1950 United States Census

Last updated

Seventeenth Census
of the United States
  1940
1960  
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenApril 1, 1950
Total population150,697,361
Percent changeIncrease2.svg 14.5%
Most populous state New York
14,830,192
Least populous state Nevada
162,000

The Seventeenth United States Census , conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 Census. [1] This was the first census in which:

United States Census Decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States... according to their respective Numbers.... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years". Section 2 of the 14th Amendment amended Article I, Section 2 to include that the "respective Numbers" of the "several States" will be determined by "counting the whole number of persons in each State... excluding Indians not taxed...” The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

An enumeration is a complete, ordered listing of all the items in a collection. The term is commonly used in mathematics and computer science to refer to a listing of all of the elements of a set. The precise requirements for an enumeration depend on the discipline of study and the context of a given problem.

Contents

Census questions

The 1950 census collected the following information from all respondents: [2]

In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering income, marital history, fertility, and other topics. Full documentation on the 1950 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

Microdata from the 1950 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2022. [3]

In the study of survey and census data, microdata is information at the level of individual respondents. For instance, a national census might collect age, home address, educational level, employment status, and many other variables, recorded separately for every person who responds; this is microdata.

In statistics, aggregate data are data combined from several measurements. When data is aggregated, groups of observations are replaced with summary statistics based on those observations.

The National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) is a historical GIS project to create and freely disseminate a database incorporating all available aggregate census information for the United States between 1790 and 2010. The project has created one of the largest collections in the world of statistical census information, much of which was not previously available to the research community because of legacy data formats and differences between metadata formats. The statistical and geographic data are disseminated free of charge through a sophisticated online data access system.

State rankings

1950 U.S. State Population Rankings
RankStatePopulation
1 New York 14,830,192
2 California 10,586,223
3 Pennsylvania 10,498,012
4 Illinois 8,712,176
5 Ohio 7,946,627
6 Texas 7,748,000
7 Michigan 6,421,000
8 New Jersey 4,860,000
9 Massachusetts 4,690,000
10 North Carolina 4,060,000
11 Indiana 3,952,000
12 Missouri 3,946,000
13 Georgia 3,451,000
14 Wisconsin 3,449,000
15 Tennessee 3,304,000
16 Virginia 3,262,000
17 Alabama 3,060,000
18 Minnesota 2,995,000
19 Kentucky 2,957,000
20 Florida 2,821,000
21 Louisiana 2,701,000
22 Iowa 2,621,000
23 Washington 2,386,000
24 Maryland 2,376,000
25 Oklahoma 2,193,000
26 Mississippi 2,169,000
27 South Carolina 2,119,000
28 Connecticut 2,007,280
29 West Virginia 2,006,000
30 Kansas 1,915,000
31 Arkansas 1,906,000
32 Oregon 1,532,000
33 Colorado 1,337,000
34 Nebraska 1,324,000
35 Maine 911,000
x District of Columbia 814,000
36 Rhode Island 779,000
37 Arizona 756,000
38 Utah 696,000
39 New Mexico 687,000
40 South Dakota 652,000
41 North Dakota 616,000
42 Montana 598,000
43 Idaho 592,000
44 New Hampshire 531,000
x Hawaii 491,000
45 Vermont 377,000
46 Delaware 321,000
47 Wyoming 292,000
48 Nevada 162,000
x Alaska 138,000

