from the Telecom Industry. [158]

Personal life

Sinema married, and later divorced, her BYU classmate Blake Dain. [17]

Sinema has been reported to be the only non-theist (non-religious) member of Congress, [159] [160] although she herself has rejected such labels. [57]

She has credited the government, her church, her teachers, and her family for helping her climb out of poverty. [161]

On November 17, 2013, Sinema completed an Ironman Triathlon in a little more than 15 hours. Sinema was the second active member of Congress—behind Senator Jeff Merkley—to finish a long distance triathlon, and the first to complete an Ironman-branded race. [162] On December 25, 2013, Sinema summited Mount Kilimanjaro. [163]

In January 2018, a New York man was arrested and charged with stalking Sinema. [164] [165]

Electoral history

Arizona House of Representatives, 15th District: Election, 2002
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Ken Clark 10,873 30.24%
Democratic Wally Straughn 8,109 22.55%
Republican Milton Wheat7,16319.92%
Republican William Wheat6,86819.10%
Independent Kyrsten Sinema2,9458.19%
Arizona House of Representatives, 15th District: Primary Election, 2004
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 3,475 36.94%
Democratic David Lujan 3,205 34.07%
Democratic Wally Straughn2,72628.98%
Arizona House of Representatives, 15th District: General Election, 2004
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic David Lujan 19,999 31.12%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 19,402 30.19%
Republican Oksana Komarnyckyj12,29919.14%
Republican Tara Roesler12,56519.55%
Arizona House of Representatives, 15th District: Primary Election, 2006
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 3,590 42.31%
Democratic David Lujan 3,571 42.09%
Democratic Robert Young1,32315.59%
Arizona House of Representatives, 15th District: General Election, 2006
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic David Lujan 15,951 33.12%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 15,723 32.64%
Republican Robert Gear7,68915.96%
Republican William Wheat7,30515.17%
Libertarian Richard Buck1,4993.11%
Arizona House of Representatives, 15th District: General Election, 2008
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic David Lujan 23,781 40.06%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 22,721 38.28%
Republican Ed Hedges12,86021.66%
Arizona Senate, 15th District: General Election, 2010 [166]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 18,013 62.82%
Republican Bob Thomas10,66337.18%

2012

Arizona's 9th Congressional District: Primary Election, 2012
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 15,536 40.78%
Democratic David Schapira11,41929.97%
Democratic Andrei Cherny11,14629.25%
Arizona’s 9th congressional district, 2012
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 121,881 48.7
Republican Vernon Parker 111,63044.6
Libertarian Powell E. Gammill16,6206.7
Total votes250,131100.0
Democratic gain from Republican
Democratic primary results [167]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (incumbent) 31,900 100.0
Total votes31,900100.0
Arizona’s 9th congressional district, 2014 [168]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (incumbent) 88,609 54.7
Republican Wendy Rogers67,84141.9
Libertarian Powell Gammill5,6123.4
Total votes162,062100.0
Democratic hold
Democratic primary results
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (incumbent) 38,948 100.0
Total votes38,948100.0
Arizona’s 9th congressional district, 2016
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 169,055 60.9
Republican Dave Giles108,35039.1
Green Cary Dolego (write-in)600.0
Independent Axel Bello (write-in)460.0
Total votes277,507100.0
Democratic hold
Democratic primary results, Arizona 2018
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 404,170 79.25%
Democratic Deedra Abboud105,80020.75%
Total votes509,970100%
United States Senate election in Arizona, 2018 [169]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 1,191,100 49.96% +3.76%
Republican Martha McSally1,135,20047.61%-1.62%
Green Angela Green57,4422.41%N/A
Write-in 5660.02%N/A
Total votes'2,384,308''100%'N/A
Democratic gain from Republican

Selected works

See also

Related Research Articles

Blue Dog Coalition Caucus for moderate members of the Democratic Party

The Blue Dog Coalition, commonly known as the Blue Dogs or Blue Dog Democrats, is a caucus of United States congressional representatives from the Democratic Party who identify as fiscally responsible and centrist. The caucus professes an independence from the leadership of both parties and promotes national defense.

