Marblehead, Massachusetts

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Marblehead, Massachusetts
Marbleheadma1649.jpg
Marblehead harbor viewed from the lighthouse
MarbleheadMA-seal.png
Nickname: 
MHD
Motto: 
"Where History Comes Alive" [1]
Essex County Massachusetts incorporated and unincorporated areas Marblehead highlighted.svg
Location in Essex County and the state of Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°30′00″N70°51′30″W / 42.50000°N 70.85833°W / 42.50000; -70.85833 Coordinates: 42°30′00″N70°51′30″W / 42.50000°N 70.85833°W / 42.50000; -70.85833
CountryUnited States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled1629
Incorporated1649
Government
  Type Open town meeting
Area
  Total19.58 sq mi (50.71 km2)
  Land4.39 sq mi (11.37 km2)
  Water15.19 sq mi (39.34 km2)
Elevation
65 ft (20 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total20,441
  Density4,656.26/sq mi (1,797.79/km2)
Demonym Header
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
01945
Area code 339/781
FIPS code 25-38400
GNIS feature ID0618300
Website www.marblehead.org

Marblehead is a coastal New England town in Essex County, Massachusetts, along the North Shore. Its population was 20,441 at the 2020 census. [2] The town lies on a small peninsula that extends into the northern part of Massachusetts Bay. Attached to the town is a near island, known as Marblehead Neck, connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. Marblehead Harbor, protected by shallow shoals and rocks from the open sea, lies between the mainland and the Neck. Beside the Marblehead town center, two other villages lie within the town: the Old Town, which was the original town center, and Clifton, which lies along the border with the neighboring town of Swampscott.

Contents

A town with roots in commercial fishing and yachting, Marblehead was a major shipyard and is often referred to as the birthplace of the American Navy, a title sometimes disputed with nearby Beverly. Marblehead was once the fishing capital of Massachusetts. It is also the origin of Marine Corps Aviation. Three US Navy ships have been named USS Marblehead. A center of recreational boating, it is a popular sailing, kayaking and fishing destination. Several yacht clubs were established here in the late 19th century, which continue to be centers of sailing.

It is home to the Marblehead Light, Fort Sewall, Little Harbor, Marblehead Neck Audubon Wildlife Sanctuary, Crocker Park, and Devereux Beach. Archibald Willard's famous painting The Spirit of '76 currently resides in Abbot Hall. Much of the Old Town is protected by the Marblehead Historic District.

Marblehead is also home of the Marblehead Men's Softball League which was established in 1939 and is the oldest and longest standing adult softball league in the world.

History

Massebequash

Marblehead was originally called Massebequash after the river which ran between it and Salem. The land was inhabited by the Naumkeag tribe of the Pawtucket confederation under the overall sachem Nanepashemet. Epidemics in 1615–1619 and 1633, believed to be smallpox, devastated the tribe. Numerous shell mounds and burial sites have been found throughout the town's history, along with foundations of multiple villages and forts. [3] On September 16, 1684, heirs of Nanepashemet sold their 3,700 acres (15 km2); the deed is preserved today at Abbot Hall in the town. [4]

European settlers and fishing

Marblehead's first European settler was Joseph Doliber in 1629, who set up on the shore near what is now the end of Bradlee Road. Three years earlier, Isaac Allerton, a Pilgrim from the Mayflower, had arrived in the area and established a fishing village at Marblehead Little Harbor. In May 1635, the General Court of Massachusetts Bay established the town of Marblehead on land that belonged to Salem. Marblehead residents, who never saw eye-to-eye with their more devout and conservative neighbors, were delighted, but less than a year later, the lawmakers reversed themselves. Marblehead finally became independent of Salem in 1649. [5] [6]

Marblehead, watercolor, Maurice Prendergast, 1914. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Marblehead Maurice Prendergast.jpeg
Marblehead, watercolor, Maurice Prendergast, 1914. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

At times called "Marvell Head", "Marble Harbour" (by Captain John Smith) and "Foy" (by immigrants from Fowey, Cornwall), the town would be named "Marblehead" by settlers who mistook its granite ledges for marble. It began as a fishing village with narrow crooked streets, and developed inland from the harbor. The shoreline smelled of drying fish, typically cod. These were exported abroad and to Salem.

