116th United States Congress

Last updated

116th United States Congress
115th  
  117th
U.S. Capitol Snow 2018 (32026277508).jpg
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2021
Senate President Mike Pence (R)
Senate President pro tem Chuck Grassley (R)
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
6 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Republican
House Majority Democratic
Sessions
1st: January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2020
2nd: January 3, 2020 – present
Opening Day ceremony for the 116th United States Congress on the House Floor
Opening day proceedings from the Senate

The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2019, and will end on January 3, 2021, during the third and fourth years of the Presidency of Donald Trump. Senators elected to regular terms in 2014 are finishing their terms in this Congress and House seats were apportioned based on the 2010 Census.

Contents

In the November 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won a new majority in the House, while the Republican Party increased its majority in the Senate. Consequently, this is the first split Congress since the 113th Congress of 2013–2015, and the first Republican Senate/Democratic House split since the 99th Congress of 1985–1987. This Congress is the youngest incoming class by mean age in the past three cycles. [1]

Major events

Major legislation

Enacted

Proposed

Vetoed

(With official titles)

Major resolutions

Adopted

Proposed

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section below.

Senate

AffiliationParty
(shading indicates majority caucus)
TotalVacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 47250991
Begin (January 3, 2019)45252991
January 8, 2019 [lower-alpha 1] 531000
December 31, 2019 [lower-alpha 2] 52991
January 6, 2020 [lower-alpha 2] 531000
Latest voting share

House of Representatives

AffiliationParty
(shading indicates majority caucus)
TotalVacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 19602364323
Begin (January 3, 2019) [lower-alpha 3] 23501994341
January 23, 2019 [lower-alpha 4] 1984332
February 10, 2019 [lower-alpha 5] 1974323
May 21, 2019 [lower-alpha 4] 1984332
July 4, 2019 [lower-alpha 6] 1197
September 10, 2019 [lower-alpha 3] [lower-alpha 5] 1994350
September 23, 2019 [lower-alpha 7] 1984341
October 1, 2019 [lower-alpha 8] 1974332
October 17, 2019 [lower-alpha 9] 2344323
November 3, 2019 [lower-alpha 10] 2334314
December 19, 2019 [lower-alpha 11] 232198
January 13, 2020 [lower-alpha 12] 1974305
Latest voting share 
Non-voting members 31260

Leadership

Senate

Senate President
President pro tempore

Majority (Republican) Leadership

Minority (Democratic) Leadership

House of Representatives

House Speaker

Majority (Democratic) Leadership

Minority (Republican) Leadership

Demographics

Most members of this Congress are Christian (88.2%), with approximately half being Protestant and 30.5% being Catholic. Jewish membership is 6.4%. Other religions represented include Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism. One senator says that she is religiously unaffiliated, while the number of members refusing to specify their religious affiliation increased. [24] [25] [26]

Senate

The Senate includes 75 men and 25 women — the most women to date. In 6 states, both senators are women; 13 states are represented by 1 man and 1 woman; and 31 states are represented by 2 men. There are 91 non-Hispanic white, 4 Hispanic, 2 Black, 2 Asian, and 1 multiracial senators. Additionally, 2 senators identify as LGBTQ+. [1] [27]

House of Representatives

There are 101 women in the House, the largest number in history. [28] There are 313 non-Hispanic whites, 56 black, 44 Hispanic, 15 Asian, and 4 Native American. Eight identify as LGBTQ+. [29] Two Democrats — Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Donna Shalala — are the youngest (30) and oldest (78) freshmen women in history. [30] Freshmen Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) and Ilhan Omar (DFL-MN) are the first two Muslim women and freshmen Sharice Davids (D-KS) and Deb Haaland (D-NM) are the first two female Native American members. [31]

With the election of Carolyn Maloney as the first woman to chair the House Oversight Committee, [32] women now chair a record six House committees in a single Congress (out of 26 women to ever chair House committees in the history of Congress), including representatives Maxine Waters (Financial Services), Nita Lowey (Appropriations), Zoe Lofgren (Administration), Eddie Bernice Johnson (Science, Space and Technology) and Nydia Velázquez (Small Business), as well as Kathy Castor who chairs the Select Committee on the Climate Crisis. [32] In addition, women chair a record 39 House subcommittees. Lowey and Kay Granger are also the first women to serve as chair and ranking member of the same committee in the same Congress since the defunct Select Committee on the House Beauty Shop, which was chaired and populated entirely by congresswomen during its existence from 1967 to 1977.

Members

Senate

The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, class 1 means their term commenced in the current Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
VacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 18]
Florida
(1)
VacantSenator-elect chose to wait until finishing term as Governor of Florida. [33] Rick Scott
(R)
January 8, 2019
Georgia
(3)
Johnny Isakson
(R)
Incumbent resigned December 31, 2019. [34]
A successor was appointed the same day [lower-alpha 13] to continue the term until the November 3, 2020 special election. [34]
Kelly Loeffler
(R)
January 6, 2020 [44]

