Dukes County, Massachusetts

Last updated
Dukes County
County of Dukes County
Town Hall, Edgartown MA.jpg
Town Hall, Edgartown
Dukes County, Massachusetts seal.png
Seal
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Dukes County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Massachusetts
Massachusetts in United States.svg
Massachusetts's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°24′53″N70°36′46″W / 41.414841°N 70.612679°W / 41.414841; -70.612679
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts
Founded1695
Named for James, Duke of York
Seat Edgartown
Largest town Oak Bluffs
Area
  Total491 sq mi (1,270 km2)
  Land103 sq mi (270 km2)
  Water388 sq mi (1,000 km2)  79%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
17,332
  Density160/sq mi (60/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 9th
Website www.dukescounty.org

Dukes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,535, [1] [2] making it the second-least populous county in Massachusetts. Its county seat is Edgartown. [3]

Contents

Dukes County comprises the Vineyard Haven, MA Micropolitan Statistical Area . The county consists of the island of Martha's Vineyard (including Chappaquiddick Island), the Elizabeth Islands (including Cuttyhunk), the island of Nomans Land, and other associated islets.

History

An early seal of the Dukes County government, c. 1722, representing a crude portrayal of grapevines Early seal of Dukes County, Massachusetts.svg
An early seal of the Dukes County government, c.1722, representing a crude portrayal of grapevines

The original inhabitants of the islands were Wampanoag, who had several villages. Political jurisdiction over the lands were granted by the English monarchy in overlapping claims to two different British nobles, from which Massachusetts Bay Company settler Thomas Mayhew purchased them in 1641. Mayhew established a colony in his new domain, carefully purchasing land ownership rights from the native inhabitants, and maintaining native governments to continue unimpeded. In 1665, Mayhew's lands were included in a grant to James, Duke of York (later King James II). In 1671, a settlement was arranged, allowing Mayhew to continue to rule while placing his territory under the jurisdiction of the Province of New York.

Dukes County was thus established as Dukes County, New York, on November 1, 1683, and included all of Mayhew's lands – Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands. The county was transferred to Massachusetts on October 7, 1691, and at the same time Nantucket Island was split into the separate Nantucket County, Massachusetts. The 1695 incorporation statute created a county "by the name of Dukes County," as opposed to the standard form "the county of Dukes" which is the reason for the redundancy in the formal name, "County of Dukes County". [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 491 square miles (1,270 km2), of which 103 square miles (270 km2) is land and 388 square miles (1,000 km2) (79%) is water. [5] It is the third-smallest county by land area in Massachusetts.

Nearby counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 3,255
1800 3,118−4.2%
1810 3,2905.5%
1820 3,2920.1%
1830 3,5176.8%
1840 3,95812.5%
1850 4,54014.7%
1860 4,403−3.0%
1870 3,787−14.0%
1880 4,30013.5%
1890 4,3691.6%
1900 4,5614.4%
1910 4,504−1.2%
1920 4,372−2.9%
1930 4,95313.3%
1940 5,66914.5%
1950 5,633−0.6%
1960 5,8293.5%
1970 6,1174.9%
1980 8,94246.2%
1990 11,63930.2%
2000 14,98728.8%
2010 16,53510.3%
2019 (est.)17,332 [6] 4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 14,987 people, 6,421 households, and 3,788 families living in the county. The population density was 144 people per square mile (56/km2). There were 14,836 housing units at an average density of 143 per square mile (55/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.69% White, 2.40% Black or African American, 1.71% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 3.19% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.4% were of English, 13.3% Irish, 8.6% Portuguese, 6.4% Italian and 5.7% American ancestry, 93.1% spoke English, 3.7% Portuguese and 1.7% Spanish as their first language and 0.285% speak Irish at home. [11] Of the 6,421 households 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.40% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.00% were non-families. 32.00% of households were one person and 11.10% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 22.70% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 27.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% 65 or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median household income was $45,559 and the median family income was $55,018. Males had a median income of $38,945 versus $30,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,472. About 5.00% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 16,535 people, 7,368 households, and 4,221 families living in the county. [12] The population density was 160.2 inhabitants per square mile (61.9/km2). There were 17,188 housing units at an average density of 166.5 per square mile (64.3/km2). [13] The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% white, 3.1% black or African American, 1.1% American Indian, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.9% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population. [12]

The largest ancestry groups were: [14]

  • 18.5% Irish
  • 17.1% English
  • 11.7% Portuguese
  • 10.0% American
  • 9.2% German
  • 7.6% Italian
  • 5.5% French
  • 2.9% West Indian
  • 2.9% Scottish
  • 2.5% Dutch
  • 2.3% Scotch-Irish
  • 2.1% Swedish
  • 2.1% Polish
  • 1.9% French Canadian
  • 1.4% Russian
  • 1.1% Arab
  • 1.0% Sub-Saharan African

Of the 7,368 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.7% were non-families, and 33.4% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 45.3 years. [12]

The median household income was $62,407 and the median family income was $77,231. Males had a median income of $43,850 versus $41,994 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,390. About 5.5% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Demographic breakdown by town

Income

The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. [16] [17] [18]

