Rye, New Hampshire

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Rye, New Hampshire
1899 monument marking presumed landing place of 1623
Rye, NH Town Seal.png
Rockingham County New Hampshire incorporated and unincorporated areas Rye highlighted.svg
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°00′48″N70°46′15″W / 43.01333°N 70.77083°W / 43.01333; -70.77083 Coordinates: 43°00′48″N70°46′15″W / 43.01333°N 70.77083°W / 43.01333; -70.77083
CountryUnited States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1785
   Board of Selectmen Philip D. Winslow, Chair
Keriann Roman
Bill Epperson
  Total 36.7 sq mi (95.1 km2)
  Land12.6 sq mi (32.7 km2)
  Water24.1 sq mi (62.4 km2)  65.65%
75 ft (23 m)
  Density140/sq mi (56/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03870 (Rye)
03871 (Rye Beach)
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-66180
GNIS feature ID0873712
Website www.town.rye.nh.us

Rye is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 5,298 at the 2010 census. [1] The town is home to several state parks along the Atlantic coastline.



The first settlement in New Hampshire, originally named Pannaway Plantation, was established in 1623 at Odiorne's Point [2] by a group of fishermen led by David Thompson. The settlement was abandoned in favor of Strawbery Banke which became Portsmouth. The first settler in present-day Rye was probably William Berry. [3] Prior to its incorporation in 1726 as a parish of New Castle, Rye was called "Sandy Beach" and its lands were once parts of New Castle, Portsmouth, Greenland and Hampton. [4] In 1726, the town of New Castle set off a Parish for Sandy Beach called "Rye", for Rye in Sussex, England, the ancestral lands of the Jenness family who continue to live in the town to this day and even have a beach named after them. The town was actually incorporated in 1785 from New Castle though the town seal mistakenly has it set as 1726. [5] Later on in the year, the seal was updated to include the three dates important to Rye, 1623, 1726 and 1785.

Rock formation near Odiorne Point Rye-NH-Rocks.png
Rock formation near Odiorne Point


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.7 square miles (95.1 km2), of which 12.6 square miles (32.6 km2) is land and 24.1 square miles (62.4 km2) is water, comprising 65.65% of the town. [6] The town is located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean and includes four of the nine islands known as the Isles of Shoals, which lie approximately 10 miles (16 km) out from the mainland. The highest point in Rye is the summit of Breakfast Hill, at 151 feet (46 m) above sea level, on the town's border with Greenland.

State parks in Rye along the Atlantic shoreline include (from south to north) Jenness State Beach, Rye Harbor State Park, Wallis Sands State Beach, and 135-acre (55 ha) Odiorne Point State Park, home to the Seacoast Science Center.

Route 1A, going north-south, follows the coast. Short segments of U.S. Route 1 and Route 1B enter Rye. The nearest major highway is I-95, with the closest two exits in Hampton and Portsmouth. The nearest commercial airport is Portsmouth International Airport; the two closest major airports are Logan Airport in Boston and Portland International Jetport.

The unincorporated community of Rye Beach is in the southern part of the town. Rye Beach has its own U.S. post office, as well as its own zoning enforcement and planning regulations. [7]

Adjacent municipalities


Historical population
1790 865
1800 8902.9%
1810 1,02014.6%
1820 1,12710.5%
1830 1,1724.0%
1840 1,2052.8%
1850 1,2957.5%
1860 1,199−7.4%
1870 993−17.2%
1880 1,11111.9%
1890 978−12.0%
1900 1,14216.8%
1910 1,014−11.2%
1920 1,19617.9%
1930 1,081−9.6%
1940 1,24615.3%
1950 1,98259.1%
1960 3,24463.7%
1970 4,08325.9%
1980 4,50810.4%
1990 4,6122.3%
2000 5,18212.4%
2010 5,2982.2%
Est. 20175,440 [8] 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,298 people, 2,252 households, and 1,531 families residing in the town. There were 2,852 housing units, of which 600, or 21.0%, were vacant. 471 of the vacant units were for seasonal or vacation use. The racial makeup of the town was 97.8% white, 0.3% African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.2% some other race, and 0.8% from two or more races. 1.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [10]

Of the 2,252 households, 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were headed by married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34, and the average family size was 2.80. [10]

In the town, 20.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.3% were from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 37.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. [10]

For the period 2012-2016, the estimated median annual income for a household was $99,417, and the median income for a family was $122,064. Male full-time workers had a median income of $60,368 versus $50,588 for females. The per capita income for the town was $60,071. 5.1% of the population and 2.3% of families were below the poverty line. 4.4% of the population under the age of 18 and 5.6% of those 65 or older were living in poverty. [11]


As of 2004, 1,345 registered voters in Rye were Democrats and 1,815 were registered Republicans. [12]

In August 2001, a group of townspeople from Newington and Rye made a plea in protest to the state legislature to consider allowing the town to secede from the state due to disproportionate property tax laws which had been passed by the state in 1997 to balance the state's education economy. [13] The dispute was largely quelled by the lack of support for the movement, as only 52 of Newington's 700+ (and 100 of Rye's 5,000) residents signed the petition. The property tax issue itself quieted as Governor Craig Benson announced in 2003 the property taxes would be cut almost by half by 2008.


