FINA

Last updated

International Swimming
Federation
Fédération Internationale de Natation
(FINA)
Sport
Jurisdiction International
Founded19 July 1908;113 years ago (1908-07-19)
Affiliation Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF)
Headquarters Lausanne, Switzerland
President Husain Al-Musallam
Official website
www.fina.org

Flag

FINA (French : Fédération internationale de natation, English : International Swimming Federation [lower-alpha 1] ) is the international federation recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) [1] for administering international competitions in water sports. It is one of several international federations which administer a given sport or discipline for the IOC and international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Contents

FINA currently oversees competition in six aquatics sports: swimming, diving, high diving, artistic swimming, [2] [3] water polo, and open water swimming. [4] FINA also oversees "Masters" competition (for adults) in its disciplines. [4]

On 24 July 2009, Julio Maglione of Uruguay was elected FINA President. [5]

History

FINA was founded on 19 July 1908 in the Manchester Hotel in London, UK at the end of the 1908 Summer Olympics by the Belgian, British, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian and Swedish Swimming Federations. [6]

Number of national federations by year:

Members

At the June 2017, FINA Bureau meeting, Bhutan became the 208th national federation of FINA. [8] and on 30 November 2017, Anguilla became the 209th national federation of FINA [9] Members are grouped by continent, and there are 5 continental associations of which they can choose to be a member:

World Map FINA.svg

Note: The number following each continental name is the number of FINA members which fall into the given geographical area. It is not necessarily the number of members in the continental association.

Organisation

The FINA membership meets every four years, usually coinciding with the World Championships. There are two types of normal or "ordinary" congress: General and Technical. FINA's highest authority is the General Congress. Any technical issues concerning FINA's five aquatic disciplines are decided by the Technical Congress. Each Congress has two voting members from each Member federation, plus the following non-voting members: the 22 members of the Bureau, the Honorary Life President, and all Honorary Members. The Technical Congress has the following additional non-voting members: all members from the respective Technical Committees. [10] "Extraordinary" Congresses are also called from time to time, to deal with a specific topic or area of concern (e.g. an Extraordinary Congress was held with the 2009 World Championships to review the Masters swimming rules; there was a General Congress at the 2009 Worlds [11] ). All Congress meetings are chaired by FINA's president. [10]

Between Congress meetings of the entire membership, a smaller 22-member representative board, called the FINA Bureau, meets to act in a timely manner on items which cannot wait until the entire body can meet. It is the Bureau that elects the FINA Executive Officers. [12]

Various committees and commission also help with the oversight of individual disciplines (e.g. the Technical Open Water Swimming Committee helps with open water), or topic-related issues (e.g. the FINA Doping Panel). [13]

Presidents

Each presidential term is four years, beginning and concluding with the year following the Summer Olympics (i.e., 2018-2021 is the current term).

1954 Honorary President Ing. Ladislav Hauptmann - Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia) - President LEN (1948 - 1950) and FINA official.

FINA Presidents
NameCountryTerm
George Hearn Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 19081924
Erik Bergvall Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 19241928
Émile-Georges Drigny Flag of France.svg  France 19281932
Walther Binner Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 19321936
Harold Fern Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 19361948 (*)
Rene de Raeve Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 19481952
M.L. Negri Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 19521956
Jan de Vries Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 19561960
Max Ritter Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 19601964
William Berge Phillips Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 19641968
Javier Ostos Mora [14] Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 19681972
Dr. Harold Henning Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19721976
Javier Ostos Mora (2nd term) [14] Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 19761980
Ante Lambaša Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 19801984
Robert Helmick Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19841988
Mustapha Larfaoui Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 19882009
Dr. Julio Maglione Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 20092021
Husain Al-Musallam Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 2021–present

Events

2008 FINA World Cup swimming at the Sydney Olympic Park Aquatic Centre FINA World Cup 2008 (3971014642).jpg
2008 FINA World Cup swimming at the Sydney Olympic Park Aquatic Centre

FINA organizes one championship involving each of the five disciplines it oversees (the "World Championships"), as well as championships and circuits in each of the disciplines. [15]

World Aquatics Championships

The biggest FINA event is the biennial World Aquatics Championships, currently held every odd year. It features competitions in all five aquatic disciplines. Prior to 2000, the event was held every 4 years, in the even year between (Summer) Olympic Games.

