Barlavento Islands

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Coordinates: 17°00′N24°00′W / 17.000°N 24.000°W / 17.000; -24.000

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Barlavento islands (yellow) within Cape Verde Cape Verde Barlavento Lage.png
Barlavento islands (yellow) within Cape Verde
Barlavento Islands Ilhas do Barlavento.png
Barlavento Islands

The Barlavento Islands (Portuguese: Ilhas de Barlavento, literally, the Windward Islands) is the northern group of the Cape Verde archipelago. [1] It presents as two sub-groups:

The total land mass is 2,239 km2 (864 sq mi). [1] Spanning from longitude -22.67 to -25.36 (implying west of the Prime Meridian), the group sits in the Trade winds, specifically at the optional southern turn or tack termed by European sailors a key point of the Volta do Mar. The islands are west of Cap-Vert at -17.31 west, in turn the westernmost point of Africa on the outskirts of Dakar (the capital of Senegal).

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Notes

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Brava, Cape Verde Island of Cape Verde

Brava is an island in Cape Verde, in the Sotavento group. At 62.5 km2 (24.1 sq mi), it is the smallest inhabited island of the Cape Verde archipelago, but at the same time the greenest. First settled in the early 16th century, its population grew after Mount Fogo on neighbouring Fogo erupted in 1680. For more than a century, its main industry was whaling, but the island economy is now primarily agricultural.

Santa Luzia, Cape Verde Island of Cape Verde

Santa Luzia is an island of the Barlavento archipelago in Cape Verde located between São Nicolau and São Vicente, the channel of Santa Luzia separates the island of São Vicente and is 8 km wide. The area is 34.2 km². Like all Cape Verdean islands, it is of volcanic origin. The highest point is Topona. Santa Luzia is 12.4 km long and 5.3 km wide.

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Sotavento Islands Island group of the Cape Verde archipelago

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Ilhéu Raso Island of Cape Verde

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Ilhéu Branco Island of Cape Verde

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The license plates in Cape Verde have been derived from the former colonial power Portugal.

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Hurricane Fred (2015) Atlantic hurricane

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Don Luis Lighthouse Lighthouse in Cape Verde

Farol de D. Luis is a lighthouse on the islet of Ilhéu dos Pássaros, 1.3 km off the coast of the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde. It lies at the entrance to the Porto Grande Bay from the Canal de São Vicente, the strait between São Vicente and Santo Antão. The lighthouse sits atop the highest point of the islet, and is connected to the keepers house halfway down the slope by a stairway. The lighthouse was built around 1882, and was named after king Luís I of Portugal. It is a white hexagonal tower with a small lantern, total height five metres. Its focal height is 86 metres, and its range is 14 nmi.

References

  1. 1 2 Valor simbólico do centro histórico da Praia, Lourenço Conceição Gomes, Universidade Portucalense, 2008, p. 58-59

Further reading