Children who live in Rye can attend public schools in town from kindergarten through eighth grade. School Administrative Unit 50 (SAU-50) is the school district that serves Rye, as well as the towns of Greenland, Newington, and New Castle. High school students from Rye attend Portsmouth High School.

Rye Elementary School is home to kindergarten through fifth grade and is the first and largest school students from Rye will attend in SAU-50. All grades are co-ed and the school has an 11 to 1 student per teacher ratio with three hundred and thirty students enrolled in October 2013. Rye Junior High handles grades six, seven, and eight. The neighboring town of New Castle sends its students to Rye Junior High after sixth grade, but only contributes a few students to each year's seventh grade class. All grades are coed and contain two hundred and twenty students as of October 2013 with a ratio of nine students to each teacher.

There are two private pre-schools in the town. Rye Country Day is the larger of the two pre-schools in town, currently enrolling one hundred and forty students (as of October 2013). The second, The Children's House Montessori school, is located at 80 Sagamore Road and has a student per teacher ratio of eleven to one.

Learning Skills Academy is a private non-profit school catering to students with learning capabilities. The organization has a location at 1237 Washington Road in Rye and accepts students in fifth through eleventh grade, as well as third. 32 kids make up the student body at the Rye location as of October 2013.

Notable people

In culture

Rye was the setting (in part) of the short story "Marjorie Daw" by Thomas Bailey Aldrich (1836-1907). [17]

Related Research Articles

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Portsmouth, New Hampshire City in New Hampshire, United States

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North Hampton, New Hampshire Place in New Hampshire, United States

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Seacoast Region (New Hampshire)

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New Hampshire Route 1A

New Hampshire Route 1A is an 18.32-mile (29.48 km) long state highway located in southeast New Hampshire. The route runs along the Atlantic coastline from the Massachusetts border north to Rye, then turns toward downtown Portsmouth. The southern terminus is at the Massachusetts state line in Seabrook where it continues south as Massachusetts Route 1A. The northern terminus is at a junction with U.S. Route 1 in downtown Portsmouth. For the length of the road's run along the shore, its local name is Ocean Boulevard. In Portsmouth, it is known as Miller Avenue and Sagamore Avenue.

New Hampshire Route 33

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The Portsmouth Herald is a six-day daily newspaper serving greater Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Its coverage area also includes the municipalities of Greenland, New Castle, Newington and Rye, New Hampshire; and Eliot, Kittery, Kittery Point and South Berwick, Maine.

In the U.S. state of New Hampshire, U.S. Route 1 is a north–south state highway through Hampton and Portsmouth. It lies between Interstate 95 and New Hampshire Route 1A.

Rye Beach, New Hampshire human settlement in New Hampshire, United States of America

Rye Beach is an unincorporated community along the Atlantic Ocean in Rye, New Hampshire, United States. It is located along New Hampshire Route 1A near the southern border of the town of Rye, directly south of Jenness State Beach and north of Little Boar's Head. Rye Beach has a separate ZIP code (03871) from the rest of the town of Rye.

Odiorne Point State Park

Odiorne Point State Park is a New Hampshire state park located on the seacoast in Rye near Portsmouth. The point got its name from the Odiorne family, who settled on the land in the mid-1660s. Among the park's features are the Seacoast Science Center and the remains of the World War II Fort Dearborn.



  1. United States Census Bureau, U.S. Census website, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. Charles W. Brewster. "Old Pannaway:First NH Settlement". SeacoastNH.com. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  3. Arthur H. Locke, A History and Genealogy of Captain John Locke, pg 2
  4. Langdon Parsons, History of the Town of Rye, pg 38
  5. Joey Cresta. "Town Seal ordeal in Rye". SeacoastNH.com. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
  6. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Rye town, New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  7. "Rye Beach Village District" . Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  8. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. 1 2 3 "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Rye town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  11. "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Rye town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  12. Burnett, Carl (August 14, 2001). "Many N.H. towns protest taxes". The Dartmouth. Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  13. Carbone, Gina (July 27, 2008). "Release date reportedly set for Dan Brown's new book". Seacoast Online. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  14. Leah Goldman (July 20, 2011). "Check Out The House Goldman Sachs Advisor Judd Gregg Is Trying To Sell For $4.9 Million". Business Insider. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  15. https://uclabruins.com/staff.aspx?staff=2674.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. "Marjorie Daw" . Retrieved Feb 9, 2016.