88th United States Congress

Last updated

88th United States Congress
87th  
  89th
USCapitol1962.jpg

January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965
Members100 senators
435 representatives
Senate majority Democratic
Senate President Lyndon B. Johnson (D) [lower-alpha 1]
(until November 22, 1963)
Vacant
(from November 22, 1963)
House majority Democratic
House Speaker John McCormack (D)
Sessions
1st: January 9, 1963 – December 30, 1963
2nd: January 7, 1964 – October 3, 1964

The 88th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 1963, to January 3, 1965, during the final months of the presidency of John F. Kennedy, and the first years of the presidency of his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1960 United States census, and the number of members was again 435 (it had temporarily been 437 in order to seat one member each from recently admitted states of Alaska and Hawaii).

Contents

Both chambers maintained a Democratic majority - including a filibuster-proof supermajority in the Senate - and with President Kennedy, the Democrats maintained an overall federal government trifecta.

Major events

Major legislation

First page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Civilrightsact1964.jpg
First page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Lyndon Johnson signing Civil Rights Act, 2 July, 1964.jpg
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Tonkin Gulf Resolution Tonkin Gulf Resolution.jpg
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
President Johnson signs the Wilderness Act of 1964 Sept 04 wilderness.jpg
President Johnson signs the Wilderness Act of 1964

Constitutional amendments

Party summary

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 62 37991
Begin 65 33 98 2
End 66 34 1000
Final voting share66.0% 34.0%
Beginning of next congress 68 321000

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 260 1744343
Begin 258 176 434 1
End 253 177 4305
Final voting share58.8% 41.2%
Beginning of next congress 295 1404350

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Caucuses

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Senators are ordered first by state, and then by class. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1964; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1966; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1968.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

Senate changes
State
(class)
Vacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 2]
Oklahoma
(2)
VacantSen. Robert S. Kerr died in previous congress.
Successor appointed to continue the term.
J. Howard Edmondson (D)January 7, 1963
Wisconsin
(3)
VacantDelayed taking oath of office in order to finish term as Governor of Wisconsin Gaylord Nelson (D)January 8, 1963
Tennessee
(2)
Estes Kefauver (D)Died August 10, 1963.
Successor appointed August 20, 1963, to continue the term.
Herbert S. Walters (D)August 20, 1963
California
(1)
Clair Engle (D)Died July 30, 1964.
Successor appointed August 4, 1964.
Pierre Salinger (D)August 4, 1964
South Carolina
(2)
Strom Thurmond (D)Changed political parties. Strom Thurmond (R)September 16, 1964
New Mexico
(1)
Edwin L. Mechem (R)Lost special election.
Successor elected November 3, 1964.
Joseph Montoya (D)November 4, 1964
Oklahoma
(2)
J. Howard Edmondson (D)Successor elected November 3, 1964. Fred R. Harris (D)November 4, 1964
Tennessee
(2)
Herbert S. Walters (D)Successor elected November 3, 1964. Ross Bass (D)November 4, 1964
Minnesota
(2)
Hubert Humphrey (DFL)Resigned December 29, 1964, after being elected Vice President of the United States.
Successor appointed December 30, 1964, to finish the term.
Walter Mondale (DFL)December 30, 1964
California
(1)
Pierre Salinger (D)Resigned December 31, 1964, to give successor preferential seniority.
Successor appointed January 1, 1965.
George Murphy (R)January 1, 1965

House of Representatives

House changes
DistrictVacated byReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 2]
California 1st VacantRep. Clement Woodnutt Miller died during previous congress Donald H. Clausen (R)January 22, 1963
California 23rd Clyde Doyle (D)Died March 14, 1963 Del M. Clawson (R)June 11, 1963
Pennsylvania 15th Francis E. Walter (D)Died May 31, 1963 Fred B. Rooney (D)July 30, 1963
North Dakota 1st Hjalmar Carl Nygaard (R)Died July 18, 1963 Mark Andrews (R)October 22, 1963
Pennsylvania 23rd Leon H. Gavin (R)Died September 15, 1963 Albert W. Johnson (R)November 3, 1963
Texas 10th Homer Thornberry (D)Resigned December 20, 1963, after being appointed as a judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas J. J. Pickle (D)December 21, 1963
Pennsylvania 5th William J. Green Jr. (D)Died December 21, 1963 William J. Green III (D)April 28, 1964
California 5th John F. Shelley (D)Resigned January 7, 1964, after being elected Mayor of San Francisco Phillip Burton (D)February 18, 1964
Tennessee 2nd Howard Baker Sr. (R)Died January 7, 1964 Irene Baker (R)March 10, 1964
Illinois 6th Thomas J. O'Brien (D)Died April 14, 1964VacantNot filled this term
South Carolina 5th Robert W. Hemphill (D)Resigned May 1, 1964, after being appointed judge of the US District Court for the Eastern and Western Districts of SC Thomas S. Gettys (D)November 3, 1964
Missouri 9th Clarence Cannon (D)Died May 12, 1964 William L. Hungate (D)November 3, 1964
Michigan 12th John B. Bennett (R)Died August 9, 1964VacantNot filled this term
Oregon 1st A. Walter Norblad (R)Died September 20, 1964 Wendell Wyatt (R)November 3, 1964
New Mexico at-large Joseph Montoya (D)Resigned November 3, 1964, after being elected to the US Senate VacantNot filled this term
Tennessee 6th Ross Bass (D)Resigned November 3, 1964, after being elected to the US Senate
Illinois 9th Edward Rowan Finnegan (D)Resigned December 6, 1964, after being appointed judge for the Circuit Court of Cook County