The town had one accused individual during the Salem Witch Trials, Wilmot Redd. She was found guilty of witchcraft and executed by hanging on September 22, 1692.

The town peaked economically just before the American Revolution, as locally financed privateering vessels sought bounty from large European ships. Much early architecture survives from the era, including the Jeremiah Lee Mansion.

Revolutionary War

A large percentage of residents became involved early in the Revolutionary War, and the sailors of Marblehead are generally recognized by scholars as forerunners of the United States Navy [ citation needed ]. The first vessel commissioned for the army, Hannah, was equipped with cannons, rope, provisions (including the indigenous molasses/sea water cookie known as "Joe Frogger" ), and a crew from Marblehead. With their nautical backgrounds, soldiers from Marblehead under General John Glover were instrumental in the escape of the Continental Army after the Battle of Long Island.The Marblehead militia had become the 14th Continental Regiment of George Washington's army—and one of the few integrated regiments in the entire army. [7] Marblehead men ferried George Washington across the Delaware River for his attack on Trenton. Many who set out for war, however, did not return, leaving the town with 459 widows and 865 orphaned children in a population of less than 5,000.

Marbleheaders rowing Washington across the Delaware Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze, MMA-NYC, 1851.jpg
Marbleheaders rowing Washington across the Delaware

The community lost a substantial portion of its population and economy, although it was still the tenth-largest inhabited location in the United States at the first census, in 1790. [8]

When George Washington visited the town during his presidential tour of 1789, he knew the sailors of Marblehead well; they had served him honorably in the war. He observed that the town "had the appearance of antiquity." [9]

Fishing industry

In the 75 years from the American Revolution to the middle of the nineteenth century, Marblehead experienced a golden age of fishing. The War of 1812 brought disruption similar to during the American Revolution, with fishing grounds being blockaded, and fisherman heading off to war, with over 500 Marbleheaders being imprisoned by the British. [10] After the war, and later into the 19th century, wealthier citizens wanted a new bank to finance vessels, and to serve the town's fishermen and merchants. On March 17, 1831, with a capital of US$100,000, they founded the Grand Bank. The name was changed to National Grand Bank on October 3, 1864. [11]

Eleven Marblehead ships were lost in Gale of 1846, painting by William Thompson Bartoll The Great Gale of 1846, by William Thompson Bartoll, c. 1850, oil on wood fireboard - Peabody Essex Museum - DSC07217.jpg
Eleven Marblehead ships were lost in Gale of 1846, painting by William Thompson Bartoll

The town's fishermen had 98 vessels (95 of which exceeded 50 tons) putting to sea in 1837, where they often harvested fish off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. However, a gale or hurricane in that area on September 19, 1846, sank 11 vessels and damaged others. With 65 men and boys lost in the storm, the town's fishing industry began a decline. The storm is depicted in Fireboard: The Great Gale of 1846, c. 1850 by William Thompson Bartoll. A copy of the book is held by the Peabody Essex Museum.

American Civil War

During the American Civil War, 1,048 Marblehead men went to war, joining both the Army and Navy. One hundred ten died; 87 were wounded, many of whom died later of their injuries. During the war, Marblehead would raise almost $100,000 to supplement the war effort, an incredible effort for a town of 8,000 that relied mainly on fishing for income. Marblehead would be the first regiment in the state to answer the call for troops. [12] A Grand Army of the Republic veterans organization was formed after the war, and established headquarters in the old town house, where it still displays artifacts from the Marblehead regiments that served.

