Disney Channels Worldwide

Last updated
ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc.
Disney Channels Worldwide
Formerly
  • Walt Disney Entertainment, Inc. (1982–1983)
  • The Disney Channel, Inc. (1983–1997)
  • Disney Channel, Inc. (1997–2001)
Subsidiary
Industry Entertainment
GenreChildren and family
FoundedJuly 15, 1982;37 years ago (1982-07-15)
FounderAlan Wagner
Headquarters,
Number of locations
37
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Gary Marsh (President, CCO)
ServicesTelevision channels
Parent
Divisions
Subsidiaries It's a Laugh Productions
Website https://www.wdtvpress.com/disneychannel/ www.disneyabcpress.com/disneychannel/, https://www.wdtvpress.com/disneychannel/   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Disney Channels Worldwide is the trade name for the two units that oversee children and family television channels owned by The Walt Disney Company.

The Walt Disney Company American mass media corporation

The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California.

Contents

ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc., [1] d/b/a Disney Channels Worldwide, is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company. This subsidiary is headed by President/CCO Gary Marsh and is responsible for operating cable Disney Channels in the US, such as Disney Channel, Disney XD, Disney Junior, plus Radio Disney, Disney Television Animation and It's a Laugh Productions. Disney Channels Worldwide oversaw all Disney channels worldwide until the organization of the Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International segment on March 14, 2018 when the unit was split into two.

Walt Disney Television is a subsidiary of Disney Media Networks that oversees television assets owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company. It was formerly called Disney–ABC Television Group, until Disney's acquisition of 21st Century Fox on March 20, 2019. Assets in the group include the ABC network; cable networks: Freeform, Disney Channels,FOX Channel, FX and National Geographic channels; Disney Television Studios: ABC Studios, 20th Century Fox Television and Fox 21 Television Studios; ABC News; and ABC Owned Television Stations. The division also manages Disney's 50% equity stake in A&E Networks. Along with ESPN, Walt Disney Television are the two primary subsidiaries of Disney Media Networks.

Gary Marsh is President and Chief Creative Officer for Disney Channels Worldwide, where he develops and produces Disney Channel Original Series, Disney Channel Original Movies and Disney Junior Series. He also oversees talent and casting operations for Disney Channel. Marsh joined Disney Channel in July 1988 as Executive Director, Original Programming. He was made Vice President eight months later and in 1994, became Senior Vice President. In 1999, he was promoted to Executive Vice President and in 2001, Marsh assumed the role of Executive Vice President, Original Programming and Production, Disney Channel. From 2005-09, he was President, Entertainment, Disney Channels Worldwide and in 2009 he assumed the role as Chief Creative Officer, Disney Channels Worldwide before being promoted to President and Chief Creative Officer, Disney Channels Worldwide in 2011.

Disney Channel US youth-targeted television channel owned by the Walt Disney Company

Disney Channel is an American pay television channel that serves as the flagship property of owner Disney Channels Worldwide unit of the Walt Disney Television subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company.

Disney Channels Worldwide internationally is a unit of Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International that operates various children and family television channels around the world, including variations of the US channels plus Disney International HD, Disney Cinemagic, Dlife, and Hungama TV.

Disney International HD

Disney International HD is an Indian pay television channel owned by Disney India Media Networks. Disney India Media Networks is a unit of The Walt Disney Company India within the South Asia Division of Walt Disney International.

Disney Cinemagic television station

Disney Cinemagic is a soon-to-be-defunct German pay television channel owned by Walt Disney Company Limited (UK) plus two programming blocks by Disney Channels Worldwide. It used to be broadcast on most countries in Western Europe; currently, formerly-branded Disney Cinemagic channels in France and the United Kingdom and Ireland are run by third parties which primarily airs films by the Walt Disney Studios.

Hungama TV TV channel for children in India

Hungama TV is an Indian pay television channel aimed at kids. Originally a subsidiary of UTV Software Communications launched on 26 September 2004, the channel was sold to Disney in 2006. Disney then bought UTV in 2011, thus reuniting UTV and Hungama TV under the same ownership. The channel is now an operating unit of Disney Channels Worldwide.

