| United States Senator |
January 3, 2019
Servingwith Martha McSally
|Preceded by||Jeff Flake|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Arizona's 9th district
January 3, 2013 –January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Greg Stanton|
|Member of the Arizona Senate |
from the 15th district
January 10, 2011 –January 3, 2012
|Preceded by||Ken Cheuvront|
|Succeeded by||David Lujan|
|Member of the ArizonaHouseofRepresentatives |
from the 15th district
January 10, 2005 –January 10, 2011
Servingwith David Lujan
|Preceded by|| Wally Straughn |
|Succeeded by|| Lela Alston |
Kyrsten Lea Sinema
July 12, 1976
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic (2004–present)|
|Independent (before 2004)|
|Spouse(s)||Blake Dain (divorced)|
|Education|| Brigham Young University (BA)|
Arizona State University (MSW, JD, PhD)
Kyrsten Lea Sinema ( /
United States senators are conventionally ranked by the length of their tenure in the Senate. The senator in each U.S. state with the longer time in office is known as the senior senator; the other is the junior senator. This convention has no official standing, though seniority confers several benefits, including preference in the choice of committee assignments and physical offices. When senators have been in office for the same length of time, a number of tiebreakers, including previous offices held, are used to determine seniority.
Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.
Sinema began her political career as an activist for the Green Party before joining the Arizona Democratic Party in 2004.In the 2012 elections she was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, becoming the first openly bisexual member of Congress in the history of the United States.
The Arizona Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Arizona. Its headquarters are in Phoenix.
After her election to Congress, she shifted toward the political center, joining the conservative Democratic Blue Dog Coalition and the bipartisan Problem Solvers Caucus and amassing a center-left to centrist voting record.Sinema worked for the adoption of the DREAM Act and campaigned against Propositions 107 and 102, two voter referendums to ban the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona.
The Blue Dog Coalition, commonly known as the Blue Dogs or Blue Dog Democrats, is a caucus of United States Congressional Representatives from the Democratic Party who identify as fiscally-responsible, centrist Democrats. The caucus is an ideological group who profess a pragmatic approach to governance, an independence from leadership of both parties, and unite on the mission of fiscal responsibility and enhancing national defense. Since its founding, the Coalition's membership has changed but the mission has remained the same. Today, the Coalition primarily consists of Democrats who are socially progressive and fiscally conservative.
The Problem Solvers Caucus is a bi-partisan group in the United States House of Representatives that includes approximately 48 members – equally divided between Democrats and Republicans – who seek to create bi-partisan cooperation on key policy issues. Created in January 2017, the group is currently co-chaired by Josh Gottheimer (D-NJ) and Tom Reed (R-NY).
The DREAM Act is an American legislative proposal for a multi-phase process for qualifying alien minors in the United States that would first grant conditional residency and, upon meeting further qualifications, permanent residency.
Sinema won the 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona to replace retiring Senator Jeff Flake, defeating Republican nominee Martha McSally. The outcome of the election made Sinema the first openly bisexual person and second openly LGBT person (after Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin) elected to the United States Senate, as well as the first woman to represent Arizona in the United States Senate. Sinema is also the first Democrat elected to represent Arizona in the United States Senate since Dennis DeConcini, who held this seat until 1995.She became Arizona's senior senator immediately upon taking office, making her the most junior senior senator.
Jeffry Lane Flake is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Arizona from 2013 to 2019. A Republican, Flake previously served in the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Martha Elizabeth McSally is a United States Air Force (USAF) combat veteran and politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Arizona. A Republican, she previously served as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 2nd congressional district.
Kyrsten Sinema was born in Tucson, Arizona, in 1976 to Marilyn and Dan Sinema.She is of Frisian descent and her patrilineal line can be traced back up 19 generations to Sywvol Zennema who was born in the village of Heeg, Netherlands in 1425. Her great-great-grandfather Lieuwe Jacobs Sinnema (1863–1941) emigrated at a young age with his father Jacob Jans Sinnema (1830–1903) to the United States in 1867 from the village of Bitgum, in the Dutch province of Friesland. They initially moved to Sioux City, Iowa, and later her great-great-grandfather settled in Twin Falls, Idaho, where her great-grandfather Jacob Sinema (1892–1963) and grandfather Gerald Sinema (1929–) were brought up. Her grandfather relocated to Phoenix, Arizona, where her father, Dan Sinema, was born in 1949.
Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona. The 2010 United States Census put the population at 520,116, while the 2015 estimated population of the entire Tucson metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 980,263. The Tucson MSA forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area (CSA), with a total population of 1,010,025 as of the 2010 Census. Tucson is the second-largest populated city in Arizona behind Phoenix, both of which anchor the Arizona Sun Corridor. The city is 108 miles (174 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 mi (97 km) north of the U.S.–Mexico border. Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States (2014).
Frisian Americans are Americans with full or partial Frisian ancestry.
Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through his or her father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance of property, rights, names or titles by persons related through male kin.
Kyrsten has two siblings, an older brother and younger sister.Her father was an attorney. Her parents divorced when she was a child and her mother, who had custody of the children, remarried. With her siblings, mother, and stepfather, Sinema moved to DeFuniak Springs, Florida, a small town in the Panhandle. When her stepfather lost his job and the bank foreclosed on their home, the family lived for three years in a remodeled gas station. Sinema has said that for two years they had no toilet or electricity while living there. She later recalled, "My stepdad built a bunk bed for me and my sister. We separated our bunk bed from the kitchen with one of those big chalkboards on rollers. I knew that was weird. A chalkboard shouldn't be a wall. A kitchen should have running water." Sinema was raised as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. According to journalist Jonathan Martin in The New York Times , Sinema has given "contradictory answers about her early life", and Sinema's mother and stepfather had filed court documents saying they had made monthly payments for gas, electricity, and phone bills, even though Sinema had said they had been "without running water or electricity". Asked whether she had embellished details from her childhood, Sinema said, "I've shared what I remember from my childhood. I know what I lived through."
DeFuniak Springs is a city in Walton County, Florida, United States. The population was 5,089 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Walton County. In 2019, the MSN.com Insider Online named the city as the best small town in Florida.
The Florida Panhandle, an informal, unofficial term for the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Florida, is a strip of land roughly 200 miles (320 km) long and 50 to 100 miles wide, lying between Alabama on the north and the west, Georgia on the north, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. Its eastern boundary is arbitrarily defined. The terms West Florida and Northwest Florida are today generally synonymous with the Panhandle, although historically West Florida was the name of a British colony (1763–1783), later a Spanish colony (1783–1821), both of which included modern-day Florida west of the Apalachicola River as well as portions of what are now Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, often informally known as the LDS Church or Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ. The church is headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah in the United States, and has established congregations and built temples worldwide. According to the church, it has over 16 million members and 67,000 full-time volunteer missionaries. In 2012, the National Council of Churches ranked the church as the fourth-largest Christian denomination in the United States, with over 6.5 million members reported by the church, as of January 2018. It is the largest denomination in the Latter Day Saint movement founded by Joseph Smith during the period of religious revival known as the Second Great Awakening.
Sinema graduated as valedictorian from Walton High School at age 16 and went on to earn her B.A. from Brigham Young University in 1995 at age 18.She left The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints after graduating from BYU. Sinema returned to Arizona in 1995.
Sinema worked as a social worker from 1995 to 2002 in the Phoenix metropolitan area's Washington Elementary School Districtand received a Master of Social Work degree from Arizona State University in 1999. In 2004 she earned a J.D. degree from Arizona State University College of Law and became a criminal defense lawyer. In 2003 Sinema also became an adjunct professor teaching master's-level policy and grant-writing classes at Arizona State University School of Social Work and an adjunct Business Law Professor at Arizona Summit Law School, formerly known as Phoenix School of Law. In 2012 she earned a Ph.D. in justice studies, also from Arizona State.
In 2000 Sinema worked on Ralph Nader's presidential campaign.In 2001 and 2002 she ran for local elected offices as an independent and lost. In 2002 The Arizona Republic published a letter from Sinema criticizing capitalism. "Until the average American realizes that capitalism damages her livelihood while augmenting the livelihoods of the wealthy, the Almighty Dollar will continue to rule", she wrote.