Women in the United States Senate History of female representation in the US Senate

There have been 57 total women in the United States Senate since its establishment in 1789. The first woman who served as a U.S. senator, Rebecca Latimer Felton, represented Georgia for a single day in 1922. The first woman elected to the Senate was Hattie Caraway from Arkansas in 1932. Seventeen of the women who have served were appointed; seven of those were appointed to succeed their deceased husbands. The 116th Congress has 26 female senators, meaning for the first time in history, one-fourth of the members of the U.S. Senate are female. Of the 57 women in the U.S. Senate, 36 have been Democrats and 21 have been Republicans.

Martha McSally United States Senator from Arizona

Martha Elizabeth McSally is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Arizona since 2019. A Republican, she served as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 2nd congressional district from 2015 to 2019.

Ann Kirkpatrick U.S. Representative from Arizona

Ann Leila Kirkpatrick is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative from Arizona's 2nd congressional district since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously represented Arizona's 1st congressional district from 2009 to 2011 and again from 2013 to 2017. She is also a former member of the Arizona House of Representatives (2005–2007).

2012 United States House of Representatives elections House elections for the 113th U.S. Congress

The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012. It coincided with the reelection of President Barack Obama. Elections were held for all 435 seats representing the 50 U.S. states and also for the delegates from the District of Columbia and five major U.S. territories. The winners of this election cycle served in the 113th United States Congress. This was the first congressional election using districts drawn up based on the 2010 United States Census.

Arizonas 9th congressional district

Arizona's ninth congressional district was created as a result of the 2010 Census. The first candidates ran in the 2012 House elections, and the first representative was seated for the 113th Congress in 2013.

1988 United States Senate election in Arizona

The 1988 United States Senate election in Arizona took place on November 8, 1988. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Dennis DeConcini was reelected to a third term. This would be the last victory by a Democrat in a Senate race in Arizona until Kyrsten Sinema's victory in the 2018 election thirty years later.

2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona

The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012, to elect the nine U.S. Representatives from the state, one from each of the state's nine Congressional districts, including the newly created 9th district following the 2010 United States Census. The elections coincided with other federal and state elections, including a quadrennial presidential election, and a U.S. Senate election. Primary elections were held on August 28, 2012.

Greg Stanton American politician and Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizonas 9th district

Gregory John Stanton is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 9th congressional district since 2019. The district includes most of southern Phoenix, as well as all of Tempe and portions of Scottsdale, Mesa and Chandler.

2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona

The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 to elect the nine U.S. Representatives from the state of Arizona, one from each of the state's nine congressional districts, with Democratic and Republican primaries taking place on August 26. The elections coincided with the elections of other federal and state offices, including Governor of Arizona.

2018 United States Senate elections U.S. Senate elections as part of the 2018 U.S. midterms

The 2018 United States Senate elections were held on November 6, 2018. 33 of the 100 seats were contested in regular elections while two others were contested in special elections due to Senate vacancies in Minnesota and Mississippi. The winners were elected to six-year terms running from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2025. Senate Democrats had 26 seats up for election while Senate Republicans had nine seats up for election.

Lela Alston American politician and a Democratic member of the Arizona House of Representatives

Lela Alston is an American politician and a Democratic member of the Arizona State Senate representing District 24 since January 14, 2019. She previously served in the Arizona House of Representatives from 2013 to 2019, and from 2011 to 2013 in the District 11 seat, and non-consecutively in the Arizona State Legislature from 1977 until 1995 in the Arizona Senate.

Debbie Lesko American politician

Debra Kay Lesko is an American politician and a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Arizona's 8th congressional district. The district is located in the West Valley portion of the Valley of the Sun and includes Glendale, Surprise, Sun City, Peoria, and part of western Phoenix.

John Katko American politician

John Michael Katko is an American attorney and politician. A Republican, he has represented New York's 24th district in the United States House of Representatives since 2015. Prior to running for Congress, Katko was an Assistant United States Attorney who led the organized crime division at the U.S. Attorney's Office in Syracuse; in that role, he helped to prosecute gang members under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. In the 116th Congress, he is a co-chair of the House moderate Republican faction, the Tuesday Group.

2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona

The 2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona were held on November 8, 2016, to elect the nine U.S. Representatives from the state of Arizona, one from each of the state's nine congressional districts. The elections coincided with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections. The primaries were held on August 30.

2018 United States Senate election in Arizona Election to elect a new United States Senator from Arizona in 2018

The 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona took place on November 6, 2018, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Arizona and replace incumbent Republican Senator Jeff Flake, who did not run for reelection to a second term. It was held concurrently with a gubernatorial election, other elections to the United States Senate, elections to the United States House of Representatives, as well as various other state and local elections.

