83rd United States Congress

Last updated

83rd United States Congress
82nd  
  84th
USCapitol1956.jpg

January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955
Members96 senators
435 representatives
3 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Republican
Senate President Alben W. Barkley (D)
(until January 20, 1953)
Richard Nixon (R)
(from January 20, 1953)
House Majority Republican
House Speaker Joseph W. Martin Jr. (R)
Sessions
1st: January 3, 1953 – August 3, 1953
2nd: January 6, 1954 – December 2, 1954

The 83rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1953, until January 3, 1955, during the last two weeks of the Truman administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 1950 U.S. Census.

Contents

The Republicans gained the majority in both chambers, winning back full control of Congress for the first time since the 80th Congress in 1947, and with Dwight Eisenhower being sworn in as President on January 20, 1953, this gave the Republicans an overall federal government trifecta for the first time since the 71st Congress in 1929.

Major events

Major legislation

President Eisenhower signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1954. EisenhowerAtomicEnergyAct.jpg
President Eisenhower signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.

Party summary

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 47 0 48951
Begin 47 1 48 96 0
End
Final voting share49.0% 1.0% 50.0%
Beginning of next congress 48 1 47960

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
TotalVacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 22811984278
Begin21112214332
End2122134269
Beginning of next Congress 23102034341

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Caucuses

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every six years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Within each state, senators are listed in order of seniority. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1954; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1956; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1958.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

State
(class)
Vacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
North Carolina
(2)
Willis Smith (D)Died June 26, 1953.
Successor appointed July 10, 1953.
Alton Lennon (D)July 10, 1953
New Hampshire
(3)
Charles W. Tobey (R)Died July 24, 1953.
Successor appointed August 14, 1953.
Robert W. Upton (R)August 14, 1953
Ohio
(3)
Robert A. Taft (R)Died July 31, 1953.
Successor appointed November 10, 1953.
Thomas A. Burke (D)November 10, 1953
Nebraska
(2)
Dwight Griswold (R)Died April 12, 1954.
Successor appointed April 16, 1954.
Eva Bowring (R)April 16, 1954
North Carolina
(3)
Clyde R. Hoey (D)Died May 12, 1954.
Successor appointed May 12, 1954 and then elected November 2, 1954.
Sam Ervin (D)June 5, 1954
Wyoming
(2)
Lester C. Hunt (D)Died June 19, 1954.
Successor appointed June 24, 1954.
Edward D. Crippa (R)June 24, 1954
Nebraska
(1)
Hugh A. Butler (R)Died July 1, 1954.
Successor appointed July 3, 1954.
Samuel W. Reynolds (R)July 3, 1954
South Carolina
(2)
Burnet R. Maybank (D)Died September 1, 1954.
Successor appointed September 6, 1954.
Charles E. Daniel (D)September 6, 1954
Nevada
(3)
Pat McCarran (D)Died September 28, 1954.
Successor appointed October 1, 1954.
Ernest S. Brown (R)October 1, 1954
Nebraska
(1)
Samuel W. Reynolds (R)Did not run in the special election to fill seat.
Successor elected November 2, 1954.
Roman Hruska (R)November 8, 1954
Nebraska
(2)
Eva Bowring (R)Did not run in the special election to fill seat.
Successor elected November 2, 1954.
Hazel Abel (R)November 8, 1954
New Hampshire
(3)
Robert W. Upton (R)Lost special election to fill seat.
Successor elected November 2, 1954.
Norris Cotton (R)November 8, 1954
North Carolina
(2)
Alton Lennon (D)Lost special election to fill seat.
Successor elected November 2, 1954.
W. Kerr Scott (D)November 29, 1954
Wyoming
(2)
Edward D. Crippa (R)Did not run in the special election to fill seat.
Successor elected November 2, 1954.
Joseph C. O'Mahoney (D)November 29, 1954
Nevada
(3)
Ernest S. Brown (R)Lost special election to fill seat.
Successor elected November 2, 1954.
Alan Bible (D)December 2, 1954
Ohio
(3)
Thomas A. Burke (D)Lost special election to fill seat.
Successor elected November 2, 1954.
George H. Bender (R)December 16, 1954
South Carolina
(2)
Charles E. Daniel (D)Resigned December 23, 1954.
Successor appointed December 24, 1954.
Strom Thurmond (D)December 24, 1954
Nebraska
(2)
Hazel Abel (R)Resigned December 31, 1954.
Successor was appointed January 1, 1955.
Carl Curtis (R)January 1, 1955

House of Representatives

DistrictVacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
Georgia 2nd VacantRep. Edward E. Cox died during previous congress J. L. Pilcher (D)February 4, 1953
Illinois 7th VacantRep. Adolph J. Sabath died during previous congress James Bowler (D)July 7, 1953
Virginia 5th Thomas B. Stanley (D)Resigned February 3, 1953, to run for Governor of Virginia William M. Tuck (D)April 14, 1953
South Carolina 4th Joseph R. Bryson (D)Died March 10, 1953 Robert T. Ashmore (D)June 2, 1953
Kentucky 2nd Garrett Withers (D)Died April 30, 1953 William Natcher (D)August 1, 1953
Wisconsin 9th Merlin Hull (R)Died May 17, 1953 Lester Johnson (D)October 13, 1953
California 24th Norris Poulson (R)Resigned June 11, 1953, after being elected Mayor of Los Angeles Glenard P. Lipscomb (R)November 10, 1953
New Jersey 6th Clifford P. Case (R)Resigned August 16, 1953 Harrison A. Williams (D)November 3, 1953
Hawaii Territory at-large Joseph Rider Farrington (R)Died June 19, 1954 Mary Elizabeth Pruett Farrington (R)August 4, 1954
New York 8th Louis B. Heller (D)Resigned July 21, 1954, after being appointed judge of the Court of Special Sessions of New York CityVacantNot filled this term
Georgia 4th Albert Sidney Camp (D)Died July 24, 1954 John Flynt (D)November 2, 1954
Michigan 3rd Paul W. Shafer (R)Died August 17, 1954VacantNot filled this term
Ohio 15th Robert T. Secrest (D)Resigned September 26, 1954
New Hampshire 2nd Norris Cotton (R)Resigned November 7, 1954, after being elected to the U.S. Senate
Nebraska 2nd Roman Hruska (R)Resigned November 8, 1954, after being elected to the U.S. Senate
Florida 6th Dwight L. Rogers (D)Died December 1, 1954
Ohio 15th George H. Bender (R)Resigned December 15, 1954, after being elected to the U.S. Senate
Nebraska 1st Carl Curtis (R)Resigned December 31, 1954, after being elected to the U.S. Senate
New York 21st Jacob Javits (R)Resigned December 31, 1954, after being elected New York attorney General

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.

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References

  1. "Eisenhower Presidential Library". www.eisenhower.archives.gov. Archived from the original on April 1, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2017.
  2. "1954 Shooting | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2017.
  3. Network, The Learning. "March 1, 1954 | Puerto Rican Nationalists Open Fire on House of Representatives". The Learning Network. Retrieved December 10, 2017.
  4. "U.S. Senate: The Censure Case of Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin (1954)". www.senate.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2017.