Shoemaking, airplanes, and yachting

Burgess aircraft in Marblehead Harbor Burgess H.jpg
Burgess aircraft in Marblehead Harbor
Marblehead Harbor 1916 The book of Boston (1916) (14741976146).jpg
Marblehead Harbor 1916

During the late 19th century, Marblehead had a short-term industrial boom from shoe-making factories. At the same time, the exceptional harbor attracted yachting by wealthy boat owners, and some yacht clubs established centers there. It would become home to the Boston Yacht Club, Corinthian Yacht Club, Eastern Yacht Club, Marblehead Yacht Club, Dolphin Yacht Club, and the oldest junior yacht club in America, the Pleon Yacht Club. This also caused numerous "summer homes" of wealthy Boston residents to be built on Marblehead Neck. The building boom would cause Marblehead Light to be replaced in 1896 with a new iron structure since the light of shorter tower was becoming blocked by the large new homes.

Marblehead was also the site of the Burgess & Curtis Aircraft Factory, where it was the first licensed aircraft manufacturer in the United States. William Starling Burgess designed and flight-tested most of the aircraft that were manufactured at the two plant sites in town. [13] On August 20, 1912, Alfred Austell Cunningham became the first Marine aviator, taking off from Marblehead Harbor in a Burgess Model H seaplane given to him by the Burgess Company. His flight was the start of United States Marine Corps Aviation. [14]

Post-war suburban community

After World War II, the town enjoyed a population boom, developing as a bedroom community for nearby Boston, Lynn, and Salem. This boom ended around 1970, when the town became built out. Marblehead today continues to be a sailing and small-town tourism destination in the summer months.

Town government

The Town of Marblehead has an open town meeting, and is led by a Board of Selectmen. A board of seven selectmen first met on Friday, December 22, 1648. [15]

Town hall

The seat of the first town government used the existing Meeting House on what is now the site of Old Burial Hill. The meeting house served as a place for the town to meet and the main church in town; a dual use that was typical during this time period. [16] The second meeting house was built around 1696 on Franklin Street, which would become known as the "Old Meeting House", also serving the dual use of a town meeting location and church. In 1726, it was decided by the town to construct a separate Town House, which was completed in 1727 (Old Town House). [16] However, the Old Meeting House would continue to occasionally be used for large town meetings, before it was demolished around 1825 after the new First Congregational Church was built (Old North Church). [16] The Town House would serve as the town hall until the construction of Abbot Hall in 1876, where the town clerk and board of selectmen still meet today.

Geography and transportation

4.4 square miles (11.4 km2) is land and 15.2 square miles (39.4 km2), or 77.61%, is water. [17]

Marblehead is situated on the North Shore of Massachusetts along Massachusetts Bay and Salem Harbor. The town consists of a rocky peninsula that extends into the bay, with an additional neck to the east connected by a long sandbar, now a causeway. This ring of land defines Marblehead's deep, sheltered harbor. Marblehead Neck is home to a bird sanctuary, as well as Castle Rock and Chandler Hovey Park at its northern tip, where Marblehead Light is located.

Fountain Park and Fort Sewall are located at the west edge of the mouth of Marblehead Harbor. The town land also includes several small islands in Massachusetts Bay and Dolliber Cove, the area between Peaches Point and Fort Sewall. The town is partially divided from Salem by the Forest River, and is also home to several small ponds. Keeping with the town's location, there are four beaches (one in Dolliber Cove, one in Marblehead Harbor, and two along the southern shore of town), as well as six yacht clubs, one public kayaking center [18] and several boat ramps.

Marblehead old train depot Marblehead station postcard (3).jpg
Marblehead old train depot

Besides Marblehead Neck, there are two other villages within town, the Old Town to the northeast and Clifton to the southwest. Given its small area, most of the residential land in town is thickly settled. Marblehead's town center is located approximately 4 miles (6 km) from the center of Salem, 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Boston and 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Cape Ann. It is bordered by Swampscott to the south and Salem to the northwest. (As Salem's water rights extend into Massachusetts Bay, there is no connection between Marblehead and the city of Beverly across Beverly Harbor.)

Marblehead is home to the eastern termini of Massachusetts Route 114 and Route 129, which both terminate at the intersection of Pleasant Street and Ocean Avenue. Route 114 heads west into Salem, while Route 129 heads south along Atlantic Avenue into Swampscott towards Lynn. There are no freeways within town, with the nearest access being to Massachusetts Route 128 in Peabody and Beverly.

