Hampton, New Hampshire
|Founded||October 14, 1638|
|Incorporated||May 22, 1639|
|• Board of Selectmen|
|• Town Manager||Jamie Sullivan|
|• Total||14.6 sq mi (37.9 km2)|
|• Land||12.9 sq mi (33.4 km2)|
|• Water||1.7 sq mi (4.5 km2) 11.76%|
|Elevation||36 ft (11 m)|
|• Density||1,256/sq mi (484.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873616|
Hampton is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 16,214 at the 2020 census.On the Atlantic Ocean coast, Hampton is home to Hampton Beach, a summer tourist destination.
The densely populated central part of the town, where 9,597 people resided at the 2020 census,is defined as the Hampton census-designated place (CDP) and centers on the intersection of U.S. 1 and NH 27.
First called the "Plantation of Winnacunnet", Hampton was one of four original New Hampshire townships chartered by the General Court of Massachusetts, which then held authority over the colony. Winnacunnet is an Algonquian Abenaki word meaning "pleasant pines" and is the name of the town's high school, serving students from Hampton and the surrounding towns of Seabrook, North Hampton, and Hampton Falls.
In March 1635, Richard Dummer and John Spencer of the Byfield section of Newbury, Massachusetts, came round in their shallop, coming ashore at the landing, and were much impressed by the location. Dummer, who was a member of the General Court, got that body to lay its claim to the section and plan a plantation here. The Massachusetts General Court of March 3, 1636, ordered that Dummer and Spencer be given power to "To presse men to build there a Bound house."
The town was settled in 1638 by a group of parishioners led by Oxford University graduate Reverend Stephen Bachiler, who had formerly preached at the settlement's namesake: Hampton, England.The town, incorporated in 1639, once included Seabrook, Kensington, Danville, Kingston, East Kingston, Sandown, North Hampton and Hampton Falls. On the 18th of September 1679, the Acts of Privy Council records that Stephen Bachiler's son-in-law, "Christopher Hussey of Hampton, Esquire", was appointed by King Charles II to "govern the provence of New Hampshire" as a member of the newly established council of seven men.
Also among Hampton's earliest settlers was Thomas Leavitt, who previously had been among the first settlers at Exeter. His descendant Thomas Leavitt, Esq., lived in Hampton Falls, and was the leading Democratic politician in southern New Hampshire for many years.He made a noted early survey and plan of the town of Hampton in 1806. James Leavitt, of the same family, occupied the home which had previously belonged to Gen. Jonathan Moulton. Later members of the family ran Leavitts' Hampton Beach Hotel, a fixture in the area for generations.
Construction of the railroad in the 1850s, as well as the Exeter and Hampton Trolley line, made Hampton's oceanfront a popular resort. Hampton Beach remains a tourist destination, offering shops, restaurants, beaches, and summer seasonal housing.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.6 square miles (37.9 km2), of which 12.9 square miles (33.4 km2) are land and 1.7 square miles (4.5 km2) are water, comprising 11.76% of the town.
Hampton is drained by the Hampton and Drakes rivers. The town lies fully within the New Hampshire Coastal watershed. 150 feet (46 m) above sea level), near the town line with Exeter.The highest point in Hampton is Bride Hill (approximately
|Climate data for Hampton, New Hampshire|
|Record high °F (°C)||61|
|Average high °F (°C)||31.6|
|Average low °F (°C)||16.1|
|Record low °F (°C)||−16|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.59|
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||18.6|
|41.7 °F (5.4 °C)||39.0 °F (3.9 °C)||39.0 °F (3.9 °C)||42.6 °F (5.9 °C)||50.2 °F (10.1 °C)||58.1 °F (14.5 °C)||65.1 °F (18.4 °C)||66.4 °F (19.1 °C)||63.0 °F (17.2 °C)||56.7 °F (13.7 °C)||50.0 °F (10.0 °C)||45.3 °F (7.4 °C)||51.4 °F (10.8 °C)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,976 people, 6,868 households, and 4,079 families residing in the town. There were 9,921 housing units, of which 3,053, or 30.8%, were vacant. 2,221 of the vacant units were for seasonal or recreational uses. The racial makeup of the town was 96.1% white, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.5% some other race, and 1.3% from two or more races. 1.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 6,868 households, 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were headed by married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16, and the average family size was 2.77.
In the town, 17.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% were from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 35.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
For the period 2011–2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $76,836, and the median income for a family was $98,642. Male full-time workers had a median income of $65,519 versus $51,009 for females. The per capita income for the town was $45,189. 5.9% of the population and 4.7% of families were below the poverty line. 5.9% of the population under the age of 18 and 2.5% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.