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. U.S. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson's term as President of the Senate ended on November 22, 1963, when ascending to the Presidency, President pro tempore Carl Hayden acted his duties as the President of the Senate.
  2. 1 2 When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">107th United States Congress</span> 2001-2003 U.S. Congress

The 107th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003, during the final weeks of the Clinton presidency and the first two years of the George W. Bush presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">101st United States Congress</span> 1989–1991 U.S. Congress

The 101st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1989, to January 3, 1991, during the final weeks of Ronald Reagan's presidency and the first two years of George H. W. Bush's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">95th United States Congress</span> 1977–1979 U.S. Congress

The 95th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1977, to January 3, 1979, during the final weeks of Gerald Ford's presidency and the first two years of Jimmy Carter's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">93rd United States Congress</span> 1973–1975 U.S. Congress

The 93rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1973, to January 3, 1975, during the last 18 months of Richard Nixon's presidency, and the first 6 months of Gerald Ford's. This Congress was the first Congress with more than two Senate presidents. After the resignation of Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford was appointed under the authority of the newly ratified 25th Amendment. Ford became president the next year and Nelson Rockefeller was appointed in his place. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1970 United States census. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. This is the earliest Congress to feature a member of the current 117th Congress, Representative Don Young (R-AK), who served until he died in 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">92nd United States Congress</span> 1971–1973 U.S. Congress

The 92nd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1971, to January 3, 1973, during the third and fourth years of Richard Nixon's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">91st United States Congress</span> 1969–1971 U.S. Congress

The 91st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1971, during the final weeks of the presidency of Lyndon Johnson and the first two years of the first presidency of Richard Nixon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">85th United States Congress</span> 1957–1959 U.S. Congress

The 85th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1957, to January 3, 1959, during the fifth and sixth years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1950 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">84th United States Congress</span> 1955–1957 U.S. Congress

The 84th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1955, to January 3, 1957, during the third and fourth years of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1950 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">83rd United States Congress</span> 1953–1955 U.S. Congress

The 83rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1953, until January 3, 1955, during the last two weeks of the Truman administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 1950 U.S. census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">90th United States Congress</span> 1967–1969 U.S. Congress

The 90th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1969, during the last two years of President Lyndon B. Johnson's second term in office.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">81st United States Congress</span> 1949-1951 U.S. Congress

The 81st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1949, to January 3, 1951, during the fifth and sixth years of Harry S. Truman's presidency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">80th United States Congress</span> 1947–1949 U.S. Congress

The 80th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1947, to January 3, 1949, during the third and fourth years of Harry S. Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1940 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">74th United States Congress</span> 1935–1937 U.S. Congress

The 74th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1935, to January 3, 1937, during the third and fourth years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1930 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">87th United States Congress</span> 1961–1963 U.S. Congress

The 87th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1961, to January 3, 1963, during the final weeks of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency and the first two years of John Kennedy's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1950 United States census, along with 2 seats temporarily added in 1959.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">89th United States Congress</span> 1965–1967 U.S. Congress

The 89th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1965, to January 3, 1967, during the second and third years of Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1960 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">79th United States Congress</span> 1945–1947 U.S. Congress

The 79th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1947, during the last months of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, and the first two years of Harry Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1940 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">78th United States Congress</span> 1943–1945 U.S. Congress

The 78th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1943, to January 3, 1945, during the last two years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1940 United States census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">86th United States Congress</span> 1959–1961 U.S. Congress

The 86th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1959, to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">111th United States Congress</span> 2009–2011 meeting of U.S. legislature

The 111th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government from January 3, 2009, until January 3, 2011. It began during the last weeks of the George W. Bush administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Barack Obama's presidency. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">112th United States Congress</span> 2011–2013 meeting of U.S. legislature

The 112th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, from January 3, 2011, until January 3, 2013. It convened in Washington, D.C. on January 3, 2011, and ended on January 3, 2013, 17 days before the end of the presidential term to which Barack Obama was elected in 2008. Senators elected to regular terms in 2006 completed those terms in this Congress. This Congress included the last House of Representatives elected from congressional districts that were apportioned based on the 2000 census.

References

  1. Loevy, Robert D. (1997). The Civil Rights Act of 1964: the passage of the law that ended racial segregation. SUNY Press. pp. 358, 360.
  2. "Civil Rights Filibuster Ended". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on December 2, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
  3. "Major Features of the Civil Rights Act of 1964". CongressLink. The Dirksen Congressional Center. Archived from the original on December 6, 2014.