Two MBTA bus routes—the 441 and 442—originate in town regularly with service to Boston, with weekend service to Wonderland in Revere. The former Eastern Railroad began service in 1839 and had lines connecting through Swampscott and Salem was discontinued in the late 1950s. The track routes were converted to bike trails and the three train depots were torn down. [19] The Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail passes through neighboring Swampscott and Salem, with service between the North Shore and Boston's North Station. The nearest air service is located at Beverly Municipal Airport, with the nearest national and international service at Boston's Logan International Airport. Seasonal ferry service to Boston can also be found in Salem.

Historic maps

Climate

Climate data for Marblehead, Massachusetts (1991–2020 normals, extremes Sep 1, 1984-present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)71
(22)
72
(22)
91
(33)
94
(34)
97
(36)
98
(37)
101
(38)
97
(36)
97
(36)
84
(29)
78
(26)
77
(25)
101
(38)
Mean maximum °F (°C)57
(14)
57
(14)
65
(18)
78
(26)
86
(30)
91
(33)
93
(34)
90
(32)
88
(31)
78
(26)
69
(21)
60
(16)
95
(35)
Average high °F (°C)36.1
(2.3)
37.9
(3.3)
44.3
(6.8)
55.1
(12.8)
65.2
(18.4)
74.2
(23.4)
80.3
(26.8)
79.0
(26.1)
72.3
(22.4)
61.2
(16.2)
50.7
(10.4)
41.6
(5.3)
58.2
(14.5)
Daily mean °F (°C)27.0
(−2.8)
28.7
(−1.8)
35.3
(1.8)
45.4
(7.4)
55.1
(12.8)
64.3
(17.9)
70.5
(21.4)
69.3
(20.7)
62.6
(17.0)
51.8
(11.0)
41.8
(5.4)
33.0
(0.6)
48.7
(9.3)
Average low °F (°C)17.9
(−7.8)
19.6
(−6.9)
26.3
(−3.2)
35.6
(2.0)
45.0
(7.2)
54.4
(12.4)
60.7
(15.9)
59.6
(15.3)
53.0
(11.7)
42.3
(5.7)
32.9
(0.5)
24.3
(−4.3)
39.3
(4.0)
Mean minimum °F (°C)1
(−17)
6
(−14)
12
(−11)
28
(−2)
37
(3)
45
(7)
55
(13)
53
(12)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
10
(−12)
0
(−18)
Record low °F (°C)−9
(−23)
−7
(−22)
3
(−16)
18
(−8)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
45
(7)
42
(6)
33
(1)
13
(−11)
6
(−14)
−8
(−22)
−9
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.75
(95)
3.50
(89)
4.71
(120)
4.30
(109)
3.48
(88)
4.14
(105)
3.48
(88)
3.25
(83)
3.56
(90)
5.00
(127)
4.15
(105)
4.70
(119)
48.02
(1,218)
Average snowfall inches (cm)13.3
(34)
8.5
(22)
7.5
(19)
1.5
(3.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.8
(2.0)
7.4
(19)
39.1
(100.05)
Average extreme snow depth inches (cm)8
(20)
9
(23)
6
(15)
1
(2.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(13)
9
(23)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)10810111110988101010115
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)43200000000211
Source: NOAA [20]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1790 5,661    
1800 5,211−7.9%
1810 5,900+13.2%
1820 5,630−4.6%
1830 5,149−8.5%
1840 5,575+8.3%
1850 6,167+10.6%
1860 7,646+24.0%
1870 7,703+0.7%
1880 7,467−3.1%
1890 8,202+9.8%
1900 7,582−7.6%
1910 7,338−3.2%
1920 7,324−0.2%
1930 8,668+18.4%
1940 10,856+25.2%
1950 13,765+26.8%
1960 18,521+34.6%
1970 21,295+15.0%
1980 20,126−5.5%
1990 19,971−0.8%
2000 20,377+2.0%
2010 19,808−2.8%
2020 20,441+3.2%

Source: United States census records and Population Estimates Program data. [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]

As of the census [31] of 2010, there were 19,808 people, 8,838 households, and 5,467 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,373 inhabitants per square mile (1,688/km2). There were 8,906 housing units at an average density of 1,966.3/sq mi (759.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, >0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 8,541 households, out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. Of all households 28.7% were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