Hampton is part of School Administrative Unit 90, which covers the elementary and middle schools,and SAU 21 which includes Winnacunnet High School, a regional high school serving Hampton and several surrounding communities.
Stephen Bachiler was an English clergyman who was an early proponent of the separation of church and state in American Colonies. He is also known for starting such settlements as Hampton, New Hampshire.
Rockingham County is a county in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2020 census, the population was 314,176, making it New Hampshire's second-most populous county. The county seat is Brentwood. Rockingham County is part of the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area and the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. Per the 2020 census, it was New Hampshire's fastest growing county from 2010 to 2020.
Effingham is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States. At the 2020 census, the town population was 1,691, up from 1,465 at the 2010 census. Effingham includes the villages of Effingham Falls, Effingham, Center Effingham, and South Effingham. Pine River State Forest is in the south.
Deerfield is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,855 at the 2020 census, up from 4,280 at the 2010 census. Deerfield is the location of the annual Deerfield Fair.
East Kingston is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,441 at the 2020 census.
Hampton Falls is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,403 at the 2020 census.
Kensington is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,095 at the 2020 census.
Kingston is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population at the 2020 census was 6,202.
Newfields is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,769 at the 2020 census. The primary village in town, where 378 people resided at the 2020 census, is defined as the Newfields census-designated place (CDP) and is located along New Hampshire Route 85 and the Squamscott River. It is a quaint village of handsome old houses.
North Hampton is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,538 at the 2020 census. While the majority of the town is inland, North Hampton includes a part of New Hampshire's limited Atlantic seacoast.
Seabrook is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 8,401 at the 2020 census. Located at the southern end of the coast of New Hampshire on the border with Massachusetts, Seabrook is noted as the location of the Seabrook Station Nuclear Power Plant, the third-most recently constructed nuclear power plant in the United States.
South Hampton is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 894 at the 2020 census. South Hampton is home to Cowden State Forest and Powwow River State Forest.
Exeter is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 16,049 at the 2020 census, up from 14,306 at the 2010 census. Exeter was the county seat until 1997, when county offices were moved to neighboring Brentwood. Home to Phillips Exeter Academy, a private university-preparatory school, Exeter is situated where the Exeter River becomes the tidal Squamscott River.
Epping is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 7,125 at the 2020 census, up from 6,411 at the 2010 census.
Exeter is a census-designated place (CDP) and the main village in the town of Exeter, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population of the CDP was 10,109 at the 2020 census, out of 16,049 in the entire town.
Hampton is a census-designated place (CDP) comprising the town center and surrounding developed areas of the town of Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population of the CDP was 9,597 at the 2020 census, out of 16,214 in the entire town.
Hampton Beach is a village district, census-designated place, and beach resort in the town of Hampton, New Hampshire, United States, along the Atlantic Ocean. Its population at the 2020 census was 2,598. Hampton Beach is in Rockingham County, about 15 miles (24 km) south of Portsmouth. The community is a popular tourist destination and the busiest beach community in New Hampshire. Ocean Boulevard, the main street along the beach, includes a boardwalk, many shops and businesses, several seasonal hotels, and the Hampton Beach Casino Ballroom, which hosts national acts in the summer. Hampton Beach State Park was named one of four "Superstar" beaches in the United States in 2011, for having had perfect water-quality testing results in each of the previous three years.
New Hampshire Route 1A is an 18.32-mile (29.48 km) long state highway located in southeast New Hampshire. The route runs along the Atlantic coastline from the Massachusetts border north to Rye, then turns toward downtown Portsmouth. The southern terminus is at the Massachusetts state line in Seabrook where it continues south as Massachusetts Route 1A. The northern terminus is at a junction with U.S. Route 1 in downtown Portsmouth. For the length of the road's run along the shore, its local name is Ocean Boulevard. In the northern part of Rye, it is known as Pioneer Road, and in Portsmouth, it is known as Miller Avenue and Sagamore Avenue.
Seabrook Beach is a census-designated place in the town of Seabrook and partially in the town of Hampton in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. It had a population of 1,078 at the 2020 census.
Victor Channing Sanborn was an American genealogist whose documentation of the Sanborn line and other genealogical studies continue to be reliable source material.
18th September 1679....The king was represented by a president and council of his own appointment....to govern the provence of New Hampshire.....Christopher Hussey of Hampton, Esquire...to be of the council...
The names of the first settlers are Stephen Bachiler, Christopher Hussey...