Discipline championships

Discipline world cups

In addition to the championships events listed above, FINA also organizes the following events:

Junior championships

World-level championships restricted to a younger age, with the age limit varying by discipline and gender:

Controversies

Soul Cap

In 2021, FINA came under criticism for not approving the use at the Olympics of the Soul Cap, a brand of swimming caps designed for natural Black hair. [16] FINA said the caps did not fit “the natural form of the head” and to their “best knowledge the athletes competing at the international events never used, neither require … caps of such size and configuration." [16] . After receiving criticism about racism, FINA announced that they would review their decision. [17] [ needs update ]

See also

Notes

  1. Official name in French. See Overview page of FINA's Constitution (page visited on 11 April 2016).

Related Research Articles

Synchronized swimming

Synchronised swimming or artistic swimming is a hybrid form of swimming, dance, and gymnastics, consisting of swimmers performing a synchronised routine of elaborate moves in the water, accompanied by music. Synchronised swimming is governed internationally by FINA, and has been part of the Summer Olympics programme since 1984.

LEN

LEN is the European governing body for aquatic sports affiliated to FINA — it is the Continental Association for Europe. It was formally organized in 1927 in Bologna, and since 2015 is headquartered in Nyon.

FINA World Aquatics Championships

The FINA World Championships or World Aquatics Championships are the World Championships for aquatics sports: swimming, diving, high diving, open water swimming, artistic swimming, and water polo. They are run by FINA, and all swimming events are contested in a long course (50-metre) pool.

The 2007 World Aquatics Championships, or the XII FINA World Championships, were held in Melbourne, Australia from 17 March to 1 April 2007. The competition took place at three locations in central Melbourne: the Melbourne Sports and Aquatic Centre, St Kilda Beach, and Rod Laver Arena in a temporary pool christened the Susie O'Neill Pool.

The 2009 World Aquatics Championships or the XIII FINA World Championships were held in Rome, Italy from 18 July to 2 August 2009. The 2009 Championships featured competition in all 5 aquatics disciplines: diving, swimming, open water swimming, synchronised swimming and water polo.

United States Aquatic Sports (USAS) is the national federation for aquatic sports which represents the United States in FINA. Since by U.S. law and FINA regulations, the United States must have only one national federation for itself to FINA, United States Aquatic Sports has served as the unifying body for the sports since 1980. Five separate national governing bodies (NGBs) make up USAS: USA Swimming, USA Diving, United States Synchronized Swimming, USA Water Polo, and U.S. Masters Swimming. Of the five, only U.S. Masters Swimming (USMS) is not a member of the United States Olympic Committee.

The Swedish Swimming Federation is the national federation for Aquatics in body of Swimming in Sweden, as well as the other Aquatics sports: diving, synchronized swimming, water polo and open water swimming. It was founded on 23 March 1904 and is a member of LEN and FINA.

FINA World Masters Championships

The FINA World Masters Championships is an international Aquatics championships for adults. The championships is held biennially, with competition in all five of FINA's disciplines: Swimming, Diving, Water polo, Open water swimming, and Synchronized swimming. Starting in 2015, the competition will be held jointly with the FINA World Aquatics Championships.

The Asia Swimming Federation (AASF) oversees international aquatics competitions in Asia, and is affiliated to the Olympic Council of Asia and to FINA. It was founded in 1978 in Bangkok; and currently has its administrative headquarters in Muscat, Oman.

Confederación Sudamericana de Natación

Confederación Sudamericana de Natación (CONSANAT) is the South American Swimming Confederation, which oversees international aquatics competitions among South American countries. It is affiliated to FINA, the international federation for swimming, via ASUA, the swimming continental association for the Americas.

The French Swimming Federation is a French law association of 1901, founded in February 1919, grouping the sports swimming clubs, open water swimming, synchronized swimming, diving and French water polo, which organizes the national competitions and the selection of French teams. In 2017, the Federation has 316,905 members. The FFN is a member of the European Swimming League (LEN) and the International Swimming Federation (Fina). Since April 2017, the FFN is chaired by Gilles Sezionale.

The Royal Spanish Swimming Federation founded in 1920, is the aquatics national federation for Spain. It oversees competition in the 5 aquatics disciplines and Masters competition in these.

