1980 United States Census

Last updated

Twentieth Census
of the United States
  1970
1990  
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U.S. Census Bureau Seal
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Census Logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenApril 1, 1980
Total population226,545,805
Percent changeIncrease2.svg 11.4%
Most populous state California
23,667,902
Least populous state Alaska
401,851

The Twentieth United States Census , conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census. [1] It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

United States Census Decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: “Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States... according to their respective Numbers.... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years”. Section 2 of the 14th Amendment amended Article I, Section 2 to include that the "respective Numbers" of the "several States" will be determined by "counting the whole number of persons in each State... excluding Indians not taxed...” The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

An enumeration is a complete, ordered listing of all the items in a collection. The term is commonly used in mathematics and computer science to refer to a listing of all of the elements of a set. The precise requirements for an enumeration depend on the discipline of study and the context of a given problem.

Contents

Census questions

The 1980 census collected the following information from all respondents: [2]

It was the first census not to ask for the name of the "head of household." [3]

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1980 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1980 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

Microdata from the 1980 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2052. [4]

In the study of survey and census data, microdata is information at the level of individual respondents. For instance, a national census might collect age, home address, educational level, employment status, and many other variables, recorded separately for every person who responds; this is microdata.

In statistics, aggregate data are data combined from several measurements. When data is aggregated, groups of observations are replaced with summary statistics based on those observations.

The National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) is a historical GIS project to create and freely disseminate a database incorporating all available aggregate census information for the United States between 1790 and 2010. The project has created one of the largest collections in the world of statistical census information, much of which was not previously available to the research community because of legacy data formats and differences between metadata formats. The statistical and geographic data are disseminated free of charge through a sophisticated online data access system.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation
1Flag of California.svg  California 23,667,902
2Flag of New York.svg  New York 17,558,072
3Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 14,229,191
4Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 11,863,895
5Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 11,426,518
6Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 10,797,630
7Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg  Florida 9,746,324
8Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 9,262,078
9Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 7,364,823
10Flag of North Carolina (1885-1991).svg  North Carolina 5,881,766
11Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 5,737,037
12Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 5,490,224
13Flag of the State of Georgia (1956-2001).svg  Georgia 5,463,105
14Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 5,346,818
15Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 4,916,686
16Flag of Wisconsin (1913-1981).svg  Wisconsin 4,705,767
17Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 4,591,120
18Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 4,216,975
19Flag of Louisiana (1912-2006).svg  Louisiana 4,205,900
20Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 4,132,156
21Flag of Minnesota (1957-1983).svg  Minnesota 4,075,970
22Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 3,893,888
23Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 3,660,777
24Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 3,121,820
25Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 3,107,576
26Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988).svg  Oklahoma 3,025,290
27Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,913,808
28Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado 2,889,964
29Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 2,718,215
30Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 2,633,105
31Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png  Mississippi 2,520,638
32Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 2,363,679
33Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 2,286,435
34Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 1,949,644
35Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,569,825
36Flag of Utah (1913-2011).svg  Utah 1,461,037
37Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 1,302,894
38Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 1,124,660
39Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 964,691
40Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 947,154
41Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 943,935
42Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 920,610
43Flag of Nevada (1929-1991).svg  Nevada 800,493
44Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg  Montana 786,690
45Flag of South Dakota (1963-1992).svg  South Dakota 690,768
46Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 652,717
xFlag of Washington, D.C. (1938).svg  District of Columbia 638,333
47Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 594,338
48Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 511,456
49Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 469,557
50Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 401,851

Between the 1980 census and the 1990 census, the United States' population increased by approximately 22,164,837 or 9.8%.

