86th United States Congress

Last updated

86th United States Congress
85th  
  87th
USCapitol1956.jpg

January 3, 1959 (1959-01-03) – January 3, 1961 (1961-01-03)
Members96–100 senators
436–437 representatives
Senate majority Democratic
Senate President Richard Nixon (R)
House majority Democratic
House Speaker Sam Rayburn (D)
Sessions
1st: January 7, 1959 – September 15, 1959
2nd: January 6, 1960 – September 1, 1960

The 86th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1959, to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Contents

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1950 United States census until Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states in 1959. Then, the membership of the House temporarily increased to 437 (seating one member from each of those newly admitted states and leaving the apportionment of the other 435 seats unchanged); it would remain at 437 until reapportionment resulting from the 1960 census.

The Democrats maintained full control of Congress, with greatly increased majorities in both chambers.

Major events

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

The official Joint Resolution of Congress proposing what became the 23rd Amendment as contained in the National Archives 23rd Amendment Pg1of1 AC.jpg
The official Joint Resolution of Congress proposing what became the 23rd Amendment as contained in the National Archives

Treaties

Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan Japan US Treaty of Mutual Security and Cooperation 19 January 1960.jpg
Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan

States admitted

Party summary

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 50 45951
Begin 64 34 98 0
End 66 100
Final voting share66.0% 34.0%
Beginning of next congress 65 351000

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 232 19342510
Begin 282 153 435 0
End 281 151 4325
Final voting share65.0% 35.0%
Beginning of next congress 263 1744370

Total members: 437. The increase over the usual 435 members was due to the admission of Alaska and Hawaii, whose seats were temporary until reapportionment following the 1960 Census.

Leadership

Senate President
Senate President pro tempore
House Speaker

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Caucuses

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1960; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1962; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1964.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

Senate

Senate changes
State
(class)
Vacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
Hawaii
(1)
New seatsHawaii achieved statehood August 21, 1959. Hiram Fong (R)August 21, 1959
Hawaii
(3)
Oren E. Long (D)
North Dakota
(1)
William Langer (R)Died November 8, 1959. Norman Brunsdale (R)November 19, 1959
Oregon
(2)
Richard L. Neuberger (D)Died March 9, 1960 Hall S. Lusk (D)March 16, 1960
North Dakota
(1)
Norman Brunsdale (R)Successor elected June 28, 1960.
Successor qualified August 8, 1960.
Quentin Burdick (D)August 8, 1960
Missouri
(3)
Thomas C. Hennings Jr. (D)Died September 13, 1960 Edward V. Long (D)September 23, 1960
Oregon
(2)
Hall S. Lusk (D)Successor elected November 8, 1960 Maurine Neuberger (D)November 9, 1960
Massachusetts
(1)
John F. Kennedy (D)Resigned December 22, 1960, after being elected President of the United States Benjamin A. Smith II (D)December 27, 1960

House of Representatives

House changes
DistrictVacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
Missouri 4th George H. Christopher (D)Died January 23, 1959 William J. Randall (D)March 3, 1959
New York 43rd Daniel A. Reed (R)Died February 19, 1959 Charles Goodell (R)May 26, 1959
Ohio 6th James G. Polk (D)Died April 28, 1959 Ward Miller (R)November 8, 1960
Hawaii Territory at-large John A. Burns (D)Hawaii achieved statehood.Seat eliminated August 21, 1959
Hawaii at-large New seatHawaii achieved statehood August 21, 1959 Daniel Inouye (D)August 21, 1959
Illinois 12th Charles A. Boyle (D)Died November 4, 1959VacantNot filled this term
Iowa 4th Steven V. Carter (D)Died November 4, 1959 John Henry Kyl (R)December 15, 1959
Pennsylvania 17th Alvin Bush (R)Died November 5, 1959 Herman T. Schneebeli (R)April 26, 1960
New York 23rd Isidore Dollinger (D)Resigned December 31, 1959 Jacob H. Gilbert (D)March 8, 1960
Pennsylvania 18th Richard M. Simpson (R)Died January 7, 1960 Douglas Hemphill Elliott (R)April 26, 1960
North Carolina 12th David McKee Hall (D)Died January 29, 1960 Roy A. Taylor (D)June 25, 1960
Washington 3rd Russell V. Mack (R)Died March 28, 1960 Julia Butler Hansen (D)November 8, 1960
Pennsylvania 18th Douglas Hemphill Elliott (R)Died June 19, 1960 J. Irving Whalley (R)November 8, 1960
North Dakota at-large Quentin Burdick (D)Resigned August 8, 1960, after becoming U.S. Senator VacantNot filled this term
Massachusetts 5th Edith Nourse Rogers (R)Died September 10, 1960
Wyoming at-large Edwin Keith Thomson (R)Died December 9, 1960
New York 5th Albert H. Bosch (R)Resigned December 31, 1960, after being elected judge of Court of Queens County

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.

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References

Specific citations
  1. "Nation Honor Lincoln On Sesquicentennial" (PDF). Yonkers Herald-Statesman . Northern Illinois University Libraries. Associated Press. February 11, 1959. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 1, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013. Congress gets into the act tomorrow, when a joint session will be held. Carl Sandburg, famed Lincoln biographer, will give and address, and actor Fredric March will read the Gettysburg Address.
General references