Dan Coats

Last updated

Dan Coats
Dan Coats official DNI portrait.jpg
5th Director of National Intelligence
Assumed office
March 16, 2017
President Donald Trump
Deputy Susan M. Gordon
Preceded by James Clapper
Chair of the Joint Economic Committee
In office
January 3, 2015 January 3, 2017
Preceded by Kevin Brady
Succeeded by Pat Tiberi
United States Senator
from Indiana
In office
January 3, 2011 January 3, 2017
Preceded byEvan Bayh
Succeeded by Todd Young
In office
January 3, 1989 January 3, 1999
Appointed by Robert D. Orr
Preceded by Dan Quayle
Succeeded by Evan Bayh
United States Ambassador to Germany
In office
August 15, 2001 February 28, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by John C. Kornblum
Succeeded by William R. Timken
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Indiana's 4th district
In office
January 3, 1981 January 3, 1989
Preceded byDan Quayle
Succeeded by Jill Long Thompson
Personal details
Born
Daniel Ray Coats

(1943-05-16) May 16, 1943 (age 76)
Jackson, Michigan, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)Marsha Coats
Children3
Education Wheaton College, Illinois (BA)
Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law (JD)
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Army (official proportions).svg  United States Army
Years of service1966–1968
Rank Army-U.S.-OR-06.png Staff sergeant

Daniel Ray Coats (born May 16, 1943) is an American politician and former diplomat. Since 16 March 2017, he has served as the Director of National Intelligence in the Trump Administration. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a United States Senator from Indiana from 1989 to 1999 and again from 2011 to 2017. He was the United States Ambassador to Germany from 2001 to 2005, and was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1981 to 1989. Coats served on the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence while in the U.S. Senate.

Director of National Intelligence United States government official

The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is the United States government Cabinet-level official—subject to the authority, direction, and control of the President of the United States—required by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to:

Cabinet of Donald Trump The cabinet appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States under the administration of Donald Trump

This article lists the members of President Donald Trump's Cabinet. Trump assumed office on January 20, 2017, and the president has the authority to nominate members of his Cabinet to the United States Senate for confirmation under Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Contents

Born in Jackson, Michigan, Coats graduated from Wheaton College in Illinois and Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law. He served in the U.S. Army (1966–1968). Before serving in the U.S. Senate, Coats was a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Indiana's 4th congressional district from 1981 to 1989. He was appointed to fill the Senate seat vacated by Dan Quayle following Quayle's election as Vice President of the United States. Coats won the 1990 special election to serve the remainder of Quayle's unexpired term, as well as the 1992 election for a full six-year term. He did not seek reelection in 1998 and was succeeded by Democrat Evan Bayh.

Jackson, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Jackson is a city in the south central area of the U.S. state of Michigan, about 40 miles (64 km) west of Ann Arbor and 35 miles (56 km) south of Lansing. It is the county seat of Jackson County. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 33,534, down from 36,316 at the 2000 census. Served by Interstate 94, it is the principal city of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Jackson County and has a population of 160,248.

Michigan State of the United States of America

Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, Michigan, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". With a population of about 10 million, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, and is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River. Its capital is Lansing, and its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's most populous and largest metropolitan economies.

Illinois State of the United States of America

Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product (GDP), the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. Illinois is often noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, and is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population. The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics.

After retiring from the Senate, Coats served as the U.S. Ambassador to Germany from 2001 to 2005 and then worked as a lobbyist in Washington, D.C. He was reelected to the Senate by a large margin in 2010, succeeding Bayh, who announced his own retirement shortly after Coats declared his candidacy. Coats declined to run for reelection in 2016 and was succeeded by Todd Young.

Todd Young United States Senator from Indiana

Todd Christopher Young is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Indiana since 2017. From 2011 to 2017 he was the U.S. Representative for Indiana's 9th congressional district. Young is a member of the Republican Party. He was elected to the United States Senate in the November 8, 2016, general election, succeeding retiring Republican Dan Coats.

On January 5, 2017, Coats was announced as U.S. President-elect Donald Trump's nominee for the post of Director of National Intelligence, to succeed James R. Clapper. [1] His term in office commenced on March 16, 2017.

Donald Trump 45th and current president of the United States

Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.