According to a 2009 estimate, [32] the median income for a household in the town was $97,441, and the median income for a family was $129,968. Males had a median income of $70,470 versus $44,988 for females. The per capita income for the town was $46,738. About 3.2% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Marblehead Public Schools oversees four schools: Brown and Glover elementary schools; the Village School (grades 4–6); Marblehead Veterans Middle School; and Marblehead High School. [33] The town is also home to the Marblehead Community Charter Public School, the first Commonwealth charter school to open in Massachusetts.

Town song

The Town of Marblehead has the unique distinction of having an official town anthem "Marblehead Forever". It is performed at most major town events and commemorations. It was written by the Reverend Marcia Martin Selman to the music of the hymn tune "The Lily of the Valley", from a melody by J. R. Murray, "Songs of Rejoicing", 1888. [34]

Points of interest

Historical sites and museums

Fort Sewall InsideviewFortSewall.jpg
Fort Sewall
Abbott Hall Abbott Hall, Marblehead MA.jpg
Abbott Hall

Yacht clubs

Eastern Yacht Club Marblehead Eastern Yacht Club - panoramio.jpg
Eastern Yacht Club
Corinthian Yacht Club Corinthian Yacht Club, May 2020.jpg
Corinthian Yacht Club

There are six active yacht clubs in town:

Yacht Clubs in Marblehead
NameFoundedBurgeeNotable EventsCurrent

Club House

Occupied

Boston Yacht Club1866
Burgee of Boston YC.svg
1950s
Eastern Yacht Club 1870
Burgee of Eastern YC.svg
1881
Marblehead Yacht Club1878
Marblehead yc.gif
  • Downeast Challenge

Marblehead to Boothbay

1878
Corinthian Yacht Club1885
Corinthian yc.gif
  • Marblehead Race Week (Founder)
  • Corinthian Classic Yacht Regatta
1885
Pleon Yacht Club

(under 21 only)

1887
Pleon yc.gif
  • Junior Race Week
2010s
Dolphin Yacht Club1950
Dolphin yc.gif
1955

Notable people

Politicians and military

Athletes

Architects and yacht designers

Businessmen and entrepreneurs

Writers and journalists

Arts and entertainment

Notable visitors

Politicians and royalty

Celebrities

Writers

See: Arts, Films section for actors who came for location shooting.

Arts

Paintings

Castle Rock Marblehead, Alfred Thompson Bricher Alfred Thompson Bricher - Castle Rock, Marblehead - Google Art Project.jpg
Castle Rock Marblehead, Alfred Thompson Bricher
Marblehead Harbor, Maurice Brazil Prendergast Maurice Brazil Prendergast - Marblehead Harbor - BF216 - Barnes Foundation.jpg
Marblehead Harbor, Maurice Brazil Prendergast
On Deck of the Yacht Constellation, John Singer Sargent On the Deck of the Yacht Constellation.jpeg
On Deck of the Yacht Constellation , John Singer Sargent
First International Yacht Race off Children's Island, M.H. Howes First International Yacht Race off Children's Island (Marblehead, Massachusetts), by M. H. Howes RHS detail.jpg
First International Yacht Race off Children's Island, M.H. Howes
Mrs Jeremiah Lee, Martha Swett, John Singleton Copley Mrs Jeremiah Lee Martha Swett John Singleton Copley 1769.jpeg
Mrs Jeremiah Lee, Martha Swett, John Singleton Copley

Notable paintings & artists depicting Marblehead scenes and figures:

Films

Pride of the Clan, filmed at Castle Rock The-Pride-of-the-Clan-1917.jpg
Pride of the Clan, filmed at Castle Rock

Movies filmed in Marblehead include:

