Beverly, Massachusetts

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Coordinates: 42°33′29″N70°52′48″W / 42.558°N 70.880°W / 42.558; -70.880

Contents

Beverly, Massachusetts
City
Beverly Main Post Office, Beverly, MA.jpg
Post Office in 1919
Seal of Beverly, Massachusetts.png
Motto(s): 
Patri Simillima Proles(Latin)
was "May we be as our children"
Essex County Massachusetts incorporated and unincorporated areas Beverly highlighted.svg
Location in Essex County and the state of Massachusetts.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Beverly, Massachusetts
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°33′30″N70°52′48″W / 42.55833°N 70.88000°W / 42.55833; -70.88000
CountryUnited States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled1626
Incorporated (town)1668
Incorporated (city)1894
Named for Beverley, England
Government
  Type Mayor-council city
  Mayor Michael P. Cahill
Area
[1]
  Total22.59 sq mi (58.50 km2)
  Land15.09 sq mi (39.08 km2)
  Water7.50 sq mi (19.42 km2)
Elevation
36 ft (11 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total42,670
  Density2,827.70/sq mi (1,091.80/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
01915
Area code(s) 978/351
FIPS code 25-05595
GNIS feature ID0614200 [2]
Website City of Beverly Official Web Site

Beverly is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, and a suburb of Boston. The population was 42,670 at the time of the 2020 United States Census. [3] A resort, residential, and manufacturing community on the Massachusetts North Shore, Beverly includes Ryal Side, North Beverly, Montserrat, Beverly Farms and Prides Crossing. Beverly is a rival of Marblehead for the title of being the "birthplace of the U.S. Navy" [4]

History

Soldiers' Monument in 1907 Soldiers' Monument at Beverly, MA.jpg
Soldiers' Monument in 1907
Beverly Harbor c. 1912 Beverly Harbor, Beverly, MA.jpg
Beverly Harbor c.1912
View of the Beach at Beverly, Massachusetts, 1860, John Frederick Kensett View of the Beach at Beverly Massachusetts John Frederick Kensett.jpeg
View of the Beach at Beverly, Massachusetts, 1860, John Frederick Kensett

Native Americans inhabited what would become northeastern Massachusetts for thousands of years before European colonization of the Americas. At the time of contact in the early 1600s the area that would become Beverly was between an important Naumkeag settlement in present-day Salem and Agawam settlements on Cape Ann, [5] with probable indigenous settlement sites at the mouth of the Bass River. [6] During the early contact period virgin soil epidemics ravaged native populations, reducing the indigenous population within the present boundaries of Beverly from an estimated 200 to less than 50 if any survivors. [6]

Europeans under Roger Conant's leadership first colonized the area in 1626 as part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Initially part of Salem, Beverly would be set off and officially incorporated in 1668, when it was named after Beverley, the county town of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. [7] [8] [9] Surviving from the settlement's early history is the Balch House, built, according to dendrochronological testing performed in 2006, about 1679. [10]

English colonists did not initially seek permission from indigenous inhabitants to settle in Beverly, however when Charles II revoked colonial charters to establish the Dominion of New England in 1684, Beverly joined a number of Massachusetts municipalities in seeking out heirs to local sachems and paying them ex post facto in order to establish a right to the land. So it was that in 1686 the town selectmen agreed to pay six pounds, six shillings, and eight pence to three grandchildren of Masconomet, last sachem of the Agawam. They did not pay this sum until 1700. [5]

The first ship commissioned for the US military, by the US Army (the US Navy had yet to exist), was the armed schooner USS Hannah under the command of Captain Nicholson Broughton. It was outfitted at Glover's Wharf and first sailed from Beverly Harbor on September 5, 1775. For this reason Beverly calls itself the "Birthplace of America's Navy." (Marblehead makes a similar claim, in part, because Broughton was from there and belonged to the Marblehead Regiment. Additionally, official US Navy history and the naval history of [[Rhode Island contradict this.) The Hannah can be found on the patch of the city's police department.

Beverly has been called the "birthplace of the American Industrial Revolution," as the site of the first cotton mill in America (1787), [11] [12] and largest cotton mill of its time. The town is the home of one of the country's first Sunday schools (which was built in 1810). Beverly was incorporated as a city in 1894.

In 1902, the United Shoe Machinery Corporation built a quarter-mile stretch of factory buildings in Beverly. The stretch was an early landmark example of reinforced concrete construction, devised by concrete pioneer Ernest L. Ransome. In 1906 it went into production. Closed in 1987, the complex was bought by Cummings Properties in 1996, and developed into a campus of hi-tech companies and medical offices. Parker Brothers, makers of Monopoly and other games, has offices in Beverly. The city is also home to the Landmark School, known worldwide for the education it provides for students with learning disabilities.

