Smithfield, Rhode Island

Last updated
Smithfield, Rhode Island
Providence County Rhode Island incorporated and unincorporated areas Smithfield highlighted.svg
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Coordinates: 41°55′18″N71°32′58″W / 41.92167°N 71.54944°W / 41.92167; -71.54944
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Government
  Type Council-manager
  Town CouncilSuzanna L. Alba (D)
Sean M. Kilduff (D)
T. Michael Lawton (D)
Angelica Bovis (D)
David P. Tikoian (D)
  Town ManagerRandy Rossi
Area
  Total27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)
  Land26.6 sq mi (68.9 km2)
  Water1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
Elevation
400 ft (122 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total21,430
  Density805.6/sq mi (311.0/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
02828, 02917
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-66200 [1]
GNIS feature ID1219817 [2]
Website smithfieldri.com

Smithfield is a town that is located in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It includes the historic villages of Esmond, Georgiaville, Mountaindale, Hanton City, Stillwater and Greenville. The population was 22,118 at the 2020 census. Smithfield is the home of Bryant University, a private four year college.

Contents

History

Greenville Bank at the turn of the twentieth century GreenvilleBank.JPG
Greenville Bank at the turn of the twentieth century

The area comprising modern-day Smithfield was first settled in 1660 as a farming community by several British colonists, including John Steere. The area was originally within the boundaries of Providence until 1731 when Smithfield was incorporated as a separate town and named after Smithfield, London. Chief Justice Peleg Arnold lived in early Smithfield, and his 1690 home still stands today. There was an active Quaker community in early 18th century Smithfield that extended along the Great Road, from what is today Woonsocket, north into south Uxbridge, Massachusetts. This Quaker community, and its members, became influential in the abolition movement, with members such as Effingham Capron and Abby Kelley Foster, and also gave rise to other Quaker settlements including one at Adams, Massachusetts, where Susan B. Anthony was born as an early member. Elizabeth Buffum Chace is a well-known person from Smithfield who was influential in both the abolition of slavery, and the women's rights movement. In the 19th century several mills were built in the town. In the mid-19th century the towns of North Smithfield, Rhode Island, and Lincoln, Rhode Island, became separate towns. The colonial ghost town of Hanton City is located within the boundaries of present-day Smithfield, but was a completely separate community in the eighteenth century. A Revolutionary war soldier, from the Smithfield side of the Massachusetts border, Captain James Buxton, [3] ended up as a Massachusetts militiaman and Continental Army veteran, who was deeded 300 acres in Worcester County by Governor John Hancock. For this reason Buxton was lost to the history of Rhode Island Revolutionary soldiers.(see South Uxbridge history). Buxton served at Valley Forge among other battles.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 71.9 km2 (27.8 mi2), of which 68.9 km2 (26.6 mi2) of is land and 3.1 km2 (1.2 mi2) of is water. The total area is 4.25% water.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 3,171
1800 3,120−1.6%
1810 3,82822.7%
1820 4,67822.2%
1830 6,85746.6%
1840 9,53439.0%
1850 11,50020.6%
1860 13,28315.5%
1870 2,605−80.4%
1880 3,08518.4%
1890 2,500−19.0%
1900 2,107−15.7%
1910 2,73930.0%
1920 3,19916.8%
1930 3,96724.0%
1940 4,61116.2%
1950 6,69045.1%
1960 9,44241.1%
1970 13,46842.6%
1980 16,88625.4%
1990 19,16313.5%
2000 20,6137.6%
2010 21,4304.0%
2020 22,1183.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [4]

As of the 2010 United States Census, Smithfield has 21,430 residents with a median age of 42 years and 16.9% of the population under the age of 18. The racial makeup as of 2010 was 95.7% White, 1.2% African Americans, 0.15% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races and 1.03% of two or more races. Hispanic and Latino of any race made up 2.17% of the population. [5] The median household income is $71,305 and 4.1% of the population live below the poverty line. [6]

Education

Smithfield contains four public elementary schools (Anna McCabe, Raymond LaPerche, Old County Road School, and William Winsor Elementary School), a middle school (Vincent J. Gallagher Middle School) and a public high school, Smithfield High School which was ranked 17th out of 52 high schools in Rhode Island in 2006. [7] St. Phillip's School, a private Roman Catholic academy offering education in grades K-8, is situated in Greenville. [8] Mater Ecclesiae College, a Catholic college, was also located in the town in a facility that was formerly the St. Aloysius Orphanage until the college closed in 2015. [9] [10] Partnered with Saint Raphael Academy [11] in Pawtucket, the private Catholic boarding school Overbrook Academy [12] currently resides those same facilities for middle school, high school, and summer camp programs.

