Woburn, Massachusetts

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Woburn, Massachusetts
Benjamin Thompson Birthplace, Woburn, Massachusetts.JPG
Benjamin Thompson House, Woburn, Massachusetts
WoburnMA-seal.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
Industria et Virtute(Latin)
"Industry and Virtue"
Middlesex County Massachusetts incorporated and unincorporated areas Woburn highlighted.svg
Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Woburn, Massachusetts
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°28′45″N71°09′10″W / 42.47917°N 71.15278°W / 42.47917; -71.15278 Coordinates: 42°28′45″N71°09′10″W / 42.47917°N 71.15278°W / 42.47917; -71.15278
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Region New England
Settled1640
Incorporated1642
Named for Woburn, Bedfordshire
Government
  Type Mayor-council city
  City MayorScott Galvin
  Ward
   aldermen
JoAnn Campbell(1)
Richard F. Gately Jr. (2)
Mark E. Gaffney (3)
Joseph E. Demers (4)
Darlene Mercer-Bruen (5)
Edward Tedesco (6)
Vacant (7)
  At-large
   aldermen
Michael Concannon
Robert Ferullo
Area
[1]
  Total12.94 sq mi (33.52 km2)
  Land12.65 sq mi (32.76 km2)
  Water0.29 sq mi (0.76 km2)
Elevation
100 ft (30 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total38,120
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
40,228
  Density3,180.08/sq mi (1,227.86/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01801 / 01888
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-81035
GNIS feature ID0612270
Website www.woburnma.gov
Statue of Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford) outside the library of his hometown, Woburn, Massachusetts (A copy of the original in Munich) Woburn, Massachusetts, Library with statue of Benjamin Thompson.JPG
Statue of Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford) outside the library of his hometown, Woburn, Massachusetts (A copy of the original in Munich)
The 1790 House 1790 House, Woburn, Massachusetts, Sept. 2005.JPG
The 1790 House
Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts with a stretch of the Middlesex Canal in foreground Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts.JPG
Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts with a stretch of the Middlesex Canal in foreground
A Postcard featuring Woburn City Hall City hall, Woburn, Mass (67567).jpg
A Postcard featuring Woburn City Hall

Woburn ( /ˈwbərn/ WOO-bərn) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 38,120 at the 2010 census. Woburn is located 9 miles (14 km) north of Boston.

Contents

History

Woburn was first settled in 1640 near Horn Pond, a primary source of the Mystic River, and was officially incorporated in 1642. At that time the area included present day towns of Woburn, Winchester, Burlington, and parts of Stoneham and Wilmington. In 1740 Wilmington separated from Woburn. In 1799 Burlington separated from Woburn; in 1850 Winchester did so, too.

Woburn got its name from Woburn, Bedfordshire. Woburn played host to the first religious ordination in the Americas on Nov. 22, 1642. Rev. Thomas Carter was sworn in by many of the most prominent men of New England including John Cotton, minister of the First Church of Boston, Richard Mather minister of the First Church of Dorchester, and Capt. Edward Johnson co-founder of the church and town of Woburn. Johnson is regarded as "the father of Woburn." He served as the first town clerk, represented the town in the Massachusetts General Court, made the first map of Massachusetts, and wrote the first history of the colony. [3]

Perspective map of Woburn from 1883, J. Lyth engraver Woburn, Mass., 1883 LOC 78695092.jpg
Perspective map of Woburn from 1883, J. Lyth engraver

The first organizational Town Meeting was held on April 13, 1644 and the first town officers were chosen. Town Selectmen were Edward Johnson, Edward Convers, John Mousall, William Learned, Ezekiel Richardson, Samuel Richardson and James Thompson. William Learned was also selected as Constable. Michael Bacon, Ralph Hill, Thomas Richardson were chosen as Surveyors of Highways. (The History of Woburn, 1868)

Deacon Edward Convers was also one of the founders of Woburn. He was one of its first selectmen, and built the first house and first mill in Woburn. He was very active in town affairs and was a large landowner, miller and surveyor. [4] [5]

List of important events

Groundwater contamination incident

Woburn was the scene of a high-profile water contamination crisis. During the mid to late 1970s, the local community became concerned over the high incidence of childhood leukemia and other illnesses, particularly in the Pine Street area of east Woburn. After high levels of chemical contamination were found in City of Woburn's Wells G and H in 1979, some members of the community suspected that the unusually high incidence of leukemia, cancer, and a wide variety of other health problems were linked to the possible exposure to volatile organic compounds in the groundwater pumped from wells G and H.

In May 1982, a number of citizens whose children had developed or died from leukemia filed a civil lawsuit against two corporations, W. R. Grace and Company and Beatrice Foods. Grace's subsidiary, Cryovac, and Beatrice were suspected of contaminating the groundwater by improperly disposing of trichloroethylene (TCE), perchloroethylene (perc or PCE) and other industrial solvents at their facilities in Woburn near wells G and H.

In a controversial decision over what many considered a bungled trial Judge Walter Jay Skinner ruled that the jurors should answer questions that they and many others considered confusing. Beatrice was acquitted and Grace only paid $8 million, a third of which went to the lawyers and lawyer fees. A United States Environmental Protection Agency report later found Beatrice and Grace responsible for the contamination. [11] [12] A book titled A Civil Action was written about the case by Jonathan Harr. [13] In 1998 the book was turned into a movie starring John Travolta and Robert Duvall, also titled A Civil Action . The film was largely filmed in nearby Bedford and Lexington, with only a few shots on location in Woburn.

Geography

Woburn is located at 42°29′4″N71°9′7″W / 42.48444°N 71.15194°W / 42.48444; -71.15194 (42.484545, -71.152060). [14] It is bordered by the towns of Wilmington, Reading, Stoneham, Winchester, Lexington, and Burlington.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.9 square miles (33 km2), of which 12.7 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (1.71%) is water.