Sinema had organized 15 antiwar rallies by the time the Iraq War began.She also opposed the war in Afghanistan. During a February 15, 2003, protest in Patriot's Square Park in Phoenix, a group led by Sinema distributed flyers portraying a U.S. servicemember as a skeleton "inflicting 'U.S. terror' in Iraq and the Middle East". (A representative of Sinema has said that Sinema did not "'approve or design'" the flyers. ) In a 2003 opinion piece, Sinema declared that Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush were "'the real Saddam and Osama lovers'". When asked on a local radio show whether she would oppose someone joining the Taliban and fighting on its behalf, Sinema responded, "'Fine… I don't care if you want to do that, go ahead.'" During 2005 and 2006 Sinema co-hosted a radio show with 9/11 truther Jeff Farias.
Sinema first ran for the Arizona House of Representatives in 2002, as an independent affiliated with the Arizona Green Party.She finished in last place in a five-candidate field, receiving 8% of the vote.
In 2004 Sinema and David Lujan won the Democratic primaries for Arizona's 15th district, with 37% of the vote for Sinema and 34% for Lujan over incumbent representative Wally Straughn.Sinema was subsequently reelected three times with over 30% of the vote. In 2009 and 2010 Sinema was an assistant Minority Leader for the Democratic Caucus of the Arizona House of Representatives.
In 2010 Sinema was elected to the Arizona Senate, defeating Republican Bob Thomas, 63% to 37%.
According to Elle , "her first public comment as an elected official came in 2005, after a Republican colleague's speech insulted LGBT people. 'We're simply people like everyone else who want and deserve respect', she passionately declared. Later, when reporters asked about her use of the first person, Sinema replied, 'Duh, I'm bisexual.'"
In 2006 Sinema told a radio host that she was "the most liberal member of the Arizona State Legislature".Also in 2006 she sponsored a bill urging the adoption of the DREAM Act and co-chaired Arizona Together, the statewide campaign that defeated Proposition 107, which would have banned the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona. (In 2008 a similar referendum, Proposition 102, passed. ) In 2006 Sinema was asked about "new feminism", and responded, "'These women who act like staying at home, leeching off their husbands or boyfriends, and just cashing the checks is some sort of feminism because they're choosing to live that life. That's bullshit. I mean, what the fuck are we really talking about here?'" After facing criticism, Sinema apologized and said the interview format was intended to be a "light-hearted spoof". "I was raised by a stay-at-home mom," she said. "So, she did a pretty good job with me."
In 2008 Sinema led the campaign against Proposition 102, another referendum that would have banned the recognition of same-sex marriage in Arizona. Proposition 102 was approved with 56% of the vote in the general election on November 4, 2008. Sinema chaired a coalition called Protect Arizona's Freedom, which defeated Ward Connerly's goal to place an initiative on the state ballot that would eliminate equal-opportunity programs.
In June 2009 Sinema was one of 32 state legislators appointed by President Barack Obama to the White House Health Reform Task Force, which helped shape the Affordable Care Act."Thanks in part to her hard work in improving the bill", she was invited to attend the Obamacare bill signing at the White House in March 2010.
In 2010 Sinema sponsored a bill to give in-state tuition to veterans; it was held in committee and did not receive a vote.
Also in 2010 Sinema was named one of Time magazine's "40 Under 40".The Center for Inquiry presented Sinema its Award for the Advancement of Science and Reason in Public Policy in 2011.
In June 2011 Sinema said she was considering running for the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. She lived in the same Phoenix neighborhood as incumbent Democratic congressman Ed Pastor, but was adamant that she would not challenge another Democrat in a primary.On January 3, 2012, Sinema announced her bid for Congress, in the 9th congressional district. The district had previously been the 5th, represented by freshman Republican David Schweikert; it contained 60% of the old 5th's territory. Schweikert had been drawn into the 6th District—the old 3rd District—and sought reelection there.
Although Sinema was not required to resign her State Senate seat under Arizona's resign-to-run laws (since she was in the final year of her term), she did so on the same day that she announced her candidacy. On August 28, 2012, Sinema won the three-way Democratic primary with nearly 42% of the vote. Her opponents, state Senator David Schapira and former Arizona Democratic Party chairman Andrei Cherny, a former speechwriter in the Clinton administration, each finished with less than 30% of the vote.