RankTownPer capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
PopulationNumber of
households
1 Chilmark Town$45,210$59,583$79,688801302
2 Edgartown Town$38,083$74,214$82,5834,0341,466
3 West Tisbury Town$36,592$75,759$87,5662,506926
Massachusetts State$35,051$65,981$83,3716,512,2272,522,409
Dukes CountyCounty$33,228$69,760$82,65916,3535,568
Vineyard Haven CDP$30,298$77,935$92,1122,465652
4 Gosnold Town$29,511$52,813$61,25018363
5 Tisbury Town$29,384$54,762$60,5213,9141,290
6 Oak Bluffs Town$29,117$78,890$84,8464,4491,429
United States Country$27,915$52,762$64,293306,603,772114,761,359
7 Aquinnah Town$25,512$82,500$106,25046692

Political affiliation

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 13, 2010 [19]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 4,92036.43%
Republican 1,41510.48%
Unenrolled7,08152.44%
Minor Parties880.65%
Total13,504100%

Religion

Year1980199020002010
ReligionCongregationsAdherentsCongregationsAdherentsCongregationsAdherentsCongregationsAdherents
Catholic Church32,00035,00039,951312,896
Episcopal Church2871356236083473
United Methodist6620658755242176
American Baptist3279340334614456
Regular Baptist0n/a162183190
United Church of Christ1110116612171165
Unitarian-Universalist183183183174
Assemblies of God1516921741160
Friends (Quakers)1n/a12215219
Church of Christ, Scientistn/an/a1n/a1n/a1n/a
Congregationaln/an/a130012951331
Jehovah's Witnessesn/an/an/an/an/an/a1n/a
Evangelical Christian0n/a0n/a0n/a160
Mormonn/an/a127149184
Buddhist0n/a0n/a0n/a172
Jewish1138126013001923
Ba'hai00000504
Unaffiliated0n/a0n/a0n/a010,562

Politics

Like the state of Massachusetts, Dukes County is heavily Democratic (See bar at left). The last Republican to reach even 40% was Ronald Reagan in 1984, and the last Republican to win the county was Richard Nixon in 1972. Before 1964, however, the county had been a Republican one, supporting Dwight D Eisenhower in 1956 by an especially large margin well over 50%, and was one of the few counties where William Howard Taft finished ahead of Woodrow Wilson in 1912. (See bar at left).

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [20]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 20.6% 2,63177.5%9,9142.0% 253
2016 21.2% 2,47772.0%8,4006.8% 797
2012 25.5% 2,79272.7%7,9781.8% 198
2008 23.1% 2,44275.0%7,9131.9% 198
2004 26.0% 2,60272.7%7,2651.3% 130
2000 26.1% 2,31561.8%5,47412.1% 1,067
1996 22.6% 1,73966.7%5,13710.7% 826
1992 23.2% 1,82754.4%4,29222.4% 1,769
1988 34.8% 2,44164.0%4,4951.3% 89
1984 45.5% 2,78854.1%3,3130.4% 24
1980 33.5% 1,80943.9%2,37022.6% 1,218
1976 46.1% 2,36548.9%2,5135.0% 257
1972 53.3%2,31246.2% 2,0010.5% 23
1968 49.3%1,57648.2% 1,5402.5% 80
1964 31.6% 1,01568.1%2,1870.4% 12
1960 60.8%1,99839.0% 1,2820.2% 6
1956 82.9%2,61817.1% 5410.0% 1
1952 76.1%2,43223.8% 7600.2% 6
1948 69.7%1,73129.0% 7201.3% 33
1944 61.4%1,37238.5% 8610.0% 1
1940 61.5%1,64338.0% 1,0140.5% 13
1936 63.3%1,65535.6% 9311.1% 29
1932 68.8%1,33030.2% 5831.0% 20
1928 75.9%1,48724.0% 4700.1% 1
1924 86.9%1,1827.9% 1085.1% 70
1920 86.7%1,01312.8% 1500.4% 5
1916 59.0%46439.3% 3091.8% 14
1912 34.8% 26927.8% 21537.5%290
1908 76.8%58917.3% 1335.9% 45
1904 80.2%60216.0% 1203.9% 29
1900 79.1%61714.6% 1146.3% 49
1896 80.5%69110.6% 918.9% 76
1892 66.5%58826.9% 2386.6% 58
1888 64.2%57022.4% 19913.4% 119
1884 67.7%56824.1% 2028.2% 69
1880 76.6%57623.1% 1740.3% 2
1876 72.8%39927.2% 1490.0% 0

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other villages

See also

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Gosnold, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Gosnold is a town that encompasses the Elizabeth Islands in Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census, the town population was 75, making it the least populous town in Massachusetts. Most of the residents live in the village of Cuttyhunk, while most of the land in the town is owned by the Forbes family.

Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Oak Bluffs is a town located on the island of Martha's Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 4,527 at the 2010 United States Census. It is one of the island's principal points of arrival for summer tourists, and is noted for its "gingerbread cottages" and other well-preserved mid- to late-nineteenth-century buildings. The town has been a historically important center of African American culture since the eighteenth century.

Tisbury, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Tisbury is a town located on Martha's Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 3,949 at the 2010 census.

Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts Census-designated place in Massachusetts, United States

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West Tisbury, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

West Tisbury is a town located on Martha's Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 2,740 at the 2010 census. Along with Chilmark and Aquinnah, West Tisbury forms "Up-Island" Martha's Vineyard.

Nantucket (CDP), Massachusetts CDP in Massachusetts, United States

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References

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  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. Dukes County, MA – An Ancient Heritage Archived May 2, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
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  11. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
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Coordinates: 41°22′N70°42′W / 41.37°N 70.70°W / 41.37; -70.70