ANF Industrie

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Coordinates: 50°24′26″N3°39′44″E / 50.407103°N 3.662347°E / 50.407103; 3.662347

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Contents

Ateliers de Construction du Nord de la France
ANF Industrie
IndustryRail vehicles
Founded1882
Headquarters
Crespin
,
France

Ateliers de Construction du Nord de la France was a French locomotive manufacturer, based at Crespin in the Arrondissement of Valenciennes, northern France. Later known as ANF Industrie or ANF the company was acquired by Bombardier Transportation in 1989 and is now part of Bombardier Transport France S.A.S.

Crespin, Nord Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Crespin is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. The town of Crespin was founded in 648 with the building of the Crespin Abbey by Saint Landelin.

Arrondissement of Valenciennes Arrondissement in Hauts-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Valenciennes is an arrondissement of France in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region. It has 82 communes.

Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry. Bombardier Transportation is headquartered in Berlin. There are many regional offices, production and development facilities worldwide.

History

ANF builders plate on preserved tram locomotives Ndeg60 of the Tramways de la Sarthe Blanc Misseron - Plaque de constructeur BiCabine TS N60.JPG
ANF builders plate on preserved tram locomotives N°60 of the Tramways de la Sarthe

Les Ateliers de Construction du Nord de la France (The Construction Workshops in the North of France) was founded in 1882 as a subsidiary of Franco-Belgian company La Métallurgique. [1] [2] [n 1] The company was established to avoid import tariffs imposed in 1881 in France on goods imported from Belgium. [5]

In 1908 the company merged with and absorbed Société Nicaise et Delcuve (based in La Louvière, Belgium), and was renamed Ateliers du Nord de la France et Nicaise et Delcuve by 1910. [4]

La Louvière Municipality in French Community, Belgium

La Louvière is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. La Louvière's municipality includes the old communes of Haine-Saint-Paul, Haine-Saint-Pierre, Saint-Vaast, Trivières, Boussoit, Houdeng-Aimeries, Houdeng-Gœgnies, Maurage, and Strépy-Bracquegnies. La Louvière is the capital of the Centre region, a former coal mining area in the sillon industriel, between the Borinage to the West and the Pays Noir to the East.

In 1913 the Trust Métallurgique Belge-Français reorganised; the factories in La Louvière, Belgium (the former Nicaise et Delcuve) were combined with other of the Trust Métallurgique Belge-Français interests in Belgian industry (including La Société la Brugeoise) to form La Société La Brugeoise et Nicaise et Delcuve , [6] and the Ateliers du Nord de la France became an entirely French concern. [4]

During World War One the factory was occupied by the Germans, and its material removed to Germany. Post war the factory was rebuilt and its machinery recovered. By 1928 production had reached pre-war levels and employed around 4000 people. The Great Depression caused a reduction in the workforce to half previous, and a similar decrease in production. [7]

Great Depression 20th-century worldwide economic depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries, it started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.

In 1934 the company acquired part of the shares of Sambre et Meuse, which became an important manufacturer of cast steel parts for rolling stock (i.e. bogies). [8]

During the Second World War the main ANF plant at Blanc-Misseron initially produced orders for military use, and was later occupied by the German forces. The plant was a target of Allied bombing in 1944 due to its use in keeping the rail network in occupied territory running. [9]

In 1970 ANF Industrie produced the Turbotrain, a high-speed gas turbine train. It saw limited success due to the oil crisis of the late 1970s, and was overshadowed by the TGV. [10]

Between 1986 and 1988, the 425 R68 New York City Subway Cars were manufactured by Westinghouse Amrail Company, a joint venture of Westinghouse and Francorail (itself a joint venture of ANF Industrie, Jeumont Schneider, and Alsthom), with ANF Industrie as leader. [11]

In 1987 the Francorail industrial association ended, due to the transfer of Schneider group's railway activities to Alsthom; the resultant isolation of ANF within the railway sector led to its acquisition by Bombardier in 1989. [12] [13]

In November 2001 after the acquisition of Adtranz, Bombardier indicated that the plant would be one of three main sites in Europe for bogie manufacture, and a core site for final assembly. [14] Bombardier has made the plant one of its key production sites with over 2000 employees (2010), and claims an investment of over €500 million. The site accounts for around one third of French domestic passenger rail production. [15]

See also

Notes

  1. La Métallurgique was founded in 1880, it was succeeded by Trust Métallurgique Belge-Français in 1899/1900. [3] [4]

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References

  1. Piers Connor. "DISTRICT ELECTRIC TRAINS 3 – FROM A TO B" (PDF). lurs.org.uk. London Underground Railway Society (LURS). p. 11.
  2. Paloma Fernández Pérez (2007). Del metal al motor: innovación y atraso en la historia de la industria metal-mecánica española (in Spanish). Fundacion BBVA. p. 292.
  3. Odette Hardy-Hémery (1985). Industries, patronat et ouvriers du Valenciennois pendant le premier XXème siècle: développements et restructurations capitalistes a l'âge du charbon et de l'acier (in French). 1. Atelier national de reproduction des thèses, Université Lille III. p. 226.
  4. 1 2 3 Marie-Thérèse Bitsch (1994). La Belgique entre la France et l'Allemagne, 1905-1914 (in French). Publications de la Sorbonne. pp. 232–3.
  5. René Fruit (1963), La croissance économique du pays de Saint-Amand (Nord) 1668-1914 (in French), A. Colin, footnote 161, p.230
  6. A forerunner of the Belgian rail vehicle manufacturing company La Brugeoise et Nivelles
  7. d'Ambrières 2011, §3-4.
  8. d'Ambrières 2011, §5.
  9. d'Ambrières 2011, §8.
  10. d'Ambrières 2011, §24-26.
  11. Sources:
    • Mass Transit, 14, 1987, p. 10
    • "NYCTA Gets Last Of R68s", Modern Railroads, 43 (12–23): 16, 1988
  12. d'Ambrières 2011, §30.
  13. "Bombardier Transportation - A Global Transportation Leader" (PDF). Japan Railway & Transport Review (42). December 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
  14. "Bombardier Sets Course for the Future With New European Passenger-Vehicle Manufacturing Network Strategy", www.thefreelibrary.com, Business Wire, 13 November 2001
  15. Sources:

Sources