Christopher David Garner
9 November 1941
|Alma mater||University of Nottingham|
|Fields||Biological Inorganic Chemistry|
|Thesis||Crystal structures of Group IV metal nitrates (1966)|
|Doctoral advisor||Clive Addison[ citation needed ]|
|Doctoral students||Jim Naismith|
Christopher David Garner FRSC FRS (born 9 November 1941) is a retired British chemist, whose research work was in the growing field of Biological Inorganic Chemistry. His research primarily focussed on the role of transition metal elements in biological processes, for which he published over 400 original papers and reviews on the topic.His specific interests lie in the roles of Molybdenum and Tungsten as the metal centres in various enzyme cofactors based on the molybdopterin molecule.
As well as his research work, Garner has also been a very prominent member of the Royal Society of Chemistry, for which he has been a member of the council for many years and served as President from 2008 to 2010.
Garner was educated at Cheadle Hulme Warehousemen & Clerk's Orphans' School [ citation needed ] subsequently earned his PhD for his work on the "Crystal structures of Group IV metal nitrates" in 1966.and studied for his undergraduate degree at the University of Nottingham, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree with First Class Honours in 1963. Under the supervision of Clive Addison
Following his graduation, Garner took up a post-doctoral research fellowship at the California Institute of Technology for one year, before returning to the UK to take up a post as the ICI Research Fellow at the University of Nottingham. He was then subsequently appointed as a lecturer in chemistry at the University of Manchester in 1968, and rose through the ranks to senior lecturer (1978), and finally appointed Professor of Inorganic Chemistry in 1984. Garner was appointed as the Head of the School of Chemistry from 1988 to 1996, and served as a member of the University Court from 1995 to 1999, and as a member of the University Council from 1996 to 1999.
In 1998, Garner took up the post of Professor of Biological Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Nottingham, a post which he held until his retirement in 2010. As such he now holds the post of Professor Emeritus.From 2011 to 2017 he served as Editor for the Royal Society journal, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A .
Garner has also held the following posts in various establishments around the world:
Discussion held during the METBIO programme resulted in the creation of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, for which Garner was the Founding President from 1996 to 1998, and also the creation of its official journal, the Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry .
Garner has received numerous awards and honours including:
His nomination for the Royal Society reads:
Distinguished for his development of the coordination chemistry of the transition elements, leading to an improved understanding of their role in biological systems. Early work made notable contributions to the synthesis and crystallographic characterization of metal nitrate complexes, and to the structural classification of the numerous modes of coordination of the nitrato ligand. This was extended to a study of the role of the molybdenum centre in the nitrate reductase enzymes, and to a pioneering work on the use of EXAFS at Daresbury to probe the chemical distinction between active and desulpho xanthine oxidase. Elegant syntheses afforded the first examples of complexes containing Fe3MoS4 and Fe3WS4 cubane-like cores. Subsequently, X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) of the Fe/Mo and Fe/V cofactors resulted in the first structural characterization for a vanadium site in an enzyme. Imaginative work on Cu-Mo-S and Cu-V-S clusters, and on the copper and zinc sites in reduced bovine superoxide dismutase have provided further important insights. Garner was awarded the Tilden Lectureship in 1985 and is the author or coauthor of some 240 papers.
Garner has been an active member of the Royal Society of Chemistry for many years, having obtained his Chartered Chemist (CChem) status in 1982, and being appointed as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry in the same year. Garner has also held the following roles within the RSC:
Garner is also an Honorary Fellow of the Chinese Chemical Society.
Garner was born to Chrystabel and Richard Norman Garner in 1941. [ citation needed ]Garner has two children Joseph and Katy with his wife, Pamela, whom he met at the University of Nottingham.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences". It was formed in 1980 from the amalgamation of the Chemical Society, the Royal Institute of Chemistry, the Faraday Society, and the Society for Analytical Chemistry with a new Royal Charter and the dual role of learned society and professional body. At its inception, the Society had a combined membership of 34,000 in the UK and a further 8,000 abroad. The headquarters of the Society are at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London. It also has offices in Thomas Graham House in Cambridge where RSC Publishing is based. The Society has offices in the United States at the University City Science Center, Philadelphia, in both Beijing and Shanghai, China and Bangalore, India.
Richard Royce Schrock is an American chemist and Nobel laureate recognized for his contributions to the olefin metathesis reaction used in organic chemistry.
Philip Patrick Power is a Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Davis. He has contributed to the synthesis, structure, and physical and chemical characterization of inorganic and organometallic compounds. His research focuses on low-coordinate main group and transition metal compounds. Much of this work hinges on the use of sterically crowded ligands to stabilize unusual geometries.
Christopher Abell was a British biological chemist. He was Professor of Biological Chemistry at the Department of Chemistry of the University of Cambridge and Todd-Hamied Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge. On his 2016 election to the Royal Society, the society described his research as having "changed the face of drug discovery."
Malcolm Leslie Hodder Green was Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Oxford. He made many contributions to organometallic chemistry.
Ronald T. Raines is an American chemical biologist. He is the Roger and Georges Firmenich Professor of Natural Products Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is known for using ideas and methods of physical organic chemistry to solve important problems in biology.
Sir Alan Rushton Battersby was an English organic chemist best known for his work to define the chemical intermediates in the biosynthetic pathway to vitamin B12 and the reaction mechanisms of the enzymes involved. His research group was also notable for its synthesis of radiolabelled precursors to study alkaloid biosynthesis and the stereochemistry of enzymic reactions. He won numerous awards including the Royal Medal in 1984 and the Copley Medal in 2000. He was knighted in the 1992 New Year Honours. Battersby died in February 2018 at the age of 92.
Francis Patrick John "Frank" Dwyer FAA was Professor of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra. He was one of the most distinguished scientists Australia has produced. At the time of his death in 1962 he was widely recognised as a leading authority in inorganic chemistry, and had laid the foundation in Australia for a new field of research bridging science and medicine—biological inorganic chemistry. His influence as a teacher and as a researcher was widespread.
Sir Anthony Kevin Cheetham is a British materials scientist. From 2012 to 2017 he was Vice-President and Treasurer of the Royal Society.
Fraser Andrew Armstrong is a professor of chemistry at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St John's College, Oxford.
Stephen T. Liddle FRSC is a British professor of inorganic chemistry at the University of Manchester. He is Head of Inorganic Chemistry and Co-Director of the Centre for Radiochemistry Research at the University of Manchester since 2015.
Daniel Douglas Eley OBE, FRS was a British chemist and Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Nottingham. He is known for the Eley-Rideal mechanism in surface chemistry.
Benjamin Guy Davis is a Professor of Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford.
David Parker is an English chemist and professor at the University of Durham.
Prof Robert Walker Hay FRSE FRCS (1934–1999) was a British chemist. He held the chair in Chemistry at both Stirling University and later St Andrews University
T. Don Tilley is a Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley.
Douglas Wade Stephan is Professor of Chemistry at the University of Toronto, a post he has held since 2008.
Rebecca Jane Miriam Goss is a professor of organic chemistry at the University of St. Andrews who won the 2006 Royal Society of Chemistry Meldola Medal. She is known for combining synthetic biology and chemistry for medicinal purposes.
Elizabeth Joy New is an Australian chemist and Professor of the School of Chemistry, University of Sydney. She won the 2018 Australian Museum 3M Eureka Prize.
Serena DeBeer is an American chemist. She is currently a W3-Professor and the director at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion in Muelheim an der Ruhr, Germany, where she heads the Department of Inorganic Spectroscopy. Her expertise lies in the application and development of X-ray based spectroscopic methods as probes of electronic structure in biological and chemical catalysis.