List of United States senators from Oregon

Last updated

Current delegation

Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. Its current U.S. senators are Democrats Ron Wyden (serving since 1996) and Jeff Merkley (serving since 2009).

Contents

Prior to 1906, U.S. senators were elected by the Oregon Legislative Assembly. In 1904, Oregon voters passed a ballot measure that required U.S. senators to be selected by a popular vote and then endorsed by the state legislature. Beginning in 1914, U.S. senators were directly elected by popular vote on the basis of the 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution. [1] [2] [3]

List of senators

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2002, 2008, 2014, and 2020. The next election will be in 2026.

C

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

#SenatorPartyDates in officeElectoral historyTTElectoral historyDates in officePartySenator#
1 DelazonSmith.jpg
Delazon Smith
Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1859
Elected in 1859.

Lost re-election.
1 35th 1 Elected in 1859.

Retired.
February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Democratic Joseph Lane (cwpbh-02170).jpg
Joseph Lane
1
VacantMarch 3, 1859 –
October 1, 1860
Legislature failed to elect.2 36th
2 EdDBaker.jpg
Edward D. Baker
Republican October 1, 1860 –
October 21, 1861
Elected late in 1860.

Died.
37th 2Election year unknown.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
Democratic James W. Nesmith - Brady-Handy.jpg
James Nesmith
2
VacantOctober 21, 1861 –
February 27, 1862
 
3 Benjamin Stark 1910.jpg
Benjamin Stark
Democratic February 27, 1862 –
September 12, 1862
Appointed to continue Baker's term.

Retired when successor elected.
4 Benjamin F. Harding - Brady-Handy.jpg
Benjamin F. Harding
Democratic September 12, 1862 –
March 3, 1865
Elected to finish Baker's term.

Retired.
38th
5 George Henry Williams, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg
George H. Williams
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1871
Elected in 1864.

Lost re-election.
3 39th
40th 3Election year unknown.

Retired.
March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
Republican Henry W. Corbett - Brady-Handy.jpg
Henry W. Corbett
3
41st
6 James K. Kelly - Brady-Handy.jpg
James K. Kelly
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
Elected in 1870.

Retired.
4 42nd
43rd 4 Elected in 1872.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
Republican John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg
John H. Mitchell
4
44th
7 La Fayette Grover - Brady-Handy.jpg
La Fayette Grover
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
Election year unknown.

Retired.
5 45th
46th 5Election year unknown.

Retired.
March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
Democratic James H. Slater - Brady-Handy.jpg
James H. Slater
5
47th
8 Joseph N. Dolph.jpg
Joseph N. Dolph
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1895
Elected in 1882.6 48th
49th 6 March 3, 1885 –
November 18, 1885
Vacant
Elected late in 1885.November 18, 1885 –
March 3, 1897
Republican John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg
John H. Mitchell
6
50th
Re-elected in 1888.

Lost re-election.
7 51st
52nd 7 Re-elected in 1890.

Lost re-election.
53rd
9 George W. McBride.jpg
George W. McBride
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1901
Elected February 23, 1895. [4]

Lost renomination.
8 54th
55th 8 March 3, 1897 –
October 7, 1898
Vacant
Elected late in 1898.

Retired.
October 7, 1898 –
March 3, 1903
Republican Joseph Simon of Oregon.jpg
Joseph Simon
7
56th
10 John H. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg
John H. Mitchell
Republican March 4, 1901 –
December 8, 1905
Elected February 24, 1901.

Died.
9 57th
58th 9 Elected February 21, 1903. [5]

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
Republican Looters of the Public Domain 481.png
Charles W. Fulton
8
59th
VacantDecember 8, 1905 –
December 21, 1905
 
11 John M. Gearin.jpg
John M. Gearin
Democratic December 21, 1905 –
January 23, 1907
Appointed to continue Mitchell's term.

Retired when successor elected.
12 Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg
Frederick W. Mulkey
Republican January 23, 1907 –
March 3, 1907
Elected to finish Mitchell's term. [6] [7]

Retired.
13 Jonathan Bourne.jpg
Jonathan Bourne, Jr.
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Elected January 22, 1907. [6] [7]

Lost renomination.
10 60th
61st 10 Elected January 19, 1909. [7] March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1921
Democratic George E Chamberlain -3Qtr view.jpg
George E. Chamberlain
9
62nd
14 Harry Lane.jpg
Harry Lane
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
May 23, 1917
Elected January 21, 1913. [7]

Died.
11 63rd
64th 11 Re-elected in 1914.

Lost re-election.
65th
VacantMay 23, 1917 –
May 29, 1917
 
15 Charles mcnary.jpg
Charles L. McNary
Republican May 29, 1917 –
November 5, 1918
Appointed to continue Lane's term.

Not elected to finish Lane's term.
16 Frederick W. Mulkey.jpg
Frederick W. Mulkey
Republican November 6, 1918 –
December 17, 1918
Elected to finish Lane's term.

Resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
17 Charles mcnary.jpg
Charles L. McNary
Republican December 18, 1918 –
February 25, 1944
Appointed to finish Lane/Mulkey's term, having already been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1918.12 66th
67th 12 Elected in 1920.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1927
Republican Robert Nelson Stanfield.jpg
Robert N. Stanfield
10
68th
Re-elected in 1924.13 69th
70th 13 Elected in 1926.March 4, 1927 –
January 31, 1938
Republican Fredericksteiwer.jpg
Frederick Steiwer
11
71st
Re-elected in 1930.14 72nd
73rd 14 Re-elected in 1932.

Resigned.
74th
Re-elected in 1936.15 75th
 January 31, 1938 –
February 11, 1938
Vacant
Appointed to continue Steiwer's term.

Retired when successor elected.
February 11, 1938 –
November 9, 1938
Democratic Alfred Evan Reames.jpg
Alfred E. Reames
12
Elected to finish Steiwer's term.

Retired.
November 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Republican Alexander Grant Barry.jpg
Alexander G. Barry
13
76th 15 Elected in 1938.

Lost renomination.
January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
Republican Rufus Holman.jpg
Rufus C. Holman
14
77th
Re-elected in 1942.

Died.
16 78th
VacantFebruary 25, 1944 –
March 13, 1944
 
18 Guy F. Cordon.jpg
Guy Cordon
Republican March 13, 1944 –
January 3, 1955
Appointed to continue McNary's term.

Elected November 7, 1944 to finish McNary's term.
79th 16 Elected in 1944.January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1969
Republican [8] Wayne Morse.jpg
Wayne Morse
15
80th
Re-elected in 1948.

Lost re-election.
17 81st
82nd 17 Re-elected in 1950.
Independent [8]
83rd
19 Richard Lewis Neuberger.jpg
Richard L. Neuberger
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
March 9, 1960
Elected in 1954.

Died.
18 84th Democratic [8]
85th 18 Re-elected in 1956.
86th
VacantMarch 9, 1960 –
March 23, 1960
 
20 Hall Stoner Lusk.jpg
Hall S. Lusk
Democratic March 23, 1960 –
November 9, 1960
Appointed to continue Neuberger's term.

Retired when successor elected.
21 Maurine Brown Neuberger.jpg
Maurine Brown Neuberger
Democratic November 9, 1960 –
January 3, 1967
Elected to finish her husband's term.
Elected to full term in 1960.

Retired.
19 87th
88th 19 Re-elected in 1962.

Lost re-election.
89th
22 Mark hatfield.jpg
Mark Hatfield
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1997
Elected in 1966.20 90th
91st 20 Elected in 1968.January 3, 1969 –
October 1, 1995
Republican RWPackwood.jpg
Bob Packwood
16
92nd
Re-elected in 1972.21 93rd
94th 21 Re-elected in 1974.
95th
Re-elected in 1978.22 96th
97th 22 Re-elected in 1980.
98th
Re-elected in 1984.23 99th
100th 23 Re-elected in 1986.
101st
Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
24 102nd
103rd 24 Re-elected in 1992.

Resigned.
104th
 October 1, 1995 –
February 6, 1996
Vacant
Elected to finish Packwood's term.February 6, 1996 –
Present
Democratic Ron Wyden official portrait crop.jpg
Ron Wyden
17
23 Gordon Smith official portrait (cropped).jpg
Gordon Smith
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2009
Elected in 1996.25 105th
106th 25 Re-elected in 1998.
107th
Re-elected in 2002.

Lost re-election.
26 108th
109th 26 Re-elected in 2004.
110th
24 Jeff Merkley, 115th official photo (cropped).jpg
Jeff Merkley
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
Present
Elected in 2008.27 111th
112th 27 Re-elected in 2010.
113th
Re-elected in 2014.28 114th
115th 28 Re-elected in 2016.
116th
Re-elected in 2020.29 117th
118th 29To be determined in the 2022 election.
119th
To be determined in the 2026 election.30 120th
#SenatorPartyYears in officeElectoral historyT TElectoral historyYears in officePartySenator#
Class 2 Class 3

Living former U.S. senators from Oregon

As of January 2021, there are two living former U.S. senators from Oregon. The most recent and most recently serving senator to die was Mark Hatfield (served January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1997) on August 7, 2011.

SenatorTerm of officeDate of birth (and age)
Bob Packwood January 3, 1969 – October 1, 1995September 11, 1932 (age 88)
Gordon H. Smith January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2009May 25, 1952 (age 68)

See also

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References

  1. "Initiative, Referendum and Recall Introduction". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  2. "U.S. senators from Oregon". Oregon Blue Book. Salem, Oregon: Oregon Secretary of State. 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  3. Carey, Charles Henry (1922). History of Oregon. Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing. pp. 837–838.
  4. "George Wycliffe McBride". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  5. "OREGON SENATOR CHOSEN". The New York Times. February 22, 1903. p. 3.
  6. 1 2 The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1908. The Press Publishing Co., New York World. 1907. p. 263.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Selected by popular vote, but formally elected by the state legislature
  8. 1 2 3 Wayne Morse was elected as a Republican in 1944 and re-elected as a Republican in 1950. He changed to Independent in 1952 and to Democratic in 1955. He was re-elected as a Democrat in 1956 and 1962.