Alabama Territory

Last updated
Territory of Alabama
Organized incorporated territory of United States
1817–1819
US flag 21 stars.svg
Flag
Mississippi Territory dark.gif
Capital St. Stephens
Government
  Type Organized incorporated territory
Governor  
 1817–1819
William Wyatt Bibb
History 
 Established
December 10, 1817 [1] 1817
  Statehood
December 14, 1819 [1] 1819
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Star-Spangled Banner flag.svg Mississippi Territory
Alabama US flag 23 stars.svg

The Territory of Alabama (sometimes Alabama Territory) was an organized incorporated territory of the United States. The Alabama Territory was carved from the Mississippi Territory on August 15, 1817 and lasted until December 14, 1819, when it was admitted to the Union as the twenty-second state.

Contents

History

The Alabama Territory[n] was designated by two interdependent Acts of the Congress of the United States on March 1 and 3, 1817, [2] [3] but it did not become effective until October 10, 1817. [1] [4] [5] The delay was due to a provision in the Congressional Act which stated that the act would only take effect if and when the western part of the Mississippi Territory (1798–1817) were to form a state constitution and government on the road to statehood. A state constitution for Mississippi was adopted on August 15, 1817, elections were held in September, and the first legislative session convened in October, [1] with the western part of the Mississippi Territory existing since 1798 becoming the State of Mississippi on December 10, 1817. [6]

St. Stephens, located in the central area of the Alabama Territory on the Tombigbee River, was the only territorial capital during the period. William Wyatt Bibb (1781–1820) of Georgia was the only territorial governor, later elected to that position after statehood.

On December 14, 1819, Alabama was admitted to the union as the 22nd U.S. state, [4] [7] with Bibb becoming the first state governor (1819–1820).

Territorial evolution of Alabama

See also

Notes

 [n] - Name "Territory of Alabama" was often used in the time period, rather than "Alabama Territory".

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Outline of Alabama Overview of and topical guide to Alabama

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of Alabama:

Outline of Mississippi Overview of and topical guide to Mississippi

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of Mississippi:

Events from the year 1817 in the United States.

Admission to the Union Process of states joining the United States

The Admission to the Union Clause of the United States Constitution, often called the New States Clause, found at Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1, authorizes the Congress to admit new states into the United States beyond the thirteen already in existence at the time the Constitution went into effect.

References

Coordinates: 32°39′N86°48′W / 32.650°N 86.800°W / 32.650; -86.800