Disney Channel was originally established in the United States in 1983 as a premium channel, and has since converted to a basic service; in addition, Disney Channel's programming has also expanded internationally with the launch of various country-specific and regional versions of the channel, as well as program licensing agreements reached with television networks not bearing the Disney Channel brand.

Pay television, also known as subscription television or premium television, are subscription-based television services, usually provided by multichannel television providers, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial, and streaming television. Subscription television began in the multi-channel transition and transitioned into the post-network era. Some parts of the world, notably in France, Latin America and the United States, have also offered encrypted analog terrestrial signals available for subscription.

A television channel is a terrestrial frequency or virtual number over which a television station or television network is distributed. For example, in North America, "channel 2" refers to the terrestrial or cable band of 54 to 60 MHz, with carrier frequencies of 55.25 MHz for NTSC analog video (VSB) and 59.75 MHz for analog audio (FM), or 55.31 MHz for digital ATSC (8VSB). Channels may be shared by many different television stations or cable-distributed channels depending on the location and service provider

Previous corporate names were: Walt Disney Entertainment, Inc. (1982–1983), The Disney Channel, Inc. (1983–1997), Disney Channel, Inc. (1997–2001).

History

Disney Channel, Inc.

On November 10, 1981, Walt Disney Productions and Westinghouse Broadcasting released that they had agreed to start a family-oriented cable television service. [2] In 1982, Disney hired Alan Wagner to develop a cable channel. [3]

Westinghouse Broadcasting former radio and television broadcast company owned by Westinghouse Electric Corporation

The Westinghouse Broadcasting Company, also known as Group W, was the broadcasting division of Westinghouse Electric Corporation. It owned several radio and television stations across the United States and distributed television shows for syndication.

By July 15, 1982, Disney incorporated Walt Disney Entertainment, Inc. which was renamed by January 28, 1983 to The Disney Channel, Inc. [1] The channel, The Disney Channel, was launched in April 1983 with 16 hours of programming [3] as a premium channel. [4] The channel became profitable in January 1985,

20 months after launch, the channel moved into the home satellite dish market thus scrambling its signal. The channel started moving to the basic cable level on September 1, 1990 with TCI Montgomery Cablevision. [4] In March 1995, the second Disney Channel began broadcasting in Taiwan [5] while the third is launched in October for the United Kingdom. [4]

By September 29, 1997, the corporate name was shortened to Disney Channel, Inc. [1] Disney had hired Geraldine Laybourne in 1996 away from the Nickelodeon channel she founded for a kids channel codename ABZ that the media speculated to be a pre-school age channel. Laybourne dismissed this report. [6] In December 1997, the Toon Disney channel was announced as a basic channel consisting of Disney animated programming. [4] As of April 1, 1998, most of the international version are pay channels while Taiwan and Malaysia are ad supported and the USA is a basic channel. [7] The Toon Disney Channel was launched on April 18, 1998 on the Disney Channel's 15 anniversary. [8]

In 2000, the Playhouse Disney preschool channel was launched in the United Kingdom, [9] while in the US the Playhouse Disney block was launched on the Disney Channel. In June 2001, Disney was looking into launch Playhouse as channel in the United States in 2002. [10]

ABC Cable Networks Group

Disney Channel, Inc. changed its name to ABC Cable Networks Group, Inc. by January 31, 2001. [1] In October 2003, ABC Family Worldwide was changed from a Disney COO direct reporting unit to being within the ABC Cable Networks Group. [11] In early 2004, Disney Channel original programming leaders took over ABC Family's original movies unit temporarily as two ABC Family executive left the channel. [12]

In January 2004, Fox Kids Europe, Fox Kids Latin America and ABC Cable Networks Group agreed to the Jetix programming alliance that would rebrand Fox Kids as Jetix for all blocks, channels and companies. [13] ABC1 channel launched on United Kingdom digital terrestrial television platform on September 27, 2004. [14]

