| United States Senator |
January 3, 2017
Servingwith Mike Braun
|Preceded by||Dan Coats|
|Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee|
January 3, 2019 –January 3, 2021
|Preceded by||Cory Gardner|
|Succeeded by||Rick Scott|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Indiana's 9th district
January 3, 2011 –January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Baron Hill|
|Succeeded by||Trey Hollingsworth|
Todd Christopher Young
August 24, 1972
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Residence||Bloomington, Indiana, U.S.|
|Education|| United States Naval Academy (BS)|
University of Chicago (MBA)
University of London (MA)
Indiana University, Indianapolis (JD)
|Branch/service||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1995–2000|
Todd Christopher Young (born August 24, 1972) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Indiana since 2017. From 2011 to 2017 he was the U.S. Representative for Indiana's 9th congressional district . Young is a member of the Republican Party. He was elected to the United States Senate in the November 8, 2016, general election, succeeding retiring Republican Dan Coats.
Young was born August 24, 1972 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the second of three children of Nancy R. (née Pierce) and Bruce H. Young.He lived in Marion County, Indiana for several years before settling in Hamilton County, Indiana, where he attended public schools and won a state soccer championship. In 1990, Young graduated from Carmel High School in Carmel, Indiana.
Just a few weeks after graduating from high school, Young enlisted in the United States Navy and reported for duty in Newport, Rhode Island. In May 1991, he received an appointment from the Secretary of the Navy to attend the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, where his classmates elected him a class officer and he earned a varsity letter as a member of Navy's NCAA Division I soccer team. He graduated cum laude in 1995,earning a B.S. in political science, and accepted a commission in the U.S. Marine Corps.
Upon graduating from Annapolis, Young trained for six months at the Basic School in Quantico, Virginia. In 1996, he completed the Naval Intelligence Officer Basic Course in Dam Neck, Virginia. Young then led the intelligence department of VMU-2, an unmanned aerial vehicle squadron based in Cherry Point, North Carolina, where he participated in various military operations, including counter-narcotics activities in the Caribbean, and was trained in Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection.[ citation needed ] While stationed in the Chicago area, Young earned an M.B.A. from the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business.
Young was honorably discharged from active duty in 2000 as a U.S. Marine Captain. After leaving active duty, Young spent a year in London, attending the University of London's Institute of United States Studies. After writing a thesis on the economic history of Midwestern agriculture, in 2001 Young received his MA in American politics.
In the summer of 2001, Young traveled to former Communist countries in Eastern Europe where he studied the transition from centrally planned economies to free markets through an executive education program with the Leipzig Graduate School of Management, the first private business school in eastern Germany. He worked as an adjunct professor of public affairs at Indiana University's School of Public and Environmental Affairs and attended law school at night. [ citation needed ]In 2004, he joined Indiana-based Crowe Chizek and Company as a management consultant, helping state and local government clients improve service delivery to Indiana citizens.
In 2006, Young earned his J.D. from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law, where he was President of the school's Federalist Society chapter. Upon graduation he joined the Paoli, Indiana-based firm Tucker and Tucker, P.C.Young is a member of the 2007 class of the Indiana Leadership Forum.
In 2001, he moved to Washington, D.C., where he briefly worked at The Heritage Foundation, a conservative public policy think tank. Then he joined the staff of U.S. senator Richard Lugar as a legislative assistantfor energy policy. In 2003, Young volunteered for Mitch Daniels's campaign for governor of Indiana. He was a delegate to the Indiana Republican state convention and as a vice precinct committeeman. From 2007 to 2010, Young served as Assistant Deputy Prosecutor for Orange County, Indiana. In 2007, Indiana's Young Republicans named Young the "Southern Man of the Year" for his leadership on behalf of the Republican Party in southern Indiana. In 2007, Young founded a fiscal responsibility advocacy group, the National Organization for People vs. Irresponsible Government Spending.
On January 26, 2009, Young announced that he would run for the United States congressional seat in Indiana's 9th district as a Republican.
