69th United States Congress

Last updated
69th United States Congress
68th  
  70th
USCapitol1906.jpg
March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1927
Senate President Charles G. Dawes (R)
Senate President pro tem George H. Moses (R)
House Speaker Nicholas Longworth (R)
Members96 senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Republican
House Majority Republican
Sessions
Special: March 4, 1925 – March 18, 1925
1st: December 7, 1925 – July 3, 1926
2nd: December 6, 1926 – March 3, 1927

The Sixty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1925, to March 4, 1927, during the third and fourth years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

A special session of the Senate was called by President Coolidge on February 14, 1925.

Major legislation

Representative Edith Nourse Rogers of Massachusetts presiding over the House Chamber in 1926 Homefeature-rogers.jpg
Representative Edith Nourse Rogers of Massachusetts presiding over the House Chamber in 1926

Party summary

Senate composition, by party 69th US Senate composition.png
Senate composition, by party

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–
Labor

(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 42 2 52960
Begin 40 1 55 96 0
End 42 52 951
Final voting share44.2% 1.1% 54.7%
Beginning of next congress 47 1 46942

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–
Labor

(FL)
Socialist
(S)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 208 2 1 2224332
Begin 183 3 1 247 434 1
End 182 4332
Final voting share42.0% 0.7% 0.2% 57.0%
Beginning of next congress 194 2 1 2374341

Leadership

Senate

Senate Leadership
Chas G Dawes-H&E.jpg
Senate President
Charles G. Dawes (R)
Albert B Cummins.jpg
Senate President pro tempore
Albert B. Cummins (R), until March 6, 1925
GeorgeHMoses.jpg
Senate President pro tempore
George H. Moses (R), from March 6, 1925

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

House Leadership
Nick Longworth Portrait.JPG
House Speaker
Nicholas Longworth (R)

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives by district.

Senate

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1928; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, facing re-election in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1926.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

StateSenatorReason for VacancySuccessorDate of Successor's Installation
Missouri
(3)
Selden P. Spencer (R)Died May 16, 1925. Successor was appointed. George H. Williams (R)May 25, 1925
Wisconsin
(1)
Robert M. La Follette Sr. (R)Died June 18, 1925. Successor was elected. Robert M. La Follette Jr. (R)September 30, 1925
North Dakota
(2)
Edwin F. Ladd (R)Died June 22, 1925. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected Gerald Nye (R)November 14, 1925
Indiana
(1)
Samuel M. Ralston (D)Died October 14, 1925. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Arthur R. Robinson (R)October 20, 1925
Iowa
(2)
Smith W. Brookhart (R)Lost election challenge April 12, 1926 Daniel F. Steck (D)April 12, 1926
Iowa
(3)
Albert B. Cummins (R)Died July 30, 1926.
Successor was appointed and subsequently elected.
David W. Stewart (R)August 7, 1926
Maine
(2)
Bert M. Fernald (R)Died August 23, 1926. Successor was elected. Arthur R. Gould (R)November 30, 1926
Massachusetts
(1)
William M. Butler (R)Appointed in previous Congress and served until successor was elected. David I. Walsh (D)December 6, 1926
Missouri
(3)
George H. Williams (R)Successor was elected. Harry B. Hawes (D)December 6, 1926
Illinois
(3)
William B. McKinley (R)Died December 7, 1926. Frank L. Smith was appointed by the governor some date in December 1926 [2] but the US Senate voted to not allow him to qualify as a senator, based upon fraud and corruption in his campaign.Vacant

House of Representatives

DistrictVacatorReason for VacancySuccessor
New Jersey 3rd VacantRep. T. Frank Appleby died during previous congress Stewart H. Appleby (R)November 3, 1925
Massachusetts 5th John J. Rogers (R)Died March 28, 1925 Edith Nourse Rogers (R)June 30, 1925
Michigan 3rd Arthur B. Williams (R)Died May 1, 1925 Joseph L. Hooper (R)August 18, 1925
Massachusetts 2nd George B. Churchill (R)Died July 1, 1925 Henry L. Bowles (R)September 29, 1925
Kentucky 3rd Robert Y. Thomas, Jr. (D)Died September 3, 1925 John W. Moore (D)December 26, 1925
California 2nd John E. Raker (D)Died January 22, 1926 Harry L. Englebright (R)August 31, 1926
Massachusetts 8th Harry I. Thayer (R)Died March 10, 1926 Frederick W. Dallinger (R)November 2, 1926
California 5th Lawrence J. Flaherty (R)Died June 13, 1926 Richard J. Welch (R)August 31, 1926
Illinois 12th Charles E. Fuller (R)Died June 25, 1926Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Kentucky 10th John W. Langley (R)Resigned January 11, 1926, after being convicted of illegally selling alcohol Andrew J. Kirk (R)February 13, 1926
Missouri 11th Harry B. Hawes (D)Resigned October 15, 1926 John J. Cochran (D)November 2, 1926
Ohio 2nd Ambrose E. B. Stephens (R)Died February 12, 1927Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Caucuses

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

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References

    1. Frank L. Smith (R-IL) was elected to the Senate for the term starting March 4, 1927, and when McKinley died he was appointed to finish McKinley's term. The Senate refused to qualify him due to charges of corruption concerning his election. He would later resign. See http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000534.
    2. Exact date of Frank L. Smith's appointment to the Senate is unknown, but certainly between his predecessor's death on December 7, 1926, and the end of the term on March 4, 1927.[ data unknown/missing ]