President William Howard Taft rented a house for the summer White House from Mrs. Maria Evans in Beverly. In the summers of 1909 and 1910, he lived in a house located at what is now the site of the Italian Garden in Lynch Park, the city's principal public park, and in 1911 and 1912 he rented a different house a mile away, "Parramatta", from Mrs. Robert Peabody. [13] Beverly Hills, California, was named in 1907 after Beverly Farms in Beverly because Taft vacationed there. [14]

Beverly has a former Nike missile site on L. P. Henderson Road, immediately east of the Beverly Municipal Airport. This site was in operation from March 1957 until August 1959, when the Army handed it over to the National Guard. It is now used by Beverly as a storage site and is under the scrutiny of many environmental organizations, as it and the surrounding areas—such as Casco Chemical—have polluted the groundwater, which could be potentially hazardous to the nearby Wenham Lake water supply.

In 1984, the deadliest arson fire in Massachusetts history occurred at the Elliott Chambers, a low-rent rooming house located on the corner of Rantoul and Elliott Streets in downtown Beverly. 15 people died as a result of the fire. [15]

In 2020, Jack Mullarkey, a longtime local fencing coach who had been on suspension for two years, after a two-year investigation by the United States Center for SafeSport was banned for life from USA Fencing for alleged sexual misconduct with a minor. [16] He was the owner of the 3MB Fencing Club in Beverly, which operated out of a gym at the Waring School, and had coached fencing for three decades on Cape Ann and the North Shore. [16]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.6 square miles (58.5 km2), of which 15.1 square miles (39.1 km2) is land and 7.5 square miles (19.4 km2), or 33.19%, is water. [17] Beverly is located on the North Shore, the name given to communities north of Boston along Massachusetts Bay. There are many smaller coves, as well as two islands, the Great and Little Misery Islands, which are part of the city. From Woodbury Point westward lies Beverly Harbor, which lies at the mouth of the Danvers River. The Bass River empties into the Danvers River from within the city. Several other small streams lie within the city as well. A large portion of Wenham Lake, as well as several other lakes and ponds lie within the city. The city has its own city forest and reservation land as well.

Much of the western half of the city is relatively urbanized, while the eastern part of the city (roughly from Woodbury Point east) is more rural. Beverly is home to several parks, five beaches, the Beverly Golf & Tennis Club (est. 1910) and two yacht clubs, Jubilee Yacht Club in Beverly Harbor and Bass Haven Yacht Club along the Bass River.

Besides Massachusetts Bay to the south, Beverly is bordered by Manchester-by-the-Sea to the east, Wenham to the north, Danvers to the west and Salem to the south. Beverly and Salem are separated by the Danvers River and Beverly Harbor, with three bridges, the Veterans Memorial Bridge (former location of the historic Essex Bridge), the MBTA railroad bridge, and the Kernwood Bridge, connecting the two cities. Beverly's city center lies 2 miles (3 km) north of Salem's, and is 14 miles (23 km) west-southwest of Gloucester and 17 miles (27 km) northeast of Boston.

Climate

Climate data for Beverly, Massachusetts (1991–2020 normals; extremes Jun 1, 1996-present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)72
(22)
73
(23)
89
(32)
93
(34)
92
(33)
96
(36)
98
(37)
96
(36)
96
(36)
83
(28)
78
(26)
76
(24)
98
(37)
Mean maximum °F (°C)58
(14)
58
(14)
66
(19)
79
(26)
85
(29)
89
(32)
91
(33)
89
(32)
86
(30)
77
(25)
69
(21)
60
(16)
93
(34)
Average high °F (°C)36.6
(2.6)
38.6
(3.7)
45.4
(7.4)
56.6
(13.7)
66.2
(19.0)
74.7
(23.7)
80.1
(26.7)
78.9
(26.1)
71.8
(22.1)
60.8
(16.0)
51.3
(10.7)
42.1
(5.6)
58.6
(14.8)
Daily mean °F (°C)27.2
(−2.7)
28.3
(−2.1)
35.3
(1.8)
45.1
(7.3)
54.9
(12.7)
64.2
(17.9)
70.0
(21.1)
68.6
(20.3)
61.5
(16.4)
50.5
(10.3)
41.4
(5.2)
32.9
(0.5)
48.3
(9.1)
Average low °F (°C)17.8
(−7.9)
18.0
(−7.8)
25.2
(−3.8)
33.5
(0.8)
43.7
(6.5)
53.8
(12.1)
59.9
(15.5)
58.4
(14.7)
51.3
(10.7)
40.3
(4.6)
31.4
(−0.3)
23.7
(−4.6)
38.1
(3.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C)0
(−18)
4
(−16)
10
(−12)
25
(−4)
32
(0)
43
(6)
51
(11)
49
(9)
39
(4)
28
(−2)
19
(−7)
9
(−13)
−1
(−18)
Record low °F (°C)−10
(−23)
−10
(−23)
−2
(−19)
16
(−9)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
43
(6)
44
(7)
33
(1)
19
(−7)
11
(−12)
−3
(−19)
−10
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.74
(95)
3.61
(92)
4.64
(118)
4.20
(107)
3.47
(88)
3.99
(101)
3.43
(87)
3.36
(85)
3.82
(97)
4.99
(127)
3.98
(101)
4.79
(122)
48.02
(1,220)
Average snowfall inches (cm)16.0
(41)
16.4
(42)
7.6
(19)
1.4
(3.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.9
(2.3)
8.8
(22)
51.4
(130.66)
Average extreme snow depth inches (cm)8
(20)
9
(23)
8
(20)
2
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(2.5)
5
(13)
13
(33)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)139111213121098101011128
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)65300000001318
Source: NOAA [18]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1790 3,290    
1800 3,881+18.0%
1810 4,608+18.7%
1820 4,283−7.1%
1830 4,073−4.9%
1840 4,689+15.1%
1850 5,376+14.7%
1860 6,154+14.5%
1870 6,507+5.7%
1880 8,456+30.0%
1890 10,821+28.0%
1900 13,884+28.3%
1910 18,650+34.3%
1920 22,561+21.0%
1930 25,086+11.2%
1940 25,537+1.8%
1950 28,884+13.1%
1960 36,108+25.0%
1970 38,348+6.2%
1980 37,655−1.8%
1990 38,195+1.4%
2000 39,862+4.4%
2010 39,502−0.9%
2020 42,670+8.0%