Television

Literature

Set in Marblehead, or based on local figures

  • Marblehead', by Joan Thompson: The town appears in the eponymous book debuting in 1978.
  • The Hearth & Eagle, by Anya Seton, traces the history of Marblehead from early settlement in 1630 to modern times through the story of one family, originally from Cornwall, who eventually ran Marblehead's Hearth & Eagle Inn.
  • Agnes Surriage, by Edwin Lassetter Bynner
  • The Fountain Inn, by Nathan P. Sanborn
  • The Death and Life of Charlie St. Cloud , by Ben Sherwood, is set in Marblehead and features the Waterside Cemetery. A film adaptation was made in 2010.
  • General John Glover and His Marblehead Mariners, by George Athan Billias (1960)
  • The Wizard of Orne Hill and Other Tales of Old Marblehead, by Dorothy Miles
  • At the Point of Cutlass, by Gregory Flemming, tells the story of Marblehead's "Robinson Curusoe" Philip Ashton and is based on his memoirs
  • Hidden Silver, by Georgene Faulkner, Relates the story of a Marblehead family during the American Revolution
  • 'Azor of Marblehead Series (1948–1960), by Maude Cowley
    • Azor
    • Azor and the Haddock
    • Azor and the Blue-eyed Cow
    • Tor and Azor
    • Pringle and the Lavender Goat
  • Swansday at Redd's, A Marblehead Story, by Ray Cole
  • Remembering James J. H. Gregory: The Seed King, Philanthropist, Man, by Shari Kelley Worrell
  • Marblehead from HollyHocks to Hot Top, articles by John D Hill, Morrill S. Reynolds, Phyllis Masters, Percy L. Martin
  • Ashton's Memorial: An History of the Strange Adventures of Philip Ashton, Jr. (1725)
  • Marblehead's First Harbor: The Rich History of a Small Fishing Port, by Hugh Peabody Bishop and Brenda Bishop Booma
  • The Lace Reader , by Brunonia Barry
  • A Guide to Marblehead, by Samuel Roads Jr. (1881)
  • Old Marblehead, by Samuel Chamberlain (1940)
  • Peaches Point: The Summer World Of T.H. Shepard, By Timothy Shepard (1976)
  • History and Traditions of Marblehead, by Samuel Roads Jr. (1880)
  • In the Time of Worms: An Ancient Tale of Marblehead, by Kenelm Winslow Harris
  • Under the Golden Cod, by 350th Anniversary book Committee detailing the history of the congregation of Marblehead Old North Church from 1635 to 1985.
  • Captains Courageous by Rudyard Kipling mentions the town
  • The Autobiography of Ashley Bowen (1728–1813), by Ashley Bowen
  • Red On Black, A Marblehead Story, by Eben Weed
  • Where Away: The Story of USS Marblehead, by George Sessions Perry and Mabel Leighton
  • 'Ten Hours Until Dawn, by Michael J. Tougias
  • Marblehead: The Spirit of '76 Lives Here, by Priscilla Sawyer Lord (1972)

Literature influenced by Marblehead

  • Rabbi Small, by Harry Kemelman, takes place in the fictional town of Barnard's Crossing, a place based on Marblehead. Kemelman lived in Marblehead for 50 years.
  • The Jesse Stone novels: Robert B. Parker supposedly based the fictional town of Paradise, in which the novels take place, on Marblehead. Both Paradise and Marblehead are on the coast in Essex County, Cape Ann is visible from them, and each has an annual Race Week yachting event.
  • KingsportHorror and fantasy writer H. P. Lovecraft derived great inspiration from Marblehead. Following his first visit in December 1922, he retroactively reconfigured his fictional Kingsport in its own image. As of 1920, Kingsport was an unspecified location on Rhode Island, only mentioned in passing. Lovecraft likely based the name on that of Kingstown, R.I. Lovecraft regarded his experience of visiting Marblehead in 1922, however, as life-changing. Thereafter, he based his Kingsport on Marblehead.

