1910 United States Census

Last updated

Thirteenth Census
of the United States
  1900
1920  
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenApril 15, 1910
Total population92,228,496
Percent changeIncrease2.svg 21%
Most populous state New York
9,113,614
Least populous state Nevada
81,875

The United States Census of 1910, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

Contents

Census questions

The 1910 census collected the following information: [1]

Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Column titles

The column titles in the census form are as follows:

LOCATION. Street, avenue, road, etc.
House number (in cities or towns).
1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
2. Number of family in order of visitation.


3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family.

Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.

Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910.


RELATION.

4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.


PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.

5. Sex.

6. Color or race.

7. Age at last birthday.

8. Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.

9. Number of years of present marriage.

10. Mother of how many children: Number born.

11. Mother of how many children: Number now living.


NATIVITY.

Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country.

12. Place of birth of this Person.

13. Place of birth of Father of this person.

14. Place of birth of Mother of this person.


CITIZENSHIP.

15. Year of immigration to the United States.

16. Whether naturalized or alien.


17. Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.


OCCUPATION.

18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.,

19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.

20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account.


If an employee – 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.

22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909.


EDUCATION.

23. Whether able to read.

24. Whether able to write.

25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.


OWNERSHIP OF HOME.

26. Owned or rented.

27. Owned free or mortgaged.

28. Farm or house.

29. Number of farm schedule.


30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.


31. Whether blind (both eyes).


32. Whether deaf and dumb.


State rankings

RankStatePopulation
1 New York 9,113,614
2 Pennsylvania 7,665,111
3 Illinois 5,638,591
4 Ohio 4,767,121
5 Texas 3,896,542
6 Massachusetts 3,366,416
7 Missouri 3,293,335
8 Michigan 2,810,173
9 Indiana 2,700,876
10 Georgia 2,609,121
11 New Jersey 2,537,167
12 California 2,377,549
13 Wisconsin 2,333,860
14 Kentucky 2,289,905
15 Iowa 2,224,771
16 North Carolina 2,206,287
17 Tennessee 2,184,789
18 Alabama 2,138,093
19 Minnesota 2,075,709
20 Virginia 2,061,612
21 Mississippi 1,797,114
22 Kansas 1,690,949
23 Oklahoma 1,657,155
24 Louisiana 1,656,388
25 Arkansas 1,574,449
26 South Carolina 1,515,400
27 Maryland 1,295,346
28 West Virginia 1,221,119
29 Nebraska 1,192,214
30 Washington 1,141,990
31 Connecticut 1,114,756
32 Colorado 799,024
33 Florida 752,619
34 Maine 742,371
35 Oregon 672,765
36 South Dakota 583,888
37 North Dakota 577,056
38 Rhode Island 542,610
39 New Hampshire 430,572
40 Montana 376,053
41 Utah 373,351
42 Vermont 355,956
x District of Columbia 331,069
43 Idaho 325,594
44 Delaware 202,322
45 Wyoming 145,965
46 Nevada 81,875

Special Notation

In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona, Alaska and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union. The 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states – positions unchanged, then (43) New Mexico, (44) Idaho, (45) Arizona, (46) Delaware, (47) Hawaii, (48) Wyoming, (49) Nevada and (50) Alaska.