Source: United States census records and Population Estimates Program data. [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29]
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census [30]

As of the census of 2020, there were 42,670 people and 16,568 households in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 3.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% from two or more races. 5.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,158 households in the city. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.02.

19.0% of residents were under the age of 18, and 81.0% were over the age of 18. 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males.

The median household income was $84,354. The per capita income for the city was $47,494. [31]

Economy

Major employers

Arts and culture

Points of interest

Cabot Street c. 1906 Cabot Street, Beverly, MA.jpg
Cabot Street c.1906
Beverly Common Beverly Common.jpg
Beverly Common

Education

The city has five K–4 elementary schools: Ayers Ryal Side, Centerville, Cove, Hannah, and North Beverly. The city's sole middle school is Beverly Middle School, which finished construction in 2018. Beverly Middle School serves residents in grades 5–8.

Beverly High School is a grade 9–12 public high school located in Beverly. It was founded in 1858, and currently enrolls over 1300 students. In September 2011, construction was completed on a new academic building, which is now in use by students and faculty. Northshore Academy offers an alternative high school provision in Beverly.

Prior to the current state of Beverly's schools, Briscoe served as a middle and high school. Constructed in 1923, the historic building lies near downtown Beverly. Its use for high school students from 1923 to 1964 came to an end when it was transformed to the towns Junior High School, serving grades 6–8. There, it lasted until 2017 when the newly built Beverly Middle School took in the students.

Beverly is home to several K–12 private schools, including New England Academy, Landmark School, Harborlight-Stoneridge Montessori School, Kindercare Learning Center, Beverly School for the Deaf, Saints Academy, the Bright Horizons School, The Waring School, Glen Urquhart School, Shore Country Day, Mrs. Alexander's School, and several others.

The city is home to Endicott College, which offers 23 bachelor programs, 27 concentrations, and 27 minors. Master programs are offered in business, education, nursing, computer science, and political science. Beverly is also home of Montserrat College of Art, a private four-year visual arts college.

Infrastructure

Veterans Memorial Bridge, looking toward Beverly from Salem Veterans Memorial Bridge.JPG
Veterans Memorial Bridge, looking toward Beverly from Salem

Transportation

Route 128, the chief circumferential highway of the Boston area, crosses Beverly from east to west and connects the city to Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1 in Peabody. Route 1A passes through Beverly from south to north, along main streets in downtown Beverly. The city is also the terminus of four different state routes: Route 22, which heads northeast from Route 1A; Route 62, which heads west from Route 127; Route 97, which parts with Route 1A northwest of downtown before heading north; and Route 127 which heads east from Route 22.

Beverly is the site of the split between the separate lines of the Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail, which provides service to Boston's North Station. South of the junction lies Beverly Depot near downtown, which is accessible along both lines. Along the Newburyport portion of the line is the North Beverly stop, just south of the Wenham town line. Along the Rockport portion of the line are three stops, Montserrat, Prides Crossing and Beverly Farms. Additionally, MBTA bus Route 451 serves the city, with service to downtown Beverly and Salem from the North Beverly station. A local bus route called the Beverly Shoppers Shuttle serves downtown and western Beverly, and is contracted through the Cape Ann Transportation Authority. Beverly is home to Beverly Municipal Airport, though parts of the airfield itself lie within Danvers, as well as a very small portion of the north runway in Wenham. Logan International Airport provides the nearest national and international air service.

Notable people

Film appearances

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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  3. "Census - Geography Profile: Beverly city, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  4. "Hometown Rivalries Debate the Birthplace of the U.S. Navy". October 20, 2010.
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  7. Rev. E. M. Stone History of Beverley (Mass.), from its settlement in 1630 to 1842. 12mo. Boston, 1843
  8. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs – Page 1460 William Richard Cutter "Mr. Balch was born in Beverley, Massachusetts, September 30, 1704, and died in Bradford (Grove- land) January 12, 1791–2."
  9. Los Angeles Magazine – Dec 1996 – Page 99 Vol. 41, No. 12 "Beverly Farms appears to have been named for the nearby town of Beverly, which was in turn named for Beverley, England. That Yorkshire cathedral town was named in the eighth century or so for an earlier settlement called Beverlac – a ...
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Further reading