85th United States Congress

Last updated

85th United States Congress
84th  
  86th
USCapitol1956.jpg

January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1959
Members96 senators
435 representatives
Senate majority Democratic
Senate President Richard Nixon (R)
House majority Democratic
House Speaker Sam Rayburn (D)
Sessions
1st: January 3, 1957 – August 30, 1957
2nd: January 7, 1958 – August 24, 1958

The 85th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1957, to January 3, 1959, during the fifth and sixth years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1950 United States census.

Contents

Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

To date, this is the earliest Congress with a member still living.

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted

Party summary

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 47 49960
Begin 49 47 96 0
End 50 45 951
Final voting share52.6% 47.4%
Beginning of next congress 64 34980

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 228 2004287
Begin 233 200 433 2
End 232 193 42510
Final voting share54.6% 45.4%
Beginning of next congress 282 1534350

Leadership

Senate President
Senate President pro tempore
House Speaker

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Caucuses

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. Senators in each state are listed by class. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1958; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1960; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1962.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

Senate changes
State
(class)
Vacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
New York
(3)
VacantRetired.
Successor elected in 1956, but took seat late to prevent Governor from appointing a rival to be his successor as N.Y. Attorney General
Jacob Javits (R)January 9, 1957
Texas
(1)
Price Daniel (D)Resigned January 14, 1957, after being elected Governor of Texas.
Successor appointed January 15, 1957.
William A. Blakley (D)January 15, 1957
Texas
(1)
William A. Blakley (D)Interim appointee retired when successor elected.
Successor elected April 28, 1957.
Ralph Yarborough (D)April 29, 1957
Wisconsin
(1)
Joseph McCarthy (R)Died May 2, 1957.
Successor elected August 27, 1957.
William Proxmire (D)August 28, 1957
West Virginia
(2)
Matthew M. Neely (D)Died January 18, 1958.
Successor appointed January 25, 1958.
John D. Hoblitzell Jr. (R)January 25, 1958
North Carolina
(2)
W. Kerr Scott (D)Died April 16, 1958.
Successor appointed April 19, 1958, and then elected November 4, 1958.
B. Everett Jordan (D)April 19, 1958
West Virginia
(2)
John D. Hoblitzell Jr. (R)Interim appointee lost special election.
Successor elected November 4, 1958.
Jennings Randolph (D)November 5, 1958
California
(1)
William F. Knowland (R)Resigned early January 2, 1959.VacantNot filled this term

House of Representatives

House changes
DistrictVacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
New Mexico at-large VacantRep. Antonio M. Fernández died during previous congress. Joseph Montoya (D)April 9, 1957
New Jersey 2 VacantRep. T. Millet Hand died during previous congress. Milton W. Glenn (R)November 5, 1957
Illinois 7 James Bowler (D)Died July 18, 1957. Roland V. Libonati (D)December 31, 1957
Pennsylvania 13 Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (R)Resigned September 1, 1957, after becoming Executive Director of the United Cerebral Palsy Associations John A. Lafore Jr. (R)November 5, 1957
Georgia 7 Henderson L. Lanham (D)Died November 10, 1957. Harlan E. Mitchell (D)January 8, 1958
Pennsylvania 21 Augustine B. Kelley (D)Died November 20, 1957. John H. Dent (D)January 21, 1958
New York 37 W. Sterling Cole (R)Resigned December 1, 1957, after becoming Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Howard W. Robison (R)January 14, 1958
Tennessee 8 Jere Cooper (D)Died December 18, 1957. Fats Everett (D)February 1, 1958
Pennsylvania 4 Earl Chudoff (D)Resigned January 5, 1958, after being elected judge of the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas No. 1. Robert N.C. Nix Sr. (D)May 20, 1958
New Jersey 14 Vincent J. Dellay (R)Changed political affiliation some time in 1958. Vincent J. Dellay (D) ????, 1958
Illinois 14 Russell W. Keeney (R)Died January 11, 1958.VacantNot filled this term.
Minnesota 1 August H. Andresen (R)Died January 14, 1958. Al Quie (R)February 18, 1958
Wisconsin 1 Lawrence H. Smith (R)Died January 22, 1958.Not filled this term.
New Mexico at-large John J. Dempsey (D)Died March 11, 1958.Not filled this term.
Louisiana 8 George S. Long (D)Died March 22, 1958.Not filled this term.
Illinois 4 William E. McVey (R)Died August 10, 1958.Not filled this term.
Pennsylvania 28 Herman P. Eberharter (D)Died September 9, 1958.Not filled this term.
Ohio 17 J. Harry McGregor (R)Died October 7, 1958.Not filled this term.
Illinois 20 Sid Simpson (R)Died October 26, 1958.Not filled this term.
Massachusetts 13 Richard B. Wigglesworth (R)Resigned November 13, 1958.Not filled this term.
New York 4 Henry J. Latham (R)Resigned December 31, 1958, after becoming a judge of the New York Supreme Court.Not filled this term.