Disney Channels Worldwide

In November 2005, Barry Blumberg resigned as President of Walt Disney Television Animation to allow the planned transfer of the TV animation into Disney Channels Worldwide. [15]

In 2006, Disney TV India acquired Hungama TV from UTV Software Communications Limited. [16] Disney Cinemagic began broadcasting in the UK in March 2006 [17] as the start to the launch of several Cinemagic channels including timeshift and HD versions across Western Europe. [18] ABC1 ceased broadcasting on all UK TV platforms at noon on September 26, 2007. [19]

In Spain, Walt Disney Company Iberia purchased, in February 2008, 20% of Management Company Television Net TV SA (or NET TV). [20] The company announced in late May 2008 the move of Disney Channel to a digital over the air channel replacing NET TV's Fly Music on July 1, 2008. [21]

The company's Japanese unit, Walt Disney Television International Japan, in March 2008 started procuring its own animated shows with their first two to debut at Tokyo International Anime Fair 2008. With Madhouse Company, the company produced Stitch! . While Fireball was produced with Jinni’s Animation Studios. [22]

After two TV series stars had various scandals, the company started in 2009 a set of classes for their young stars adapt to the pressure of fame. Optional monthly life skill classes were added in 2014. [23]

Disney XD (DXD) was launched on February 13, 2009, taking over the channel space of Toon Disney in the US, [24] while Jetix switched over to DXD (or for some Disney Channel) starting with France on April 1. [25] Also in April, the Walt Disney Co., Ltd. Japan and Disney Channels Worldwide started Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd. to broadcast a women and family targeted channel, Dlife, with licensed received in October 2010 and debuted on March 17, 2012. [26] [27]

Jetix Play was closed on August 1, 2010 in most countries, [28] on September 1, 2010 in Turkey, and in Romania it closed on March 12, 2011.[ citation needed ] In the most countries the channel was replaced with Playhouse Disney. [28]

On May 26, 2010, Disney–ABC Television Group announced the launch of Disney Junior, which would replace the Playhouse Disney morning block on sister network Disney Channel in February 2011, and extend to a standalone preschooler-oriented channel that would replace Soapnet in January 2012. All 22 Playhouse Disney channels and blocks outside the U.S. also were renamed to "Disney Junior" in 2011. [29] [30] [31]

In October 2011, Disney reached a joint venture agreement (49%/51%) with UTH Russia for UTH to turn its broadcasting network Seven TV into a Disney Channel starting in early 2012. [32] On March 28, 2013, Cinemagic was replaced in the UK market with Sky Movies Disney under license to BSkyB. [33]

In April 2013, Disney announced that Das Vierte, its recent purchased broadcast station in Germany, would become a Disney Channel in January 2014 as a 24-hour family entertainment network. [34] Disney formed an in house ad sales company, Disney Media +, for the channel given that two competitors control most ad sales companies. [35] [36]

Disney India Media Networks shut Down Bindass Play, Hindi music channel and replaced it with Disney International HD channel on October 29, 2017. This general entertainment channel is in English and HD, targeted to ages 14 to 25 and tapping only Disney live action shows. [37] [38] With the March 14, 2018 Disney Company reorganization, all international channels including Disney Channel have been transferred to Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International, a new segment, while the US channel unit are still under Disney–ABC Television Group. [39]

On January 9, 2019 Disney India Media Networks shut down Disney XD India and replaced it with Marvel HQ, a channel featuring shows and movies from Marvel Entertainment as well as some acquired programming. [40]

Localization

The international channels brands the on-air look consistently to the Disney brand. Individual channel managers are allowed to develop schedules and marketing programs to allow for the children's preferences in the market. Additional, local programming is acquired that meet Disney's standards which is difficult. After a program is successful in a market, the program's format may be developed for other Disney Channels' market viewing tastes. [7]

