Canmore (database)

Last updated

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General information
Type Online database
Affiliation Historic Environment Scotland
Collection size
    • 320,000 historic sites
    • 1.3 million catalogue entries

Canmore is an online database of information on over 320,000 archaeological sites, monuments, and buildings in Scotland. It was begun by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Historic Environment Scotland has maintained it since 2015. The Canmore database is part of the National Record of the Historic Environment (or NRHE), [1] formerly the National Monuments Record of Scotland (or NMRS) and contains around 1.3 million catalogue entries. [2] [3] It includes marine monuments and designated official wreck sites (those that fall under the Protection of Wrecks Act), such as the wreck of HMS Pheasant (1916). [4] [5]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scheduled monument</span> Legally protected archaeological site or historic building in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a nationally important archaeological site or historic building, given protection against unauthorised change.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Listed building</span> Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, a listed building or listed structure is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

Each county or unitary authority in the United Kingdom maintains a sites and monuments record or SMR, consisting of a list of known archaeological sites. Many SMRs are now developing into much broader historic environment records (HERs), including information on historic buildings and designed landscapes. Each record lists the location, type and period of site, along with a brief description and information on the location of more detailed sources of information such as site reports. This information is most commonly used to help inform decisions on the likelihood of new development affecting archaeological deposits. Government guidance requires local authorities to consider archaeology a material consideration in determining planning applications and the SMR aids this consideration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland</span> 1908–2015 Scottish government agency

The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) was an executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government that was "sponsored" [financed and with oversight] through Historic Scotland, an executive agency of the Scottish Government.

The National Monuments Record of Scotland (NMRS) was the term used for the archive of the sites, monuments and buildings of Scotland's past maintained by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The Commission was originally established by Royal Warrant in the reign of George VI "to make an inventory of the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions connected with or illustrative of the contemporary culture, civilization and conditions of life of the people in Scotland from the earliest times to the year 1707, and to specify those which seem most worthy of preservation."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Protection of Wrecks Act 1973</span> UK legislation on conservation of shipwrecks

The Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which provides protection for designated shipwrecks.

HMS <i>Dartmouth</i> (1655)

HMS Dartmouth was a small frigate or fifth-rate ship, one of six ordered by the English Council of State on 28 December 1654, and built in 1655.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calve Island</span> Uninhabited island on the west coast of Scotland

Calve Island is an uninhabited low-lying island off the east coast of the Isle of Mull in Argyll and Bute on the west coast of Scotland. A whitewashed farmhouse with substantial outbuildings stands on the western shore, used as a summer residence. The island is 1+14 miles in length, and 12 mile wide at its widest point. Calve is owned by the Cotton family who make use of it in the summer months.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boddam, Shetland</span> Human settlement in Scotland

Boddam is a village on the island of Mainland, in Shetland, Scotland.

An annual Heritage at Risk Register is published by Historic England. The survey is used by national and local government, a wide range of individuals and heritage groups to establish the extent of risk and to help assess priorities for action and funding decisions. This heritage-at-risk data is one of the UK government's official statistics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cairn Catto</span> Neolithic long cairn

Cairn Catto is a Neolithic long cairn near the village of Longside, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Historic Environment Scotland established the site as a scheduled monument in 1973.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sound of Mull</span> Sound between the Inner Hebridean island of Mull and mainland Scotland

The Sound of Mull is a sound between the Inner Hebridean island of Mull and mainland Scotland. It forms part of the Atlantic Ocean.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Innes McCartney</span> British nautical archaeologist

Innes McCartney is a British nautical archaeologist and historian. He is a Visiting Fellow at Bournemouth University in the UK.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Historic Environment Scotland</span> Scottish government agency

Historic Environment Scotland (HES) is an executive non-departmental public body responsible for investigating, caring for and promoting Scotland's historic environment. HES was formed in 2015 from the merger of government agency Historic Scotland with the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS). Among other duties, Historic Environment Scotland maintains more than 300 properties of national importance including Edinburgh Castle, Skara Brae and Fort George.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tofts Ness</span> Prehistoric settlement on Sanday, Orkney, Scotland

Tofts Ness is a peninsula located on the north-east tip of the island of Sanday in Orkney, Scotland. It encompasses a prehistoric site which shows evidence of human occupation beginning in the late Neolithic Age and continuing through the Iron Age. The scheduled monument consists of mounds, cairns, enclosures, ancient soils and structural remains. Tofts Ness is also the location of multiple shipwrecks.


  1. "National Record of the Historic Environment". Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  2. "About the Database". Canmore Website. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  3. "A guide to the Canmore Database" (PDF). Scotlands Rural Past. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  4. "Canmore Database". Marine Scotland . Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  5. "HMS Pheasant". Canmore Website. Retrieved 10 October 2016.