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Joint committees

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">107th United States Congress</span> 2001-2003 U.S. Congress

The 107th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003, during the final weeks of the Clinton presidency and the first two years of the George W. Bush presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">104th United States Congress</span> 1995–1997 U.S. Congress

The 104th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1995, to January 3, 1997, during the third and fourth years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">101st United States Congress</span> 1989–1991 U.S. Congress

The 101st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1989, to January 3, 1991, during the final weeks of Ronald Reagan's presidency and the first two years of George H. W. Bush's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">95th United States Congress</span> 1977–1979 U.S. Congress

The 95th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1977, to January 3, 1979, during the final weeks of Gerald Ford's presidency and the first two years of Jimmy Carter's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">92nd United States Congress</span> 1971–1973 U.S. Congress

The 92nd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1971, to January 3, 1973, during the third and fourth years of Richard Nixon's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">91st United States Congress</span> 1969–1971 U.S. Congress

The 91st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1971, during the final weeks of the presidency of Lyndon Johnson and the first two years of the first presidency of Richard Nixon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">84th United States Congress</span> 1955–1957 U.S. Congress

The 84th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1955, to January 3, 1957, during the third and fourth years of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1950 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">83rd United States Congress</span> 1953–1955 U.S. Congress

The 83rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1953, until January 3, 1955, during the last two weeks of the Truman administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 1950 U.S. census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">90th United States Congress</span> 1967–1969 U.S. Congress

The 90th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1969, during the last two years of President Lyndon B. Johnson's second term in office.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">81st United States Congress</span> 1949-1951 U.S. Congress

The 81st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1949, to January 3, 1951, during the fifth and sixth years of Harry S. Truman's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">80th United States Congress</span> 1947–1949 U.S. Congress

The 80th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1947, to January 3, 1949, during the third and fourth years of Harry S. Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1940 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">74th United States Congress</span> 1935–1937 U.S. Congress

The 74th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1935, to January 3, 1937, during the third and fourth years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1930 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">87th United States Congress</span> 1961–1963 U.S. Congress

The 87th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1961, to January 3, 1963, during the final weeks of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency and the first two years of John Kennedy's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1950 United States census, along with 2 seats temporarily added in 1959.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">89th United States Congress</span> 1965–1967 U.S. Congress

The 89th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1965, to January 3, 1967, during the second and third years of Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1960 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">88th United States Congress</span> 1963–1965 U.S. Congress

The 88th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 1963, to January 3, 1965, during the final months of the presidency of John F. Kennedy, and the first years of the presidency of his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1960 United States census, and the number of members was again 435.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">79th United States Congress</span> 1945–1947 U.S. Congress

The 79th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1947, during the last months of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, and the first two years of Harry Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1940 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">70th United States Congress</span> 1927–1929 U.S. Congress

The 70th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1927, to March 4, 1929, during the last two years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1910 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">86th United States Congress</span> 1959–1961 U.S. Congress

The 86th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1959, to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">112th United States Congress</span> 2011–2013 meeting of U.S. legislature

The 112th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, from January 3, 2011, until January 3, 2013. It convened in Washington, D.C. on January 3, 2011, and ended on January 3, 2013, 17 days before the end of the presidential term to which Barack Obama was elected in 2008. Senators elected to regular terms in 2006 completed those terms in this Congress. This Congress included the last House of Representatives elected from congressional districts that were apportioned based on the 2000 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">48th United States Congress</span> 1883-1885 U.S. Congress

The 48th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1883, to March 4, 1885, during the last two years of Chester A. Arthur's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1880 United States census. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

References