2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona

The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona were held on November 6, 2018, to elect the nine U.S. Representatives from the State of Arizona, one from each of the state's nine congressional districts. The elections coincided with the 2018 Arizona gubernatorial election, as well as other elections to the U.S. House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections. The 2018 general elections saw the Democratic party gain the 2nd Congressional district, thus flipping the state from a 5–4 Republican advantage to a 5–4 Democratic advantage, the first time since the 2012 election in which Democrats held more House seats in Arizona than the Republicans.

2018–2019 Phoenix mayoral special election

The Phoenix mayoral special election, 2018–2019 was held to elect the new Mayor of Phoenix, Arizona. The election was officially nonpartisan; candidates ran on the same ballot. In the initial round of the election, since no candidate reached 50 percent plus one vote, a runoff election was held between the top two finishers.

References

  1. "Phoenix Arizona Election Questionnaire for Congress, Kyrsten Sinema". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
  2. Roig-Franzia, Manuel (January 2, 2013). "Kyrsten Sinema: A success story like nobody else's". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  3. Sinema, Dan. "Sinnema Family". Sinema family personal website. Tripod.com. Archived from the original on April 24, 2006. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  4. Jellema, Jan. "Haring Sjoerds (Henricus Suffridi) Sinnama (1457-1513) » Stamboom Jellema » Genealogie Online". Genealogie Online. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  5. Koster, J. "Lieuwe Jacobs Sinnema (1863-1943) » Stamboom Griffioen Jellema Friese Adel » Genealogie Online". Genealogie Online. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  6. "Sinnema Family - pafg28.htm - Generated by Personal Ancestral File". dansinema.tripod.com. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  7. Koster, J. "Jacob Jans Sinnema (1830-1903) » Stamboom Griffioen Jellema Friese Adel » Genealogie Online". Genealogie Online. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  8. Laan, Ton van der, "Friese senator treedt aan in VS", Leeuwarder Courant , November 14, 2018, p. 2.
  9. "Sinnema Family - pafg74.htm - Generated by Personal Ancestral File". dansinema.tripod.com. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  10. "Sinnema Family - pafg77.htm - Generated by Personal Ancestral File". dansinema.tripod.com. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  11. Sanders, Rebekah (January 30, 2016). "The congresswoman who grew up in a gas station". The Arizona Republic.
  12. 1 2 3 Friedman, Ann. "America's Most Colorful Congresswoman: Kyrsten Sinema". Elle . Archived from the original on October 4, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Skelton, Alissa (November 1, 2012). "Arizona, 9th House District: Kyrsten Sinema". National Journal . Archived from the original on November 22, 2012.
  14. 1 2 O'Dowd, Peter. "Sinema, First Openly Bisexual Member Of Congress, Represents 'Changing Arizona'". NPR. Archived from the original on October 24, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  15. 1 2 Roig-Franzia, Manuel. "Congress' first openly bisexual member grew up Mormon, graduated from Brigham Young University". Standard Examiner. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 Martin, Jonathan (September 24, 2018). "A Senate Candidate's Image Shifted. Did Her Life Story?". The New York Times . Archived from the original on September 24, 2018. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  17. 1 2 Sanders, Rebekah L. "The congresswoman who grew up in a gas station". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Kyrsten Sinema's anti-war activist past under scrutiny as she runs for Senate". CNN. October 12, 2018. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  19. 1 2 "Sinema biodata". Archived from the original on June 16, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
  20. "ASU Directory Profile: Kyrsten Sinema". Webapp4.asu.edu. November 15, 2007. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  21. "Project Vote Smart: Rep. Kyrsten Sinema". Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
  22. 1 2 Collins, Eliza (November 28, 2017). "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema says Trump is 'not a thing' in race to replace Sen. Jeff Flake". USA Today . Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  23. 1 2 3 Shira T. Center (August 12, 2014). "Freshman Congresswoman Moves to the Middle". Roll Call. Archived from the original on September 9, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  24. Epstein, Reid J. "Can a Onetime Nader-Supporting 'Bomb Thrower' Win Arizona's Senate Seat? Democrats Hope So". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  25. 1 2 Smith, Kyle (October 24, 2018). "The Ridiculous Kyrsten Sinema". National Review. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  26. Winger, Richard (November 13, 2012). "Kyrsten Sinema, Newly-Elected Arizona Congresswoman, Was Once a Green Party Nominee for Arizona Legislature". Ballot Access News . Archived from the original on November 22, 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  27. "Election Summary". Archived from the original on November 1, 2011. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  28. "AZ State House 15 – D Primary Race – Sep 07, 2004". Our Campaigns. Archived from the original on February 4, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  29. "AZ State House 15 Race – Nov 02, 2004". Our Campaigns. Archived from the original on February 4, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  30. "AZ State House 15 Race – Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Archived from the original on February 4, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  31. "AZ State House 15 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Archived from the original on February 4, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  32. "Member Page". Azleg.gov. Archived from the original on August 14, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  33. "AZ State Senate 15 Race – Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  34. Robillard, Kevin (November 5, 2018). "Kyrsten Sinema Wants You To Know She's Not A Progressive" . Retrieved March 15, 2019 via Huff Post.
