|116th United States Congress|
United States Capitol (2018)
|January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2021|
|Senate President||Mike Pence (R)|
|Senate President pro tem||Chuck Grassley (R)|
|House Speaker||Nancy Pelosi (D)|
435 members of the House
6 non-voting delegates
|1st: January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2020|
2nd: January 3, 2020 – present
The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2019, and will end on January 3, 2021, during the third and fourth years of the Presidency of Donald Trump. Senators elected to regular terms in 2014 are finishing their terms in this Congress and House seats were apportioned based on the 2010 Census.
In the November 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won a new majority in the House, while the Republican Party increased its majority in the Senate. Consequently, this is the first split Congress since the 113th Congress of 2013–2015, and the first Republican Senate/Democratic House split since the 99th Congress of 1985–1987. This Congress is the youngest incoming class by mean age in the past three cycles.
(With official titles)
(shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Congress||47||2||50||99||1|
|Begin (January 3, 2019)||45||2||52||99||1|
|January 8, 2019||53||100||0|
|December 31, 2019||52||99||1|
|January 6, 2020||53||100||0|
|Latest voting share||47.0%||53.0%|
(shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Congress||196||0||236||432||3|
|Begin (January 3, 2019)||235||0||199||434||1|
|January 23, 2019||198||433||2|
|February 10, 2019||197||432||3|
|May 21, 2019||198||433||2|
|July 4, 2019||1||197|
|September 10, 2019||199||435||0|
|September 23, 2019||198||434||1|
|October 1, 2019||197||433||2|
|October 17, 2019||234||432||3|
|November 3, 2019||233||431||4|
|December 19, 2019||232||198|
|January 13, 2020||197||430||5|
|Latest voting share||53.8%||0.2%||45.9%|
Most members of this Congress are Christian (88.2%), with approximately half being Protestant and 30.5% being Catholic. Jewish membership is 6.4%. Other religions represented include Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism. One senator says that she is religiously unaffiliated, while the number of members refusing to specify their religious affiliation increased.
The Senate includes 75 men and 25 women — the most women to date. In 6 states, both senators are women; 13 states are represented by 1 man and 1 woman; and 31 states are represented by 2 men. There are 91 non-Hispanic white, 4 Hispanic, 2 Black, 2 Asian, and 1 multiracial senators. Additionally, 2 senators identify as LGBTQ+.
There are 101 women in the House, the largest number in history.There are 313 non-Hispanic whites, 56 black, 44 Hispanic, 15 Asian, and 4 Native American. Eight identify as LGBTQ+. Two Democrats — Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Donna Shalala — are the youngest (30) and oldest (78) freshmen women in history. Freshmen Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) and Ilhan Omar (DFL-MN) are the first two Muslim women and freshmen Sharice Davids (D-KS) and Deb Haaland (D-NM) are the first two female Native American members.
With the election of Carolyn Maloney as the first woman to chair the House Oversight Committee,women now chair a record six House committees in a single Congress (out of 26 women to ever chair House committees in the history of Congress), including representatives Maxine Waters (Financial Services), Nita Lowey (Appropriations), Zoe Lofgren (Administration), Eddie Bernice Johnson (Science, Space and Technology) and Nydia Velázquez (Small Business), as well as Kathy Castor who chairs the Select Committee on the Climate Crisis. In addition, women chair a record 39 House subcommittees. Lowey and Kay Granger are also the first women to serve as chair and ranking member of the same committee in the same Congress since the defunct Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop, which was chaired and populated entirely by congresswomen during its existence from 1967 to 1977.
The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, class 1 means their term commenced in the current Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.
|Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
| Florida |
|Vacant||Senator-elect chose to wait until finishing term as Governor of Florida.|| Rick Scott |
|January 8, 2019|
| Georgia |
| Johnny Isakson |
|Incumbent resigned December 31, 2019. |
A successor was appointed the same day to continue the term until the November 3, 2020 special election.
| Kelly Loeffler |
|January 6, 2020|
|District||Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|North Carolina 9||Vacant||Vacant from the start of the term as allegations of fraud in the 2018 general election prevented the results from being certified.|
A special election was held September 10, 2019.
| Dan Bishop |
|September 17, 2019|
|Pennsylvania 12|| Tom Marino |
|Resigned January 23, 2019, to take job in private sector. |
A special election was held May 21, 2019.
| Fred Keller |
|June 3, 2019|
|North Carolina 3|| Walter B. Jones Jr. |
|Died February 10, 2019.|
A special election was held September 10, 2019.
| Greg Murphy |
|September 17, 2019|
|Michigan 3|| Justin Amash |
|Changed party July 4, 2019.||Justin Amash|
|July 4, 2019|
|Wisconsin 7|| Sean Duffy |
|Resigned September 23, 2019.|
A special election is scheduled for May 12, 2020.
|New York 27|| Chris Collins |
|Resigned October 1, 2019.|
A special election will be held on April 28, 2020.
|Maryland 7|| Elijah Cummings |
|Died October 17, 2019.|
A special election is scheduled for April 28, 2020.
|California 25|| Katie Hill |
|Resigned November 3, 2019, due to allegations of improper relationships with staffer.|
A special election is scheduled for March 3, 2020, with a runoff on May 12, 2020 (if necessary).
