2001 Census of India

Last updated

14th Census of India

  1991
2011  

General information
CountryIndia
Results
Total population1,028,737,436 (21.5%)

The 2001 Census of India was the 14th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871. [1]

Contents

The population of India was counted as 1,028,737,436 consisting of 532,223,090 males and 496,514,346 females. [2] Total population increased by 182,310,397, 21.5% more than the 846,427,039 people counted during the 1991 census. [3]

Religious demographics

Hindus comprise 82.75 crore (80.45%) and Muslims were 13.8 crore (13.4%) in 2001 census. [4] [5] Census 2001 showed 108 faiths under the head "Other Religions and Persuasion" (ORP) in India. [6] 700,000 people did not state their religion. [7]

Population trends for major religious groups in India(2001)
Religious
group
Population
% 2001
Hindu 80.45%
Muslim 13.4%
Christian 2.34%
Sikh 1.89%
Buddhist 0.74%
Animist, others0.43%
Jain 0.46%

Language demographics

Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern parts of India. The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of "Hindi" as a broad variety of "Hindi languages". According to 2001 Census, 53.6% of Indian population know Hindi, in which 41% of them have declared Hindi as their native language or mother tongue. [8] [9] [10] English is known to 12.18% Indians in the 2001 census. The number of bilingual speakers in India is 25.50 crore, which is 24.8% of the population in 2001. [11] India (780) has the world's second highest number of languages, after Papua New Guinea (839). [12]

First, second, and third languages by number of speakers in India (2001 Census)
LanguageFirst language
speakers [13] [14]
First language
speakers as a percentage

of total population [15]

Second language
speakers [14]
Third language
speakers [14]
Total speakers [16] [14] Total speakers as a percentage of total population [15]
Hindi 422,048,64241.0398,207,18031,160,696551,416,51853.60
English 226,4490.0286,125,22138,993,066125,344,73612.18
Bengali 83,369,7698.106,637,2221,108,08891,115,0798.86
Telugu 74,002,8567.199,723,6261,266,01984,992,5018.26
Marathi 71,936,8946.999,546,4142,701,49884,184,8068.18
Tamil 60,793,8145.914,992,253956,33566,742,4026.49
Urdu 51,536,1115.016,535,4891,007,91259,079,5125.74
Kannada 37,924,0113.6911,455,2871,396,42850,775,7264.94
Gujarati 46,091,6174.483,476,355703,98950,271,9614.89
Odia 33,017,4463.213,272,151319,52536,609,1223.56
Malayalam 33,066,3923.21499,188195,88533,761,4653.28
Sanskrit 14,135<0.011,234,9313,742,2234,991,2890.49

Graphical summaries

See also

Related Research Articles

Demographics of India Aspect of human geography in India

India is the second most populated country in the world with nearly a fifth of the world's population. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the population stood at 1,352,642,280.

Languages of India Languages spoken in the Republic of India

Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 78.05% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 19.64% of Indians. Languages spoken by the remaining 2.31% of the population belong to the Austroasiatic, Sino–Tibetan, Tai–Kadai and a few other minor language families and isolates. India has the world's fourth highest number of languages (447), after Nigeria (524), Indonesia (710) and Papua New Guinea (840).

The Punjabis or the Punjabi people, are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group associated with the Punjab region in South Asia, specifically in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent presently divided between Pakistani Punjab and Indian Punjab. They speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family. The term Punjab literally means the land of five waters in Persian: panj ("five") āb ("waters"). The name of the region was introduced by the Turko-Persian conquerors of the Indian subcontinent. The Punjabis are the 7th largest ethnic group in the world by total population.

Hindi Belt Linguistic region within India where Hindi dialects are spoken

The Hindi Belt is a linguistic region encompassing parts of northern, central, eastern and western India where various Central Indo-Aryan languages subsumed under the term 'Hindi' are spoken. The Hindi belt is sometimes also used to refer to nine Indian states whose official language is Standard Hindi, namely Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and the union territory of Chandigarh and the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is also referred as the Hindi-Urdu Belt by some writers.

Azamgarh district District in Uttar Pradesh, India

Azamgarh district is one of the three districts of Azamgarh division in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Nainital district District of Uttarakhand in India

Nainital district is a district of Uttarakhand state, India. The headquarters is at Nainital.

Religion in India Different types of Religions in the modern nation of India

Religion in India is characterised by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. The preamble of the Indian constitution states that India is a secular state. The Indian subcontinent is the birthplace of four of the world's major religions: namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism—collectively known as Indian religions that believe Moksha is the most supreme state of the Ātman (soul). According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population of India practices Hinduism, 14.2% adheres to Islam, 2.3% adheres to Christianity, 1.72% adheres to Sikhism, 0.7% adheres to Buddhism, and 0.37% adheres to Jainism. Zoroastrianism, Yungdrung Bon, the Baháʼí Faith, Sanamahism, and Judaism also have a history in India, and each has at least several thousand adherents in India.