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [4] Region (2016) [5]
01 New York New York 7,891,957 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,620,962 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 2,071,605 Northeast
04 Los Angeles California 1,970,358 West
05 Detroit Michigan 1,849,568 Midwest
06 Baltimore Maryland 949,708 South
07 Cleveland Ohio 914,808 Midwest
08 St. Louis Missouri 856,796 Midwest
09 Washington District of Columbia 802,178 South
10 Boston Massachusetts 801,444 Northeast
11 San Francisco California 775,357 West
12 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 676,806 Northeast
13 Milwaukee Wisconsin 637,392 Midwest
14 Houston Texas 596,163 South
15 Buffalo New York 580,132 Northeast
16 New Orleans Louisiana 570,445 South
17 Minneapolis Minnesota 521,718 Midwest
18 Cincinnati Ohio 503,998 Midwest
19 Seattle Washington 467,591 West
20 Kansas City Missouri 456,622 Midwest
21 Newark New Jersey 438,776 Northeast
22 Dallas Texas 434,462 South
23 Indianapolis Indiana 427,173 Midwest
24 Denver Colorado 415,786 West
25 San Antonio Texas 408,442 South
26 Memphis Tennessee 396,000 South
27 Oakland California 384,575 West
28 Columbus Ohio 375,901 Midwest
29 Portland Oregon 373,628 West
30 Louisville Kentucky 369,129 South
31 San Diego California 334,387 West
32 Rochester New York 332,488 Northeast
33 Atlanta Georgia 331,314 South
34 Birmingham Alabama 326,037 South
35 Saint Paul Minnesota 311,349 Midwest
36 Toledo Ohio 303,616 Midwest
37 Jersey City New Jersey 299,017 Northeast
38 Fort Worth Texas 278,778 South
39 Akron Ohio 274,605 Midwest
40 Omaha Nebraska 251,117 Midwest
41 Long Beach California 250,767 West
42 Miami Florida 249,276 South
43 Providence Rhode Island 248,674 Northeast
44 Dayton Ohio 243,872 Midwest
45 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 243,504 South
46 Richmond Virginia 230,310 South
47 Syracuse New York 220,583 Northeast
48 Norfolk Virginia 213,513 South
49 Jacksonville Florida 204,517 South
50 Worcester Massachusetts 203,486 Northeast
51 Tulsa Oklahoma 182,740 South
52 Salt Lake City Utah 182,121 West
53 Des Moines Iowa 177,965 Midwest
54 Hartford Connecticut 177,397 Northeast
55 Grand Rapids Michigan 176,515 Midwest
56 Nashville Tennessee 174,307 South
57 Youngstown Ohio 168,330 Midwest
58 Wichita Kansas 168,279 Midwest
59 New Haven Connecticut 164,443 Northeast
60 Flint Michigan 163,143 Midwest
61 Springfield Massachusetts 162,399 Northeast
62 Spokane Washington 161,721 West
63 Bridgeport Connecticut 158,709 Northeast
64 Yonkers New York 152,798 Northeast
65 Tacoma Washington 143,673 West
66 Paterson New Jersey 139,336 Northeast
67 Sacramento California 137,572 West
68 Arlington Virginia 135,449 South
69 Albany New York 134,995 Northeast
70 Charlotte North Carolina 134,042 South
71 Gary Indiana 133,911 Midwest
72 Fort Wayne Indiana 133,607 Midwest
73 Austin Texas 132,459 South
74 Chattanooga Tennessee 131,041 South
75 Erie Pennsylvania 130,803 Northeast
76 El Paso Texas 130,485 South
77 Kansas City Kansas 129,553 Midwest
78 Mobile Alabama 129,009 South
79 Evansville Indiana 128,636 Midwest
80 Trenton New Jersey 128,009 Northeast
81 Shreveport Louisiana 127,206 South
82 Baton Rouge Louisiana 125,629 South
83 Scranton Pennsylvania 125,536 Northeast
84 Knoxville Tennessee 124,769 South
85 Tampa Florida 124,681 South
86 Camden New Jersey 124,555 Northeast
87 Cambridge Massachusetts 120,740 Northeast
88 Savannah Georgia 119,638 South
89 Canton Ohio 116,912 Midwest
90 South Bend Indiana 115,911 Midwest
91 Berkeley California 113,805 West
92 Elizabeth New Jersey 112,817 Northeast
93 Fall River Massachusetts 111,963 Northeast
94 Peoria Illinois 111,856 Midwest
95 Wilmington Delaware 110,356 South
96 Reading Pennsylvania 109,320 Northeast
97 New Bedford Massachusetts 109,189 Northeast
98 Corpus Christi Texas 108,287 South
99 Phoenix Arizona 106,818 West
100 Allentown Pennsylvania 106,756 Northeast

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References

  1. "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  2. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. "The "72-Year Rule" - History". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  4. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  5. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.