Beverly, Massachusetts

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Coordinates: 42°33′29″N70°52′48″W / 42.558°N 70.880°W / 42.558; -70.880

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Beverly, Massachusetts
City
Beverly Main Post Office, Beverly, MA.jpg
Post Office in 1919
Seal of Beverly, Massachusetts.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
Patri Simillima Proles(Latin)
was "May we be as our children"
Essex County Massachusetts incorporated and unincorporated areas Beverly highlighted.svg
Location in Essex County and the state of Massachusetts.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Beverly, Massachusetts
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°33′30″N70°52′48″W / 42.55833°N 70.88000°W / 42.55833; -70.88000
CountryUnited States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled1626
Incorporated1668
Named for Beverley, England
Government
  Type Mayor-council city
  Mayor Michael P. Cahill
Area
[1]
  Total22.59 sq mi (58.50 km2)
  Land15.09 sq mi (39.08 km2)
  Water7.50 sq mi (19.42 km2)
Elevation
36 ft (11 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total39,502
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
42,174
  Density2,794.83/sq mi (1,079.11/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
01915
Area code(s) 978/351
FIPS code 25-05595
GNIS feature ID0614200 [3]
Website City of Beverly Official Web Site

Beverly is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, and a suburb of Boston. The population for 2020 is 42,936. [4] A resort, residential, and manufacturing community on the Massachusetts North Shore, Beverly includes Ryal Side, Beverly Farms and Prides Crossing. Beverly is a rival of Marblehead for the title of being the birthplace of the U.S. Navy.

History

Soldiers' Monument in 1907 Soldiers' Monument at Beverly, MA.jpg
Soldiers' Monument in 1907
Beverly Harbor c. 1912 Beverly Harbor, Beverly, MA.jpg
Beverly Harbor c. 1912
View of the Beach at Beverly, Massachusetts, 1860, John Frederick Kensett View of the Beach at Beverly Massachusetts John Frederick Kensett.jpeg
View of the Beach at Beverly, Massachusetts, 1860, John Frederick Kensett

Originally part of Salem and the Naumkeag territory, the area was first settled by Europeans in 1626 by Roger Conant. Because of religious differences with Governor John Endecott, Beverly would be set off and officially incorporated in 1668, when it was named "Beverley" after Beverley, the county town of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. [5] [6] [7] Surviving from the settlement's early history is the Balch House, built, according to dendrochronological testing performed in 2006, about 1679. [8]

The first ship commissioned for the US military, by the US Army (the US Navy had yet to exist), was the armed schooner USS Hannah under the command of Captain Nicholson Broughton. It was outfitted at Glover's Wharf and first sailed from Beverly Harbor on September 5, 1775. For this reason Beverly calls itself the "Birthplace of America's Navy." (Marblehead makes a similar claim, in part, because Broughton was from there and belonged to the Marblehead Regiment.) The Hannah can be found on the patch of the city's police department.

Beverly has been called the "birthplace of the American Industrial Revolution,"[ citation needed ] as the site of the first cotton mill in America (1787), [9] [10] and largest cotton mill of its time. The town is the home of one of the country's first Sunday schools (which was built in 1810). Beverly was incorporated as a city in 1894.

In 1902, the United Shoe Machinery Corporation built a quarter-mile stretch of factory buildings in Beverly. The stretch was an early landmark example of reinforced concrete construction, devised by concrete pioneer Ernest L. Ransome. In 1906 it went into production. Closed in 1987, the complex was bought by Cummings Properties in 1996, and developed into a campus of hi-tech companies and medical offices. Parker Brothers, makers of Monopoly and other games, has offices in Beverly. The city is also home to the Landmark School, known worldwide for the education it provides for students with learning disabilities.

President William Howard Taft rented a house for the summer White House from Mrs. Maria Evans in Beverly. In the summers of 1909 and 1910, he lived in a house located at what is now the site of the Italian Garden in Lynch Park, the city's principal public park, and in 1911 and 1912 he rented a different house a mile away, "Parramatta", from Mrs. Robert Peabody. [11] Beverly Hills, California, was named in 1907 after Beverly Farms in Beverly because Taft vacationed there. [12]

Beverly has a former Nike missile site on L. P. Henderson Road, immediately east of the Beverly Municipal Airport. This site was in operation from March 1957 until August 1959, when the Army handed it over to the National Guard. It is now used by Beverly as a storage site and is under the scrutiny of many environmental organizations, as it and the surrounding areas—such as Casco Chemical—have polluted the groundwater, which could be potentially hazardous to the nearby Wenham Lake water supply.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.6 square miles (58.5 km2), of which 15.1 square miles (39.1 km2) is land and 7.5 square miles (19.4 km2), or 33.19%, is water. [13] Beverly is located on the North Shore, the name given to communities north of Boston along Massachusetts Bay. There are many smaller coves, as well as two islands, the Great and Little Misery Islands, which are part of the city. From Woodbury Point westward lies Beverly Harbor, which lies at the mouth of the Danvers River. The Bass River empties into the Danvers River from within the city. Several other small streams lie within the city as well. A large portion of Wenham Lake, as well as several other lakes and ponds lie within the city. The city has its own city forest and reservation land as well.