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [2] Region (2016) [3]
01 New York New York 4,766,883 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 2,185,283 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,549,008 Northeast
04 St. Louis Missouri 687,029 Midwest
05 Boston Massachusetts 670,585 Northeast
06 Cleveland Ohio 560,663 Midwest
07 Baltimore Maryland 558,485 South
08 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 533,905 Northeast
09 Detroit Michigan 465,766 Midwest
10 Buffalo New York 423,715 Northeast
11 San Francisco California 416,912 West
12 Milwaukee Wisconsin 373,857 Midwest
13 Cincinnati Ohio 363,591 Midwest
14 Newark New Jersey 347,469 Northeast
15 New Orleans Louisiana 339,075 South
16 Washington District of Columbia 331,069 South
17 Los Angeles California 319,198 West
18 Minneapolis Minnesota 301,408 Midwest
19 Jersey City New Jersey 267,779 Northeast
20 Kansas City Missouri 248,381 Midwest
21 Seattle Washington 237,194 West
22 Indianapolis Indiana 233,650 Midwest
23 Providence Rhode Island 224,326 Northeast
24 Louisville Kentucky 223,928 South
25 Rochester New York 218,149 Northeast
26 Saint Paul Minnesota 214,744 Midwest
27 Denver Colorado 213,381 West
28 Portland Oregon 207,214 West
29 Columbus Ohio 181,511 Midwest
30 Toledo Ohio 168,497 Midwest
31 Atlanta Georgia 154,839 South
32 Oakland California 150,174 West
33 Worcester Massachusetts 145,986 Northeast
34 Syracuse New York 137,249 Northeast
35 New Haven Connecticut 133,605 Northeast
36 Birmingham Alabama 132,685 South
37 Memphis Tennessee 131,105 South
38 Scranton Pennsylvania 129,867 Northeast
39 Richmond Virginia 127,628 South
40 Paterson New Jersey 125,600 Northeast
41 Omaha Nebraska 124,096 Midwest
42 Fall River Massachusetts 119,295 Northeast
43 Dayton Ohio 116,577 Midwest
44 Grand Rapids Michigan 112,571 Midwest
45 Nashville Tennessee 110,364 South
46 Lowell Massachusetts 106,294 Northeast
47 Cambridge Massachusetts 104,839 Northeast
48 Spokane Washington 104,402 West
49 Bridgeport Connecticut 102,054 Northeast
50 Albany New York 100,253 Northeast
51 Hartford Connecticut 98,915 Northeast
52 Trenton New Jersey 96,815 Northeast
53 New Bedford Massachusetts 96,652 Northeast
54 San Antonio Texas 96,614 South
55 Reading Pennsylvania 96,071 Northeast
56 Camden New Jersey 94,538 Northeast
57 Salt Lake City Utah 92,777 West
58 Dallas Texas 92,104 South
59 Lynn Massachusetts 89,336 Northeast
60 Springfield Massachusetts 88,926 Northeast
61 Wilmington Delaware 87,411 South
62 Des Moines Iowa 86,368 Midwest
63 Lawrence Massachusetts 85,892 Northeast
64 Tacoma Washington 83,743 West
65 Kansas City Kansas 82,331 Midwest
66 Yonkers New York 79,803 Northeast
67 Youngstown Ohio 79,066 Midwest
68 Houston Texas 78,800 South
69 Duluth Minnesota 78,466 Midwest
70 St. Joseph Missouri 77,403 Midwest
71 Somerville Massachusetts 77,236 Northeast
72 Troy New York 76,813 Northeast
73 Utica New York 74,419 Northeast
74 Elizabeth New Jersey 73,409 Northeast
75 Fort Worth Texas 73,312 South
76 Waterbury Connecticut 73,141 Northeast
77 Schenectady New York 72,826 Northeast
78 Hoboken New Jersey 70,324 Northeast
79 Manchester New Hampshire 70,063 Northeast
80 Evansville Indiana 69,647 Midwest
81 Akron Ohio 69,067 Midwest
82 Norfolk Virginia 67,452 South
83 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 67,105 Northeast
84 Peoria Illinois 66,950 Midwest
85 Erie Pennsylvania 66,525 Northeast
86 Savannah Georgia 65,064 South
87 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 64,205 South
88 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 64,186 Northeast
89 Fort Wayne Indiana 63,933 Midwest
90 Charleston South Carolina 58,833 South
91 Portland Maine 58,571 Northeast
92 East St. Louis Illinois 58,547 Midwest
93 Terre Haute Indiana 58,157 Midwest
94 Holyoke Massachusetts 57,730 Northeast
95 Jacksonville Florida 57,699 South
96 Brockton Massachusetts 56,878 Northeast
97 Bayonne New Jersey 55,545 Northeast
98 Johnstown Pennsylvania 55,482 Northeast
99 Passaic New Jersey 54,773 Northeast
100 South Bend Indiana 53,684 Midwest

Data availability

An example of a 1910 U.S. census form with August H. Runge 1910 census Runge.jpg
An example of a 1910 U.S. census form with August H. Runge

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed. [4] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.

