88th United States Congress

Last updated

88th United States Congress
87th  
  89th
USCapitol1962.jpg

January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965
Members100 senators
435 representatives
Senate Majority Democratic
Senate President Lyndon B. Johnson (D)
(until November 22, 1963)
Vacant
(from November 22, 1963)
House Majority Democratic
House Speaker John McCormack (D)
Sessions
1st: January 9, 1963 – December 30, 1963
2nd: January 7, 1964 – October 3, 1964

The 88th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1963, to January 3, 1965, during the last year of the administration of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and the first of the administration of his successor, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eighteenth Census of the United States in 1960, and the number of members was again 435 (it had temporarily been 437 in order to seat one member each from recently admitted states of Alaska and Hawaii). Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

First page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Civilrightsact1964.jpg
First page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Lyndon Johnson signing Civil Rights Act, 2 July, 1964.jpg
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Tonkin Gulf Resolution Tonkin Gulf Resolution.jpg
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
President Johnson signs the Wilderness Act of 1964 Sept 04 wilderness.jpg
President Johnson signs the Wilderness Act of 1964

Constitutional amendments

Party summary

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 62 37991
Begin 65 33 98 2
End 66 34 1000
Final voting share66.0% 34.0%
Beginning of next congress 68 321000

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 260 1744343
Begin 258 176 434 1
End 253 177 4305
Final voting share58.8% 41.2%
Beginning of next congress 295 1404350

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Caucuses

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Senators are ordered first by state, and then by class. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1964; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1966; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1968.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
VacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
Oklahoma
(2)
VacantSen. Robert S. Kerr died in previous congress.
Successor appointed to continue the term.
J. Howard Edmondson (D)January 7, 1963
Wisconsin
(3)
VacantDelayed taking oath of office in order to finish term as Governor of Wisconsin Gaylord Nelson (D)January 8, 1963
Tennessee
(2)
Estes Kefauver (D)Died August 10, 1963.
Successor appointed August 20, 1963 to continue the term.
Herbert S. Walters (D)August 20, 1963
California
(1)
Clair Engle (D)Died July 30, 1964.
Successor appointed August 4, 1964.
Pierre Salinger (D)August 4, 1964
South Carolina
(2)
Strom Thurmond (D)Changed political parties. Strom Thurmond (R)September 16, 1964
New Mexico
(1)
Edwin L. Mechem (R)Lost special election.
Successor elected November 3, 1964.
Joseph Montoya (D)November 4, 1964
Oklahoma
(2)
J. Howard Edmondson (D)Successor elected November 3, 1964. Fred R. Harris (D)November 4, 1964
Tennessee
(2)
Herbert S. Walters (D)Successor elected November 3, 1964. Ross Bass (D)November 4, 1964
Minnesota
(2)
Hubert Humphrey (DFL)Resigned December 29, 1964, after being elected Vice President of the United States.
Successor appointed December 30, 1964 to finish the term.
Walter Mondale (DFL)December 30, 1964
California
(1)
Pierre Salinger (D)Resigned December 31, 1964 to give successor preferential seniority.
Successor appointed January 1, 1965.
George Murphy (R)January 1, 1965

House of Representatives

DistrictVacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation [lower-alpha 1]
California 1st VacantRep. Clement Woodnutt Miller died during previous congress Donald H. Clausen (R)January 22, 1963
California 23rd Clyde Doyle (D)Died March 14, 1963 Del M. Clawson (R)June 11, 1963
Pennsylvania 15th Francis E. Walter (D)Died May 31, 1963 Fred B. Rooney (D)July 30, 1963
North Dakota 1st Hjalmar Carl Nygaard (R)Died July 18, 1963 Mark Andrews (R)October 22, 1963
Pennsylvania 23rd Leon H. Gavin (R)Died September 15, 1963 Albert W. Johnson (R)November 3, 1963
Texas 10th Homer Thornberry (D)Resigned December 20, 1963, after being appointed as a judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas J. J. Pickle (D)December 21, 1963
Pennsylvania 5th William J. Green Jr. (D)Died December 21, 1963 William J. Green III (D)April 28, 1964
California 5th John F. Shelley (D)Resigned January 7, 1964, after being elected Mayor of San Francisco Phillip Burton (D)February 18, 1964
Tennessee 2nd Howard Baker Sr. (R)Died January 7, 1964 Irene Baker (R)March 10, 1964
Illinois 6th Thomas J. O'Brien (D)Died April 14, 1964VacantNot filled this term
South Carolina 5th Robert W. Hemphill (D)Resigned May 1, 1964, after being appointed judge of the US District Court for the Eastern and Western Districts of SC Thomas S. Gettys (D)November 3, 1964
Missouri 9th Clarence Cannon (D)Died May 12, 1964 William L. Hungate (D)November 3, 1964
Michigan 12th John B. Bennett (R)Died August 9, 1964VacantNot filled this term
Oregon 1st A. Walter Norblad (R)Died September 20, 1964 Wendell Wyatt (R)November 3, 1964
New Mexico at-large Joseph Montoya (D)Resigned November 3, 1964, after being elected to the US Senate VacantNot filled this term
Tennessee 6th Ross Bass (D)Resigned November 3, 1964, after being elected to the US Senate
Illinois 9th Edward Rowan Finnegan (D)Resigned December 6, 1964, after being appointed judge for the Circuit Court of Cook County

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.