Young competed with fellow Republicans Mike Sodrel and Travis Hankins for the party's nomination for Congress and won, challenging incumbent Democrat Baron Hill in the general election. Young received endorsements from former Vice President Dan Quayleas well as Lieutenant Governor Becky Skillman, Attorney General Greg Zoeller, Secretary of State Todd Rokita, Auditor Tim Berry, and Treasurer Richard Mourdock.
Young won the primary and general elections, defeating incumbent Baron Hill on November 2, 2010, and was seated in the 112th Congress in January 2011.
Young defeated Shelli Yoder, winning 55% of the vote in the newly redrawn 9th district.
Young is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership along with three other Republican senators.The Main Street Partnership is considered to be an association of moderate Republicans. In 2013 the National Journal gave Young an overall composite rating of 69% conservative and 31% liberal, an economic rating of 69% conservative and 30% liberal, a social rating of 57% conservative and 42% liberal, and a foreign policy rating of 77% conservative and 15% liberal.
In the 112th Congress, Young voted with the Republican Party 95% of the time.During the 113th Congress, the Human Rights Campaign, which rates politicians' support for LGBT issues, rated Young 30%, indicating a mixed record. In July 2012, Young took over as the lead sponsor of the REINS Act, a bill that passed the House in 2011 and would require congressional approval for rules with greater than $100 million in economic impact.
In the 112th Congress, Young was a member of the House Budget Committee and the House Armed Services Committee. On the latter, he focused on seapower, electronic warfare, and military grand strategy of the United States. During the first session of the 112th Congress, he employed one of the German Marshall Fund's Congressional Fellows as military legislative aide.
In 2010, Young stated that he was uncertain what was causing the observed heating of the planet, that it could be sunspots or normal cycles of nature, and that "the science is not settled."That same year he signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity promising to vote against any global warming legislation that would raise taxes.
In 2011, he voted for the Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011.In 2014, he said that it is "not necessarily the case" that there is a scientific consensus on climate change.
When he introduced the Fairness for American Families Act, Young argued that "rather than driving healthcare costs down, the individual mandate is imposing a new tax and burdensome costs on middle class families" and therefore "hardworking Americans deserve the same exemptions that President Obama is unilaterally granting to businesses and labor unions."
Rather than run for reelection to the House, Young announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination in the 2016 election to fill the Senate seat of the retiring Dan Coats.Also filing for the Republican primary was U.S. Representative Marlin Stutzman. Although Young was certified as having submitted enough signatures to qualify for the primary ballot, that official certification was challenged, and a tally by the Associated Press concluded that Young had fallen short. The state Election Commission scheduled a hearing on the challenge for February 19, 2016. The commission voted down the challenge with a 2–2 vote and Young remained on the ballot.
Young easily defeated Stutzman in the May 3 primary, taking 67 percent of approximately one million votes cast.He was initially slated to face former U.S. Representative Baron Hill, whom Young had defeated in 2010 to win his congressional seat, but on July 11, Hill announced he was dropping out of the Senate race. Hill was replaced by Evan Bayh, who had held the seat from 1999 to 2011. Young defeated Bayh in the November 8 general election, winning 52% of the vote to Bayh's 42%.
On January 3, 2017, Young was sworn into the United States Senate in the 115th Congress by Vice President Joe Biden. Young was ranked the ninth most bipartisan Senator in the first session of the 115th Congress by the Bipartisan Index, a metric created by the Lugar Center and Georgetown's McCourt School of Public Policy to assess congressional bipartisanship.GovTrack noted that during the same period, Young joined more bipartisan bills than any other freshman Senator.