In the general election Sinema ran against Republican nominee Vernon Parker, the former mayor of Paradise Valley.She was endorsed by The Arizona Republic . The campaign was described as a "nasty", "bitterly fought race that featured millions of dollars in attack ads". Parker ran campaign ads that accused Sinema of being an "anti-American hippie" who practiced "Pagan rituals". The Republican-aligned outside group American Future Fund spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on attack ads against Sinema. When her religious views were raised as an issue, her campaign said that she simply believes in a secular approach to government.
The November 6 election was initially too close to call, because Arizona election authorities failed to count more than 25% of the votes on election day.Sinema held a narrow lead over Parker, while provisional and absentee ballots were still being counted. On November 12, when it was apparent that Sinema's lead was too large for Parker to overcome, the Associated Press called the race for Sinema. Once all ballots were counted, Sinema won by 4.1 percentage points, over 10,000 votes. Libertarian Powell Gammill finished third with 6.64% of the votes. When she took office on January 3, 2013, she became only the second Anglo Democrat to represent the Valley of the Sun in over three decades. The first, Harry Mitchell, occupied the seat Sinema now holds from 2007 to 2011.
Sinema ran for reelection in 2014, and was unopposed in the Democratic primary, which took place on August 26, 2014. She faced Republican Wendy Rogers in the general election.
According to Roll Call , Sinema billed herself as bipartisan. This was seen as a response to her district's voting pattern. It was drawn as a "fair-fight" district, and voted for President Barack Obama by just 4 points in 2012.In September 2014 she was endorsed for reelection by the United States Chamber of Commerce, becoming one of five Democrats to be endorsed by the Chamber in the 2014 congressional election cycle. She was reelected with approximately 55% of the vote, beating GOP nominee Wendy Rogers by 13 points.
Unopposed in her primary, Sinema won the general election with 60.9% of the vote. Her opponent, Republican nominee Dave Giles, received 39%.
The following is an incomplete list of legislation that Sinema sponsored:
On September 28, 2017, Sinema officially announced her candidacy for the Class I United States Senate seat held by Republican incumbent Jeff Flake, who declined to seek reelection the next month.
In March 2018 Sinema donated to charity $33,800 in campaign contributions she had received from Ed Buck, a prominent Democratic donor who came under scrutiny after a homeless escort died of a drug overdose at his California home in 2017.She had previously donated to charity $53,400 in campaign contributions from people with ties to Backpage, a website that was seized by the United States Department of Justice after it was accused of knowingly accepting ads for sex with underage girls.
Federal Election Commission filings released in April 2018 showed Sinema had raised over $8.2 million, more than the three leading Republican primary contenders combined.
During the 2018 campaign Sinema refused to debate her competitor in the Democratic primary, Deedra Abboud, an attorney and community activist.Sinema won the August Democratic primary for the Senate seat. Her Republican opponent in the general election was fellow Arizona U.S. Representative Martha McSally. Sinema received the endorsement of the Human Rights Campaign.
While Abboud said she would vote against the nomination of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court, Sinema "said she wanted to delve deeper into Kavanaugh's writings and interview him personally before deciding". She said she was "running on the issues people care about most, including offering quality, affordable health care and promoting economic opportunity".In summer 2018 Sinema said she would vote against Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) for Minority Leader if elected to the U.S. Senate. "The Democratic leadership has failed Democrats across the country," she said. "I am unafraid to say what I believe about what I think our party needs to do and I think our party needs to grow and change."
Journalist Jonathan Martin wrote in The New York Times in September 2018 that Sinema was running "one of the most moderate-sounding and cautious Senate campaigns this year, keeping the media at arms-length and avoiding controversial issues", and said her campaign was generally reluctant to bring up President Donald Trump.According to Martin, both Republicans and Democrats said that Sinema had "few major legislative accomplishments to her record" and was running "on a political image that she has shaped and reshaped over the years. And nothing is more central to it now than her childhood homelessness."