Early life, education and career

Coats was born in Jackson, Michigan, the son of Vera (Nora) Elisabeth (née Swanlund) and Edward Raymond Coats. His father was of English and German descent, and his maternal grandparents emigrated from Sweden. [2] Coats attended local public schools, and graduated from Jackson High School in 1961. He then studied at Wheaton College in Illinois, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science in 1965. At Wheaton, he was an active student athlete on the soccer team. He served in the United States Army Corps of Engineers from 1966 to 1968, and earned a Juris Doctor from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law in Indianapolis in 1972, where he was also the associate editor of the Indiana Law Review. [3] [4] He also served as assistant vice president of a Fort Wayne life insurance company.

Sweden constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Sweden, formal name: the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million of which 2.5 million have a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi). The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as determining of the distribution of power and resources. Political scientists "see themselves engaged in revealing the relationships underlying political events and conditions, and from these revelations they attempt to construct general principles about the way the world of politics works."

U.S. House of Representatives

Dan Coats as a first-term Congressman in 1981 Congressman Dan Coats.jpg
Dan Coats as a first-term Congressman in 1981

From 1976 to 1980, Coats worked for then-U.S. Representative Dan Quayle, a Republican from Indiana's 4th congressional district, as Quayle's district representative. When Quayle decided to challenge three-term Democratic incumbent Birch Bayh in the 1980 U.S. Senate election, Coats ran for and won Quayle's seat in the U.S. House.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.

Dan Quayle 44th vice president of the United States

James Danforth Quayle is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 44th vice president of the United States from 1989 to 1993. Quayle was also a U.S. representative from 1977 to 1981 and was a U.S. senator from 1981 to 1989 for the state of Indiana.

Indianas 4th congressional district District that is in the north west to central part of the state, including Crawfordsville, Lafayette, the western Indianapolis suburbs, and portions of Kokomo

Indiana's 4th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Indiana. From 2003 to 2013 the district was based primarily in the central part of the state, and consisted of all of Boone, Clinton, Hendricks, Morgan, Lawrence, Montgomery, and Tippecanoe counties and parts of Fountain, Johnson, Marion, Monroe, and White counties. The district surrounded Indianapolis including the suburban area of Greenwood and encompassed the more exurban areas of Crawfordsville and Bedford, as well as the college town of Lafayette-West Lafayette.

U.S. Senate

Senator Coats visiting Mobile Army Surgical Hospital in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1996 U.S. Senator Dan Coats (R-IN) visits Mobile Army Surgical Hospital in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1996.jpg
Senator Coats visiting Mobile Army Surgical Hospital in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1996

When Quayle resigned from the Senate after being elected Vice President of the United States in 1988, Coats was appointed to Quayle's former seat. Coats was subsequently elected to the seat in 1990 and 1992. Coats declined to run for a second full term in 1998. He served in the Senate until January 1999, at which time he was succeeded by Evan Bayh. Coats announced on February 3, 2010, he would run [5] for his old Senate seat and on February 16, 2010, Bayh announced his intention to retire. [6] Coats went on to win the seat. In March 2015 he announced that he would not run for re-election in 2016. He served on the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. [7]

Political positions

Gun laws

On multiple occasions, Coats has supported gun control measures. In 1991, he voted in favor of the Biden-Thurmond Violent Crime Control Act of 1991. This act, which did not become law, would have created a waiting period for handgun purchases and placed a ban on assault weapons. [8] Subsequently, he supported the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act that President Clinton signed into law in 1993. [9] The legislation imposed a waiting period before a handgun could be transferred to an individual by a licensed dealer, importer, or manufacturer. This waiting period ended when the computerized instant check system came online. Coats also supported Feinstein Amendment 1152 to the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1993. [10] The purpose of the Feinstein Amendment was to "restrict the manufacture, transfer, and possession of certain semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices". [11]

In April 2013, Coats was one of forty-six senators to vote against passage of a bill which would have expanded background checks for gun buyers. Coats voted with 40 Republicans and 5 Democrats to stop the passage of the bill. [12]

Taxes

In 1995, Coats introduced S. 568: Family, Investment, Retirement, Savings, and Tax Fairness Act [13] which would provide "family tax credits, increase national savings through individual retirement plus accounts, indexing for inflation the income thresholds for taxing social security benefits, etc". [14] The bill did not become law.