Young planned to vote in support of certifying the Electoral College count on January 6, 2021. Young also said he supported efforts to create a bipartisan "Election Integrity Committee" to review the 2020 presidential election.While entering the US Capitol to participate in the certification on January 6, 2021, Young was accosted by pro-Trump protestors. He was questioned as to why he would vote to support the count, claiming voter fraud. Young explained that “When it comes to the law, our opinions don’t matter — the law matters." The South Bend Tribune's editorial board wrote "Young was right to reject the move that Braun had embraced — but his words should have come two months earlier, not at the last minute. That would have been upholding his duty and fulfilling his oath of office." He was participating in the count when the storming of the Capitol happened. Upon the storming, Todd tweeted "This is not a peaceful protest - it is violence and reprehensible. It must stop." Todd voted in support of certifying the count when Congress was able to return to session. In the wake of the attack, Young would not comment on if he supported using the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to remove Trump, stating that he trusted the Vice President and Trump cabinet members to "conscientiously and legally carry out their duties until Jan. 20."
Young is a member of Republican Main Street Partnership, a group that presents what it describes as centrist Republican solutions in politics; it is considered a center to center-right Republican organization.He has a lifetime conservative grade of 83% from the American Conservative Union. He was given a 0% grade in 2016 by the progressive Americans for Democratic Action. The Club for Growth, a fiscally conservative political action committee, has given Young a 73% lifetime rating. As of April 2020, according to Five ThirtyEight, Young voted with President Trump's position on legislation about 84% of the time. The nonpartisan National Journal determined, based on its 2013 voting analysis, that Young has a composite 69% conservative score and a 31% liberal score.
Young describes himself as pro-life and is against legal abortion. He was endorsed by the pro-life National Right to Life Committee (NRLC), which gave him a 100% rating in 2018; he has a 0% rating from the pro-abortion rights groups NARAL Pro-Choice America and Planned Parenthood.Young also believes that employers with religious objections should not be required to provide birth control to their female employees. He was a co-sponsor of legislation to defund Planned Parenthood and voted to prohibit federal funding for Planned Parenthood.
The National Rifle Association (NRA) endorsed Young for Senate in 2016 and has given him an "A+" rating.In 2018, Gun Owners of America, a gun rights organization, gave Young a 50% score while the NRA gave him a much higher 100% rating.
Young opposes the DREAM Act and a pathway to citizenship for the nearly 12 million undocumented immigrants in the United States.NumbersUSA, which wants to restrict and reduce immigration, has given him a lifetime 80% rating while the Federation for American Immigration Reform, which also seeks to restrict immigration, gave him a 100% score; the American Immigration Lawyers Association, which supports immigration reform, gave Young a 33% rating. UnidosUS, formerly La Raza, which supports immigration reform, gave Young a 59% rating in 2014. Young has said he wants an immigration system based on merit and job skills. In 2018, he introduced a bill cosponsored with Senator Ted Cruz to end family separations at the border that resulted from President Trump's "zero tolerance" policy.
The organization On the Issues considers Young to be neutral on the issue of same-sex marriage; he was given a 30% rating by Human Rights Campaign (HRC), which supports same-sex marriage and gay rights, indicating a mixed record.In 2016, the HRC gave him a 2% rating. Young believes same-sex marriage should be left to the states to decide. He said that he supports the current policy allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military. In 2016, Young was among the Republicans who voted with Democrats in favor of a spending amendment to uphold President Obama's executive order prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation for federal contractors. He was one of 30 Republicans who voted for an amendment to prohibit discrimination by federal contractors, but voted against a similar amendment in a military spending bill.
In March 2019, Young was one of twelve senators to cosponsor a resolution that would impose a constitutional amendment limiting the Supreme Court to nine justices. The resolution was introduced following multiple Democratic presidential candidates expressing openness to the idea of expanding the seats on the Supreme Court.
In July 2017, Young voted in favor of the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act that placed sanctions against Russia together with Iran and North Korea.
Young supported an Anti-Boycott Act,which would make it illegal for U.S. companies to engage in boycotts against Israel and Israeli settlements in the West Bank.
Young condemned the genocide of the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar and called for a stronger response to the crisis.