  35. "Documents For Bill". Azleg.gov. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  36. "Straight couples pivotal in gay marriage fight". The Arizona Republic. November 9, 2006. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
  37. "Leeches – AZ-09 – Kyrsten Sinema". National Republican Congressional Committee . Archived from the original on April 19, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  38. 1 2 Vetscher, Tim. "Fact Check: AFF's TV ad attacking Kyrsten Sinema". ABC15 News. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  39. Lemons, Stephen. "Kyrsten Sinema's Hilary Rosen Moment, and Her Persistent Verbal Flubbery". Phoenix New Times. Archived from the original on April 24, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  40. Fischer, Howard (October 27, 2006). "Gay marriage debate sparks a feminism battle". East Valley Tribune . Archived from the original on September 29, 2017. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  41. Fischer, Howard. "Controversial initiatives make it on ballot". kanu.org. KNAU Arizona Public Radio. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  42. "Member Page". Azleg.gov. Archived from the original on July 2, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  43. Riley, Anjanette (June 10, 2009). "Sinema asked to help reform U.S. health care system". Arizona Capitol Times. Archived from the original on August 20, 2018. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
  44. "Making Quality Health Care Affordable". KyrstenSinema.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
  45. "Documents For Bill". Azleg.gov. Archived from the original on April 18, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  46. "40 Under 40". Time Magazine . October 19, 2010. Archived from the original on October 17, 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
  47. "Sen. Sinema to Receive Award from CFI for Advancement of Science and Reason in Public Policy". Center for Inquiry (Press release). March 9, 2011. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  48. Trygstad, Kyle (June 9, 2011). "Arizona State Senator Interested in House Bid". Roll Call . Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
  49. Garcia, Michelle (January 4, 2012). "Bi Politician Announces Congressional Bid". The Advocate . Archived from the original on November 12, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  50. Arizona Redistricting: Commission releases draft map Archived June 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine . Daily Kos, October 4, 2011
  51. González, Daniel (August 28, 2012). "Sinema, Parker win in Congressional District 9". The Arizona Republic.
  52. "November 2012 Election Results". Azcentral.com. Retrieved November 8, 2012.[ dead link ]
  53. Dann, Carrie (December 4, 2012). "Ten fresh faces to watch in the new Congress". NBC News . Archived from the original on February 21, 2014.
  54. Cross, Jim (November 12, 2012). "Sinema beats Parker in Arizona's CD9 race". KTAR-FM . Archived from the original on November 14, 2012.
  55. David Mendez, From Far, Far Out There in Phoenix: Vernon Parker Says Kyrsten Sinema Is A Pagan Hippie Archived November 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine , Tucson Weekly (October 16, 2012); Matthew Hendley, Kyrsten Sinema Doesn't Like America, but Loves Flower Power, According to Vernon Parker Ad Archived November 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine , Phoenix New Times (October 16, 2012).
  56. Sullivan, Andrew (September 19, 2012). "Ad War Update: Obama Wants To Engulf Your Children In Flames". Archived from the original on December 26, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  57. 1 2 Oppenheimer, Mark (November 9, 2012). "Politicians Who Reject Labels Based on Religion". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 3, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012. Sinema's campaign stated that "the terms non-theist , atheist or nonbeliever are not befitting of her life's work or personal character".
  58. Reinhart, Mary K. (August 28, 2012). "Ballot count goes on in Arizona". The Arizona Republic.
  59. "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema beats GOP's Vernon Parker in Arizona's 9th Congressional District". The Washington Post. Associated Press. November 12, 2012. Archived from the original on November 23, 2012.
  60. "Kyrsten Sinema Election Results: Arizona Democrat Beats Vernon Parker In Congressional Race" Archived November 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine . Huffington Post, November 12, 2012.
  61. "Kyrsten Sinema Becomes First Openly Bisexual Member of Congress". ABC News. November 12, 2012.
  62. "General Election Results". Arizona Secretary of State's Office. Archived from the original on November 27, 2012. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