LGBT issues

In 1993, Coats emerged as an opponent of President Clinton's effort to allow LGBT individuals to serve openly in the armed forces. [15] Coats was one of the authors of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy and opposed its 2011 repeal. He does not support same-sex marriage but opposes interference with "alternative lifestyles". [16]

Russia

Coats pressed President Barack Obama to punish Russia harshly for its March 2014 annexation of Crimea. [17] For this stance, the Russian government banned Coats and several other U.S. lawmakers from traveling to Russia. [17] [18]

Iran and Iraq

Coats supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq on the grounds of uncovering Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. [19]

Coats opposed the 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers – the U.S., U.K., Russia, France, China, and Germany. [20] He described Iran as the foremost "state sponsor of terrorism". [21]

Palestine

Coats co-sponsored the Taylor Force Act. The legislation proposes to stop American economic aid to the Palestinian Authority unless it stops payments to individuals who commit acts of terrorism and to the families of deceased terrorists. [22] [23]

Other

Coats with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin, September 3, 2017 Reuven Rivlin at a meeting with Dan Coates Sunday, September 2017 (4990).jpg
Coats with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin, September 3, 2017

Coats co-sponsored, with former Senators Edward M. Kennedy, Christopher Dodd, and James Jeffords, S.2206: Coats Human Services Reauthorization Act of 1998. This bill, which was enacted into law, "amended the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, and the Community Services Block Grant Act... in order to provide an opportunity for persons with limited means to accumulate assets." [24]

In 1996, Coats co-sponsored the Line Item Veto Act of 1996, which President Clinton signed into law. The bill allowed the President to "rewrit[e] legislation by vetoing single items of spending or specific tax breaks approved by Congress." [25] In June 1998, The Supreme Court of the United States declared the law unconstitutional in Clinton v. City of New York in a 6–3 decision.

Coats made headlines in August 1998, when he publicly questioned the timing of President Bill Clinton's cruise missile attacks on Afghanistan and Sudan, suggesting they might be linked to the Lewinsky scandal: "While there is clearly much more we need to learn about this attack and why it was ordered today, given the president’s personal difficulties this week, it is legitimate to question the timing of this action." [26]

Between U.S. Senate tenures

Official portrait of Senator Coats, 2011 Dan Coats, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Official portrait of Senator Coats, 2011

Coats worked as Special Counsel member in the firm Verner, Liipfert, Bernhard, McPherson and Hand in 2000 and 2001. In 2001, Coats was reportedly one of George W. Bush’s top choices to be Secretary of Defense, a job eventually given to Donald Rumsfeld who had previously held the post under President Gerald Ford.

From August 15, 2001, to February 28, 2005, Coats was the United States Ambassador to Germany. [27] [28] As ambassador during the lead-up to the Iraq War, he pressured the German government not to oppose the war, threatening worsened US relations with Germany. [19] As Ambassador he also played a critical role in establishing robust relations with then opposition leader Angela Merkel and in the construction of a new United States Embassy in the heart of Berlin next to the Brandenburg Gate. [29]

In 2005, Coats drew attention when he was chosen by President George W. Bush to shepherd Harriet Miers's failed nomination to the Supreme Court through the Senate. Echoing Senator Roman Hruska's famous 1970 speech in defense of Harrold Carswell, Coats said to CNN regarding the nomination: "If [being a] great intellectual powerhouse is a qualification to be a member of the court and represent the American people and the wishes of the American people and to interpret the Constitution, then I think we have a court so skewed on the intellectual side that we may not be getting representation of America as a whole." [30]

In 2007, Coats served as co-chairman of a team of lobbyists for Cooper Industries, a Texas corporation that moved its principal place of business to Bermuda, where it would not be liable for U.S. taxes. In that role, he worked to block Senate legislation that would have closed a tax loophole, worth hundreds of millions of dollars to Cooper Industries. [31]

Coats served as co-chairman of the Washington government relations office of King & Spalding. [31]

Director of National Intelligence

Coats being sworn in as Director of National Intelligence by Vice President Mike Pence on March 16, 2017 Dan Coats swearing in.jpg
Coats being sworn in as Director of National Intelligence by Vice President Mike Pence on March 16, 2017

On January 5, 2017, Coats was announced as then-President-elect Donald Trump's nominee for the position of Director of National Intelligence, to succeed the outgoing James R. Clapper. [1] His confirmation hearing was held on February 28, 2017 to the United States Senate Intelligence Committee. [32]