Climate

Woburn features a humid continental climate, similar to those of many of the other Boston suburban areas. It features moderately cold winters, but not usually as bad as the ones around The Great Lakes Regions or Southern Canada, or even Northern New England. Nonetheless, it features occasional 'arctic blasts' which can easily drop the temperature below zero. Spring generally starts out cool, around 45-50 degrees, often with snow still on the ground. However, it quickly begins to rapidly warm to around 75 degrees by the time summer begins. Summers are generally warm or hot & often accompanied with humidity, though not nearly as bad as cities in The Midwest & Mid-Atlantic, and even Rhode Island. Temperatures often top in the 80s, but when an Atlantic low comes, temperatures may fail to rise out of the 60s. High pressure from the Gulf of Mexico, occasionally brings much hotter conditions with temperatures sometimes topping near 100, though this is fairly rare and only happens so often. Falls are generally crisp, but start out warm with temperature highs around 70 & lows around 50. Quickly things cool, and it feels and looks like winter with temperatures around 40 usually towards the end. Like most of the region, temperatures can vary widely in the span of a day.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1790 1,727    
1800 1,228−28.9%
1810 1,219−0.7%
1820 1,519+24.6%
1830 1,977+30.2%
1840 2,993+51.4%
1850 3,956+32.2%
1860 6,287+58.9%
1870 8,560+36.2%
1880 10,931+27.7%
1890 13,499+23.5%
1900 14,254+5.6%
1910 15,308+7.4%
1920 16,574+8.3%
1930 19,434+17.3%
1940 19,751+1.6%
1950 20,492+3.8%
1960 31,214+52.3%
1970 37,406+19.8%
1980 36,626−2.1%
1990 35,943−1.9%
2000 37,258+3.7%
2010 38,120+2.3%
201940,228+5.5%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States census records and Population Estimates Program data. [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25]
Source: U.S. Decennial Census [26]

As of the census [27] of 2000, there were 37,258 people (37,010 by 2006 estimate), 14,997 households, and 9,658 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,939.6 people per square mile (1,135.4/km2). There were 15,391 housing units at an average density of 1,214.3 per square mile (469.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.57% White, 1.87% African American, 0.10% Native American, 4.85% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population.

There were 14,997 households, out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $54,897, and the median income for a family was $66,364. Males had a median income of $45,210 versus $33,239 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,207. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The Woburn Business Association (WBA) is a membership organization consisting of companies located in Woburn, Massachusetts. Memberships are also available to those firms who are situated elsewhere, but do business in Woburn. The purpose of the WBA is to promote and protect Business Interests in the City of Woburn and provide Networking Services for the Business Community. [28]

The WBA Board of Directors meets monthly to develop policy and provide direction for the Association. The Executive Committee meets periodically, usually on an "as needed" basis, to review important issues and make recommendations to the Board regarding WBA policy. The WBA accomplishes its work through committees of WBA members and representatives of the Woburn community. The membership is encouraged to actively participate on these committees.

The Woburn Redevelopment Authority is an independent municipal urban renewal authority established by the City of Woburn in 1961, in accordance with Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 121B. The Authority is governed by five members, four of whom are appointed by the Mayor, and one by the Governor. The WRA functions as the City's community development agency, under an agreement with the City of Woburn executed in July 2000. [29]

Companies based in Woburn include Boston Acoustics, Kaspersky Lab USA, Monotype, and Skyworks Solutions.

Top employers

According to the Massachusetts Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development, [30] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Marshalls 1,000-4,999
2NECC500-999
3New England Rehabilitation Hospital500-999
4 Chomerics 500-999
5Aberjona Valley Distributors250-499
6Atlantic Boston Construction250-499
7Cummings Properties250-499
8The Dolben Company250-499
9Peterson Party Center250-499
10 Sanmina 250-499
11 Skyworks Solutions 250-499
12 Target 250-499
13 United Stationers Supply Company 250-499
13Xius250-499

Education

Woburn's public elementary schools are the Goodyear Elementary, Altavesta Elementary, Shamrock Elementary, Malcolm White Elementary, Clyde Reeves Elementary, Linscott-Rumford Elementary, and Hurld-Wyman Elementary. The Hurld and Wyman Schools have been closed down and a new school (the Hurld-Wyman) has been built on a portion of the city's Spence Farm property. (The Clapp, Parker, Tarkey, Plympton, Golden, and Veterans' Memorial Schools are now closed, and the former Veterans' Memorial School now serves as the Woburn Senior Center.) The two middle schools are the John F. Kennedy Middle School and the Daniel L. Joyce Middle School.

In recent years the Goodyear, Reeves, Shamrock, and Malcolm White, as well as Woburn Memorial High School, have been rebuilt. The Hurld-Wyman sits on a portion of the city's Spence Farm property.

St. Charles, a pre-K-to-8 private Catholic school, is part of the adjacent St. Charles Parish. It has been graduating classes since 1884 in grades K-8; the high school closed in 1972. [31] </ref>

Transportation

Anderson Regional Transportation Center. Anderson Regional Transportation Center.jpg
Anderson Regional Transportation Center.

Notable people

Points of interest

Deacon Edward Convers House, first house built in Woburn, 1640 Convers House.gif
Deacon Edward Convers House, first house built in Woburn, 1640

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. Johnson, Edward Francis, Captain Edward Johnson of Woburn, Massachusetts and Some of his Descendants, Press of David Clapp & Son, Boston, MA, 1905.
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  31. <re

Further reading

1852 Map of Boston area showing Woburn and the Middlesex Canal 1852 Middlesex Canal (Massachusetts) map.jpg
1852 Map of Boston area showing Woburn and the Middlesex Canal