On November 12, many news sources called the U.S. Senate race for Sinema, and the Republican nominee, Martha McSally, conceded.Sinema was sworn in with the 116th United States Congress on January 3, 2019. During the oath of office ceremony, led by vice president Mike Pence, Sinema decided not to be sworn in on the traditional Bible, opting instead for copies of the United States Constitution and the Constitution of Arizona.
During her Senate swearing-in ceremony, led by Vice President Mike Pence, Sinema decided to place her hand on copies of the United States Constitution and the Constitution of Arizona rather than the traditional Bible.On February 5, 2019, Sinema voted for a bill that would make improvements to certain defense and security assistance provisions, authorize the appropriation of funds to Israel, and reauthorize the United States-Jordan Defense Cooperation Act of 2015. On February 12, 2019, she voted along with the whole Senate for Natural Resources Management Act which provides for the management of the natural resources of the United States. On February 14, 2019, she voted to confirm William Barr as Attorney General.
On March 13, 2019, Sinema voted to remove the United States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress.On March 14 she voted against President Trump's National Emergency declaration on border security. On March 26, along with two Democrats and an independent from Maine, she voted against the Green New Deal. On April 11 she voted to confirm David Bernhardt as Secretary of the Interior. "Roll Call Vote 116th Congress - 1st Session: Vote number 77". U.S Senate.
Source: Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer
Sinema has been described as a centrist or moderate Democrat. 's 2013 Vote Ratings, her votes place her near the center of their liberal-conservative scale. The National Journal gave her a composite ideology score of 57% liberal and 43% conservative. According to the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy, Sinema was the sixth most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives during the first session of the 115th United States Congress. She has cited U.S. Senator Joe Manchin, a Democrat from West Virginia, as a role model. She was one of the most conservative Democrats in the House of Representatives during her tenure.According to National Journal
In 2015 and 2016 she did not vote for Nancy Pelosi for Speaker of the House.In 2015 she voted 73% with the majority of her own party. The conservative group Americans for Prosperity gives Sinema a lifetime 27% rating and the conservative Goldwater Institute gave her a 35% in 2010 when she was a state legislator; the progressive Americans for Democratic Action gave her a 60% liberal quotient. In 2017 she voted in line with President Donald Trump's position approximately half the time. According to Five ThirtyEight, as of March 2019 Sinema voted in line with Trump's position on legislation 58% of the time.
Sinema is a member of the Blue Dog Coalitionand the Problem Solvers Caucus.
Sinema supports abortion rights. Asked about Roe v. Wade , Sinema indicated that the ruling should not be overturned and that she supports a woman's right to choose.She has been endorsed by EMILY's List. She has a lifetime 100% rating from Planned Parenthood, which is pro-choice, and a 20% rating from the pro-life organization Campaign for Working Families as of 2018.
Sinema has voted for federal stimulus spending.She has said: "Raising taxes is more economically sound than cutting vital social services."
In 2015 Sinema was one of just seven House Democrats to vote in favor of a Republican-backed bill to repeal the estate tax, which affects about 0.2% of deaths in the U.S. each year (estates of $5.43 million or more for individuals, or $10.86 million or more for couples).That same year she voted to change the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's leadership from a single director to a bipartisan commission.
In 2016, with Republican congressman John Katko of New York, Sinema cosponsored the Working Parents Flexibility Act (H.R. 4699). This legislation would establish a tax-free "parental savings account" in which employers and parents could invest savings tax-free, with unused funds eligible to be "rolled into qualifying retirement, college savings or ABLE accounts for people with disabilities without tax penalties".In September 2018 she voted "to make individual tax cuts passed by the GOP [in 2017] permanent". She was one of three Democrats to break with her party and vote for the tax cuts being made permanent.
In 2019 Sinema was one of three Democrats who joined all Republicans and voted against the Green New Deal, a stimulus program that ostensibly aims to address climate change and, at the same time, economic inequality, while most other Democrats voted "present."In April 2019, Sinema was one of three Democrats who voted with Republicans to confirm David Bernhardt, a former oil executive, as Secretary of the Interior Department.
In February 2019, Sinema was one of 20 senators to sponsor the Employer Participation in Repayment Act, enabling employers to contribute up to $5,250 to their employees' student loans.