On March 9, 2017, the United States Senate Intelligence Committee approved the nomination of Coats as National Intelligence Director with a 13–2 vote. [33] The Senate confirmed his nomination with an 85–12 vote on March 15, 2017, and he was sworn into office on March 16. [34]

On July 16, 2018, Coats released a statement affirming the consensus of the United States Intelligence Community (IC) that the Russian government interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, [35] a day after the 2018 Russia–United States summit where President Trump recanted his endorsement of the IC's assessment. [36]

On September 6, 2018 Director Coats denied that he had authored the anonymous New York Times Op/Ed piece from a Senior Trump Administration official that berated the President. The day before, MSNBC host Lawrence O'Donnell had speculated that Coats was the author of the controversial anonymous piece. [37]

Coats released the DNI's "Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community" on January 29, 2019, listing the major threats to the United States. The reports states that the "international system is coming under increasing strain amid continuing cyber and WMD proliferation threats, competition in space, and regional conflicts. Among the disturbing trends are hostile states and actors’ intensifying online efforts to influence and interfere with elections here and abroad and their use of chemical weapons. Terrorism too will continue to be a top threat to US and partner interests worldwide, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. [Notes 1] The development and application of new technologies will introduce both risks and opportunities, and the US economy will be challenged by slower global economic growth and growing threats to US economic competitiveness." [38] :4

Political campaigns

Coats in his first tenure in Congress Dan Coats (R-IN).jpg
Coats in his first tenure in Congress

2010

On February 10, 2010, Coats confirmed that he would return to Indiana to run for the seat held by incumbent Evan Bayh in the 2010 United States Senate election. [39] [40] Bayh had made no previous announcements and was fully expected to run for another term, but after Coats announced his candidacy, Bayh announced his retirement on February 15, 2010. On May 4, 2010, Coats won the Republican primary over state Sen. Marlin Stutzman and former Congressman John Hostettler. [41] [42]

Coats received endorsements from National Right to Life Committee, Indiana Right to Life, and the Susan B. Anthony List. [43]

Coats defeated Democratic Rep. Brad Ellsworth by a fifteen-point margin to return to the Senate. [44]

Coats became the senior senator from Indiana after Richard Lugar lost a challenge in the 2012 Republican primary election and subsequently was not re-elected to the Senate in 2012. Coats served the remainder of his term with Democrat Joe Donnelly.

Personal life

He is married to Marsha Coats, Indiana's woman representative to the Republican National Committee. [45]

He received the Big Brothers Big Sisters of America's Charles G. Berwind Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012. [46]

In 2015, Coats received the Benjamin Harrison Presidential Site Advancing American Democracy Award.

See also

Notes

  1. Terrorists groups listed in order are Sunni Violent Extremists, ISIS, Al-Qa‘ida, Homegrown Violent Extremists, Shia Actors, Lebanese Hizballah, Violent Ethno-supremacist and Ultranationalist Groups (page 10-13).

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  38. Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community (PDF). Director of National Intelligence (Report). Climate and Security. February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  39. Ryan Elijah (February 10, 2010). "Dan Coats Confirms Bid for U.S. Senate". Indiana's NewsCenter. Archived from the original on February 12, 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  40. Flynn, Bridget (March 23, 2010). "Dan Coats outlines his priorities". Herald Argus.
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U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Dan Quayle
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 4th congressional district

1981–1989
Succeeded by
Jill Long
Preceded by
Dan Marriott
Ranking Member of the House Children Committee
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Tom Bliley
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Dan Quayle
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Indiana
1989–1999
Served alongside: Richard Lugar
Succeeded by
Evan Bayh
Preceded by
Evan Bayh
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Indiana
2011–2017
Served alongside: Richard Lugar, Joe Donnelly
Succeeded by
Todd Young
Preceded by
Kevin Brady
Chair of the Joint Economic Committee
2015–2017
Succeeded by
Pat Tiberi
Party political offices
Preceded by
Dan Quayle
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana
(Class 3)

1990, 1992
Succeeded by
Paul Helmke
Preceded by
Marvin Scott
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana
(Class 3)

2010
Succeeded by
Todd Young
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
John Kornblum
United States Ambassador to Germany
2001–2005
Succeeded by
William Timken
Government offices
Preceded by
James Clapper
Director of National Intelligence
2017–present
Incumbent