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Galerella [1]
Galerella sanguinea.jpg
Slender mongoose (Galerella sanguinea)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Herpestidae
Genus: Galerella
Gray, 1864
Galerella ranges.png
Galerella ranges

Galerella is a genus of the mongoose family (Herpestidae) native to Africa and commonly called the slender mongooses. [1]

There are four or five species in this genus, with more than 30 subspecies.

Four of the species have long been established: [1]

Galerella flavescens.jpg Angolan slender mongoose G. flavescensAngola and Namibia
Somalian slender mongoose G. ochraceaSomalia
Galerella pulverulenta Small Grey Mongoose.jpg Cape gray mongoose G. pulverulenta(Wagner, 1839) [2] South Africa, Lesotho and southern Namibia
2009-slender-mongoose.jpg Slender mongoose Galerella sanguineasub-Saharan Africa
Black mongoose waterberg.jpg Black mongoose G. nigrataAngola and Namibia

A recent addition is the black mongoose G. nigrata, which now is considered a separate species by many scientists, following genetic analysis. It was previously seen as a variant of Galerella sanguinea. [3]

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Angolan slender mongoose species of mammal

The Angolan slender mongoose is a mongoose native to southwestern Africa, specifically southwestern Angola and northwestern Namibia. It has been listed as "Least Concern" on the IUCN Red List, as it is not threatened and thought to be common. It has a long, slim body and there are different colour forms, a black or dark brown form in the southern part of its range, and a yellowish- or reddish-brown form in the north. This mongoose inhabits dry, rocky habitats and feeds on insects, scorpions and small vertebrates.

Slender mongoose species of mammal

The slender mongoose, also known as the black-tipped mongoose or the black-tailed mongoose, is a very common species of mongoose of sub-Saharan Africa.

Cape gray mongoose species of mammal

The Cape grey mongoose, also called the small grey mongoose, is a small mammal native to South Africa, Lesotho and southern Namibia.

Namaqua slender mongoose subspecies of mammal

The Namaqua slender mongoose, also known as the Namibian slender mongoose, is a subspecies of the slender mongoose. It is endemic to Namibia.

White-tailed mongoose species of mammal

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Selouss mongoose species of mammal

Selous's mongoose is a mongoose species native to Southern Africa. It is the only member of the genus Paracynictis.

Mellers mongoose species of mammal

Meller's mongoose is a species of mongoose found in Africa. It occurs in Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is the only member of the genus Rhynchogale.

Somalian slender mongoose species of mammal

The Somalian slender mongoose is a small mammal found in Somalia and adjacent regions. It is a small to medium-sized carnivoran, averaging about 0.6 kg (1.3 lbs) in weight.

Black mongoose species of mammal

The black mongoose is a species of mongoose found in Namibia and Angola. Although originally described as a separate species by Thomas (1928), it has often been considered a subspecies of the slender mongoose. However, genetic analysis has confirmed its status as a separate species. Evidence suggests the two species diverged around four million years ago, likely due to some populations becoming separated as the habitat in southern Africa was changing. The black mongoose now occupies a distinct habitat in areas with large boulders and rocky outcrops known as inselbergs in the mountainous regions of northwest Namibia and southwest Angola. After remaining in these areas for millions of years, the black mongoose is highly specialized to survive in the harsh arid environment.

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  1. 1 2 3 Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). "Galerella". Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  2. Wagner, J.A. (1839). "Über die Verwandtschafts-Verhältnisse der Pharaonsratte". Gelehrte Anzeigen der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München. 9 (183): 425–429.
  3. Tromp, S. (2007). "Introducing the black mongoose" (PDF). University of Queensland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-08-12.