2015 World Aquatics Championships

The 16th FINA World Championships, also Aquatics 2015, were held in Kazan, Russia from 24 July to 9 August 2015. Russia hosted this event for the first time. The number of participating national teams (190), athletes (2,400) and the number of medals (75) were the most ever amongst these championships. This was the first time the World Aquatics Championships partially overlaps with the FINA World Masters Championships that have a number of athletes, countries (110) and medals (635) which are the most ever also.

The Turkish Swimming Federation is the governing body of the five aquatic sports, namely swimming, diving, synchronized swimming, water polo and open water swimming in Turkey. It was founded in 1957. The Turkish organization is member of the European Swimming League (LEN), the International Swimming Federation (FINA) and Turkish Olympic Committee. The TYF is based in Ankara and its current chairman is Associate Prof. Dr. Ahmet Mazhar Bozdoğan.

2019 World Aquatics Championships 18th edition of the World Aquatics Championships

The 2019 World Aquatics Championships were the 18th FINA World Aquatics Championships, held in Gwangju, South Korea from 12 to 28 July 2019. The city had previously hosted the 2015 Summer Universiade aquatics events in the same venues.

The 2022 World Aquatics Championships, the 19th edition of the FINA World Aquatics Championships, will be held in Fukuoka, Japan, from 13–29 May 2022. It will be the second time Fukuoka hosts this meet, 21 years after the 2001 World Aquatics Championships. Originally scheduled to be held in 2021, the championships were pushed back one year in response to the rescheduling of the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo to 2021, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Singapore Swimming Association

Singapore Swimming Association (SSA) is the national governing body for swimming, diving, synchronised swimming, water polo and open water swimming in Singapore. Founded in 1939 as the Singapore Amateur Swimming Association (SASA), the body adopted its current name in 2002. It has been a member of FINA since 1939, and is one of 43 members of the Asia Swimming Federation.

German Swimming Federation

The German Swimming Federation, or DSV is the aquatics national federation for Germany. It oversees competition in the 5 aquatics disciplines.

Brazilian Confederation of Aquatic Sports

The Brazilian Confederation of Aquatic Sports is the governing body of aquatic sports in Brazil.

World Aquatics Day

World Aquatics Day is an international day which recognises, and celebrates physical activity in aquatic sports. It was established by the organisation FINA, and takes place on the first weekend of July. This comes just before 19 July, which commemorates the founding of the federation in London, 1908.

References

  1. The International Olympic Committee online listing of the international federations.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Synchronized swimming to be called artistic swimming". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "FINA artistic swimming rules 2017-2021" (PDF). FINA. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  4. 1 2 FINA Sports page Archived 15 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine from the FINA website (www.fina.org); retrieved 2013-06-05.
  5. Report from/on the 2009 FINA General Congress Archived 8 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine held on 24 July 2009 and published by FINA on 2009-07-24. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
  6. The National Federation page on the FINA website.
  7. "Kosovo is the 208th FINA member". FINA. Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  8. FINA (8 June 2017). "Bhutan Swimming Federation joins FINA as 208th National Member Federation". FINA. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  9. FINA (30 November 2017). "PR 93 - FINA BUREAU MEETING - 30 November 2017". FINA. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  10. 1 2 Structure Archived 2 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine . FINA official website. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  11. FINA calendar of upcoming meetings. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  12. FINA Bureau page [ permanent dead link ] of the FINA website.
  13. FINA Committee list Archived 2 August 2012 at archive.today
  14. 1 2 FINA Honorary Life President Lic. Javier Ostos Mora passes away at 92 Archived 8 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine . Published 2008-11-07 by FINA. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
  15. FINA Media Kit Archived 10 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine for the 2010 FINA World Aquatics Convention; published by FINA on 2010-02-22; retrieved 2010-02-25. (The listing and structure of the "Events" section is based on the event listing in this packet.)
  16. 1 2 Priya Elan (2 July 2021). "Swimming caps for natural black hair ruled out of Olympic Games". The Guardian.
  17. Owoseje, Toyin. "FINA to review use of Afro swim cap at competition level after facing criticism". CNN Sports. CNN. Retrieved 20 July 2021.