  63. 1 2 "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema beats GOP's Vernon Parker in Arizona's 9th Congressional District". Star Tribune. November 12, 2012. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  64. "Arizona's 9th Congressional District elections, 2014". Ballotpedia. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  65. Jaffe, Alexandra (August 27, 2014). "GOP nominates former Air Force Lt. Col. to take on Sinema". The Hill . Archived from the original on August 27, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  66. "How the Tea Party Is Causing Big Business to Back Democrats". Mother Jones . September 15, 2014. Archived from the original on September 19, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
  67. "Arizona Election Results". The New York Times. December 17, 2014. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  68. "2016 Arizona House Election Results". politico.com. Politico, LLC. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  69. "Democrats Just Got a Top-Tier Senate Candidate in Arizona". The Daily Beast . Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  70. "About Krysten". sinema.senate.gov. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  71. "Members". New Democrat Coalition. Archived from the original on February 8, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  72. "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  73. "Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Archived from the original on September 21, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  74. 1 2 "Members". Blue Dog Coalition. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  75. Hansen, Ronald (March 18, 2018). "Kyrsten Sinema quietly unloads $33,800 from controversial Democratic donor". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  76. Hansen, Ronald (April 18, 2017). "U.S. Rep. Kyrsten Sinema finds new home for Backpage.com owners' money". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  77. "US Rep Krysten Sinema Donates $53,400 to Phoenix Group". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. April 19, 2017. Archived from the original on July 8, 2018. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  78. Athey, Philip (April 24, 2018). "Sinema outpaces likely GOP challengers, raises $8 million in Senate bid". Cronkite News. Archived from the original on April 25, 2018. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  79. Wingett Sanchez, Yvonne. "Progressives question Kyrsten Sinema's values in Senate race: 'What does she stand for?'". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  80. Wingett Sanchez, Yvonne (August 28, 2018). "Martha McSally, Kyrsten Sinema win Arizona's Senate primary races". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  81. Riccardi, Nicholas; Tang, Terry (August 29, 2018). "McSally, Sinema to face for Arizona Senate seat". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  82. Metzger, Ianthe. "HRC Endorses Kyrsten Sinema for U.S. Senate". hrc.org. Archived from the original on April 5, 2018. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  83. Editorial board. "Arizona's Democratic Senate race should be more of a contest. Here's why it's not". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  84. Bixby, Scott (July 11, 2018). "Democrats' Top Senate Candidate Kyrsten Sinema Basically Running as 'Independent' in Arizona". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  85. Romero, Simon (November 12, 2018). "Kyrsten Sinema Declared Winner in Arizona Senate Race". The New York Times. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  86. Jaspers, Brett (November 12, 2018). "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema Defeats Republican Martha McSally In Arizona Senate Race". All Things Considered. National Public Radio'.
  87. Clark, Rartunorro; Madani, Doha (November 12, 2018). "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema wins Arizona Senate race after nail-biter against Martha McSally, Sinema, who narrowly defeated Republican Martha McSally, is the states's first Democrat elected to the Senate in 30 years". NBC News.
  88. Keneally, Meghan; Zarrell, Matt (November 12, 2018). "Arizona Senate Race: Republican Martha McSally concedes to Democrat Kyrsten Sinema". ABC News . Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  89. Lim, Naomi (November 11, 2018). "Sinema defeats McSally in Arizona, Cook Political Report projects". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on November 12, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  90. 2018 Arizona Senate Election Results Archived November 8, 2018, at the Wayback Machine , Real Clear Politics , November 11, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  91. "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema wins Arizona US Senate seat". AP News . November 12, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  92. "Kyrsten Sinema first openly bisexual person elected to the U.S. Senate". Q Voice News. November 12, 2018. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  93. 1 2 Hansen, Ronald J. "Kyrsten Sinema, Martha McSally make history, face familiar problems". azcentral.
  94. Garrand, Danielle (January 4, 2019). "Kyrsten Sinema takes oath as senator on a copy of Constitution instead of Bible". CBS News . Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  95. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 16". U.S Senate.
  96. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 22". U.S Senate.
  97. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 24". U.S Senate.