Contemporary photographs of Marblehead

Voting History

Marblehead town vote
by party in presidential elections [82]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 71.15%10,12826.63% 3,7902.22% 318
2016 62.87%8,11129.14% 3,7597.99% 1,031
2012 55.22%6,99143.52% 5,5101.26% 159
2008 60.60%7,51337.58% 4,6591.81% 225
2004 59.13%7,14039.38% 4,7551.50% 181
2000 54.90%6,48637.60% 4,4427.49% 886
1996 55.74%6,49736.32% 4,2337.94% 925
1992 46.36%5,84433.61% 4,23720.02% 2,524
1988 47.54% 5,85851.31%6,3221.14% 141
1984 42.14% 5,12257.76%27,0210.10% 12
1980 27.73% 3,41549.04%6,03823.22% 2,860
1976 [83] 38.96% 5,01456.82%7,3114.22% 543
1972 [84] 42.25% 5,39655.89%7,1391.86% 238
1968 [85] 48.09% 5,38951.91%5,8162.27% 254

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Essex County, Massachusetts</span> County in Massachusetts, United States

Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. At the 2020 census, the total population was 809,829, making it the third-most populous county in the state, and the eightieth-most populous in the country. It is part of the Greater Boston area. The largest city in Essex County is Lynn. The county was named after the English county of Essex. It has two traditional county seats: Salem and Lawrence. Prior to the dissolution of the county government in 1999, Salem had jurisdiction over the Southern Essex District, and Lawrence had jurisdiction over the Northern Essex District, but currently these cities do not function as seats of government. However, the county and the districts remain as administrative regions recognized by various governmental agencies, which gathered vital statistics or disposed of judicial case loads under these geographic subdivisions, and are required to keep the records based on them. The county has been designated the Essex National Heritage Area by the National Park Service.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beverly, Massachusetts</span> City in Massachusetts, United States

Beverly is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, and a suburb of Boston. The population was 42,670 at the time of the 2020 United States Census. A resort, residential, and manufacturing community on the Massachusetts North Shore, Beverly includes Ryal Side, North Beverly, Montserrat, Beverly Farms and Prides Crossing. Beverly is a rival of Marblehead for the title of being the "birthplace of the U.S. Navy"

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gloucester, Massachusetts</span> City in Massachusetts, United States

Gloucester is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, in the United States. It sits on Cape Ann and is a part of Massachusetts's North Shore. The population was 29,729 at the 2020 U.S. Census. An important center of the fishing industry and a popular summer destination, Gloucester consists of an urban core on the north side of the harbor and the outlying neighborhoods of Annisquam, Bay View, Lanesville, Folly Cove, Magnolia, Riverdale, East Gloucester, and West Gloucester.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts</span> Town in Massachusetts, United States

Manchester-by-the-Sea is a coastal town on Cape Ann, in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The town is known for scenic beaches and vista points. According to the 2020 population census, the population is 5,395.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Middleton, Massachusetts</span> Town in Massachusetts, United States

Middleton is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 9,779 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peabody, Massachusetts</span> City in Massachusetts, United States

Peabody is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 54,481 at the time of the 2020 United States Census. Peabody is located in the North Shore region of Massachusetts, and is known for its rich industrial history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salem, Massachusetts</span> City in Massachusetts, United States

Salem is a historic coastal city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, located on the North Shore of Greater Boston. Continuous settlement by Europeans began in 1626 with English colonists. Salem would become one of the most significant seaports trading commodities in early American history. It is a suburb of Boston.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nahant, Massachusetts</span> Town in Massachusetts, United States

Nahant is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 3,334 at the 2020 census, which makes it the smallest municipality by population in Essex County. With just 1.0 square mile (2.7 km2) of land area, it is also the smallest municipality by area in the state. It is primarily a residential community. The town is situated on peninsula consisting of two near-islands connected to the mainland by a narrow sandy isthmus traversed by a single causeway known as "Nahant Road". Numerous tourist beaches line the shores, with the most popular being the so-called "Long Beach" and "Short Beach" along the eastern side of the causeway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Swampscott, Massachusetts</span> Town in Massachusetts, United States

Swampscott is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, located 15 miles (24 km) up the coast from Boston in an area known as the North Shore. The population was 15,111 as of the 2020 United States Census. A former summer resort on Massachusetts Bay, Swampscott is today a fairly affluent residential community and includes the village of Beach Bluff, as well as part of the neighborhood of Clifton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ipswich, Massachusetts</span> Town in Massachusetts, United States