List of Disney Channels

MarketTypeFormerlyLaunch dateOther nationsOperator
United States Channel HD (East) [41] N/AApril 18, 1983NoneDisney CWW [42]
Channel HD (West) [43]
TaiwanChannelMarch 1995 [7]
UK and Ireland ChannelOctober 1995 [7] Albania, Estonia, Turkey, Iceland, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Portugal, PolandDisney Co. Ltd. (UK/Europe) [44]
Channel +1 [45] September 2000Spain
Channel HD [46] 2011
Australia ChannelJune 1996 [7] New ZealandThe Walt Disney Company Australia
Malaysia ChannelOctober 1996 [7]
France ChannelMarch 1997 [7] Belgium (Wallonia), Luxembourg, SwitzerlandDisney Co. France [47]
Channel +12002Belgium (Wallonia)
Channel HD2011
Middle East and North AfricaChannel(English) April 1997 [7]
(Arabic) 1998 [48]
Arab World, Greece, CyprusDisney Co. Ltd. [49]
Channel HD2015
Spain free-to-air channelApril 1998 [7] noneManagement Company Television Net TV SA [50]
Channel +1 [51]
Pay-TV channel HD2012 [51]
Italy Channel1998 Fall [7] noneDisney Co. Italy [52]
Channel +12004
Channel +22011
Channel HD2012
Channel Mobile
Disney in English2008
PhilippinesChannel1998 [7]
Germany Channel1999 [7] Luxembourg, AustriaDisney Co. (Germany) [53]
Channel HD2011Austria
free-to-air channel Das Vierte January 17, 2014 [36]
Israel ChannelJetix2009None
Latin America [7] Channel (Mexico) [54] 2000The Walt Disney Company Latin America [55]
Channel (Central feed) [56]
Channel (South feed) [57]
Channel (Brazil) [58]
Channel HD [59] September 2012
Southeast Asia ChannelJanuary 2000Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines, South Korea [17] The Walt Disney Company Southeast Asia
VietnamChannelMay 2005 [60]
Japan ChannelNovember 2003Walt Disney TV International Japan [61]
Scandinavia Channel [62] 2003Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania [63] Disney Co. Ltd. [64]
Channel (Norway) [65]
Channel HD2012
Hong KongChannelApril 2, 2004Walt Disney Television International - Asia Pacific [66]
ThailandChannelN/AJanuary 2005Walt Disney Television Intl. (Southeast Asia/Korea) [67]
Poland ChannelDecember 1, 2006Disney Co. Ltd. [68]
Channel HD [69]
Turkey Channel2007NoneDisney Co. Ltd. [70]
Russia pay-TV channel Jetix March 2010CISDisney Co. Ltd. [71]
free-to-air network Seven TV 2012JV with UTH Russia [32]
Greece Channel2009Disney [72]
AlbaniaChannelJune 1, 2012KosovoDigitalb [73]
CroatiaChannelSeptember 2012Bosnia and HerzegovinaDisney Co. Ltd. [74]
SerbiaChannelApril 2012Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Montenegro [75]
Bulgaria ChannelCEE JetixSeptember 2009 [76]
Romania ChannelCEE JetixSeptember 2009Bulgaria [77]
Netherlands Channel2009Belgium (Flanders)Disney Channels (Benelux) B.V. [78]
Czech ChannelJetixSeptember 2009SlovakiaDisney [79]
Hungary ChannelJetixSeptember 2009Disney Co. Ltd. [80]
SlovakiaChannelJetixSeptember 2009Disney Co. Ltd. [81]
SloveniaChannelJetixSeptember 2012noneDisney Co. Ltd. [82]
Portugal ChannelNovember 2001The Walt Disney Company Iberia S.L. [83]
India ChannelDecember 17, 2004 [84] Disney India Media Networks
Korea ChannelApril 1, 2011Television Media Korea (SK Telecom 51% and Disney Channels International 49% venture) [85]
Channel HDApril 1, 2011
Canada English ChannelSeptember 1, 2015 Corus Entertainment [86] [87]
Canada French Télétoon Rétro

† Management Company Television Net TV SA is owned by Vocento SA, The Walt Disney Company Iberia S.L. (20%) and Intereconomía Corporation SA. Which in addition to the Disney channels owns Intereconomia TV, a generalist channel. [50] [51]

Disney Channel different channels around the world, each represented by one colour. Disney Channel feeds around the world.svg
Disney Channel different channels around the world, each represented by one colour.

