Londonderry, New Hampshire

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Londonderry, New Hampshire
Londonderry Grange No 44, Londonderry NH (cropped).jpg
Mack's Apples blossoms (cropped).jpg
Londonderry, New Hampshire town common gun.jpg
Londonderry, New Hampshire church.jpg
Mack's Apples (tight cropped).jpg
From top, left to right: Londonderry Grange #44, Mack's Apples blossoms, gun on the town common, Londonderry United Methodist Church, Mack's Apples farm market
LondonderrySeal.png
Rockingham County New Hampshire incorporated and unincorporated areas Londonderry highlighted.svg
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°51′54″N71°22′26″W / 42.86500°N 71.37389°W / 42.86500; -71.37389 Coordinates: 42°51′54″N71°22′26″W / 42.86500°N 71.37389°W / 42.86500; -71.37389
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1722
Villages Londonderry
North Londonderry
Wilson
Government
   Town Council John Farrell, Chair
Joe Green, Vice Chair
Tom Dolan
Jim Butler
Deb Paul
  Town ManagerKevin H. Smith
Area
  Total42.1 sq mi (109.1 km2)
  Land42.0 sq mi (108.7 km2)
  Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  0.31%
Elevation
420 ft (128 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total24,129
  Estimate 
(2019)
26,490
  Density575/sq mi (221.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03053
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-43220
GNIS feature ID0873651
Website www.londonderrynh.org

Londonderry is a town in western Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. It sits between Manchester and Derry, the largest and fourth-largest communities in the state. The population was 24,129 at the 2010 census [1] and an estimated 26,490 in 2019, reflecting an estimated 10.3% increase. [2] Londonderry is known for its apple orchards [3] and is home to the headquarters of Stonyfield Farm and part of Manchester-Boston Regional Airport.

Contents

The more densely settled portion of town, where 11,037 people lived at the 2010 census, [4] is defined as the Londonderry census-designated place (CDP) and roughly occupies the southeastern and southern parts of town, around New Hampshire Route 102.

History

The Morrison House Museum, home of the Londonderry Historical Society Parmenter Barn with apples.jpg
The Morrison House Museum, home of the Londonderry Historical Society

Londonderry lies in an area that was first known as Nutfield because of the dense woods with nut trees. A petition for the town was submitted to the General Court of the Province of New Hampshire on September 23, 1719. [5] That petition stated that the petitioners had settled “at Nutfield about the Eleventh of Aprile last” – i.e. April 11, 1719. That petition requested “ten miles square” and stated that there were now about seventy families and inhabitants from both Ireland and New England. Many of the Scots-Irish settlers had left their homes in Londonderry in the Province of Ulster in the north of Ireland, and arrived in Boston in 1718 to start a new life without religious wars and persecution. On June 21, 1722, the town was chartered and given the name "Londonderry". [6] [7] [8] The grant made by Samuel Shute, Governor of the Province of New Hampshire, was for a tract of land described as follows:

"Beginning on the North East Angle at a Beach Tree marked which is the south East angle of Chester and Running from thence due South on Kingstown Line four miles and an half and from thence on a West Line one mile and three Quarters and from thence South six miles and an half and from thence West north West nine miles and an half, and from thence North Eleven miles and an half from thence north north East Three miles from thence East South East one mile and from thence South South West to the South West Angle of Chester and from thence on an East Line Bounding on Chester Ten miles unto the Beach Tree first mentioned.”

The town was divided into two parishes on February 25, 1739/40. Windham was set off and incorporated on February 12, 1741/42. The northwest portion, with other land, was incorporated as Derryfield, now Manchester, on September 3, 1751. Derry was incorporated on July 2, 1827. Border adjustments and annexations were made throughout this period continuing until June 27, 1857, when the line with Hudson (formerly known as Nottingham West) was established.

Approval of the petition submitted to the Province of New Hampshire required the petitioners to obtain an agreement from Col. John Wheelwright for the sale of the land. He held claim to it based on a grant to his grandfather. That agreement was obtained on October 12, 1719, and included a statement of the bounds, extending west as far as the Merrimack River. [9] This conflicted with a grant for the town of Dunstable, now Nashua, made by the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1673. [10] The provincial line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was not settled in its present location until 1741. Thus when Londonderry was granted, the westernmost portion actually lay within the Dunstable grant and the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The resulting land conflicts with "Dunstable encroachers" were still being dealt with by the town in 1783 and 1791. [11] Private owners were resolving these conflicts between each other as late as 1812. [12]

The Manchester and Lawrence Railroad was opened in November 1849, [13] with depots at North Londonderry, Wilson's Crossing, Derry and Windham. Two months later, on January 26, 1850, Dearborn Whittier, a prominent resident, was hit and killed by a railroad car at Wilson's Crossing. [14] On March 12 the town voted to require gates at all crossings, although the issue persisted for a few more years. [15]

The Manchester and Derry Street Railroad, sometimes referred to as the Derry and Manchester Street Railroad or trolley car, opened in December 1907 and operated between Broadway in Derry and Elm Street in Manchester until August 1926. [16]

In 1719, the first American potato was grown in Derry, then a part of Londonderry. [17]

The first U.S. census, conducted in 1790, reported the town's population to be 2,622.