Ipswich is a coastal town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,785 at the 2020 census. Home to Willowdale State Forest and Sandy Point State Reservation, Ipswich includes the southern part of Plum Island. A residential community with a vibrant tourism industry, the town is famous for its clams, celebrated annually at the Ipswich Chowderfest, and for Crane Beach, a barrier beach near the Crane estate. Ipswich was incorporated as a town in 1634.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clifton, Massachusetts</span> Overlapping the border between Swampscott and Marblehead

Clifton is an unincorporated village within the towns of Swampscott and Marblehead in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. It includes Clifton Avenue.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Shore (Massachusetts)</span> Region of Massachusetts in the United States

The North Shore is a region in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, loosely defined as the coastal area between Boston and New Hampshire. The region is made up both of a rocky coastline, dotted with marshes and wetlands, as well as several beaches and natural harbors. The North Shore is an important historical, cultural, and economic region of Massachusetts. The southern part of the region includes several of Boston's densely populated inner suburbs. At the center of the North Shore lies its most prominent geographic feature, Cape Ann, with numerous small fishing towns, and at the northern end lies the Merrimack Valley, which was a major locus of the Industrial Revolution in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crowninshield family</span>

The Crowninshield family is an American family that has been prominent in seafaring, political and military leadership, and the literary world. The founder of the American family emigrated from what is now Germany in the 17th century. The family is one of several known collectively as Boston Brahmins.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salem Harbor</span>

Salem Harbor is a harbor in northeastern Massachusetts spanning an area north and south of Salem. Historically the Salem Harbor was the site of one of the major international ports in the colonies. During the American Revolutionary War, merchant ships were enlisted as privateers, an important role to augment the ill-prepared Continental Navy. In 1790, Salem Harbor was a world-famous seaport and sixth-largest in the United States of America. Now the harbor is used for commercial and recreational purposes and the Salem Maritime National Historic Site is very popular with tourists from around the world.

Massachusetts's 6th congressional district is located in northeastern Massachusetts. It contains most of Essex County, including the North Shore and Cape Ann, as well as part of Middlesex County. It is represented by Seth Moulton, who has represented the district since January 2015. The shape of the district went through minor changes effective from the elections of 2012 after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census. The towns of Tewksbury and Billerica were added, along with a small portion of the town of Andover.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fort Sewall</span> United States historic place

Fort Sewall is a historic coastal fortification in Marblehead, Massachusetts. It is located at Gale's Head, the northeastern point of the main Marblehead peninsula, on a promontory that overlooks the entrance to Marblehead Harbor. Until 1814 it was called Gale's Head Fort.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marblehead Historic District</span> Historic district in Massachusetts, United States

The Marblehead Historic District is a 2,300-acre (930 ha) historic district roughly bounded by Marblehead Harbor, Waldron Court, Essex, Elm, Pond, and Norman Streets in Marblehead, Massachusetts. Among its notable features are Fort Sewall, a coastal fortification with origins dating to 1644, and two National Historic Landmarks, the General John Glover House, the Jeremiah Lee Mansion, and the Simon Bradstreet House.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Children's Island</span>

Children's Island, formerly known as "Cat Island" is an island off Marblehead, Massachusetts, and is part of the City of Salem, Massachusetts. The YMCA of the North Shore has owned and operated a children's day camp on it since 1955. The first written record of the island was in 1655 when it was granted to Governor John Endecott. It was then bought and sold several times until around the Revolutionary War when the Essex hospital was built as a smallpox inoculation site. The hospital was burned down by townspeople of Marblehead. By the end of the 19th century, the Lowell island house was established as a summer resort. This was run for about 30 years before being converted into a sanitarium for sick and crippled children until 1946. The island then lay unused until bought by the YMCA and converted into a day camp.

This is a timeline of the history of the city of Salem, Massachusetts, United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marblehead Harbor</span> Port in United States

Marblehead Harbor is a harbor located in Marblehead, Massachusetts, 17 miles northeast of Boston. It is considered the birthplace of the Continental Navy, forerunner of the United States Navy, and of United States Marine Corps Aviation.

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