Microdata from the 1910 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Notes

  1. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  2. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  3. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  4. Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.[ permanent dead link ]

Related Research Articles

Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether they are of Hispanic or Latino origin.

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The United States Census of 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

United States Census Decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States... according to their respective Numbers.... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years". Section 2 of the 14th Amendment amended Article I, Section 2 to include that the "respective Numbers" of the "several States" will be determined by "counting the whole number of persons in each State... excluding Indians not taxed...” The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce.

1990 United States Census Determined the resident population of the United States on 1 April 1990

The United States Census of 1990, conducted by the Census Bureau, was the first census to be directed by a woman, Barbara Everitt Bryant. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 Census.

1890 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1890 was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time. The data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, and Texas, and the District of Columbia.

1850 United States Census Seventh U.S. national census seeing 35.9% increase since 1840

The United States Census of 1850 was the seventh census of the United States. Conducted by the Census Office, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876—an increase of 35.9 percent over the 17,069,453 persons enumerated during the 1840 Census. The total population included 3,204,313 slaves.

1980 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1980, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census. It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

1810 United States Census

The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. It was conducted on August 6, 1810. It showed that 7,239,881 people were living in the United States, of whom 1,191,362 were slaves.

1830 United States Census

The United States Census of 1830, the fifth census undertaken in the United States, was conducted on June 1, 1830. The only loss of census records for 1830 involved some countywide losses in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi.

1860 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States starting June 1, 1860, and lasting five months. It determined the population of the United States to be 31,443,322, in 33 states and 10 organized territories. This was an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,876 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census. The total population included 3,953,762 slaves.

1880 United States Census 10th U.S. national census

The United States Census of 1880 conducted by the Census Bureau during June 1880 was the tenth United States Census. It was the first time that women were permitted to be enumerators. The Superintendent of the Census was Francis Amasa Walker. This was the first census in which a city – New York – recorded a population of over one million.

1870 United States Census Ninth U.S. national census; first to provide detailed demographic info on African Americans

The United States Census of 1870 was the ninth United States Census. It was conducted by the Census Bureau from June 1, 1870 to August 23, 1871. The 1870 Census was the first census to provide detailed information on the African-American population, only five years after the culmination of the Civil War when slaves were granted freedom. The total population was 38,925,598 with a resident population of 38,558,371 individuals, a 22.6% increase from 1860. The 1870 Census' population estimate was controversial, as many believed it underestimated the true population numbers, especially in New York and Pennsylvania.

1900 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1900, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21 percent over the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.

1920 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1920, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 Census.

1930 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1930, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census.

1940 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1940, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, and information about wages. This census introduced sampling techniques; one in 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939. This was the first census in which every state (48) had a population greater than 100,000.

1950 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1950, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 Census. This was the first census in which:

1960 United States Census

The United States Census of 1960, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000.

1970 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1970, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 Census. This was the first census since 1800 in which New York was not the most populous state – California overtook it in population in November 1962. This was also the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 300,000, and the first in which a city in the geographic South recorded a population of over 1 million (Houston).

The Census of Ireland, 1911, was a census that covered Ireland, and was conducted on Sunday 2 April 1911 as part of a broader Census of the United Kingdom. A census of Ireland had taken place every ten years beginning in 1821 until 1911. The next census did not take place until 1926 due to the Irish War of Independence and subsequent Irish Civil War. The entire returns for all 32 counties are available online on the website of the National Archives of Ireland.