In February 2019, Young was one of seven senators to reintroduce legislation requiring sanctions on Saudi officials involved in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi and seeking to address support for the Yemen civil war through prohibiting some weapons sales to Saudi Arabia and U.S. military refueling of Saudi coalition planes.In May 2019, he was also one of seven Republicans who attempted to override President Trump's veto of the resolution regarding Yemen. In June 2019, Young was one of seven Republicans to vote to block President Trump's Saudi arms deal providing weapons to Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Jordan, and was one of six Republicans to vote against an additional 20 arms sales. In 2020, he was one of eight Republicans who voted with Democrats for a resolution limiting the president's ability to strike Iran.
Todd Young and Jennifer Tucker, niece of former vice-president Dan Quayle, married in 2005. The couple has four children.
|Democratic||Baron Hill (Incumbent)||95,353||42.28|
|Libertarian||Greg "No Bull" Knott||12,070||5.35|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Republican||Todd Young (incumbent)||59,327||100.0|
|Republican||Todd Young (incumbent)||165,332||55.4|
|Republican||Todd Young (incumbent)||30,402||79.4|
|Republican||Kathy Lowe Heil||4,607||12.0|
|Republican||Mark G. Jones||3,293||8.6|
|Republican||Todd Young (incumbent)||101,594||62.2|
|Libertarian||Ralph Mike Frey||5,777||4.1|
|Independent||James L. Johnson, Jr. (write-in)||127||0.01%||N/A|
Daniel Ray Coats is an American politician and former diplomat. From 2017 to 2019, he served as the Director of National Intelligence in the Trump administration. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a United States Senator from Indiana from 1989 to 1999 and again from 2011 to 2017. He was the United States Ambassador to Germany from 2001 to 2005, and a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1981 to 1989. Coats served on the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence while in the U.S. Senate.
Baron Paul Hill is a retired American politician who served as a U.S. Representative for Indiana's 9th congressional district from 1999 to 2005 and from 2007 to 2011.
Shelley Wellons Moore Capito is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator for West Virginia since 2015. A Republican, she is the daughter of three-term West Virginia governor Arch Alfred Moore Jr. Capito was the U.S. Representative for West Virginia's 2nd congressional district from 2001 until her election to the Senate. She is the dean of West Virginia's congressional delegation.
Gerald Wesley Moran is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Kansas since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he served as Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 113th U.S. Congress, during which he led successful Republican efforts in 2014 election, producing the first Republican Senate majority since 2006. Previously, he served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Kansas's 1st congressional district.
Benjamin Louis Cardin is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Maryland, first elected to that seat in 2006. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously was the U.S. Representative for Maryland's 3rd congressional district from 1987 to 2007. Cardin served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1967 to 1987 and as Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1979 to 1987, the youngest person to hold the position in history. In his half-century career as an elected official, he has never lost an election.
Christopher J. Van Hollen Jr. is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Maryland since January 3, 2017. From 2003 to 2017 he served as the U.S. Representative for Maryland's 8th congressional district. He is a member of the Democratic Party.
Birch Evans Bayh Jr. was an American Democratic Party politician who served as U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1963 to 1981. He was first elected to office in 1954, when he won election to the Indiana House of Representatives; in 1958, he was elected Speaker, the youngest person to hold that office in the state's history. In 1962, he ran for the U.S. Senate, narrowly defeating incumbent Republican Homer E. Capehart. Shortly after entering the Senate, he became Chairman of the Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments, and in that role authored two constitutional amendments: the twenty-fifth—which establishes procedures for an orderly transition of power in the case of the death, disability, or resignation of the President of the United States—and the twenty-sixth, which lowered the voting age to 18 throughout the United States. He is the only non–Founding Father to have authored two constitutional amendments. Bayh also led unsuccessful efforts to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment and eliminate the Electoral College.
Roy Dean Blunt is an American politician serving as the senior United States senator for Missouri, serving since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and as Missouri Secretary of State.