Geography

The Londonderry town common Londonderry, New Hampshire town common.jpg
The Londonderry town common

Londonderry is the westernmost municipality in Rockingham County. It is bordered by the towns of Auburn to the northeast, Derry to the east, and Windham to the southeast, all in Rockingham County, and by Hudson to the south, Litchfield to the west, and Manchester to the north, in Hillsborough County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.1 square miles (109.1 km2), of which 42.0 square miles (108.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) is water, comprising 0.31% of the town. [1]

The town of Londonderry is drained on the east and south by Beaver Brook and on the west by Little Cohas Brook, Watts Brook, Colby Brook and Nesenkeag Brook, all of which flow to the Merrimack River. The town's highest point is 535 feet (163 m) above sea level, on Number Eight Hill (named after the old school house that used to be on it) north of the center of town.

The town is crossed by Interstate 93, New Hampshire Route 102, New Hampshire Route 128, and New Hampshire Route 28. Half of Manchester–Boston Regional Airport, including the main terminal, is in the northwest corner of the town.

Though Londonderry has grown to become one of the larger towns, by population, in the state, it lacks any concentrated downtown area, central business district, or town center. Historically, no village had developed in Londonderry, as it was largely a rural farming area. Population growth in the town only began in the 1970s, when the construction of I-93 turned Londonderry into a bedroom community and exurb for the Greater Boston area. The major retail district lies in the town's southeastern corner near where NH 102 interchanges with I-93, with smaller commercial districts lying at the intersection of NH 128 and NH 102, and near where NH 28 and NH 128 merge. The Town Hall and schools are built near the geographic center of the town along an otherwise rural stretch of NH 128.

Adjacent municipalities

Climate

Londonderry has a four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with long, cold, snowy winters, and very warm and somewhat humid summers; spring and fall in between are crisp and relatively brief transitions. Precipitation is well-spread throughout the year, including snowfall in the winter.

Demographics

Londonderry Presbyterian Church at sunset Londonderry Presbyterian Church at sunset.jpg
Londonderry Presbyterian Church at sunset
Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 2,622
1800 2,6501.1%
1810 2,7664.4%
1820 3,12713.1%
1830 1,469−53.0%
1840 1,5565.9%
1850 1,73111.2%
1860 1,717−0.8%
1870 1,405−18.2%
1880 1,363−3.0%
1890 1,220−10.5%
1900 1,40815.4%
1910 1,5338.9%
1920 1,303−15.0%
1930 1,3735.4%
1940 1,4294.1%
1950 1,64014.8%
1960 2,45749.8%
1970 5,346117.6%
1980 13,598154.4%
1990 19,78145.5%
2000 23,23617.5%
2010 24,1293.8%
2017 (est.)26,126 [2] 8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [18]

As of the census of 2010, there were 24,129 people, 8,438 households, and 6,678 families residing in the town. The population density was 574.5 people per square mile (221.9/km2). There were 8,771 housing units at an average density of 208.8 per square mile (80.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 0.7% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American or Alaska Native, 1.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.4% some other race, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population. [19]

There were 8,438 households, out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.9% were headed by married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86, and the average family size was 3.21. [19]

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males. [19]

For the period 2009–13, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $90,263, and the median income for a family was $107,100. Male full-time workers had a median income of $71,280 versus $50,081 for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,553. About 1.6% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. [20]

Economy

Sunnycrest Farm market Sunnycrest Farm market.jpg
Sunnycrest Farm market

Londonderry is home to numerous businesses, many of which are located in the northern part of the town near Manchester-Boston Regional Airport (MHT), or in the southeastern part of town near I-93, on NH 102. Major businesses headquartered in town include Stonyfield Farm and Blue Seal Feeds; a bottling facility of the Coca-Cola Bottling Co. is also located in town. The town is also home to numerous chain retailers.[ citation needed ]

Mack's Apples, Sunnycrest Farm, and Elwood Orchards are among the several orchards in town and are emblematic of the town's important farming heritage. The abundance of apple orchards in town has made apple picking a popular fall activity among all residents.[ citation needed ]

One former apple orchard is currently being transformed into a 600-acre commercial and residential development to be known as Woodmont Commons. [3]

Transportation

The Manchester-Boston Regional Airport is located mostly in Londonderry. Manchester-Boston Regional Airport Aerial Photograph.jpg
The Manchester-Boston Regional Airport is located mostly in Londonderry.

Londonderry is crossed by three New Hampshire state highways and one Interstate Highway.

Londonderry is partially home to the Manchester–Boston Regional Airport which it shares with the city of Manchester. There is no passenger rail service in Londonderry.

Government and politics

Londonderry is part of New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, currently represented by Democrat Chris Pappas. Londonderry is part of the Executive Council of New Hampshire's 4th district, currently represented by Republican Ted Gatsas. The town is part of New Hampshire's 14h State Senate district, currently represented by Republican Sharon Carson.[ citation needed ]

Londonderry has leaned considerably towards Republican in all elections, but the town has become more competitive in recent years. In 2020, Donald Trump received 49.8% of the vote, and Joe Biden received 48.7% of the vote.[ citation needed ]

Education

Londonderry High School Londonderry High School, NH (cropped).jpg
Londonderry High School

The town is served by the Londonderry School District.

Kindergarten:

Elementary schools:

Middle school:

High school:

Private schools:

Media

Media outlets that cover Londonderry include the Londonderry Times and the Derry News.[ citation needed ]

Notable people

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References

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Further reading