Karnataka, with a total population of 61,100,000, is one of the major states in South India. Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. Other linguistic minorities in the state are Tulu, Kodava, Konkani and Urdu. Karnataka is also in the forefront of population control measures with the world's first two birth control clinics being set up in 1930 in the Mandya district.

This is a list of states and territories of India by number of people for whom Tamil is their mother tongue.

The demographics of Uttar Pradesh is a complex topic, which is undergoing dynamic change. Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state. It has a population of about 199,812,341 as per the 2011 census. If it were a separate country, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous nation, next only to China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. Uttar Pradesh has a population more than that of Pakistan. There is an average population density of 828 persons per km² i.e. 2,146 per sq mi. The capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow, and Allahabad serves as the state’s judicial capital. Hindus and Muslims both consider the state as a holy place.

According to the 2011 Census of India, Punjab, India has a population of around 27.7 million.

This is a list of States and Union Territories of India by Bengali speakers at the time of the 2011 Census.

2011 Census of India 15th Indian Census

The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration. House listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of information about all buildings. Information for National Population Register (NPR) was also collected in the first phase, which will be used to issue a 12-digit unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011. Census has been conducted in India since 1872 and 2011 marks the first time biometric information was collected. According to the provisional reports released on 31 March 2011, the Indian population increased to 1.21 billion with a decadal growth of 17.70%. Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth of 9.21%. The motto of the census was 'Our Census, Our future'.

Chennai, along with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. According to the 2011 census Chennai then had a total population of 4,681,087 at a density of 26,902 per square kilometre; the sex ratio was 986 and literacy rate was 90.33%. The most widely spoken languages are Tamil and English. Hinduism is followed by a majority of the populace followed by Islam and Christianity. Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism are other religions practiced.

The 1951 Census of India was the 9th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1872. It is also the first census after independence and Partition of India. 1951 census was also the first census to be conducted under 1948 Census of India Act.

Chennai is religiously cosmopolitan, with its denizens following various religions, chief among them being Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism. Chennai, along with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. With the majority of the people in India following Hinduism, Chennai, like other Indian cities, is home to more Hindus than any other religion. Chennai has centres of worship for a multitude of faiths. According to 2001 census, majority of the population are Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Jains, Sikhs, and Buddhists.

The 1991 Census of India was the 13th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1872.

The Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC) was conducted for the 2011 Census of India. The Manmohan Singh government approved the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 to be carried out after discussion in both houses of Parliament in 2010. The SECC 2011 was conducted in all states and union territories of India and the first findings were revealed on 3 July 2015 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. SECC 2011 is also the first paperless census in India conducted on hand-held electronic devices by the government in 640 districts. The rural development ministry has taken a decision to use the SECC data in all its programmes such as MGNREGA, National Food Security Act, and the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana. SECC 2011 was the first caste-based census since 1931 Census of India, and it was launched on 29 June 2011 from the Sankhola village of Hazemara block in West Tripura district.

References

  1. Vijayanunni, M. (26–29 August 1998). "Planning for the 2001 Census of India based on the 1991 Census" (PDF). 18th Population Census Conference. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Association of National Census and Statistics Directors of America, Asia, and the Pacific. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  2. "Home/Census Data 2001/India at a glance". New Delhi: Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. 2001. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  3. "Home/Census Data 2001/India at a glance". New Delhi: Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. 2001. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  4. Abantika Ghosh , Vijaita Singh (24 January 2015). "Census: Hindu share dips below 80%, Muslim share grows but slower". Indian Express.
  5. "With current trends, it will take 220 years for India's Muslim population to equal Hindu numbers".
  6. "Fewer minor faiths in India now, finds Census; number of their adherents up".
  7. "Indian rationalism, Charvaka to Narendra Dabholkar".
  8. "These four charts break down India's complex relationship with Hindi".
  9. "Nearly 60% of Indians speak a language other than Hindi".
  10. 2001 census data
  11. "Hindi migrants speaking Marathi rise to 60 lakh".
  12. "Seven decades after Independence, many small languages in India face extinction threat".
  13. ORGI. "Census of India: Comparative speaker's strength of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001".
  14. 1 2 3 4 S, Rukmini. "Sanskrit and English: there's no competition".
  15. 1 2 http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/India_at_glance/popu1.aspx
  16. "Indiaspeak: English is our 2nd language". The Times of India.