Asia Channel

Disney Channel Asia was launched in January 2000 as a single video feed with an English audio track being the default and Mandarin audio and subtitle tracks also available. The channel became available in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines. On June 1, 2002, the channel was launched in the South Korea market as a Korean-language feed. [88] Over the first six months of 2005, Disney Channel Asia along with sister channel Playhouse Disney launched in Vietnam, Palau and Thailand and finishing off with a launch of both in Cambodia, its 11th market, with Cambodia Entertainment Production Co. Ltd. as distributor. [89]

China

Disney Channel was recently launched in mainland China.[ when? ] However, many of its live-action and animated series are still syndicated on regional channels through ABC owned Dragon Club since 1994. It also has a Chinese website. [90]

India

Previously, Disney programming was available through programming blocks starting as early as 1994 with Doordarshan then moving to Zee TV until the early 2000s. Disney moved its block to Sony Television for three years. Star TV pick up Disney TV blocks on Star Plus, Disney Time, and on Star Utsav. [91]

In December 2004, Walt Disney Television International India launched a Toon Disney channel with three language feeds (English, Tamil and Telugu) [92] at the same time as the Disney Channel with Star TV network distributing the channels. [93] Disney reached an agreement with Doordarshan (DD) in November 2005 for DD to carry a half-hour block called Disney Jadoo. Thus Disney was up to 4 branded blocks in India. [91]

Channel types per market

Market Disney Channel Disney Junior Disney XD Cinemagic
Disney Movies
Other
United StatesApril 18, 1983 [4] West, East HD, West HD [94] March 23, 2012 [95] February 13, 2009 [24] Radio Disney
Radio Disney Country [96]
United KingdomOctober 1995, [7] +1, HDMay 2011, +1, HDAugust 31, 2009, +1, HD(2006-2013) Sky Movies Disney, HD (2013; BSkyB) ABC1 (2004- [14] 2007) [19]
FranceMarch 1997, [7] +1, HD2011, HDApril 1, 2009 ; HD(2007-2015, +1, HD) Disney Cinema (May 8, 2015 - [97] ) Disney Nature TV (2012-)
Belgium (French)2012
PortugalNovember 28, 2001Junior(October 2008-2012)
SpainApril 1998, [7] +1, HD [51] June 20112009, HD2008-January 1, 2015 Intereconomía TV (2005) † [51]
Middle East and North AfricaApril 1997 [7]
, HD
2011, HD2009, HD OSN Movies Disney HD (2018; OSN) [98]
Germany1999, HD20112009, +12009, HD
BulgariaSeptember 20092011
CzechSeptember 2009
HungarySeptember 2009
RomaniaSeptember 20092012
Russiapay television (March 2010); free-to-air (2012; UTH Russia Joint venture)2013
SlovakiaSeptember 2009
SloveniaSeptember 20092010
Italy1998, +1, +2, HD, Mobile, Disney in English2011, +1September 2009, +1, +2
Netherlands20092011-2019January 1, 2010
Greece2009
Scandinavia (Danish)2003, HD2011September 12, 2009
Scandinavia (Finnish)20032011September 12, 2009
Scandinavia (Norwegian)20032011September 12, 2009
Scandinavia (Sweden)20032011September 12, 2009
Serbia2012October 2009
Poland2006, HD2010September 2009
Turkey20072010October 2009
AustraliaJune 1996 [7] May 29, 2011 [99] April 10, 2014 [100] January 6, 2019 [101] Foxtel Movies Disney (April 10, 2014) [100]
TaiwanMarch 1995 [7] September 1, 2011 [102] (block)
2012 [103] (channel)
MalaysiaOctober 1996 [7]
Philippines1998 [7] July 11, 2011 [104] (PH) [105]
India December 17, 2004 [84] October 15, 2012 [106] November 14, 2009 [107] January 9, 2019 [108]
JapanNovember 2003Fall 2012 [109] August 2009 [110] Dlife [26]
Canada (DHX Media) [111] )English, French (both May 6, 2011 [112] -September 18, 2015)June 1, 2011 - [113] October 9, 2015 [86]
Canada (Corus)English, French (both September 1, 2015)December 1, 2015 English (Channel), French (Block) [114] ABC Spark [86] [87]
Latin AmericaChannel [7] April 1, 2011 [115] July 3, 2009 [116]
AsiaJanuary 2000July 11, 2011
VietnamMay 2005
South AfricaSeptember 25, 2006 [117] June 1, 2011 [118] May 11, 2011 [117]
Korea (Television Media Korea)April 1, 2011, HDApril 11, 2011, HD [85]

