Burrillville, Rhode Island

Last updated
Burrillville
BurrillvilleRI TownOffices.jpg
The town office building
Coat of arms of Burrillville, Rhode Island.svg
Motto(s): 
"Embracing Our Past...Envisioning Our Future"
Providence County Rhode Island incorporated and unincorporated areas Burrillville highlighted.svg
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Coordinates: 41°58′6″N71°40′59″W / 41.96833°N 71.68306°W / 41.96833; -71.68306 Coordinates: 41°58′6″N71°40′59″W / 41.96833°N 71.68306°W / 41.96833; -71.68306
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Incorporated1806
Government
  Type Council–Manager
  Town CouncilDennis Anderson (R)
Jeremy P. Bailey (D)
Donald A. Fox (R)
Justin Batalon (R)
Stephen N. Rawson (R)
Amanda Gingell (D)
Raymond J. Trinque (R)
Area
  Total57.1 sq mi (148.0 km2)
  Land55.6 sq mi (143.9 km2)
  Water1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Elevation
587 ft (179 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total15,955
  Density287.0/sq mi (110.9/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
02826 (Glendale), 02830 (Harrisville), 02839 (Mapleville), 02858 (Oakland), 02859 (Pascoag)
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-11800 [1]
GNIS feature ID1220081 [2]
Website Town of Burrillville

Burrillville is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 16,158 at the 2020 census.

Contents

It was incorporated as an independent municipality on November 17, 1806 when the Rhode Island General Assembly authorized the residents of then North Glocester to elect its own officers. The town was named for 19th century United States senator James Burrill, Jr. who was then the Rhode Island Attorney General. [3]

History

Burrillville was probably first settled sometime around 1662, when the first Europeans began to settle the Nipmuc lands. [4] The Town was originally a part of Glocester, Rhode Island. [4] John Smith and members of the Saulsbury family were among the earliest settlers. Samuel Willard (physician) treated many smallpox victims in South Uxbridge and Glocester (Burrillville), and he had the scars to prove it. [4] [5] In 1806, The Town of Burrillville became a separate town and consisted of 60 square miles (160 km2) of land in the northwest corner of Rhode Island, bordering Connecticut and Massachusetts. [4] Later Boundary disputes with Massachusetts and Glocester reduced this land area by the mid-19th century. [4] Joktan Putnam was the first town moderator. [4] The Nipmuc word for snake was rendered "askug" by Roger Williams in his A Key Into the Language of America, and "askoog" by the Reverend John Eliot in his Algonquian translation of the Bible. Burrillville's principal village, Pascoag, named after the stream upon which it is located, probably derives from this Algonquian root. Gradually in the early-to-mid-19th century, the various mills and villages took shape such as Harris mills, and the village of Harrisville, Mapleville mills, Oakland mills etc. [4] Buck Hill was known for a colorful band of counterfeiters. [4] The town is today part of the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, New England's, historic National Park area. [6] Burrillville was home to many historic mills, many of which have either been burned, demolished, abandoned or renovated. The Stillwater Mill Complex in Harrisville is home to the Clocktower apartments, which used to be the old Tinkham textile mills (factual content requested). The site is also home to the recently built Jesse Smith Library.

Until 1846 the Sherman Farm was owned by the family. It totaled over 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) and was once the largest fruit and dairy farm in the state. The farmhouse had 32 rooms.[ citation needed ]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.2 square miles (148.0 km2), of which, 55.6 square miles (143.9 km2) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) of it (2.76%) is water.

Villages

Burrillville is further divided into villages: Glendale, Harrisville, Mapleville, Mohegan, Nasonville, Oakland, and Pascoag.