House of Representatives

DistrictVacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 18]
North Carolina 9 VacantVacant from the start of the term as allegations of fraud in the 2018 general election prevented the results from being certified.
A special election was held September 10, 2019. [45]
Dan Bishop
(R)
September 17, 2019 [46]
Pennsylvania 12 Tom Marino
(R)
Resigned January 23, 2019, to take job in private sector. [41]
A special election was held May 21, 2019. [47]
Fred Keller
(R)
June 3, 2019
North Carolina 3 Walter B. Jones Jr.
(R)
Died February 10, 2019.
A special election was held September 10, 2019. [48]
Greg Murphy
(R)
September 17, 2019 [49]
Michigan 3 Justin Amash
(R)
Changed party July 4, 2019. [50] Justin Amash
(I)
July 4, 2019
Wisconsin 7 Sean Duffy
(R)
Resigned September 23, 2019.
A special election is scheduled for May 12, 2020. [51]
TBDTBD
New York 27 Chris Collins
(R)
Resigned October 1, 2019.
A special election will be held on April 28, 2020. [52]
TBDTBD
Maryland 7 Elijah Cummings
(D)
Died October 17, 2019.
A special election is scheduled for April 28, 2020. [38] [53]
TBDTBD
California 25 Katie Hill
(D)
Resigned November 3, 2019, due to allegations of improper relationships with staffer.
A special election is scheduled for March 3, 2020, with a runoff on May 12, 2020 (if necessary). [54] [55]
TBDTBD
New Jersey 2 Jeff Van Drew
(D)
Changed party December 19, 2019. [56] Jeff Van Drew (R)December 19, 2019
California 50 Duncan D. Hunter
(R)
Resigned January 13, 2020.
Seat will remain vacant until determined by general election. [57]
Vacant until the next Congress

Committees

Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed alphabetically by chamber, including chair and ranking member.

Senate

CommitteeChairRanking Member [58]
Aging (Special) Susan Collins (R-ME) Bob Casey Jr. (D-PA)
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Pat Roberts (R-KS) Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
Appropriations Richard Shelby (R-AL) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Armed Services Jim Inhofe (R-OK) Jack Reed (D-RI)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Budget Mike Enzi (R-WY) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Roger Wicker (R-MS) Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
Energy and Natural Resources Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Joe Manchin (D-WV)
Environment and Public Works John Barrasso (R-WY) Tom Carper (D-DE)
Ethics (Select) Johnny Isakson (R-GA) until December 2019
James Lankford (R-OK) from January 2020 [59]
Chris Coons (D-DE)
Finance Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Foreign Relations Jim Risch (R-ID) Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Ron Johnson (R-WI) Gary Peters (D-MI)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) John Hoeven (R-ND) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Intelligence (Select) Richard Burr (R-NC) Mark Warner (D-VA)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) John Cornyn (R-TX) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Judiciary Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Rules and Administration Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Marco Rubio (R-FL) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Veterans' Affairs Johnny Isakson (R-GA) until December 2019
Jerry Moran (R-KS) from January 2020 [60]
Jon Tester (D-MT)

House of Representatives

CommitteeChairRanking Member
Agriculture Collin Peterson (D-MN) Mike Conaway (R-TX)
Appropriations Nita Lowey (D-NY) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mac Thornberry (R-TX)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Steve Womack (R-AR)
Climate Crisis (Select) Kathy Castor (D-FL) Garret Graves (R-LA)
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Greg Walden (R-OR)
Ethics Ted Deutch (D-FL) Kenny Marchant (R-TX)
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Eliot Engel (D-NY) Michael McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) Devin Nunes (R-CA)
Judiciary Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) Doug Collins (R-GA)
Modernization of Congress (Select) Derek Kilmer (D-WA) Tom Graves (R-GA) [61]
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Rob Bishop (R-UT)
Oversight and Reform Elijah Cummings (D-MD) (until October 17, 2019) [38]
Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) (from October 17, 2019)
Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) Tom Cole (R-OK)
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Steve Chabot (R-OH)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Phil Roe (R-TN)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Joint

CommitteeChairVice ChairRanking MemberVice Ranking Member
Economic Mike Lee (R-UT) Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) David Schweikert (R-AZ) Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Library Roy Blunt (R-MO) Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Printing Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Taxation [lower-alpha 19] Richard Neal (D-MA) Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR) Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Employees and legislative agency directors

Also called "elected" or "appointed" officials, there are many employees of the House and Senate whose leaders are included here. [62]

Senate

House of Representatives

Legislative branch agency directors

See also

Notes

  1. In Florida, Rick Scott (R) assumed office late.
  2. 1 2 In Georgia, Senator Johnny Isakson (R) resigned December 31, 2019. Kelly Loeffler (R) was appointed January 6, 2020, to continue the term.
  3. 1 2 3 In North Carolina's 9th district : the November 2018 election results were not certified due to a dispute over voting irregularities. Dan Bishop (R) was later elected.
  4. 1 2 In Pennsylvania's 12th district : Tom Marino (R) resigned and Fred Keller (R) was elected.
  5. 1 2 In North Carolina's 3rd district : Walter Jones (R) died and Greg Murphy (R) was elected.
  6. In Michigan's 3rd district : Justin Amash changed parties from Republican to Independent.
  7. In Wisconsin's 7th district : Sean Duffy (R) resigned.
  8. In New York's 27th district : Chris Collins (R) resigned.
  9. In Maryland's 7th district : Elijah Cummings (D) died.
  10. In California's 25th district : Katie Hill (D) resigned.
  11. In New Jersey's 2nd district : Jeff Van Drew changed parties from Democratic to Republican.
  12. In California's 50th district : Duncan D. Hunter (R) resigned on January 13, 2020.
  13. 1 2 Loeffler's appointment was "effective December 31, 2019." [35]
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
  15. Although Sanders is running for President in the Democratic primary and will claim to be a "bona fide Democrat" in accordance to DNC rules, he is currently and officially an Independent senator. [36]
  16. In Michigan's 3rd district : Justin Amash changed from Republican to Independent, July 4, 2019. [39]
  17. In New Jersey's 2nd district : Jeff Van Drew changed from Democratic to Republican, December 19, 2019.
  18. 1 2 This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.
  19. The Joint Taxation Committee leadership rotate the chair and vice chair and the ranking members between the House and Senate at the start of each session (calendar year) in the middle of the congressional term. The first session leadership is shown here.

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