Christopher Andrew Coons is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Delaware since 2010. A member of the Democratic Party, Coons served as the county executive of New Castle County from 2005 to 2010. He was the 1983 Truman Scholar from Delaware, and the first recipient of the award to serve in the United States Senate.
Theodore Edward Rokita is an American politician who is the 44th and current Attorney General of Indiana. He served as the member of the United States House of Representatives from Indiana's 4th congressional district from 2011 to 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he served two terms as Secretary of State of Indiana from 2002 to 2010. When Rokita was elected to office in 2002 at age 32, he became the youngest secretary of state in the United States at the time.
Peter Francis Welch is an American attorney and politician who has served as the U.S. Representative for Vermont's at-large congressional district since 2007. He is a member of the Democratic Party and has been a major figure in Vermont politics for over three decades.
Joseph Simon Donnelly Sr. is an American attorney and politician who served as a United States Senator from Indiana from 2013 to 2019.
Steven David Daines is an American politician and former corporate executive serving as the junior United States Senator for Montana since 2015. A Republican, he served as the U.S. Representative for Montana's at-large congressional district from 2013 to 2015. In 2014, Daines won Montana's open Class II U.S. Senate seat. He was reelected in 2020, defeating the Democratic nominee, Montana Governor Steve Bullock. Before entering politics, Daines worked for Procter & Gamble and RightNow Technologies.
Birch Evans Bayh III is an American lawyer, lobbyist, and politician of the Democratic Party who served as a United States Senator from Indiana from 1999 to 2011 and the 46th Governor of Indiana from 1989 to 1997.
Marlin Andrew Stutzman is an American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Indiana's 3rd congressional district, from 2010 to 2017. A Republican, Stutzman previously served as a member of the Indiana House of Representatives from 2002 to 2008, representing district 52, and as a member of the Indiana Senate, representing the 13th district, from 2009 to 2010.
James Paul Lankford is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Oklahoma since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as the U.S. Representative for Oklahoma's 5th congressional district from 2011 to 2015.
Susan Lynn Wiant Brooks is an American prosecutor and politician. She is a Republican and the former U.S. Representative for Indiana's 5th congressional district. She was elected in 2012. The district includes the northern fifth of Indianapolis, as well as many of the city's affluent northern and eastern suburbs. Brooks served as the United States Attorney for the Southern District of Indiana from 2001 to 2007.
The 2016 United States Senate election in Indiana was held on November 8, 2016, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Indiana, concurrently with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.
Elise Marie Stefanik is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for New York's 21st congressional district since 2015. The district covers most of the North Country, as well as most of the Adirondacks. It also includes some of the outer suburbs of Utica and the Capital District.
Joseph Albert "Trey" Hollingsworth III is an American businessman and politician who is the U.S. Representative for Indiana's 9th congressional district, serving since 2017. He is a member of the Republican Party. Hollingsworth serves on the House of Representatives Financial Services Committee. Due to that committee assignment, Hollingsworth is the Vice Ranking Member of the House Financial Services Committee Subcommittee on Investor Protection, Entrepreneurship, and Capital Markets and a member of the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Diversity and Inclusion.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Indiana's 9th congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana |
| Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee |
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Indiana |
Served alongside: Joe Donnelly, Mike Braun
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
Chris Van Hollen
| United States Senators by seniority |
|115th||Senate: J. Donnelly • T. Young||House: P. Visclosky • A. Carson • L. Bucshon • T. Rokita • S. Brooks • L. Messer • J. Walorski • J. Banks • T. Hollingsworth|
|116th||Senate: T. Young • M. Braun||House: P. Visclosky • A. Carson • L. Bucshon • S. Brooks • J. Walorski • J. Banks • T. Hollingsworth • J. Baird • G. Pence|
|117th||Senate: T. Young • M. Braun||House: A. Carson • L. Bucshon • J. Walorski • J. Banks • T. Hollingsworth • J. Baird • G. Pence • F. Mrvan • V. Spartz|