Much of the western half of the city is relatively urbanized, while the eastern part of the city (roughly from Woodbury Point east) is more rural. Beverly is home to several parks, five beaches, the Beverly Golf & Tennis Club (est. 1910) and two yacht clubs, Jubilee Yacht Club in Beverly Harbor and Bass Haven Yacht Club along the Bass River.

Besides Massachusetts Bay to the south, Beverly is bordered by Manchester-by-the-Sea to the east, Wenham to the north, Danvers to the west and Salem to the south. Beverly and Salem are separated by the Danvers River and Beverly Harbor, with three bridges, the Veterans Memorial Bridge (former location of the historic Essex Bridge), the MBTA railroad bridge, and the Kernwood Bridge, connecting the two cities. Beverly's city center lies 2 miles (3 km) north of Salem's, and is 14 miles (23 km) west-southwest of Gloucester and 17 miles (27 km) northeast of Boston.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1790 3,290    
1800 3,881+18.0%
1810 4,608+18.7%
1820 4,283−7.1%
1830 4,073−4.9%
1840 4,689+15.1%
1850 5,376+14.7%
1860 6,154+14.5%
1870 6,507+5.7%
1880 8,456+30.0%
1890 10,821+28.0%
1900 13,884+28.3%
1910 18,650+34.3%
1920 22,561+21.0%
1930 25,086+11.2%
1940 25,537+1.8%
1950 28,884+13.1%
1960 36,108+25.0%
1970 38,348+6.2%
1980 37,655−1.8%
1990 38,195+1.4%
2000 39,862+4.4%
2010 39,502−0.9%
201942,174+6.8%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data. [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24]
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census [25]

As of the census [26] of 2010, there were 39,502 people, 16,641 households, and 9,906 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,617.2 people per square mile (927.2/km2). There were 16,275 housing units at an average density of 980.5 per square mile (378.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.4% White, 2.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. 2.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,641 households, out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. Of all households 29.9% were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $53,984, and the median income for a family was $66,486. Males had a median income of $45,348 versus $35,659 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,626. 5.7% of the population and 4.0% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 6.5% of those under the age of 18 and 5.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Economy

Major employers

Arts and culture

Points of interest

Cabot Street c. 1906 Cabot Street, Beverly, MA.jpg
Cabot Street c. 1906
Beverly Common Beverly Common.jpg
Beverly Common

Education

The city has five K–4 elementary schools: Ayers Ryal Side, Centerville, Cove, Hannah, and North Beverly. The city's sole middle school is Beverly Middle School, which finished construction in 2018. Beverly Middle School serves residents in grades 5–8.

Beverly High School is a grade 9–12 public high school located in Beverly. It was founded in 1858, and currently enrolls over 1300 students. In September 2011, construction was completed on a new academic building, which is now in use by students and faculty. Northshore Academy offers an alternative high school provision in Beverly.

Prior to the current state of Beverly's schools, Briscoe served as a middle and high school. Constructed in 1923, the historic building lies near downtown Beverly. Its use for high school students from 1923 to 1964 came to an end when it was transformed to the towns Junior High School, serving grades 6–8. There, it lasted until 2017 when the newly built Beverly Middle School took in the students.

Beverly is home to several K–12 private schools, including New England Academy, Landmark School, Harborlight-Stoneridge Montessori School, Kindercare Learning Center, Beverly School for the Deaf, Saints Academy, the Bright Horizons School, The Waring School, Glen Urquhart School, Shore Country Day, Mrs. Alexander's School, and several others.

The city is home to Endicott College, which offers 23 bachelor programs, 27 concentrations, and 27 minors. Master programs are offered in business, education, nursing, computer science, and political science. Beverly is also home of Montserrat College of Art, a private four-year visual arts college.

Infrastructure

Veterans Memorial Bridge, looking toward Beverly from Salem Veterans Memorial Bridge.JPG
Veterans Memorial Bridge, looking toward Beverly from Salem

Transportation

Route 128, the chief circumferential highway of the Boston area, crosses Beverly from east to west and connects the city to Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1 in Danvers. Route 1A passes through Beverly from south to north, along main streets in downtown Beverly. The city is also the terminus of four different state routes: Route 22, which heads northeast from Route 1A; Route 62, which heads west from Route 127; Route 97, which parts with Route 1A northwest of downtown before heading north; and Route 127 which heads east from Route 22.

Beverly is the site of the split between the separate lines of the Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail, which provides service to Boston's North Station. South of the junction lies Beverly Depot near downtown, which is accessible along both lines. Along the Newburyport portion of the line is the North Beverly stop, just south of the Wenham town line. Along the Rockport portion of the line are three stops, Montserrat, Prides Crossing and Beverly Farms. Additionally, MBTA bus Route 451 serves the city, with service to downtown Beverly and Salem from the North Beverly station. A local bus route called the Beverly Shoppers Shuttle serves downtown and western Beverly, and is contracted through the Cape Ann Transportation Authority. Beverly is home to Beverly Municipal Airport, though parts of the airfield itself lie within Danvers, as well as a very small portion of the north runway in Wenham. Logan International Airport provides the nearest national and international air service.