|New Jersey 2|| Jeff Van Drew |
|Changed party December 19, 2019.||Jeff Van Drew (R)||December 19, 2019|
|California 50|| Duncan D. Hunter |
|Resigned January 13, 2020.|
Seat will remain vacant until determined by general election.
|Vacant until the next Congress|
Section contents: Senate, House, Joint
Listed alphabetically by chamber, including chair and ranking member.
|Aging (Special)||Susan Collins (R-ME)||Bob Casey Jr. (D-PA)|
|Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry||Pat Roberts (R-KS)||Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)|
|Appropriations||Richard Shelby (R-AL)||Patrick Leahy (D-VT)|
|Armed Services||Jim Inhofe (R-OK)||Jack Reed (D-RI)|
|Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs||Mike Crapo (R-ID)||Sherrod Brown (D-OH)|
|Budget||Mike Enzi (R-WY)||Bernie Sanders (I-VT)|
|Commerce, Science and Transportation||Roger Wicker (R-MS)||Maria Cantwell (D-WA)|
|Energy and Natural Resources||Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)||Joe Manchin (D-WV)|
|Environment and Public Works||John Barrasso (R-WY)||Tom Carper (D-DE)|
|Ethics (Select)|| Johnny Isakson (R-GA) until December 2019|
James Lankford (R-OK) from January 2020
|Chris Coons (D-DE)|
|Finance||Chuck Grassley (R-IA)||Ron Wyden (D-OR)|
|Foreign Relations||Jim Risch (R-ID)||Bob Menendez (D-NJ)|
|Health, Education, Labor and Pensions||Lamar Alexander (R-TN)||Patty Murray (D-WA)|
|Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs||Ron Johnson (R-WI)||Gary Peters (D-MI)|
|Indian Affairs (Permanent Select)||John Hoeven (R-ND)||Tom Udall (D-NM)|
|Intelligence (Select)||Richard Burr (R-NC)||Mark Warner (D-VA)|
|International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus)||John Cornyn (R-TX)||Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)|
|Judiciary||Lindsey Graham (R-SC)||Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)|
|Rules and Administration||Roy Blunt (R-MO)||Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)|
|Small Business and Entrepreneurship||Marco Rubio (R-FL)||Ben Cardin (D-MD)|
|Veterans' Affairs|| Johnny Isakson (R-GA) until December 2019|
Jerry Moran (R-KS) from January 2020
|Jon Tester (D-MT)|
|Agriculture||Collin Peterson (D-MN)||Mike Conaway (R-TX)|
|Appropriations||Nita Lowey (D-NY)||Kay Granger (R-TX)|
|Armed Services||Adam Smith (D-WA)||Mac Thornberry (R-TX)|
|Budget||John Yarmuth (D-KY)||Steve Womack (R-AR)|
|Climate Crisis (Select)||Kathy Castor (D-FL)||Garret Graves (R-LA)|
|Education and Labor||Bobby Scott (D-VA)||Virginia Foxx (R-NC)|
|Energy and Commerce||Frank Pallone (D-NJ)||Greg Walden (R-OR)|
|Ethics||Ted Deutch (D-FL)||Kenny Marchant (R-TX)|
|Financial Services||Maxine Waters (D-CA)||Patrick McHenry (R-NC)|
|Foreign Affairs||Eliot Engel (D-NY)||Michael McCaul (R-TX)|
|Homeland Security||Bennie Thompson (D-MS)||Mike Rogers (R-AL)|
|House Administration||Zoe Lofgren (D-CA)||Rodney Davis (R-IL)|
|Intelligence (Permanent Select)||Adam Schiff (D-CA)||Devin Nunes (R-CA)|
|Judiciary||Jerrold Nadler (D-NY)||Doug Collins (R-GA)|
|Modernization of Congress (Select)||Derek Kilmer (D-WA)||Tom Graves (R-GA)|
|Natural Resources||Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ)||Rob Bishop (R-UT)|
|Oversight and Reform|| Elijah Cummings (D-MD) (until October 17, 2019) |
Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) (from October 17, 2019)
|Jim Jordan (R-OH)|
|Rules||Jim McGovern (D-MA)||Tom Cole (R-OK)|
|Science, Space and Technology||Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX)||Frank Lucas (R-OK)|
|Small Business||Nydia Velázquez (D-NY)||Steve Chabot (R-OH)|
|Transportation and Infrastructure||Peter DeFazio (D-OR)||Sam Graves (R-MO)|
|Veterans' Affairs||Mark Takano (D-CA)||Phil Roe (R-TN)|
|Ways and Means||Richard Neal (D-MA)||Kevin Brady (R-TX)|
|Committee||Chair||Vice Chair||Ranking Member||Vice Ranking Member|
|Economic||Mike Lee (R-UT)||Carolyn Maloney (D-NY)||David Schweikert (R-AZ)||Martin Heinrich (D-NM)|
|Library||Roy Blunt (R-MO)||Zoe Lofgren (D-CA)||Rodney Davis (R-IL)||Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)|
|Printing||Zoe Lofgren (D-CA)||Roy Blunt (R-MO)||Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)||Rodney Davis (R-IL)|
|Taxation||Richard Neal (D-MA)||Chuck Grassley (R-IA)||Ron Wyden (D-OR)||Kevin Brady (R-TX)|
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