Bushmills

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Bushmills
Bushmills town centre.jpg
United Kingdom Northern Ireland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Northern Ireland
Population1,295 (2001 Census)
District
County
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BUSHMILLS
Postcode district BT57
Dialling code 028
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Antrim
55°12′13″N6°31′24″W / 55.2037°N 6.5232°W / 55.2037; -6.5232 Coordinates: 55°12′13″N6°31′24″W / 55.2037°N 6.5232°W / 55.2037; -6.5232

Bushmills (From Irish Muileann na Buaise [2] ) is a village on the north coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Bushmills had 1,295 inhabitants in the 2011 Census. It is located 60 miles (97 km) from Belfast, 11 miles (18 km) from Ballycastle and 9 miles (14 km) from Coleraine. The village owes its name to the River Bush and to a large watermill that was built there in the early 17th century. [2] It is home to the Old Bushmills Distillery, which produces Irish whiskey, and is near the Giant's Causeway.

Contents

Bushmills in the early 20th century Street in Bushmills, Co. Antrim (16740238256).jpg
Bushmills in the early 20th century

Demography

Bushmills is classified as a village by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). [3] On Census day (27 March 2011) there were 1,295 people living in Bushmills. [4] Of these:

Places of interest

The village is best known as the location of the Old Bushmills Distillery. The distillery's products include the Bushmills Original and Black Bush blends, as well as the 10-, 12-, 16-, and 21-year-old Bushmills Single Malts. To celebrate the 400th anniversary of distilling starting in the area the distillery released a unique whiskey called the "1608" which included crystal malt. The distillery draws its water, not from the River Bush itself, but from a tributary known as Saint Columbs Rill.

The Giant's Causeway, which attracts over two million visitors per year, is located 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the town.

Transport

Bushmills railway station opened on 28 January 1883, but finally closed on 1 October 1949. [5] There is a narrow-gauge steam train running in the summer from Bushmills to the Giant's Causeway.

Bushmills Station with a steam locomotive on the 3 ft gauge track. Bushmills Station - geograph.org.uk - 358153.jpg
Bushmills Station with a steam locomotive on the 3 ft gauge track.

The Belfast-Derry railway line run by Northern Ireland Railways connects to Coleraine and along the branch line to Portrush. Local Ulsterbus provides connections to the railway stations. There is a scenic walk of 7 miles from Portrush alongside Dunluce Castle and the Giant's Causeway and Bushmills Railway.

Twin towns

Bushmills is twinned with Louisville, Kentucky, in the United States. [6]

Education

Schools in the area include Dunluce School and Bushmills Primary School.

Churches

There are a few churches in the village:

People

Bushmills was the location of one of the five Consol Navigation System transmitter stations in the years following the Second World War. [7]

Related Research Articles

County Antrim County in Northern Ireland

County Antrim is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,046 square kilometres (1,176 sq mi) and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster.

County Londonderry County in Ireland

County Londonderry, also known as County Derry, is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland, one of the thirty two counties of Ireland and one of the nine counties of Ulster. Before the partition of Ireland, it was one of the counties of the Kingdom of Ireland from 1613 onward and then of the United Kingdom after the Acts of Union 1800. Adjoining the north-west shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 2,074 km2 and today has a population of about 247,132.

Limavady Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Limavady is a market town in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, with Binevenagh as a backdrop. Lying 17 miles (27 km) east of Derry and 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Coleraine, Limavady had a population of 12,032 people at the 2011 Census. In the 40 years between 1971 and 2011, Limavady's population nearly doubled. Limavady is within Causeway Coast and Glens Borough.

Giants Causeway

The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic fissure eruption. It is located in County Antrim on the north coast of Northern Ireland, about three miles (4.8 km) northeast of the town of Bushmills.

Coleraine Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Coleraine is a town and civil parish near the mouth of the River Bann in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is 55 miles (88.5 km) northwest of Belfast and 30 miles (48.3 km) east of Derry, both of which are linked by major roads and railway connections. It is part of Causeway Coast and Glens district.

Portrush Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Portrush is a small seaside resort town on the north coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It neighbours the resort of Portstewart. The main part of the old town, including the railway station as well as most hotels, restaurants and bars, is built on a mile–long peninsula, Ramore Head. It had a population of 6,454 people at the 2011 Census. In the off-season, Portrush is a dormitory town for the nearby campus of the University of Ulster at Coleraine.

Portstewart Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Portstewart is a small town in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It had a population of 8,003 people in the 2011 Census. It is a seaside resort neighbouring Portrush. Its harbour and scenic coastal paths form an Atlantic promenade leading to a two-miles beach, popular with holidaymakers in summer and surfers year-round.