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [5] Region (2016) [6]
01 New York New York 7,071,639 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,005,072 Midwest
03 Los Angeles California 2,966,850 West
04 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,688,210 Northeast
05 Houston Texas 1,595,138 South
06 Detroit Michigan 1,203,339 Midwest
07 Dallas Texas 904,078 South
08 San Diego California 875,538 West
09 Phoenix Arizona 789,704 West
10 Baltimore Maryland 786,775 South
11 San Antonio Texas 785,880 South
12 Indianapolis Indiana 700,807 Midwest
13 San Francisco California 678,974 West
14 Memphis Tennessee 646,356 South
15 Washington District of Columbia 638,333 South
16 Milwaukee Wisconsin 636,212 Midwest
17 San Jose California 629,442 West
18 Cleveland Ohio 573,822 Midwest
19 Columbus Ohio 564,871 Midwest
20 Boston Massachusetts 562,994 Northeast
21 New Orleans Louisiana 557,515 South
22 Jacksonville Florida 540,920 South
23 Seattle Washington 493,846 West
24 Denver Colorado 492,365 West
25 Nashville-Davidson Tennessee 455,651 South
26 St. Louis Missouri 453,085 Midwest
27 Kansas City Missouri 448,159 Midwest
28 El Paso Texas 425,259 South
29 Atlanta Georgia 425,022 South
30 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 423,938 Northeast
31 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 403,213 South
32 Cincinnati Ohio 385,457 Midwest
33 Fort Worth Texas 385,164 South
34 Minneapolis Minnesota 370,951 Midwest
35 Portland Oregon 366,383 West
36 Honolulu Hawaii 365,048 West
37 Long Beach California 361,334 West
38 Tulsa Oklahoma 360,919 South
39 Buffalo New York 357,870 Northeast
40 Toledo Ohio 354,635 Midwest
41 Miami Florida 346,865 South
42 Austin Texas 345,496 South
43 Oakland California 339,337 West
44 Albuquerque New Mexico 331,767 West
45 Tucson Arizona 330,537 West
46 Newark New Jersey 329,248 Northeast
47 Charlotte North Carolina 314,447 South
48 Omaha Nebraska 314,255 Midwest
49 Louisville Kentucky 298,451 South
50 Birmingham Alabama 284,413 South
51 Wichita Kansas 279,272 Midwest
52 Sacramento California 275,741 West
53 Tampa Florida 271,523 South
54 Saint Paul Minnesota 270,230 Midwest
55 Norfolk Virginia 266,979 South
56 Virginia Beach Virginia 262,199 South
57 Rochester New York 241,741 Northeast
58 St. Petersburg Florida 238,647 South
59 Akron Ohio 237,177 Midwest
60 Corpus Christi Texas 231,999 South
61 Jersey City New Jersey 223,532 Northeast
62 Baton Rouge Louisiana 219,419 South
63 Anaheim California 219,311 West
64 Richmond Virginia 219,214 South
65 Fresno California 218,202 West
66 Colorado Springs Colorado 215,150 West
67 Shreveport Louisiana 205,820 South
68 Lexington-Fayette Kentucky 204,165 South
69 Santa Ana California 203,713 West
70 Dayton Ohio 203,371 Midwest
71 Jackson Mississippi 202,895 South
72 Mobile Alabama 200,452 South
73 Yonkers New York 195,351 Northeast
74 Des Moines Iowa 191,003 Midwest
75 Grand Rapids Michigan 181,843 Midwest
76 Montgomery Alabama 177,857 South
77 Knoxville Tennessee 175,030 South
78 Anchorage Alaska 174,431 West
79 Lubbock Texas 173,979 South
80 Fort Wayne Indiana 172,196 Midwest
81 Lincoln Nebraska 171,932 Midwest
82 Spokane Washington 171,300 West
83 Riverside California 170,876 West
84 Madison Wisconsin 170,616 Midwest
85 Huntington Beach California 170,505 West
86 Syracuse New York 170,105 Northeast
87 Chattanooga Tennessee 169,565 South
88 Columbus Georgia 169,441 South
89 Las Vegas Nevada 164,674 West
90 Metairie Louisiana 164,160 South
91 Salt Lake City Utah 163,033 West
92 Worcester Massachusetts 161,799 Northeast
93 Warren Michigan 161,134 Midwest
94 Kansas City Kansas 161,087 Midwest
95 Arlington Texas 160,113 South
96 Flint Michigan 159,611 Midwest
97 Aurora Colorado 158,588 West
98 Tacoma Washington 158,501 West
99 Little Rock Arkansas 158,461 South
100 Providence Rhode Island 156,804 Northeast

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References

  1. "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  2. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 46 (p. 52 of PDF). Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s . New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 246. ISBN   0-465-04195-7.
  4. PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff. "The "72-Year Rule" – History – U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  5. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  6. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.