According to a profile in The Advocate , "Sinema has her sights set on advancing LGBT rights."She has a history of policy advocacy regarding LGBT rights and issues. In 2006 Sinema was among the leading opponents of a proposed amendment to the Arizona state constitution which would have banned same-sex marriages and civil unions. The proposal failed in Arizona, the first time that a state rejected a ban on same-sex marriage, but, a second proposed amendment banning only same-sex marriage was passed in 2008 with Sinema opposing that amendment as well. She supports same-sex marriage, domestic partnership recognition, and adding gender identity to anti-discrimination laws.
While a law student at Arizona State University, Sinema organized pacifist protests, including against the Iraq War.She also opposed the war in Afghanistan at the time. She supported the Gulf War. In 2006 she said she opposed "war in all its forms". After joining Congress in 2012, Sinema said that her views on military force had evolved, and that "you should never take military intervention off the table. When you do so, you give an out to a rogue nation or rogue actors." Josh Lederman of The Hill reported that "she said she favors aggressive diplomacy, crippling sanctions to combat proliferation, and swift, multilateral intervention as a last resort". She supports the use of military force to stop genocide, such as in Sudan, Somalia and Rwanda. She wrote a doctoral dissertation on the 1994 Rwandan genocide that Lexington Books published in 2015.
After the September 11 attacks on the United States, Sinema was involved in organizing a Phoenix-area group called the Arizona Alliance for Peaceful Justice (AAPJ). According to Lederman, "The group's mission statement at the time called military action 'an inappropriate response to terrorism' and advocated for using the legal system – not violence – to bring Osama bin Laden and others to justice." Sinema wrote: "As one of the core organizers against the war from day one (September 12, 2001), I have always and will always continue to oppose war in all its forms."
On September 15, 2018, CNN reported that Sinema, as an antiwar activist in the years after 9/11, "led a group that distributed flyers depicting an American soldier as a skeleton inflicting 'U.S. terror' in Iraq and the Middle East." The flyers "promoted a February 2003 rally organized by Local to Global Justice, an anti-war group Sinema co-founded". Sinema was described in news reports as an organizer and sponsor of the rally and was "listed as the point of contact for the event". One flyer referred to "Bush and his fascist, imperialist war", saying, "Government is slavery", and describing laws as "cobwebs for the rich and chains of steel for the poor". CNN said that such positions were "a contrast from the more moderate profile she has developed since her 2012 election to Congress".
In October 2018 CNN reported on Sinema's "past ties to far-left groups" and "extensive past as a progressive activist", writing that "Her events and associations in opposing the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan—and her early years as a Democratic lawmaker in Arizona—frequently brought her into contact with the left-wing fringe." In 2005 and 2006 she co-hosted an Air America radio show with 9/11 truther Jeff Farias.
Sinema favors gun control measures such as requiring background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows, and requiring a license for gun possession.In 2016 the National Rifle Association (NRA), which opposes gun regulations, gave Sinema a 29% rating. The Gun Owners of America (GOA) have given her a "D" rating. In 2018 the NRA gave Sinema a 33% score and GOA gave her a 17% rating.
Sinema voted against repealing the Affordable Care Act,but has called for reforms to the law. In a 2012 congressional campaign debate, she said the health care law wasn't perfect, and that in Congress she would work to amend it to make it work effectively. Sinema voted to delay the imposition of fines on those who did not purchase insurance in 2014. She also voted to repeal the Medical Device Tax and for the Keep Your Health Plan Act of 2013.
Speaking about healthcare policy, Sinema said, "I used to say that I wanted universal health-care coverage in Arizona, which went over like a ton of bricks. Turns out, Arizonans hear the word 'universal' and think 'socialism'—or 'pinko commie'. But when I say that I want all Arizonans to have access to affordable, quality health care, Arizonans agree wholeheartedly. Same basic idea, different language."
Sinema co-sponsored the Southwest Border Security Threat Assessment Act (H.R. 4482), a bill that calls for border threat analysis of terrorism, smuggling, and human trafficking every five years.