  98. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 48". U.S Senate.
  99. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 49". U.S Senate.
  100. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 52". U.S Senate.
  101. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 77". www.senate.gov. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  102. "Red state Democrats stick with party to convict Trump". POLITICO. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  103. "Schumer Announces Senate Democratic Committee Memberships For The 116th Congress | Senate Democratic Leadership". www.democrats.senate.gov. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  104. "As Democratic rage builds, Kyrsten Sinema tries a different approach. Will Arizona voters buy it?". Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  105. "National Journal". Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
  106. 1 2 3 4 "Kyrsten Sinema's Ratings and Endorsements". votesmart.org. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  107. "The Lugar Center – McCourt School Bipartisan Index: House Scores" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: The Lugar Center. April 24, 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 15, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  108. "Kyrsten Sinema and Martha McSally's House voting records put them in the political middle". azcentral. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  109. Hansen, Ronald (November 30, 2016). "Arizona Democrats Sinema, Gallego vote against Pelosi as party leader". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  110. Willis, Derek (March 31, 2015). "The House Democrats Who Are Voting With Republicans More Often". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 4, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  111. Noori Farzan, Antonia (September 28, 2017). "Kyrsten Sinema, Allegedly a Democrat, Still Votes With Trump Half the Time". Phoenix New Times. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  112. Bycoffe, Aaron (January 30, 2017). "Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on August 26, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  113. Nam, Rafael (October 15, 2018). "Live coverage: McSally clashes with Sinema in Arizona Senate debate". The Hill. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  114. 1 2 "Arizona House Kyrsten Sinema (Democrat, district 9)". On the Issues . Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  115. "Bio Questions". The Arizona Republic. Archived from the original on October 2, 2002. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  116. Becker, Bernie (April 16, 2015). "House votes to repeal estate tax" Archived February 28, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , The Hill.
  117. Reps. Sinema, Neugebauer: CFPB Needs Bipartisan Leadership Archived October 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine , ACA International (October 15, 2015).
  118. Kyrsten Sinema & Randy Neugebauer, Depoliticizing Elizabeth Warren's Pet Project Archived February 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Wall Street Journal (October 14, 2015).
  119. Katko bill would establish tax-free savings accounts for parents Archived July 14, 2018, at the Wayback Machine , Ripon Advance News Service (March 10, 2016).
  120. Pramuk, Jacob (October 30, 2018). "Democrat Sinema leads Republican McSally in fight for key Senate seat in Arizona: Poll". CNBC. Archived from the original on October 30, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  121. "House votes to make individual tax cuts permanent". POLITICO. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  122. Jagoda, Naomi (July 30, 2019). "Senators offer bipartisan proposal allowing new parents to advance tax credits". The Hill.
  123. Meyer, Robinson (March 26, 2019). "The 3 Democrats Who Voted Against the Green New Deal". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  124. "Kyrsten Sinema sides with Republicans to vote against 'Green New Deal'". azcentral. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  125. D'Angelo, Chris (April 11, 2019). "David Bernhardt Confirmed As Interior Department Chief". HuffPost. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  126. Varnier, Julia (February 13, 2019). "Warner, Thune introduce legislation to address student debt crisis". wtkr.com.
  127. Broverman, Neal. "Arizona's Kyrsten Sinema: Smart, Funny, Bi and Running for Senate". The Advocate. Archived from the original on October 4, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  128. STAR, Daniel Scarpinato ARIZONA DAILY. "Mormons now issue in gay vows". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  129. St, Weekly; December 2, ard; 2008; Pm, 5:39. "Why Arizona Flipped On Gay Marriage". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved December 6, 2018.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  130. "Kyrsten Sinema on Civil Rights". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  131. 1 2 3 4 Valverde, Miriam. "Did Arizona's Kyrsten Sinema protest troops in a pink tutu and denigrated [sic] their service?". PolitiFact . Archived from the original on September 21, 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