Climate

Climate data for Burrillville, Rhode Island
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)67
(19)
68
(20)
88
(31)
94
(34)
93
(34)
94
(34)
97
(36)
97
(36)
94
(34)
84
(29)
78
(26)
75
(24)
97
(36)
Average high °F (°C)35
(2)
38
(3)
47
(8)
58
(14)
69
(21)
76
(24)
81
(27)
79
(26)
72
(22)
61
(16)
50
(10)
39
(4)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C)16
(−9)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
46
(8)
55
(13)
60
(16)
59
(15)
51
(11)
39
(4)
32
(0)
22
(−6)
39
(4)
Record low °F (°C)−13
(−25)
−11
(−24)
−1
(−18)
14
(−10)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
42
(6)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
4
(−16)
−15
(−26)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.97
(126)
4.00
(102)
5.09
(129)
4.49
(114)
4.00
(102)
4.04
(103)
3.84
(98)
4.51
(115)
3.99
(101)
4.61
(117)
4.97
(126)
4.66
(118)
53.17
(1,351)
Average snowfall inches (cm)11.5
(29)
10
(25)
2.1
(5.3)
0.9
(2.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
2
(5.1)
10.7
(27)
37.4
(94.21)
Source: [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1810 1,834
1820 2,16418.0%
1830 2,1961.5%
1840 1,982−9.7%
1850 3,53878.5%
1860 4,14017.0%
1870 4,67412.9%
1880 5,71422.3%
1890 5,492−3.9%
1900 6,31715.0%
1910 7,87824.7%
1920 8,69610.4%
1930 7,677−11.7%
1940 8,1856.6%
1950 8,7747.2%
1960 9,1193.9%
1970 10,08710.6%
1980 13,16430.5%
1990 16,23023.3%
2000 15,796−2.7%
2010 15,9551.0%
2020 16,1581.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [8] [9]

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 15,796 people, 5,559 households, and 4,252 families residing in the town. The population density was 284.3 people per square mile (109.8/km2). There were 5,821 housing units at an average density of 104.8 per square mile (40.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.56% White, 0.22% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 5,559 households, out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. Of all households 18.8% were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $52,587, and the median income for a family was $58,979. Males had a median income of $39,839 versus $28,835 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,096. About 3.7% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Burrillville town vote
by party in presidential elections
[10]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 56.93%4,13935.19% 2,5587.88% 573
2012 44.19% 3,04453.22%3,6662.60% 179
2008 44.79% 3,16052.87%3,7302.34% 165
2004 47.61% 3,02450.45%3,2041.94% 123
2000 37.96% 2,22854.70%3,2117.34% 431
1996 26.25% 1,42054.90%2,97018.85% 1,020
1992 29.32% 1,88038.27%2,45432.41% 2,078
1988 47.85% 2,47951.75%2,6810.41% 21

In the Rhode Island Senate, Burrillville is a part of the 23rd District and is currently represented by Democrat Paul W. Fogarty. At the federal level in the U.S. House of Representatives, Burrillville is in Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district, which is currently represented by Democrat James R. Langevin.

In presidential elections, Burrillville has traditionally leaned Democratic; however, in 2016, Donald Trump became the first Republican to win the town in over three decades when he defeated former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton by approximately 22 points.

Burrillville was also one of seven towns in Rhode Island where independent candidate Ross Perot finished in second place during the 1992 presidential election. Perot received 2,018 votes (31.47 percent) behind Bill Clinton's 2,454 votes (38.27 percent) and ahead of George H. W. Bush's 1,880 (29.32 percent).

Notable people

One of Burrillville's villages, Harrisville, is the setting of the 2013 horror film The Conjuring. This film is purportedly based on the case files of Ed and Lorraine Warren, who investigated paranormal incidents at a home near the Massachusetts border. The home has also been featured on Ghost Hunters.

Another village, Pascoag, features in H.P. Lovecraft's short story, The Horror at Red Hook.

National Historic Register sites

See also

Related Research Articles

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Harrisville, Rhode Island Census-designated place in Rhode Island, United States

Harrisville is a census-designated place (CDP) and village in the town of Burrillville in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 1,605 at the 2010 census. Much of the community composes a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The village was named after nineteenth century manufacturer Andrew Harris. Previously, the village was named Rhodesville, after Captain William Rhodes, an eighteenth century privateer.

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References

  1. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "Burrillville History/James Burrill" . Retrieved 2008-03-02.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Rhode Island Reading Room/History of Rhode Island/History of Burrilville with Illustrations". rootsweb. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  5. Backofen, Walter A (2001). Elias Frost, M.D., and his strategy for being remembered. p. 6. OCLC: 58438763.
  6. "Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor/Valley sites-Glocester and Burrilville". National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  7. "Intellicast - Local and National Weather Forecast, Radar, Maps and Severe Report". www.intellicast.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. Snow, Edwin M. (1867). Report upon the Census of Rhode Island 1865. Providence, RI: Providence Press Company.
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-08-14. Retrieved 2018-08-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "United States Navy Biography Rear Admiral Walter E. "Ted" Carter, Jr. Superintendent U.S. Naval War College". U.S. Navy. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  12. "LAPHAM, Oscar, (1837–1926)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  13. "OCONNELL, Papa Jim, (1924–2006)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 25, 2014.

Further reading