Notable people

Film appearances

See also

Related Research Articles

Essex County, Massachusetts County in Massachusetts

Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. At the 2010 census, the total population was 743,159, making it the third-most populous county in the state. It is part of the Greater Boston area. The largest city in Essex County is Lynn. The county was named after the English county of Essex.

Hamilton, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Hamilton is a rural-suburban town in the eastern central portion of Essex County in eastern Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census, it had a population of 7,764. Currently the town has no manufacturing industry and no industrially-zoned land.

Lynn, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

Lynn is the 9th largest municipality in Massachusetts and the largest city in Essex County. Situated on the Atlantic Ocean, 3.7 miles (6.0 km) north of the Boston city line at Suffolk Downs, Lynn is part of Greater Boston's urban inner core. Settled by Europeans in 1629, Lynn is the 5th oldest colonial settlement in the Commonwealth. An early industrial center, Lynn was long colloquially referred to as the "City of Sin", owing to its historical reputation for crime and vice. Today, however, the city is known for its contemporary public art, immigrant population, historic architecture, downtown cultural district, loft-style apartments, and public parks and open spaces, which include the oceanfront Lynn Shore Reservation; the 2,200-acre, Frederick Law Olmsted-designed Lynn Woods Reservation; and the High Rock Tower Reservation. Lynn also is home to Lynn Heritage State Park, the southernmost portion of the Essex Coastal Scenic Byway, and the seaside, National Register-listed Diamond Historic District.

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Middleton, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

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Peabody, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

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Salem, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

Salem is a historic coastal city in Essex County, Massachusetts located in the North Shore region. Continuous settlement by Europeans began in 1626 and Salem would become one of the most significant seaports in early American history.

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Danvers, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Danvers is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, located on the Danvers River near the northeastern coast of Massachusetts. The suburb is a fairly short ride from Boston and is also in close proximity to the renowned beaches of Gloucester and Revere. Originally known as Salem Village, the town is most widely known for its association with the 1692 Salem witch trials. It was also the site of Danvers State Hospital, one of the state's 19th-century psychiatric hospitals. Danvers is a local center of commerce, hosting many car dealerships and the Liberty Tree Mall. As of 2014, the town's population was approximately 27,000.

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Topsfield, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

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Greater Boston Metropolitan area in the United States

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Massachusettss 6th congressional district U.S. House district for Massachusetts

Massachusetts's 6th congressional district is located in northeastern Massachusetts. It contains most of Essex County, including the North Shore and Cape Ann, as well as part of Middlesex County. It is represented by Seth Moulton, who has represented the district since January 2015. The shape of the district went through minor changes effective from the elections of 2012 after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census. The towns of Tewksbury and Billerica were added, along with a small portion of the town of Andover.

Wenham Lake

Wenham Lake is a 224-acre body of water located in Wenham and Beverly towns, Essex County, Massachusetts.The lake receives water from the water table and also from a system of streams. In the 19th century, the lake was an important source of ice for export, especially to Britain. Wenham Lake is now a reservoir for the Salem and the Beverly Water Supply Board.

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
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  5. Rev. E. M. Stone History of Beverley (Mass.), from its settlement in 1630 to 1842. 12mo. Boston, 1843
  6. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs – Page 1460 William Richard Cutter "Mr. Balch was born in Beverley, Massachusetts, September 30, 1704, and died in Bradford (Grove- land) January 12, 1791–2."
  7. Los Angeles Magazine – Dec 1996 – Page 99 Vol. 41, No. 12 "Beverly Farms appears to have been named for the nearby town of Beverly, which was in turn named for Beverley, England. That Yorkshire cathedral town was named in the eighth century or so for an earlier settlement called Beverlac – a ...
  8. "Old Planters – Balch House Associates Newsletter: Balch House Dendrochronology Report" (PDF). Chronicle. Beverly Historical Society. Spring 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  9. Beverly Community History Cotton Mill, www.globalindex.com. Retrieved January 14, 2007.
  10. The Worcester (Mass.) Spy. August 31, 1897, Wednesday. Page 2
  11. "New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 25, 1909, Image 17". April 25, 1909. Retrieved May 19, 2017 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
  12. Bright, William; Erwin G. Gudde (1998). 1500 California Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning. University of California Press. p. 23. ISBN   0-520-21271-1.
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  14. "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  15. "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  21. "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  22. "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  23. "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  25. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  26. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  27. Bierfelt, Kristin (March 30, 2009). The North Shore Literary Trail: From Bradstreet's Andover to Hawthorne's Salem. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN   9781614235330.
  28. Slotnik, Daniel E. (January 1, 2014). "Alfred Marshall, Founder of Stores That Bear His Name, Dies at 94". The New York Times . Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  29. Writer, Dustin Luca Staff. "Matt Damon's new film 'Manchester-by-the-Sea' shooting in Beverly, North Shore" . Retrieved May 19, 2017.

Further reading