Bryant University

Bryant University's campus Bryant Center.jpg
Bryant University's campus

Bryant University, a private university with programs in business and the arts and sciences, is located in Smithfield.

In 1971, the University moved to its current campus in Smithfield when the founder of Tupperware, Earl Silas Tupper, a Bryant alumnus, donated the current 428 acres (1.73 km2) of land to be the new campus. The famous Bryant Archway was also relocated. The old Emin Homestead and Captain Joseph Mowry homestead occupied much of the land that makes up the present day Smithfield campus. The land was purchased and farmed for three generations between the late 19th century and the mid-20th century. Today, many descendants of the original Emin settlers still live near the Bryant campus. The school also claims a handful of family members as alumni and offers a scholarship for accounting students as a tribute to the Emin family. Historical pictures of the Emin Homestead can still be found in the Alumni house. [13]

Economy

Principal employers

According to Smithfield's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [14] the principal employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Fidelity Investments 3,900
2 Bryant University 656
3Town of Smithfield494
4 Citizens Bank 400
5 FGX International 385
6 Alexion Pharmaceuticals 300
7The Village at Waterman Lake300
8 Stop & Shop 300
9 Target 200
10 Sperian Protection Americas 195

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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North Smithfield, Rhode Island Town in Rhode Island, United States

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Peleg Arnold American judge

Peleg Arnold (1751–1820) was a lawyer, tavern-keeper, jurist, and statesman from Smithfield, Rhode Island. He represented Rhode Island as a delegate to the Continental Congress in the 1787–1788 session. He later served as the Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court from June 1795 to June 1809, and from May 1810 to May 1812.

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Daniel Mowry Jr. was an American cooper and farmer from Smithfield, Rhode Island. He served as a delegate for Rhode Island in the Continental Congress from 1780 to 1782.

Ronald Machtley

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Bryant Bulldogs

The Bryant Bulldogs are the athletic teams representing Bryant University in Smithfield, Rhode Island. The Bulldogs compete at the Division I level as a member of the Northeast Conference. Bryant's largest rivalry during its Division II years was Bentley College, both founders of the Northeast-10 and both have prominent business programs. Bryant University athletics started out as a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) before it transitioned into Division II. Bryant competed in the Northeast-10 Conference from the conference's founding in 1980 until 2008 when the university began the transition to Division I. In 2012, Bryant became a full Division I member.

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References

  1. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
    • The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume, 15 page 7 Mrs. Ella S. Anderson Freeman. DAR ID Number: 149020 4 James Buxton (1745–1817) commanded a company in Col. Benjamin Tupper's regiment, Massachusetts troops. He was born and died in Smithfield, R. I. Also No. 127831. View full context
  3. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  4. "Rhode Island: 2010 Summary Population and Housing Characteristics" (PDF). Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  5. "Census Community Facts" . Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  6. /, PSK12.com. "Ranking of High Schools in Rhode Island". www.psk12.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  7. "Saint Philip School". www.stphilipschool.com.
  8. "Me College – College vs. Job Experience options". www.mecollege.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  9. Thibeault, Melanie (November 19, 2014). "Mater Ecclesiae College will close". The Valley Breeze. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  10. "ACADEMICS – Overbrook Academy". overbrookacademy.org. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  11. "Overbrook Academy". overbrookacademy.org. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  12. "providencejournal.com: Local & World News, Sports & Entertainment in Providence, RI". providencejournal.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  13. "Town of Smithfield CAFR" (PDF). smithfieldri.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  14. Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
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Coordinates: 41°54′N71°32′W / 41.900°N 71.533°W / 41.900; -71.533