Sinema was one of 24 House Democrats to vote in favor of Kate's Law,a bill that would expand maximum sentences for foreigners who attempt to reenter the country, legally or illegally, after having been deported, denied entry or removed, and for foreign felons who attempt to reenter the country.
Sinema voted for the SAFE Act, which expanded the refugee screening process to require signatures from the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of National Intelligence for each refugee entering the country.
Sinema opposed Arizona SB 1070. She has argued that mass deportation of undocumented immigrants is not an option and supported the DREAM Act. Her 2012 campaign website stated that "we need to create a tough but fair path to citizenship for undocumented workers that requires them to get right with the law by paying back taxes, paying a fine and learning English as a condition of gaining citizenship."In July 2018 she broke with her party by voting with Republicans against abolishing ICE.
The Federation for American Immigration Reform, a PAC that seeks to limit both legal and illegal immigration, gave Sinema a 33% rating in 2018, and UnidosUS, which supports a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, gave Sinema a score of 88% in 2014.
In June 2013 Sinema became one of 29 original cosponsors of the bipartisan LIBERT-E (Limiting Internet and Blanket Electronic Review of Telecommunications and Email) Act, along with Representative Justin Amash. The legislation would limit the National Security Agency (NSA) to only collecting electronic information from subjects of an investigation.
In July 2013 Sinema joined a bipartisan majority and voted against an amendment to a defense appropriations bill (offered by Amash) to prohibit the NSA from monitoring and recording details of U.S. citizens' telecommunications without a warrant.
In 2016 Sinema was one of five House Democrats to vote for a Republican-backed bill barring the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from regulating broadband rates. Her vote broke from her party; other Democrats were strongly opposed to the measure, and President Obama said he would veto it if it passed.
In 2019 Sinema was the sole Senate Democrat not to co-sponsor the Save the Internet Act, which would restore Obama-era regulations preventing ISPs from throttling consumers' website traffic. She worked with Senate Republican Roger Wicker to develop their own net neutrality bill.Sinema has received $134,046 in donations from the Telecom Industry.
Sinema married, and later divorced, her BYU classmate Blake Dain.She was the first openly bisexual member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and is the first openly bisexual person elected to the U.S. Senate and the first woman elected as a U.S. Senator from Arizona.
Sinema has been reported to be the only non-theist (non-religious) member of Congress,although she herself has rejected such labels.
She has credited the government, her church, her teachers, and her family for helping her climb out of poverty.
On November 17, 2013, Sinema completed an Ironman Triathlon in a little more than 15 hours. Sinema was the second active member of Congress—behind Senator Jeff Merkley—to finish a long distance triathlon, and the first to complete an Ironman-branded race.On December 25, 2013, Sinema summited Mount Kilimanjaro.
In January 2018, a New York man was arrested and charged with stalking Sinema.
This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification . (November 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Libertarian||Powell E. Gammill||16,620||6.64%|
|Democratic||Kyrsten Sinema (Incumbent)||169,055||60.95|
|Green||Angela Green (withdrawn)||57,442||2.41%||N/A|
Lisa Ann Murkowski is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Alaska, having held that seat since 2002. She is a member of the Republican Party, and is the second most senior Republican woman in the Senate. Along with Susan Collins from Maine, she is frequently described as one of the most moderate Republicans in the Senate and is a crucial swing voter.
Mary Kathryn "Heidi" Heitkamp is an American businesswoman, lawyer and politician who served as a United States senator from North Dakota from 2013 to 2019. A member of the North Dakota Democratic-Nonpartisan League Party, she was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate from North Dakota. She served as the 28th North Dakota Attorney General from 1992 to 2000 and as state tax commissioner, from 1986 to 1992.
Cathy Anne McMorris Rodgers is an American politician who is the U.S. Representative for Washington's 5th congressional district. A Republican, McMorris Rodgers previously served in the Washington House of Representatives. From 2013 to 2019, she was the chair of the House Republican Caucus.
There have been 56 total women in the United States Senate since its establishment in 1789. The first woman who served as a U.S. Senator, Rebecca Latimer Felton, represented Georgia for a single day in 1922. The first woman elected to the Senate was Hattie Caraway from Arkansas in 1932. Seventeen of the women who have served were appointed; seven of those were appointed to succeed their deceased husbands. The 116th Congress has 25 female senators, meaning for the first time in history, one-fourth of the members of the U.S. Senate are female.