Moyle District Council Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Moyle District Council was a local council in County Antrim in the northeast of Northern Ireland. It merged with Ballymoney Borough Council, Coleraine Borough Council and Limavady Borough Council in May 2015 under local government reorganisation to become Causeway Coast and Glens District Council.

Giants Causeway and Bushmills Railway

The Giant's Causeway and Bushmills Railway (GC&BR) is a 3 ft narrow gauge heritage railway operating between the Giant's Causeway and Bushmills on the coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland. The line is two miles (3.2 km) long.

Ballymoney Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Ballymoney is a small town and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is within the Causeway Coast and Glens Borough Council area. The civil parish of Ballymoney is situated in the historic baronies of Dunluce Upper and Kilconway in County Antrim, and the barony of North East Liberties of Coleraine in County Londonderry. It had a population of 10,402 people in the 2011 Census.

Old Bushmills Distillery

The Old Bushmills Distillery is a distillery in Bushmills, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, owned by Casa Cuervo of Mexico. Bushmills Distillery uses water drawn from Saint Columb's Rill, which is a tributary of the River Bush. The distillery is a popular tourist attraction, with around 120,000 visitors per year.

Giants Causeway Tramway

The Giant's Causeway Tramway, operated by the Giant's Causeway, Portrush and Bush Valley Railway & Tramway Company Ltd, was a pioneering 3 ft narrow gauge electric railway operating between Portrush and the Giant's Causeway on the coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland. The line, 9+14 miles (14.9 km) long, was hailed at its opening as "the first long electric tramway in the world". The Giant's Causeway and Bushmills Railway today operates diesel and steam tourist trains over part of the Tramway's former course.

Dunluce Castle Medieval castle on coast of Northern Ireland

Dunluce Castle is a now-ruined medieval castle in Northern Ireland, the seat of Clan McDonnell. It is located on the edge of a basalt outcropping in County Antrim, and is accessible via a bridge connecting it to the mainland. The castle is surrounded by extremely steep drops on either side, which may have been an important factor to the early Christians and Vikings who were drawn to this place where an early Irish fort once stood.

Macosquin Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Macosquin is a small village, townland, and civil parish in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south-west of Coleraine, on the road to Limavady. In the 2011 Census it had a population of 614 people. The area is known for its caves and springs. It is situated within Causeway Coast and Glens district.

Portballintrae Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Portballintrae is a small seaside village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is four miles east of Portrush and two miles west of the Giant's Causeway. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 734 people, a decline of 10% compared to 1991. It lies within the Causeway Coast and Glens District Council area.

Portrush railway station

Portrush railway station is the terminus of the Coleraine-Portrush railway line and serves the seaside town of Portrush, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

Ulster University at Coleraine Campus of the University of Ulster

The Ulster University at Coleraine is a campus of Ulster University in Coleraine, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It houses the administrative headquarters of the university and is the most traditional in outlook, with a focus on science and the humanities. It was founded in 1968 as the New University of Ulster and was later known as the University of Ulster at Coleraine until October 2014 when it was rebranded with the rest of the university to be known as Ulster University at Coleraine. The Coleraine campus is situated on the banks of the River Bann in Coleraine with views to the Causeway Coast and the hills of County Donegal to the West.

Causeway Coast and Glens Local government district in Northern Ireland

Causeway Coast and Glens is a local government district covering most of the northern part of Northern Ireland. It was created on 1 April 2015 by merging the Borough of Ballymoney, the Borough of Coleraine, the Borough of Limavady and the District of Moyle. The local authority is Causeway Coast and Glens Borough Council.

Dunluce Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Dunluce Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its north runs the north-Antrim coast, and it is bordered by three other baronies: Dunluce Upper to the south, Cary to the east, and the North East Liberties of Coleraine to the west. The River Bush flows through this barony. Dunluce Lower also formed the northern part of the medieval territory known as the Route.

Saint Columb's Rill is a tributary of the much more famous River Bush in Northern Ireland. This 'rill' or rivulet is really a small stream that rises in bog land approximately five miles southeast of the village of Bushmills in County Antrim. The rill is named after the patron saint of Derry.

References

  1. Dunluce Castle US NI Department of the Environment. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 Placenames Database of Ireland
  3. NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (ie with a population between 1,000 and 2,250 people.)
  4. NI Neighbourhood Information Service
  5. "Bushmills station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  6. "Sister Cities Online Directory: UK, Europe Archived April 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine ." Sister Cities International. Retrieved on March 26, 2007.
  7. "Dolphin Mk 3 Technical Manual" (PDF). Retrieved 21 May 2013.