United States Senate
|Formed||February 4, 1977|
|Chair|| Maria Cantwell (D) |
Since February 3, 2021
|Ranking member|| Roger Wicker (R) |
Since February 3, 2021
|Political parties||Majority (14)|
|Policy areas||Aviation, Coast Guard, Coastal zone management, Common carriers, Communications, Competitiveness, Consumer protection, Highways and highway safety, Inland waterways, Internet, Navigation, Interstate commerce, Marine conservation, Marine fisheries, Merchant Marine, Oceanography, Outer Continental Shelf lands, Panama Canal, Product safety and liability, Rail, Science policy of the United States, Sport, Standards of weights and measures, Tourism, Transportation generally, Weather and climate change|
|Oversight authority||Coast Guard, CPSC, CPB, Department of Commerce, Department of Transportation, FAA, FCC, FMCSA, FRA, FMC, FTC, MARAD, NASA, NHTSA, NOAA, NIST, NSF, NTIA, NTSB, PHMSA, STB, TSA, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy|
|House counterpart||United States House Committee on Energy and Commerce, House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|
|512 Dirksen Senate Building|
The United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation is a standing committee of the United States Senate.Besides having broad jurisdiction over all matters concerning interstate commerce, science and technology policy, and transportation, the Senate Commerce Committee is one of the largest of the Senate's standing committees, with 26 members in the 117th Congress. The Commerce Committee has six subcommittees. It is chaired by Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA) with Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) as Ranking Member. The majority office is housed in the Dirksen Senate Office Building, and the minority office is located in the Hart Senate Office Building.
The Committee has its roots in the Committee on Commerce and Manufacturers, which served as a standing committee in the early-1800s. This committee was split in two in the 1820s and remained in this configuration until the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. Under the LRA, the number of standing committees was dramatically decreased to streamline increase congressional efficiency and increase institutional strength. As a result, the Committee on Commerce, the Committee on Manufactures, the Committee on Interstate Commerce, and the Committee on Interoceanic Canals were combined into the United States Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. In 1977, as a part of widespread committee reorganization, the Committee renamed the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and given additional oversight jurisdiction over nonmilitary aeronautical and space sciences, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
The original progenitors of this committee were:
In accordance of Rule XXV of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects is referred to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation:
The Senate Commerce Committee is also charged to "study and review, on a comprehensive basis, all matters relating to science and technology, oceans policy, transportation, communications, and consumer affairs, and report thereon from time to time."
|Aviation Safety, Operations and Innovation||Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)||Ted Cruz (R-TX)|
|Communications, Media and Broadband||Ben Ray Luján (D-NM)||John Thune (R-SD)|
|Consumer Protection, Product Safety and Data Security||Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)||Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)|
|Oceans, Fisheries, Climate Change and Manufacturing||Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)||Dan Sullivan (R-AK)|
|Space and Science||John Hickenlooper (D-CO)||Cynthia Lummis (R-WY)|
|Surface Transportation, Maritime, Freight and Ports||Gary Peters (D-MI)||Deb Fischer (R-NE)|
|Tourism, Trade and Export Promotion||Jacky Rosen (D-NV)||Rick Scott (R-FL)|
The committee, under its various names, has been chaired by the following senators:
|William Hunter||Federalist||Rhode Island||1816–1817|
|Nathan Sanford||Republican||New York||1817–1820|
|Mahlon Dickerson||Republican/Crawford Republican||New Jersey||1820–1825|
|James Lloyd||Adams-Clay Republican/Adams||Massachusetts||1825-1826|
|Levi Woodbury||Jacksonian||New Hampshire||1827-1831|
|William R. King||Jacksonian||Alabama||1832-1833|
|William R. King||Jacksonian/Democratic||Alabama||1836-1841|
|William Haywood||Democratic||North Carolina||1845-1846|
|John Dix||Democratic||New York||1846-1849|
|Roscoe Conkling||Republican||New York||1875-1879|
|John B. Gordon||Democratic||Georgia||1879-1880|
|Matt Ransom||Democratic||North Carolina||1880-1881|
|Roscoe Conkling||Republican||New York||1881|
|Samuel J.R. McMillan||Republican||Minnesota||1881-1887|
|Matt Ransom||Democratic||North Carolina||1893-1895|
|William P. Frye||Republican||Maine||1895-1911|
|James P. Clarke||Democratic||Arkansas||1913-1916|
|Duncan U. Fletcher||Democratic||Florida||1916-1919|
|Wesley L. Jones||Republican||Washington||1919-1930|
|Hiram W. Johnson||Republican||California||1930-1933|
|Hubert D. Stephens||Democratic||Mississippi||1933-1935|
|Royal S. Copeland||Democratic||New York||1935-1939|
|Josiah W. Bailey||Democratic||North Carolina||1939-1946|
|Wallace H. White, Jr.||Republican||Maine||1947-1949|
|Edwin C. Johnson||Democratic||Colorado||1949-1953|
|Charles W. Tobey||Republican||New Hampshire||1953|
|John W. Bricker||Republican||Ohio||1953-1955|
|Lyndon B. Johnson||Democratic||Texas||1958-1961|
|Robert S. Kerr||Democratic||Oklahoma||1961-1963|
|Clinton P. Anderson||Democratic||New Mexico||1963-1973|
|Frank E. Moss||Democratic||Utah||1973-1977|
|Wendell H. Ford||Democratic||Kentucky||Jan. 10-Feb. 11, 1977|
|John C. Danforth||Republican||Missouri||1985–1987|
|Ernest F. Hollings||Democratic||South Carolina||1987–1995|
|Larry Pressler||Republican||South Dakota||1995–1997|
|Ernest F. Hollings||Democratic||South Carolina||2001|
|Ernest F. Hollings||Democratic||South Carolina||2001–2003|
|John D. Rockefeller IV||Democratic||West Virginia||2009–2015|
|John Thune||Republican||South Dakota||2015–2019|
|Aviation and Space||Ted Cruz (R-TX)||Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)|
|Communications, Technology, Innovation and the Internet||John Thune (R-SD)||Brian Schatz (D-HI)|
|Manufacturing, Trade, and Consumer Protection||Jerry Moran (R-KS)||Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)|
|Science, Oceans, Fisheries, and Weather||Cory Gardner (R-CO)||Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)|
|Security||Dan Sullivan (R-AK)||Ed Markey (D-MA)|
|Transportation and Safety||Deb Fischer (R-NE)||Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)|
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