Ann Leila Kirkpatrick is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 2nd congressional district. She previously represented Arizona's 1st congressional district from 2009 to 2011 and again from 2013 to 2017. A Democrat, she is also a former member of the Arizona House of Representatives.
Arizona's ninth congressional district was created as a result of the 2010 Census. The first candidates ran in the 2012 House elections, and the first representative was seated for the 113th Congress in 2013.
The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012, to elect the nine U.S. Representatives from the state, one from each of the state's nine Congressional districts, including the newly created 9th district following the 2010 United States Census. The elections coincided with other federal and state elections, including a quadrennial presidential election, and a U.S. Senate election. Primary elections were held on August 28, 2012.
The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 to elect the nine U.S. Representatives from the state of Arizona, one from each of the state's nine congressional districts, with Democratic and Republican primaries taking place on August 26. The elections coincided with the elections of other federal and state offices, including Governor of Arizona.
The 2018 United States Senate elections were held on November 6, 2018. Thirty-three of the 100 seats were contested in regular elections while two others were contested in special elections due to Senate vacancies in Minnesota and Mississippi. The winners were elected to six-year terms running from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2025. Senate Democrats had 26 seats up for election while Senate Republicans had nine seats up for election.
Lela Alston is an American politician and a Democratic member of the Arizona State Senate representing District 24 since January 14, 2019. She previously served in the Arizona House of Representatives from 2013 to 2019, and from 2011 to 2013 in the District 11 seat, and non-consecutively in the Arizona State Legislature from 1977 until 1995 in the Arizona Senate.
Debra Kay Lesko, née Lorenz is an American politician and a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Arizona's 8th congressional district. The district is located in the West Valley portion of the Valley of the Sun and includes Glendale, Surprise, Sun City, Peoria and part of western Phoenix.
The 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona took place on November 6, 2018, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Arizona and replace Senator Jeff Flake, who did not run for re-election. It was held concurrently with other elections to the United States Senate, elections to the United States House of Representatives, and various state and local elections.
The 2018 Arizona gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the governor of Arizona, concurrently with the election of Arizona's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.
The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona were held on November 6, 2018, to elect the nine U.S. Representatives from the state of Arizona, one from each of the state's nine congressional districts. The elections coincided with the 2018 Arizona gubernatorial election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections. The 2018 general elections saw the Democratic party gain the 2nd Congressional district, thus flipping the state from a 5–4 Republican advantage to a 5–4 Democratic advantage, the first time since the 2012 election in which Democrats held more House seats in Arizona than the Republicans.
The Affordable College Textbook Act is a United States legislative bill intended to support use of open textbooks. It was introduced on April 4, 2019, to the 116th Congress by four senators, and one representative. Organizations supporting the bill include the American Federation of Teachers, the American Association of Community Colleges, the Association of Research Libraries, and Creative Commons.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kyrsten Sinema .|
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|New constituency|| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Arizona's 9th congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Arizona |
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Arizona |
Served alongside: Martha McSally
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority |
|113th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Flake||House: E. Pastor | T. Franks | R. Grijalva | P. Gosar | D. Schweikert | R. Barber | A. Kirkpatrick | M. Salmon | K. Sinema|
|114th||Senate: J. McCain • J. Flake||House: T. Franks • R. Grijalva • P. Gosar • D. Schweikert • A. Kirkpatrick • M. Salmon • K. Sinema • R. Gallego • M. McSally|
|115th||Senate: J. McCain (until Aug. 2018) • J. Flake • J. Kyl (from Sep. 2018)||House: T. Franks (until Dec. 2017) • R. Grijalva • P. Gosar • D. Schweikert • K. Sinema • R. Gallego • M. McSally • A. Biggs • T. O'Halleran • D. Lesko (from Apr. 2018)|
|116th||Senate: K. Sinema • M. McSally||House: R. Grijalva • P. Gosar • D. Schweikert • A. Kirkpatrick • R. Gallego • A. Biggs • T. O'Halleran • D. Lesko • G. Stanton|