Related Research Articles

107th United States Congress 2001-2003 U.S. Congress

The 107th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003, during the final weeks of the Clinton presidency and the first two years of the George W. Bush presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States Census.

101st United States Congress 1989–1991 U.S. Congress

The 101st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1989, to January 3, 1991, during the final weeks of the administration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan and the first two years of the administration of U.S. President George H. W. Bush.

95th United States Congress 1977–1979 U.S. Congress

The 95th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1977, to January 3, 1979, during the final weeks of the administration of U.S. President Gerald Ford and the first two years of the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

93rd United States Congress 1973–1975 U.S. Congress

The 93rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1973, to January 3, 1975, during the last 18 months of Richard Nixon's presidency, and the first 6 months of Gerald Ford's. This Congress was the first Congress with more than two Senate Presidents, in this case, three. After the resignation of Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford was appointed under the authority of the newly ratified 25th Amendment. Ford became president the next year and Nelson Rockefeller was appointed in his place. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

92nd United States Congress 1971–1973 U.S. Congress

The 92nd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1971, to January 3, 1973, during the third and fourth years of Richard Nixon's presidency.

91st United States Congress 1969–1971 U.S. Congress

The 91st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1971, during the final weeks of the presidency of Lyndon Johnson and the first two years of the first presidency of Richard Nixon.

85th United States Congress 1957–1959 U.S. Congress

The 85th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1957, to January 3, 1959, during the fifth and sixth years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. To date, this is the earliest Congress with a member still living.

84th United States Congress 1955–1957 U.S. Congress

The 84th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1955, to January 3, 1957, during the third and fourth years of Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

83rd United States Congress 1953–1955 U.S. Congress

The 83rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1953, until January 3, 1955, during the last two weeks of the Truman administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 1950 U.S. Census. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

90th United States Congress 1967–1969 U.S. Congress

The 90th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1969, during the last two years of the second administration of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.

81st United States Congress 1949-1951 U.S. Congress

The 81st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1949, to January 3, 1951, during the fifth and sixth years of Harry S. Truman's presidency.

80th United States Congress 1947–1949 U.S. Congress

The 80th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1947, to January 3, 1949, during the third and fourth years of Harry Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Republicans gained a majority in both chambers for this Congress having gained thirteen Senate seats and fifty-seven House seats. Although the 80th Congress passed a total of 906 public bills, President Truman nicknamed it the "Do Nothing Congress" and, during the 1948 election, campaigned as much against it as against his formal opponent, Thomas E. Dewey. The 80th Congress passed several significant pro-business bills, most famously the Marshall Plan and the Taft–Hartley Act, but it opposed most of Truman's Fair Deal bills. Truman's campaign strategy worked, and the Republicans lost nine Senate seats and seventy-three seats in the House, allowing the Democrats to begin the 81st Congress with twenty-one more seats than they had at the end of the 79th Congress. It also allowed Truman to win a term of his own right as President, having become President after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945.

74th United States Congress 1935–1937 U.S. Congress

The 74th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1935, to January 3, 1937, during the third and fourth years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth Census of the United States in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority.

87th United States Congress 1961–1963 U.S. Congress

The 87th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1961, to January 3, 1963, during the final weeks of the administration of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the first two years of the administration of U.S. President John Kennedy. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950, along with 2 seats temporarily added in 1959. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

89th United States Congress 1965–1967 U.S. Congress

The 89th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1965, to January 3, 1967, during the second and third years of Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighteenth Census of the United States in 1960. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority. It is regarded as "arguably the most productive in American history". Some of its landmark legislation includes Social Security Amendments of 1965, the Voting Rights Act, Higher Education Act, and Freedom of Information Act.

68th United States Congress

The 68th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1923, to March 4, 1925, during the last months of Warren G. Harding's presidency, and the first years of the administration of his successor, Calvin Coolidge. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

79th United States Congress 1945–1947 U.S. Congress

The 79th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1947, during the last months of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, and the first two years of Harry Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

78th United States Congress 1943–1945 U.S. Congress

The 78th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1943, to January 3, 1945, during the last two years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

75th United States Congress 1937–1939 U.S. Congress

The 75th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1937, to January 3, 1939, during the fifth and sixth years administration of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth United States Census, conducted in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority.

86th United States Congress 1959–1961 U.S. Congress

The 86th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1959, to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower.

References

  1. Loevy, Robert D. (1997). The Civil Rights Act of 1964: the passage of the law that ended racial segregation. SUNY Press. pp. 358, 360.
  2. "Civil Rights Filibuster Ended". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on December 2, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
  3. "Major Features of the Civil Rights Act of 1964". CongressLink. The Dirksen Congressional Center. Archived from the original on December 6, 2014.