  132. "A New Congresswoman's Dissertation On Genocide". KJZZ. December 27, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  133. Sinema, Kyrsten. Who must die in Rwanda's genocide? : The state of exception realized. Lantham: Lexington Books. ISBN   9781498518642 . Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  134. 1 2 3 Kaczynski, Andrew; Massie, Chris (October 12, 2018). "Kyrsten Sinema's anti-war activist past under scrutiny as she runs for Senate". CNN. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  135. 1 2 3 4 Lederman, Josh (May 2, 2012). "Candidate's stance on Afghan, Iraq wars faces scrutiny in Dem primary". The Hill. Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  136. Kaczynski, Andrew; Massie, Christopher. "Arizona Senate: Kyrsten Sinema's anti-war group blasted 'U.S. terror', depicted soldier as skeleton in 2003 flyers". CNN. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  137. "Kyrsten Sinema on Gun Control". On the Issues. Archived from the original on September 10, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  138. "house-gun-votes". www.gunowners.org. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  139. 1 2 "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  140. "GovTrack". Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  141. Kyrsten Sinema (September 1, 2013). "Affordable Care Act needs fixes to address costs". The Arizona Republic.
  142. "2012 Congressional Debate". Arizona PBS. Archived from the original on January 9, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
  143. "GovTrack". Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  144. "New York Times". Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
  145. "Gov Track". Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
  146. "Kyrsten Sinema on Health Care". On the Issues. Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  147. 1 2 "Kyrsten Sinema on Immigration". On the Issues. Archived from the original on August 4, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  148. "Sinema-Supported Legislation to Secure Our Borders Passes House". Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  149. H.R. 3004.
  150. Bernal, Rafael (July 9, 2017). "Dem support for 'Kate's Law' angers Latino group". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 13, 2018. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  151. Sanders, Rebekah. "Kyrsten Sinema's surprising vote on Syrian refugees". azcentral. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  152. "H.R.4038 – American SAFE Act of 2015". Congress.gov. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  153. "Rep. Kyrsten Sinema sides with House Republicans to support embattled ICE agency". azcentral. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  154. "H.R.2399 – LIBERT-E Act, 113th Congress (2013-2014)". Thomas.gov . Archived from the original on July 3, 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
  155. "House Vote 412 – Rejects Limits on N.S.A. Data Collection". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  156. Kevin Carty, Passes Bill Barring FCC From Regulating Broadband Rates Archived February 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Morning Consult (April 15, 2016).
  157. Hendel, John (April 10, 2019). "House Democrats' net neutrality win likely DOA in Senate but poised to become 2020 issue". Politico. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  158. T.C. Sottek (December 11, 2017). "CONGRESS TOOK $101 MILLION IN DONATIONS FROM THE ISP INDUSTRY — HERE'S HOW MUCH YOUR LAWMAKER GOT". theverge.com. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  159. Susskind, Jane (November 16, 2012). "Religious Diversity in Congress, A Year of 'Firsts'". Independent Voter Network. Archived from the original on May 27, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  160. Kimberly Winston. "Kyrsten Sinema, Arizona Democrat, To Replace Pete Stark As Sole Atheist In Congress". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  161. Robillard, Kevin; Caygle, Heather (September 28, 2017). "Democratic Rep. Sinema launches Arizona senate bid". Politico. Archived from the original on November 9, 2017. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  162. Kopan, Tal. "Rep. Kyrsten Sinema finishes Ironman". Politico. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  163. "Climb Kilimanjaro". Ultimate Kilimanjaro News and Notes. Archived from the original on August 3, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  164. Graef, Aileen (January 16, 2018). "Man arrested at Rep. Kyrsten Sinema's office on suspicion of stalking". CNN . Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  165. Stancy Correll, Diana (January 16, 2018). "Man charged with stalking Rep. Kyrsten Sinema after appearing outside her DC office". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  166. "State of Arizona Official Canvass" (PDF). Arizona Office of the Secretary of State. November 29, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 20, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  167. "Unofficial Results Primary Election". Arizona Secretary of State. Archived from the original on October 2, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  168. "Arizona Election Results". The New York Times. December 17, 2014. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  169. "2018 1203 Signed Official Statewide Canvass.pdf" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
U.S. House of Representatives
New constituency Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 9th congressional district

2013–2019
Succeeded by
Greg Stanton
Party political offices
Preceded by
Richard Carmona
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Arizona
(Class 1)

2018
Most recent
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Jeff Flake
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Arizona
2019–present
Served alongside: Martha McSally
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Marsha Blackburn
United States Senators by seniority
93rd
Succeeded by
Kevin Cramer