Europe, Middle East and Africa Markets source [119]

Canada

On April 16, 2015, Corus Entertainment announced that it had reached a multi-year agreement with Disney-ABC Television Group to acquire Canadian rights to Disney Channel's program library, and launched Disney Channel in Canada on September 1, 2015—the first time that a Disney Channel-branded network has operated in Canada. [86]

Prior to this agreement, rights to Disney Channel programming had been held by Family Channel—owned by children's media conglomerate DHX Media, which is licensed as a premium service but is carried as a basic service by many television providers. As a result of the fact that the majority of Disney Channel U.S.'s programs aired on Family, coupled with the fact that both channels developed similarly in their respective countries (as both began as premium services before adding availability via basic subscription), Family Channel was commonly considered to be a de facto Canadian version of Disney Channel (though it was often mistakenly assumed to be related to ABC Family (now Freeform), a sister network to Disney Channel U.S. which was formerly known as The (emphasis added) Family Channel from 1988 to 1998;[ citation needed ] a Canadian version of ABC Family (now Freeform) launched in March 2012, called ABC Spark [120] to avoid confusion with Family Channel, to which it does not share common ownership). Some Canadian-produced original series produced by Family (such as Life with Derek , Naturally, Sadie , and Overruled! ) have aired on Disney Channel in the United States and in other countries in the past. In addition to its program distribution agreement with Disney Channel U.S., Family also operated an English-language version of Disney Junior as a multiplex channel, as CRTC rules allow pay-TV channels licensed as premium services to add multiplex channels consistent with the network's license. Disney XD and a French-language version of Disney Junior were also owned by DHX Media, operating under separate licenses.

DHX's program supply agreement with Disney ended on January 1, 2016; as a result of these re-alignments, its Disney-branded networks were re-launched as spin-offs of the Family brand beforehand on September 18, 2015 (Family Jr. and Télémagino) and October 9, 2015 (Family Chrgd). [86]

Dlife

In April 2009, the Walt Disney Co., Ltd. Japan and Disney Channels Worldwide started Broadcast Satellite Disney Co., Ltd. to broadcast a women and family targeted channel, Dlife  [ ja ], with licensed received in October 2010 and debuted on March 17, 2012. [26] [27] In December 2013, Dlife launched a children's programming block called Disney Time. [121]

Related Research Articles

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Disney Channel (Romanian TV channel)

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Disney Channel (Bulgarian TV channel)

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Disney Junior Television network in United States

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Disney Channel (Brazilian TV channel) Brazilian kids TV channel

Disney Channel is a Brazilian pay television channel aimed at kids. It is operated by Disney & ESPN Media Networks Latin America and The Walt Disney Company Latin America Inc., which are owned by The Walt Disney Company. It was launched in 2001 as a premium channel, and became a basic-tier network in 2004.

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Disney Channel (Canadian TV channel) Canadian youth-targeted television channel owned by Corus Entertainment

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Disney XD American pay television channel

Disney XD is an American pay television channel which is owned by the Walt Disney Television unit of The Walt Disney Company through Disney Channels Worldwide. Aimed primarily at children ages 6–15, its programming consists of original first-run television series, current and former original series and made-for-TV films from sister network Disney Channel, theatrically-released films, and acquired programs from other distributors, including Pokémon the Series: Sun & Moon and Beyblade Burst.

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